• Title, Summary, Keyword: core loss

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Core loss Consideration for d-q axis Inductance Measurement of IPMSM (매입형 영구자석 동기 전동기의 d-q축 인덕턴스 측정 및 철손의 고려)

  • Kwon, Soon-O;Choi, Jin-Chul;Lee, Woo-Taek;Hong, Jung-Pyo
    • Proceedings of the KIEE Conference
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    • pp.864-865
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    • 2008
  • This paper deals with d-q axis inductance measurements of IPMSM considering core loss at low speed. d-q axis inductance measurements generally are conducted at rated speed and parallel core loss model can be used to exclude core loss effects on inductances. Core loss is generally modeled parallel to input terminal of d-q axis equivalent circuit. Therefore, the effect of core loss on inductance calculation can be varied by core loss modeling. In this paper, d-q axis inductance is calculated parallel and series core loss modeling. Calculated inductances are compared to FEA results and it is concluded that series core loss modeling is more closed to FEA results at low speed.

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Experimental and Numerical Analysis of a Simple Core Loss Calculation for AC Filter Inductor in PWM DC-AC Inverters

  • Lee, Kyoung-Jun;Cha, Honnyong;Lee, Jong-Pil;Yoo, Dong-Wook;Kim, Hee-Je
    • Journal of Power Electronics
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    • v.13 no.1
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    • pp.113-121
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    • 2013
  • This paper introduces a simple core loss calculation method for output filter inductor in pulse width modulation (PWM) DC-AC inverter. Amorphous C-core (AMCC-320) is used to analyze the core loss. In order to measure core loss of the output filter inductor and validate the proposed method, a single-phase half-bridge inverter and a calorimeter are used. By changing switching frequency and modulation index (MI) of the inverter, core loss of the AMCC-320 is measured with the lab-made calorimeter and the results are compared with calculated core loss. The proposed method can be easily extended to other core loss calculation of various converters.

Effects of Crystal Grain Size and Particle Size on Core Loss For Fe-Si Compressed Cores

  • Takemoto, Satoshi;Saito, Takanobu
    • Proceedings of the Korean Powder Metallurgy Institute Conference
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    • pp.1183-1184
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    • 2006
  • Core loss of soft magnetic powder cores have been focused on to achieve high efficiency of power supplies. In this study the effects of crystal grain size on core loss were investigated by changing heat treatment conditions. It was found that core loss is influenced by crystal grain size because eddy current loss decreased and hysteresis loss increased by making crystal grain size smaller, and it is also influenced by particle size.

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Experimental Estimation on Magnetic Friction of Superconductor Flywheel Energy Storage System

  • Lee, Jeong-Phil;Han, Sang-Chul;Park, Byeong-Choel
    • Journal of Magnetics
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    • v.16 no.2
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    • pp.124-128
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    • 2011
  • This study estimated experimentally the loss distribution caused by magnetic friction in magnetic parts of a superconductor flywheel energy storage system (SFES) to obtain information for the design of high efficiency SFES. Through the spin down experiment using the manufactured vertical shaft type SFES with a journal type superconductor magnetic bearing (SMB), the coefficients of friction by the SMB, the stator core of permanent magnet synchronous motor/generator (PMSM/G), and the leakage flux of the metal parts were calculated. The coefficients of friction by the stator core of PMSM/G in case of using Si-steel and an amorphous core were calculated. The energy loss by magnetic friction in the stator core of PMSM/G was much larger than that in the other parts. The level of friction loss could be reduced dramatically using an amorphous core. Energy loss by the leakage magnetic field was small. On the other hand, the energy loss could be increased under other conditions according to the type of metal nearby the leakage magnetic fields. In manufactured SFES, the rotational loss by the amorphous core was approximately 2 times the loss of the superconductor and leakage. Moreover, the rotational loss by the Si-steel core is approximately 3~3.5 times the loss of superconductor and leakage.

Analysis on the Core Loss and Windage Loss in Permanent Magnet Synchronous Motor for High-Speed Application (고속으로 운전되는 영구자석형 동기전동기의 철손 및 풍손 해석)

  • Jang, Seok-Myeong;Ko, Kyoung-Jin;Cho, Han-Wook
    • The Transactions of the Korean Institute of Electrical Engineers B
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    • v.55 no.10
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    • pp.511-520
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    • 2006
  • Recently, more attention has been paid to the development of high-speed permanent magnet (PM) synchronous motors, since they are conductive to high efficiency, high power density, small size, and low weight. In high-speed PM machines, core loss and windage loss form a larger proportion of the total losses than usual in conventional mid- or low speed machines. This article deals with the analysis on the core loss and windage loss in PM synchronous motor for high-speed application. Using the data information from a manufacturer and non-linear curve fitting, this paper investigates the magnetic behavior and its core losses in the stator core using the electrical steels. And, the windage loss is calculated according to the variation of the rotational speed, motor inner pressure and temperature.

