• Title/Summary/Keyword: corn starch

검색결과 323건 처리시간 0.159초

옥수수 전분과 찰옥수수 전분 첨가 비율에 따른 Gluten-free 제빵 특성 (Baking Properties of Gluten-free Rice Bread with Different Percentages of Corn Starch and Waxy Corn Starch)

  • 김상숙;정혜영
    • 한국식품영양학회지
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    • v.28 no.4
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    • pp.586-593
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    • 2015
  • The baking properties of gluten-free rice bread with different percentages of corn starch and waxy corn starch were investigated. The specific gravity and color (L, a, b) of the dough as well as the appearance, color (L, a, b) and texture of the rice bread were analyzed. Replacement of rice flour with 1, 2.5, 5, 7.5 and 10% corn starch did not have a significant effect on the specific gravity and color of the dough. The volume and specific volume of the rice bread showed an increasing trend as the amount of added corn starch increased. The chewiness, gumminess and hardness of the rice bread showed a decreasing trend as the amount of added corn starch increased. Replacement of rice flour with 1, 5 and 10% waxy corn starch did not have a significant effect on the specific gravity and color of the dough. The color of the rice bread showed an increasing trend as the amount of added waxy corn starch increased. These results suggest that replacement of rice flour with 7.5% corn starch or 1% waxy corn starch is effective for gluten-free rice bread.

탄산가스 주입이 압출팽화 옥수수전분의 성질에 미치는 영향 (Effect of $CO_2$Gas injection on Properties of Extruded Corn Starch)

  • 류기형;강선희;이은용;임승택
    • 한국식품영양과학회지
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    • v.26 no.3
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    • pp.436-442
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    • 1997
  • Corn starch was extruded under relatively low shear, high moisture, and low temperature. Puffing of corn starch dough was induced by injecting $CO_2$gas in the range from 0MPa to 0.09MPa. Piece density and compressive modulus for puffed corn starch were decreased by increasing the injection pressure to 0.07MPa, and increased above 0.07MPa. the microstructure of corn starch puffed with $CO_2$gas showed thick cell size, compared with those puffed with steam. RVA paste viscosity curves of corn starch puffed with $CO_2$had different patterns from those puffed with steam, probably resulted from partial gelatinization of starch. Water absorption and solubility were not significantly changed by $CO_2$injection pressure, but the average degree of polymerization was reduced by higher $CO_2$injection. The water absorption, water solubility, and the average degree of polymerization for corn starch puffed with $CO_2$were significantly lower than those puffed with steam.

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수분함량, 가열온도 및 가열시간에 따른 전분 반죽의 호화특성 (Gelatinization Properties of Starch Dough with Moisture Content, Heating Temperature and Heating Time)

  • 이부용;이창호;이철호
    • 한국식품과학회지
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    • v.27 no.3
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    • pp.428-438
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    • 1995
  • Corn starch와 waxy corn starch를 사용하여 중간수분계의 수분함량으로 반죽을 제조하고 수분함량과 가열온도, 가열시간에 따른 전분 반죽의 호화양상을 밝혀 보고자 하였다. Corn starch와 waxy corn starch의 amylograph 호화 특성은 1% CMC를 첨가하여 측정한 호화개시 온도가 모두 약 $64^{\circ}C$로 나타났다. DSC특성은 corn starch호화 개시 온도가 $68.15^{\circ}C$, 최대호화온도가 $74.01^{\circ}C$, 호화종결 온도가 $85.65^{\circ}C$, 호화엔탈피는 3.2 cal/gram이었으며, waxy corn starch의 호화개시온도는 $68.24^{\circ}C$, 최대호화온도 $75.43^{\circ}C$, 호화종결온도 $93^{\circ}C$, 호화엔탈피는 4.2 cal/gram으로 나타났다. 수분함량$(X_1)\;36{\sim}52%)$, 가열온도$(X_2)\;60{\sim}100^{\circ}C$, 가열시간$(X_3)$ $0{\sim}2.0$분으로 가열시 corn starch와 waxy corn starch 반죽의 호화도(Y) 변화를 실험계획법으로 조사한 반응표면 회귀 방정식은 corn starch 반죽의 경우 $Y=28.659+8.638\;X_1+15.675\;X_2+7.770\;X_3-1.620\;{X_1}^2+10.790\;X_1X_2-4.220\;{X_2}^2+0.510\;X_1X_3+1.980\;X_2X_3-6.850\;{X_3}^2$ $(R^2=0.9714)$ 이었고 waxy corn starch 반죽의 경우는 $Y=32.617+12.535\;X_1+20.470\;X_2+8.608\;X_3+4.093\;{X_1}^2+13.550\;X_1X_2-4.467\;{X_2}^2+1.560\;X_1X_3+2.160\;X_2X_3-9.527\;{X_3}^2$ $(R^2=0.9621)$이었다. 즉 수분함량과 가열온도, 가열시간이 증가할수록 반죽의 호화도는 모두 증가하는 경향을 나타내었고 같은 조건에서는 waxy corn starch가 corn starch 반죽보다 $10{\sim}20%$ 정도 더 호화되는 것을 알 수 있었다. Corn starch 와 waxy corn starch 반죽의 호화 속도를 보면 가열온도 $70^{\circ}C$$80^{\circ}C$에서는 가열시간 0.5분 이내에서 비교적 빠른 속도로 반죽이 호화되고 가열시간이 그 이상으로 증가할 때도 반죽의 호화가 약간은 진행되지만 $90^{\circ}C$ 이상의 가열온도에서는 가열시간 0.5분 이내에 반죽의 호화가 급속히 일어나고 가열 시간을 증가시켜도 더이상의 호화는 일어나지 않았다. 같은 조건에서는 waxy corn starch 반죽의 호화 속도가 corn starch보다 더 빠른 것으로 나타났다. 대표적으로 52% 수분함량에서 반응속도상수(k)와 가열온도(T)사이의 관계식은 corn starch의 경우 $logk=11.1140-4.1226{\times}10^3(1/T)$, waxy corn starch의 경우 $logk=10.1195-3.7090{\times}10^3(1/T)$이었다.

