• Title, Summary, Keyword: conservation value

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Values and Pro-Environmental Behaviors of Homemakers (주부의 가치와 친환경적 행동)

  • 장혜연
    • Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association
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    • v.35 no.3
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    • pp.1-13
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    • 1997
  • Recently, much of attention has been given to the role of values in pro-environmental behaviors. The reasons are that most of environmental pollution comes from the home-living and polluting behavior is motivated by the undesirable value pursuing self-interests. This study is designed to investigate the effect of values on environmental behaviors. The results of this study are as following: Homemakers' value structure had 'self-transcendence·conservation' value, 'self-enhancement·conservation' value and 'openness-to-change' value as value factors. And the homemakers thought of self-transcendence·conservation value as "most important" and self-enhancement·conservation value as "not important". Consequently, homemakers had a tendency to do more pro-environmental behaviors when they perceived self-transcendence·conservation value as "more important value", while they did less when they regarded self-enhancement·conservation value as "more important". Therefor self-transcendence·whereas self-enhancement·conservation value is a negative predictor. Especially, self-transcendence·conservation value had more influence on pro-environmental behaviors than self-enhancement·conservation value.

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Economic Evaluation of Use and Conservation Values of Traditional Temples - In Case of Sinheungsa in Seolak Mountain and Hainsa in Gaya Mountain - (전통 사찰의 이용 및 보존 가치에 대한 경제적 평가 - 설악산 신흥사와 가야산 해인사를 중심으로 -)

  • Yi, Young-Kyoung;Yi, Pyong-In;Han, Sang-Yoel
    • Journal of the Korean Institute of Landscape Architecture
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    • v.34 no.5
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    • pp.84-99
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    • 2006
  • The traditional temples located in national parks have various functions, such as religious practice, tourist destination, and conservation for cultural and natural resources. One functions have implicit monetary values in terms of public benefits. The purpose of this study was to estimate both use and non-use conservation values for two traditional temples, Sinheungsa and Haeinsa, using the contingent valuation method. In the study, both single-bounded and double-bounded dichotomous choice methods were used in an application of Turnbull distribution-free model. A total of 659 visitors were interviewed, 350 in Sinheungsa and 309 in Haeinsa. The mean WTP (willingness to pay) for Sinheungsa using single-bounded method was 4,040 Won for the use value, 6,157 Won for the cultural conservation value, and 5,624 Won for the natural conservation value. The mean WTP for Haeinsa using single-bounded method was 6,463 Won for the use value, 8,769 Won for the cultural conservation value, and 8,013 Won for the natural conservation value. The total economic value of each temple accounted for 50% (Sinheungsa) and 80% (Haeinsa) of the total economic value of the associated national park. It was also found that the single-bounded method was more conservative than the double-bounded method in terms of value estimation. The WTP was highest for the cultural conservation value and lowest for the use values in both temples, with natural conservation values falling in the middle, which showed that people perceived traditional temples as the cultural heritage. Based on these results, it was suggested that traditional temples should be designated as an 'multiple heritage area' so that conservation can be used as the main criteria for various use programs.

A Study on the Natural Park Plan through Ecological Conservation Value Evaluation -A Case Study on Mt. Hwangmaesan(Mt.) County Park - (생태적 보전가치 평가를 통한 자연공원 계획에 관한 연구 - 황매산 군립공원을 중심으로 -)

  • Shin, Ji-Hoon
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Environmental Restoration Technology
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    • v.13 no.5
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    • pp.28-37
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    • 2010
  • This study is intend to evaluate natural conservation value, and to suggest natural park plan based on conservation value evaluation. In this study evaluation items are selected through related studies about ecological conservation evaluation, and evaluation items in this study can be classified into 2 aspects, ecological environment and topographic environment. After each evaluation items are overlaid with GIS program, management levels are derived from comprehensive overlaid maps of each evaluation items. Management areas can be classified into 5 levels; Critical Conservation Area, Conservation Area, Restoration Area, Passive Usable Area, Active Development Area and Settlement Area. So management areas can be matched each management levels to land use of natural park, that is district of preservation, district of natural environment, district of settlements and district of mass facilities. This study have good enough to evaluate ecological value for natural park plan, but, it is difficult to evaluate conservation value only with maps of each evaluation items, so it needs supplementary field survey for precise conservation value evaluation.