Effect of Material Properties on Core Loss in Switched Reluctance Motor using Non-Oriented Electrical Steels

  • Kartigeyan, J.;Ramaswamy, M.
    • Journal of Magnetics
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    • v.22 no.1
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    • pp.93-99
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    • 2017
  • The effort attempts to investigate the influence of various non-oriented electrical steel sheets on the core loss of a switched reluctance motor (SRM). The core loss of the motor inherits a strong correlation with flux density and permeability of the material. The study involves the use of laminated 2.7 % high silicon steel suitable for the motor in view of its higher flux density and lower core loss. The accurate prediction of core loss leaves way to suggest measures for improving the performance of the SRM. The dynamic simulation measurements of a 1.5 kW, three-phase 12/8 SRM involve the finite element method (FEM) and use the data obtained experimentally from Epstein frame. The closeness of the simulated and hardware results obtained with laminations of M400-50A, DI MAX-M19 and DI MAX-M15 both for the stator and rotor, espouse a greater significance to the findings in terms of the core loss density and forge new dimensions for its use in the drive industry.

CONSTRUCTION OF CORE LOSS MEASURING SYSTEM FOR ARBITRARY WAVEFORM OF MAGNETIC INDUCTION

  • Son, D.;Sievert, J.D.;Cho, Y.
    • Journal of the Korean Magnetics Society
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    • v.5 no.5
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    • pp.395-398
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    • 1995
  • For the core loss measurement under arbitrary waveform of magnetic induction, we have constructed a single sheet core loss measuring system which consists of yoke apparatus for single sheet of $10\;cm{\times}10\;cm$, arvitrary waveform synthesizer, B-feedback system, and two channel transient recorder. Using the constructed measuring system, we can measure core loss including higher harmonics up to 2 kHz. Core loss of non-oreinted electrical steel was increased exponentially when higher harmonic frequency was increased or amplitude of harmonic induction was increased.

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Performance Loss & Heat Transfer Characteristics of Synchronous Motors under Various Driving Conditions (구동 조건 변화에 따른 동기 전동기의 성능 손실 및 내부 열전달 특성)

  • Choi, Moon Suk;Um, Sukkee
    • Transactions of the Korean Society of Automotive Engineers
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    • v.21 no.3
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    • pp.165-173
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    • 2013
  • Core loss has a major effect on heat generation in synchronous motors with surface-mounted permanent magnets (SPMs). It is essential to perform heat transfer analysis considering core loss in SPM because core loss is seriously affected by torque and speed of motors. In the present study, mechanical loss, core loss and coil loss are evaluated by measuring input and output energies under various driving conditions. For a better understanding heat transfer paths in synchronous motors, we developed a lumped thermal system analysis model. Subsequently, heat transfer analysis has been performed based on acquired energy loss, temperature data and thermal resistance with three types of SPM. It is shown that the torque constants decrease by Max. 10% as speed increase. At the rated torque, the core loss is Max. 10.9 times greater than the coil loss and the hysteresis loss of magnets is dominant in total loss.

Magnetic Field Distribution Analysis for Core Loss Estimation of Permanent Magnet Machine (영구자석 기기의 철손 예측을 위한 자계 거동 해석)

  • Jang, Seok-Myeong;Ko, Kyoung-Jin;Choi, Jang-Young;Park, Ji-Hoon;Lee, Sung-Ho
    • Proceedings of the KIEE Conference
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    • pp.93-95
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    • 2008
  • Nowadays more attention is paid to the developing high efficiency electrical machines for energy saving and protection of natural resources. In general, the electromagnetic losses appearing in electrical machines are widely classified into copper loss, core loss and rotor loss. Particularly, in permanent magnet (PM) machines, core loss forms a larger portion of the total losses than in another machine. So, satisfactory prediction of core loss at the design or analysis stage of PM machines is essential to active high efficiency and high performance. This paper deals with analysis of magnetic field distribution due to geometry of stator core for magnetic core loss calculation of multi-pole PM synchronous machine.

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Core Loss Analysis of Non-oriented Electrical Steel Under Magnetic Induction Including Higher Harmonics

  • Cho, Chuhyun;Son, Derac;Cho, Youk
    • Journal of Magnetics
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    • v.6 no.2
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    • pp.66-69
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    • 2001
  • The actual magnetic induction waveform of cores in electrical machines is not sinusoidal i.e. higher harmonics are always included. Thus the core loss in actual electrical machines is different from the core loss which is measured by the standard method, because the waveform of magnetic induction should be sinusoidal in the standard testing method. Core loss analysis under higher harmonic induction is always important in electric machine design. In this works we measured the core loss when a hysteresis loop has only one period of an ac minor loop of higher harmonic frequency, depending on the position of the ac minor loop of relative to the fundamental harmonic frequency. From this experiment, the core loss P(B/sub 0/f/sub 0/, B/sub h/, nf/sub 0/)) under a higher harmonic magnetic induction B/sub h/ could be expressed by the linear combination the core loss at fundamental harmonic frequency P/sub c/(B/sub 0/, f/sub 0/), the core loss of ac minor loop at zero induction region of the major hysteresis loop P/sub cL/ (B/sub h/, nf/sub 0/), and the core loss of an ac minor loop in the high induction region of the major hysteresis loop P/sub cH/ (B/sub h/, nf/sub 0/) i.e., P/sub c/, (B/sub 0/, f/sub 0/, B/sub h/, nf/sub 0/)=P/sub c/ (B/sub 0/, f/sub 0/,)+(n-1)[k₁(B/sub 0/) P/sub cL/ (B/sub h/, nf/sub 0/)+(1-k₁(B/sub 0/)) P/sub cH/ (B/sub h/, nf/sub 0/)]. This will be useful formula for electrical machine designers and one of effective methods to predict core loss including higher harmonic induction.

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