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옥수수전분 현탁액의 알칼리 호화 (Alkali Gelatinization of Corn Starch Suspension)

  • 신해헌;차윤환;변유량;조석철
    • 한국식품과학회지
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    • v.39 no.2
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    • pp.169-174
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    • 2007
  • 옥수수전분의 알칼리호화는 NaOH 첨가에 의하여 지수적으로 증가하였으며, 호화도가 급격히 증가하기 시작하는 구간을 알칼리호화 개시점으로 추정하였다. 10%(w/w) 옥수수 전분 현탁액의 $40^{\circ}C$에서 호화개시점은 24.1 meq NaOH/g starch인 반면에 $60^{\circ}C$에서는 9.8 meq NaOH/g starch이었다. 또한 옥수수전분 현탁액의 농도를 40%로 증가시킨 경우 $40^{\circ}C$에서 9.5 meq NaOH/g starch에서 호화가 개시되었다. 이와 같은 결과로부터 전분의 알칼리호화 개시농도가 전분 현탁액의 농도와 온도에 반비례하는 것을 알 수 있었다.

지류 문화재 보존처리용 전분계 풀의 특성 (제1보) - 전분의 종류에 따른 접착 특성 - (Characteristics of Starch Paste for Conservation of Paper Properties (Part 1) - The Nature and Adhesive Strength of Starch Paste -)

  • 양은정;조경실;최태호
    • 펄프종이기술
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    • v.45 no.4
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    • pp.52-64
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    • 2013
  • This study was carried out to investigate the characteristics of starch paste which was used for the conservation of paper properties. Three kinds of commercial corn starch and five kinds of fermented wheat starch were examined on the contents of amylose and amylopectin, shapes of particles, and viscosity and pH of paste. And adhesive strength on the drying, accelerated aging, and wetting treatments were measured. The contents of amylopectin of oxidized corn starch were higher those of cationic corn starch, unmodified corn starch, and fermented wheat flour. In case of fermented wheat flour, increasing of a fermentation period was resulted in increasing of amylopectin contents. The particle shapes of commercial corn starch showed with a uniform polygon, but fermented wheat flour showed with a mixture of small and large oval types. The viscosity of oxidized corn starch were very lower those of cationic corn starch and unmodified corn starch. And increasing of a fermentation period of wheat flour was resulted in increasing of viscosity. The pH of commercial corn starch were 3.6-7.5 and fermented wheat flour were 3.6-5.2. Through the examination on the nature and adhesive strength of starch paste, the oxidized corn starch 60 cps which is the name of products and wheat flour which had fermented for 5 years were considered that most suitable for conservation of paper properties.

