• Title, Summary, Keyword: control efficacy

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The Relationships among the Elementary School Student's Self-Control, Self-Efficacy, and School life Adjustment: Focusing on Busan Area (초등학생의 자기통제력, 자기효능감, 학교생활적응의 관계 - 부산지역을 중심으로 -)

  • Ju, Dong-Beom
    • Journal of Fisheries and Marine Sciences Education
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    • v.23 no.2
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    • pp.277-289
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    • 2011
  • The purpose of the study was to explore the relationships among the elementary school student's self-control, self-efficacy, and school life adjustment. For achieving the purpose, the study established three research questions: What are the relationships among self-control, self-efficacy, and school life adjustment, is there any statistically significant influence of self-control and self-efficacy on school life adjustment, and is there any mediating effect of self-efficacy in the relationship between self-control and school life adjustment, 276 fifth graders attending three elementary schools in Busan were administrated self-control scale, self-efficacy scale, and school life adjustment scale. The collected data was analyzed by correlation, stepwise multiple regression, and three-step regression analysis. And the regression analyses were separately performed on total and subscale scores. The main results were as the follows. First, there were statistically significant correlations among self-control, self-efficacy including two subscales, and school life adjustment including five subscales. Second, self-control and self-efficacy statistically and significantly influenced school life adjustment and five subscales. Finally, self-efficacy partially mediated the relationship between self-control and school life adjustment including five subscales. And discussions on the results were presented.

Effects of the Weight Management Program Based Self-Efficacy for Body Composition, Blood Lipid Profile, Weight Self-Efficacy Lifestyles, Depression in Middle-Aged Obese Women

  • Park, Nam-Hee;An, Hye-Gyung
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing
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    • v.36 no.8
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    • pp.1359-1366
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    • 2006
  • Purpose. This study was done to determine the effects of weight management program using self-efficacy in middle-aged obese women. The study also attempted to measure the effects of the program on the weight efficacy lifestyle, body composition, and depression. Method. The research design of this study was a nonequivalent control group pretest-posttest design. The experimental group consisted of 21 middle-aged obese women and another 21 middle-aged obese women in the control group. The women in the experimental group participated in the weight management program for 12 weeks using self-efficacy. The weight management program using self-efficacy included education on effects of exercise for weight control, aerobic exercise program, muscle training and counseling through the telephone. Results. After 12 weeks of participation in the program, BMI (p <.0001), body fat % (p <.0001), abdominal fat (p <.0001), in the experimental group were significantly decreased compared to the control group. Weight self-efficacy lifestyle (p <.0001) and depression (p =.006) in the experimental group were significantly improved after the program compared to the control group. According to these findings, weight management program self-efficacy for middle-aged obese women could increase weight efficacy lifestyle, and decrease depression, BMI, body fat, and abdominal fat. Conclusion. The result also suggested that the increasing weight efficacy and lifestyle help the obese women to perform and continue exercise. This program could be used in the community such as public health center for weight care and mental health promotion of middle-aged obese women.

Mediating Effect of Meta-cognition between Locus of Control and Self-efficacy

  • Chae, Heeseong;Hahm, Sangwoo
    • International Journal of Advanced Culture Technology
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    • v.6 no.1
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    • pp.8-14
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    • 2018
  • Meta-cognition is the knowledge and cognition of cognitive phenomena, including the control of ones own memory, comprehension, and thought processes. Meta-cognition is similar to self-awareness, which is the understanding of oneself, and affects people's attitudes and behaviors. This study demonstrated the mediating effect of meta-cognition between internal locus of control and self-efficacy. Internal locus of control refers to the steady faith that any outcome is related to one's own efforts. Self-efficacy is a collection of personal strong belief that one individual can achieve his or her own goals. In this study, if a person has a tendency to adopt an internal locus of control, meta-cognition is improved, and self-efficacy can in turn be increased if meta-cognition is improved. This study conducted an empirical analysis through questionnaires conducted on 260 university students. The results of the research demonstrated that there is a highly positive correlation between meta-cognition, control position, and self-efficacy. In addition, this study emphasized that positive meta-cognition with internal locus of control can lead to positive attitudes and behaviors, and positive results.

The Effects of High School Students' Smart Phone Addiction on Impulsivity, Stress, Self-efficacy, and Self-control (고등학생의 스마트폰 중독이 충동성, 스트레스, 자기효능감, 자기통제력에 미치는 영향)

  • OH, Ju
    • Journal of Fisheries and Marine Sciences Education
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    • v.27 no.4
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    • pp.998-1012
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    • 2015
  • This study is smartphone addiction impulsiveness, stress, self-efficacy, and examine any changes to appear self-control. This study is a response to the results obtained for 310 people targeting high school in Pusan, the second grade students. For the analysis of the collected data by using the SPSS 22.0 program was the analysis of the T-test, ANOVA, Multiple Regression. The major findings of this study can be summed up as follows: first, smart phone addiction has significant difference in impulsivity, stress, self-efficacy, and self-control. Second, sex is found to be significant in impulsivity, stress, self-efficacy, and self-control. Third, grades are significant in impulsivity, self-efficacy, and self-control. Fourth, the model for impulsivity indicates 4% of explanatory power, which is significant. Fifth, explanatory power for stress is 4%, which is significant. Sixth, the model for self-efficacy shows 14% of explanatory power, which is significant. Meanwhile, smart phone addiction, sex, and grades have no significant effects on self-efficacy. Seventh, the model for self-control indicates 20% of explanatory power, which is significant.