A Study for Natural Conservation Value Assessment of Developing Area - Case Study of Alpensia Resort - (개발 예정지역에서의 자연보전 가치 평가 - 대관령 알펜시아 리조트 조성 예정지역을 사례로 -)

  • Choi Hee-Sun;Cho Dong-Gil;Park Mi-Young;Kim Nam-Gyun;Kim Kwi-Gon
    • Journal of the Korean Institute of Landscape Architecture
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    • v.33 no.4
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    • pp.108-118
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    • 2005
  • While the recent lift of restrictions in greenbelt areas is expected to generate a number of development plans, there are efforts to create various development plans into spatial plans that consider the natural and ecological conditions of development sites. However, these development plans consider Degree of Green Naturality or Degree of Ecology only when designating areas for conservation within development sites. It is true that they don't fully reflect the value of green areas and wetlands as habitats and natural resources. Therefore, this study built an conservation value assessment model that is applicable to sites where development is planned in Korea by reviewing prior case examples md studies and applied the developed model to a case study area. The site where the conservation value assessment model was applied to is an area around Yongsan-ri and Suha-ri, Doam-myon, Pyeongchang-gun, Gangwon province where quality natural resources are located in and wend the site. This is a site for the development of Alpensia Resort where a resort including facilities for the Winter Olympics is planned to be introduced. In order to assess the conservation value of the site for Alpensia Resort, a total of eight items including area, distribution of communities, habitation of species with conservation value, functions of habitats, connectivity of habitats, vegetation layers of forests, age of forests, and ratio of non-native plants were studied through literature review and field surveys. The assessment was made by dividing the site into 95 habitats that are perceived by aerial photographs and each habitat unit was assessed on the eight items in a 3-point scale. Each unit habitat assessed in a 3-point scale was segmented into primary, secondary or tertiary areas based on the conservation value. Habitats assessed as primary were designated as priority (absolute) conservation areas and those assessed as secondary and tertiary were set as secondary conservation areas and tertiary conservation areas, respectively. As a result, each area represented 26.9%, 20% and 3% of total site area. Based on this result, habitat management plans were developed to conserve primary conservation areas, improve secondary conservation areas and restore tertiary conservation areas. In addition, a development plan was developed to create habitats in areas where new habitats are requested in order to build an eco-network in the site and a plan to create eco-corridors was proposed. In developing a land use plan for the site, a development plan that considers conservation areas first should be set up based on the outcome of conservation value assessment. This can be linked to the development of an environment-friendly land use plan as well as easing the establishment of a green area and eco-network. This study will facilitate the implementation of the 'conservation before development' principle, which can prevent reckless development, by assessing conservation value in setting up development plans.

Measuring the Conservation Value of Lagoons: The Case of Songji Lagoon (석호환경의 보존가치 추정: 송지호를 중심으로)

  • Kwak, Seung-Jun;Yoo, Seung-Hoon;Chang, Jeong-In
    • Ocean and Polar Research
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    • v.27 no.2
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    • pp.161-169
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    • 2005
  • In recent days, most of the lagoons in Korea have been lost on account of indiscreet development and pollution. Thus, this study measures the conservation value of the Songji lagoon, a representative lagoon in Korea by using the contingent valuation (CV) method and specifies the non-use value of Songji lagoon. The survey was carefully desigrled and implemented to meet a number of recommendation rules suggested in the literature. The overall results show that the respondents well accepted the contingent market and would be willing to pay a significant amount for the proposed program to conserve Songii lagoon. Total Conservation value of Songji lagoon amounted to approximately 21.2 billion Korean won per year. Moreover, the non-use value of Songji lagoon amounted 15.7 billion Korean won per yew. The results of measuring the conservation value provide decision-makers with data indispensable to devising a conservation and management policy.

Prioritizing Land Purchase in Hwapocheon Wetland Protection Area - Based on Habitat Suitability Index for Flagship Species - (화포천 습지보호지역 토지 매수 우선순위 산정 - 깃대종 서식지 적합성 지수를 고려하여 -)

  • Shim, Yun-Jin;Hong, Jin-Pyo;Lee, Gil-Sang
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Environmental Restoration Technology
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    • v.22 no.2
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    • pp.59-71
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    • 2019
  • This study was conducted to prioritize land purchase in Hwapocheon wetland protection area by reflecting the conservation value of wetlands considering HSI(Habitat Suitability Index) for flagship species. As a result of this study, the flagship species, Oriental White Stork and Been Goose, which can represent the Hwapocheon wetland protection area, were selected through selection criteria and expert feedback. Based on the habitat requirements of the selected flagship species, SI(Suitability Index) for the flagship species was reviewed and the conservation value of wetlands was assessed. The conservation value of the wetlands was divided into five grades from very high to very low. The areas with high conservation value were mainly distributed around wetlands and waters in upstream and downstream of Hwapocheon wetland protection area. The land purchase priorities were divided into five grades by overlapping the thematic maps of the conservation value of wetlands, the economics, and the urgency of restoration. The arable lands which can disrupt wetland ecosystems are analyzed as priority areas where priority purchasing is required. Relatively well-preserved wetlands and areas have low land purchase priorities. This study is meaningful in that biodiversity is considered in land purchase priorities.