The Relationship between Self-control Behavior, Social Comparison Attitude, Self-efficacy and Health Promotion Activities of College Students (대학생의 통제감, 사회비교추구성향 및 자기효능감이 건강행위에 미치는 영향)

  • Song, So-Hyeon;Jang, Youn-Kyoung;Kim, Joo-Hyung
    • Journal of Korean Public Health Nursing
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    • v.23 no.1
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    • pp.27-39
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    • 2009
  • Purpose: This study was conducted to evaluate the relationship between self-control behavior, social comparison attitude, self-efficacy and health promotion activities of college students who had health related majors (nursing, dental hygiene, health administration). Methods: The subjects consisted of 413 college students. Data were collected by self reported questionnaires that were designed to evaluate self-control behavior, social attitudes, self-efficacy and health promotion lifestyle (HPLP). Data were analyzed using the SPSS/PC win 14.0 program. Results: Upward & parallel comparison, self-efficacy and parents income were positively correlated with health promotion activities by college students. The most significant predictors of health promotion activities for college students were self-efficacy and self-control behavior. Conclusion: Health promotion activities for college students are influenced by self-efficacy, self-control behavior, and upward comparison. In conclusion, to increase the health promotion activities of college students, methods designed to increase self-efficacy should be prepared while considering the self-control behavior and comparative propensity towards others.

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Mediating Effects of Self Efficacy and Self-Control in Nursing Students' Smartphone Addiction (간호대학생의 스마트폰 중독에서의 자기효능감과 자기통제력의 매개효과)

  • Lee, Seunghyun;Bae, Jeongyee
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Psychiatric and Mental Health Nursing
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    • v.27 no.3
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    • pp.293-302
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    • 2018
  • Purpose: The purposes of this study were to investigate the factor of smartphone addiction based on Agnew's general strain theory and examine the mediating effects of self efficacy and self-control in the identified model of the nursing students. Methods: Study participants were 292 nursing students recruited from 3 universities. Self-reported data were collected in September 2015 from structured questionnaires. Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics, Pearson's correlation coefficient, exploratory factor analyses, and structural equation modeling. Results: Self efficacy and self-control have a direct effect on smartphone addiction in the nursing students. The relationship between depression and smartphone addiction was fully mediated by self efficacy and self-control. However, the relationships of smartphone addiction shares with college adaptation and stress were partially mediated by depression, self efficacy, and self-control. Conclusion: Our study findings may be used as baseline information to develop preventive intervention programs for nursing students. Nursing educators and clinicians should encourage students' self-control, improve self efficacy when dealing with those with smartphone addiction, emphasize adaptation to college, and help manage stress and depression.

The Effect of Self-Help Management Program by Strengthen Self-Efficacy on Self-Efficacy and the Activities of Daily Living in Stroke Patients (자기효능증진 자조관리 프로그램이 뇌졸중 환자의 자기효능과 일상생활동작 수행능력에 미치는 효과)

  • Kim, In-Sook;Kang, Seung-Joo;Kim, Kye-Ha
    • Korean Journal of Adult Nursing
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    • v.20 no.4
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    • pp.526-536
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    • 2008
  • Purpose: This study examined the effect of a self-help management program which strengthens self-efficacy on the self-efficacy and the activities of daily living(ADL) in stroke patients. Methods: A quasi-experimental nonequivalent control group, pre and post design was used. The subjects consisted of 47 stroke patients. Twenty-six patients were assigned to the experimental group and 21 patients were assigned to the control group. The self-help management program by strengthen self-efficacy and general hospital care were carried out on the experimental group. General hospital care was performed on the control group. The data was collected before and 5 weeks after the program. All subjects were questioned about the self-efficacy and ADL before and after the program. Results: The scores of the self-efficacy and ADL in the experimental group were higher than those in the control group. Conclusion: The self-help management program by strengthen self-efficacy is effective in increasing the self-efficacy and ADL. Therefore this program may be a useful intervention to increase the ADL in stroke patients.

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The Study on the Development of Self Efficacy Expectation Promoting Program and It's Effect for Breast Self Examination (유방자가검진을 위한 효능기대 증진 프로그램의 개발 및 효과)

  • Jung, Myung-Ok;Tae, Young-Sook
    • Asian Oncology Nursing
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    • v.2 no.1
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    • pp.50-60
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    • 2002
  • Breast self-exam is easiest, safe and cost effective to be recommended as an important method for early detection of breast cancer. This experimental research with non-equal control design was to develop the efficacy expectation program for breast self-exam based on Bandura's self-efficacy information source. The study objects selected from two local churches in Busan. Twenty from S church were selected as a study group, twenty from D church as a control group. Efficacy expectation promoting program was based on Bandura's efficacy promoting source and was two hour lecture including slide, video tape, demonstration, pamphlet. After this, there were individual interviews with them and consultations through telephone f or verbal persuasion on the weekly basis between the first week and the fifth week. The effect from the experiment were measured on the first week after education and on the fifth week. Data from control group was collected during the period from Jan 11, 2 001 to Feb 15, 2001 and data from study group was collected during the period from Jan 12, 2001 to Feb 16, 2001. Measurement instrument for this study was developed by the author with the advice of specialist in order to measure self-efficacy and breast self-exam practice. Data analysis was done by using SPSS/10.0 PC program $with^2-$ test. t-test and ANCOVA. Proved results for hypothesis were as follows. 1) It was supported that "Study group educated by efficacy expectation promoting program has higher score in change rat e of self-efficacy than control group." (1 week after education F=18.395, p=.000 5 weeks after education F=28.972, p=.000) 2) It was supported that "Study group educated by efficacy expectation promoting program has higher score in change rate of exam practice than control group." (1 week after education F=37.984, p=.000 5 weeks after education F=28.972, p=.000) In conclusion, efficacy expectation promoting program for breast self-exam developed by this study may increase s elf-efficacy and breast self-exam practice.

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The Relationship between Self Efficacy and a Health Locus of Control in University Student Smokers (일부 흡연 대학생의 자기효능과 건강통제위와의 관계)

  • Hyun, Hye-Jin
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Community Health Nursing
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    • v.9 no.2
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    • pp.385-395
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    • 1998
  • This study was conducted to investigate the relationship between self efficacy and a health locus of control. We conveniently sampled 204 university students who smoke. We invastigated by using questionaries and collected data that were analyzed using a t - test, an analysis of variance, a Pearson product-moment correlation. The results are as follows: 1. The average score of self efficacy was 66.16 (out of a total score of 100.00) in university students who smoke. In relation to the health locus of control, the internality score was highest at 25.22, the influence of others was 20.39, and the effect of chance was 15.86. 2. In a significant test of the general character other and aspect related to the smoking of the subjects and in the score of the health locus of control, the internality score of subjects who had been never been asked to quit smoking was higher than that of subjects who had been. There are significant differences in the scores concerning the influence of powerful others, especially religion. In chance occurrences, the score of subjects in medical school was higher than in other schools. The lower the age one beginns smoking, the higher the score of chance. 3. In a significant test of the general character and other aspects related to smoking and the score of self efficacy, there was no significant relationship. 4. Considering the relation of self efficacy to a health locus of control, a positive relationship between self efficacy and internality, and the influence of others, but not between self efficacy and the effect of chance. With these results, we can conclude that the higher the level of self efficacy, the higher the internality, the higher the influence of powerful others. Consequently, it is necessary to identify the relationships clearly among self efficacy the health locus of control by repeated research. It can be used to support, revise and develop health behavior theory.

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The Effect of Group Music Therapy on the Emotional Stabilisation and the Self-Efficacy of Juvenile Delinquents (집단음악치료가 비행청소년의 정서적 안정성과 자기효능감에 미치는 효과)

  • Choi, Ae-Na;Cha, Eun-Sun
    • Journal of Korean Home Management Association
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    • v.25 no.5
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    • pp.1-14
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    • 2007
  • The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of group music therapy on the emotional stabilisation and Self-Efficacy of juvenile delinquents. The subjects, who were from age 15 to 19 as juvenile delinquents, received juvenile protection Order one (1) and three (3) or Order (4) and were placed in custody designated by the Gwang Ju Family Court. The 24 subjects were divided into the experimental group (N=12), and the control group (N=12) at random. The experimental group was given 14 group music therapy session for 90 minutes each, two times a week, and the control group was not given any. Emotional stabilisation and the Self-Efficacy scores for each adolescent was compared before and after the experiment. Statistical methods used for data analysis were mean, the standard deviation, and the ANCOVA. Results are as follows. The experimental group was significantly increased in emotional stabilisation compared with the control group. The experimental group was significantly decreased in aggressive behavior compared and in stress compared with the control group. The experimental group was significantly increased in self-efficacy compared, in self-confidence compared and in self control efficacy compared with the control group. These results suggest that group music therapy are positive effects on improving the emotional stabilisation and the Self-Efficacy of juvenile delinquents.