The Role of Compensation in Natural Resource Conflicts (자연자원분쟁에서 보상의 역할에 대한 연구)

  • Hong, Seonghoon
    • Environmental and Resource Economics Review
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    • v.11 no.1
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    • pp.31-55
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    • 2002
  • When landowners have private information about land value, compensation based on conservation value at the time of regulatory takings of land is impractical even though it generates an efficient outcome. No compensation rule to a landowner not only yields an inefficient outcome but also provides an ex ante pervasive incentive for the landowner to invest in lowering conservation value. An alternative rule of compensation based on the market value of the land provides ex ante incentives for landowner either to reduce conservation value or to increase it. Under the market value compensation rule, placing the burden of proof on landowner gives higher probability of conservation than placing it on regulator. Whether it is better to allure landowners to conserve by paying compensation with market value and placing the burden of proof on landowner through changes in the regulatory regime however depends on the magnitude of inefficiency, equity consideration and dynamic nature of property rights on environmental goods.

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A study on conservative Value Evaluation for landscape of the Rural Tourism villages (농촌체험 마을경관의 보전가치평가 연구)

  • Son, Ho-Gi;Kim, Sang-Bum
    • Journal of Agricultural Extension & Community Development
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    • v.17 no.4
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    • pp.897-918
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    • 2010
  • This paper researches conservative value evaluation of rural tourism villages with "CVM(Contingent Valuation Method)" focusing on visitor to offer the guide for preservation and management in landscape of rural tourism villages based on critical consciousness for conservation and utilization by regional development. The option value is 37,624won(36.7%), the bequest value is 34,856won(34.0%), existence value is 30,073 won(29.3%), and overall average willingness to pay of conservation value is 102,517won(100.0%) for conservative value of sesim-village in Kyung-Ju. The results show that landscape of rural tourism villages has great value historically and culturally. In conclusion, it suggested that planners and staffs of rural tourism villages recognize that it is positively necessary to be considered not only multiple landscape index but also conservation policy in process of development planning in rural tourism villages.

Evaluation of Onshore Wind Resource Potential According to Environmental Conservation Value Assessment (국토환경성평가에 의한 육상 풍력자원 잠재량 산정)

  • Kim, Hyun-Goo;Hwang, Hyo-Jung;Kang, Young-Heaok
    • Journal of Environmental Science International
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    • v.22 no.6
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    • pp.717-721
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    • 2013
  • In order to analyze the effect of environmental protection on wind energy dissemination quantitatively, the onshore wind resource potential is estimated using Environmental Conservation Value Assessment Map and Korea Wind Resource Map. The onshore wind resource potential of 11 GW is calculated if wind farm development is prohibited within Class 1 area of Environmental Conservation Value Assessment plus 500 m buffer area. Therefore it is worried that environmental protection would be a practical barrier of accomplishing 4,155 thousand TOE target of wind energy dissemination until 2030.

Review on the Conservation Value and Assessment Criteria of Vegetation (식생의 보전가치와 평가기준에 대한 검토)

  • Choung, Heung-Lak;Song, Jong-Suk;Lee, Kyu Song;Kim, In-Taek;Kim, Jong-Hong;Yang, Keum-Chul;Chun, Young-Moon
    • Journal of Environmental Impact Assessment
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    • v.15 no.5
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    • pp.339-355
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    • 2006
  • In this paper, we reviewed the assessment criteria and conservation value used to evaluate vegetation. The Degree of Green Naturality (DGN) and the Grade of Vegetation Conservation (GVC) are both sets of criteria that estimate the degree of human disturbance or natural value of vegetation. The criteria are extensively used in decision-making about the natural environment conservation and environment impact assessment. Sometimes, social issues can rise because the criteria are not clear. This study aims to evaluate the criteria based on the many aspects of the related literatures and suggest reasonable revised criteria. In addition, criteria for representing the relative value of valuable vegetation conservation are suggested. The DGN and GVC are essentially same; both have 11 degrees and 5 grades. While the DGN is subdivided into levels of anthropogenic disturbances, the GVC indicates the priority for conserving valuable vegetation. Therefore, the DGN is very useful for assessing land development projects, etc., while the GVC is needed to delineate the Ecological Assessment Map(EAM). In conclusion, it is desirable that both criteria should be used together appropriately.