정제의 제조설계에 관한 연구 : 직타법에 의한 Prednisolone 정제의 제조에 있어서 무수유당 및 옥수수전분의 영향 (Studies on the Tablet Product Design : Effects of Anhydrous Lactose and Corn Starch on the Preparation of Prednisolone Tablet by Direct Compression Method)

  • 권종원;민신홍;이상의;김용배
    • 약학회지
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    • v.20 no.1
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    • pp.63-69
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    • 1976
  • Prednisolone tablet product design problem was structured as constrained optimization problem and subsequently solved by multiple regression analysis and Lagrangian method of optimixation. Prednisolone was the drug chosen and anhydrous lactose and corn starch were the adjuvants. The effect of anhydrous lactose and corn starch concentrations on tablet hardness, volume, disintegration time and in vitro release rate was studied. The concentrations of anhydrous lactose and corn starch used in this experiment were 30-60 percent and 5-30 percent, respectively. A full second-order (quadratic) model with all possible two-factor interactions was employed. To obtain the values of anhydrous lactose and corn starch which miniumize the in vitro : release time (t$_{60%}$) subject to the constraint on tablet hardness, disintegration time and volume, we solved the Lagrange function. Multiple correlation coefficients for the regression models were correlated at less than 0.05 level and it was found that the optimum concentrations of anhydrous lactose and corn starch were 45 percent and 21 percent, respectively.

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해조류와 옥수수 전분의 첨가가 도토리묵의 물성에 미치는 영향 (Effects of Seaweed Extracts and Corn Starch on the Characteristics of Acorn Mooks)

  • 윤광섭;홍주헌;김순동
    • 동아시아식생활학회지
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    • v.10 no.5
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    • pp.431-438
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    • 2000
  • The physical and processing properties of acorn jelly were investigated to see the effect of polysaccharides in seaweed extract and corn starch. The yield of acorn jelly added starch concentration was slightly increased when the concentration was added more. However, moisture content and color had no significant changes with concentration. In the case of acorn jelly added sea tangle, color of acorn jelly was darker, but color of the jelly with carrageenan was lighter. According to the concentration of seaweed extract, the hardness was increased as concentration was added. The texture of acorn Jelly added agar had the highest binding. In the case of acorn jelly added corn starch, there were no significant changes, but this binding was stronger than the acorn jelly added extract of marine algae. In the physical and sensory properties of acorn jelly with corn starch, the ideal mixture ratio between the acorn jelly and the corn starch was 6:4.

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결합제가 표고버섯 과립의 이화학적 품질특성에 미치는 영향 (Effect of Binding Agents on Physicochemical Quality Characteristics of Granule Prepared by Lentinus edodes)

  • 황성희;김석중;신승렬;김남우;윤광섭
    • 한국식품저장유통학회지
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    • v.12 no.6
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    • pp.572-577
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    • 2005
  • 표고버섯 과립의 품질 특성에 결합제가 미치는 영향을 조사하기 위하여, 버섯분말에 결합제로 corn starch, lactose, gelatin, gum arabic 및 dextrin(DE=23)을 각각 첨가하고 버섯열수추출액으로 반죽하여 압출과립을 제조한 다음 과립의 이화학적 특성을 측정하였다. 과립의 용해도는 gum arabic >gelatin>lactose, dextrin>corn starch 첨가구 순이었다. L값은 corn starch lactose>gelatin, gum arabic, dextrin 첨가구 순이었고, a값은 결합제종류에 따라 큰 차이를 보이지 않았고, b값은 lactose, corn starch>gelatin, gum arabic>dextrin 첨가구 순이었다. 점도는 gelatia corn starch>gum arabic, dextrin, lactose 첨가구 순이었고, 흡습성은 gelatin>lactose>corn starch>dextrin>gum arabic 순이었다. pH는 결합제의 종류에 따라서 큰 차이를 보이지 않았으며, 총당 함량은 gum arabic>lactose, dertrin>corn starch, gelatin 순이었고, 단백질 함량은 gelatin 첨가구에서 가장 높게 나타났다. 이상의 결과로 볼 때 표고버섯 과립의 용해도 증가와 흡습성 저하를 위한 결합제로gum arabic이 보다 효과적인 것으로 확인되었다.

옥테닐호박산나트륨 전분의 이화학적 특성 (Physicochemical Properties of Octenylsuccinated Corn Starch)

  • 정만곤;임번삼
    • 한국식품위생안전성학회지
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    • v.14 no.1
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    • pp.84-89
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    • 1999
  • Octenylscuccinated corn starches prepared by reaction of corn starch with 1-octenylsuccinic anhydride(OSAn) and their degree of substitution (DS), reaction efficiency(RE), residual octenylsuccinic acid (OSA), and physicochemical properties were compared with those of the native corn starch. DS increased with increase of OSAn and RE was much nearly the same regardless of increased of OSAn. The content of residual of residual OSA was significantly lower than that of regulation of food additives. And as washing frequency of dispersion of the reactant was increased, the content of residual OSA of octenylsuccinated starch was decreased. Raid Visco-Analyzer initial pasting temperature and setback of octenylsuccinated starches decreased whereas peak viscosity and breakdown increased. When DS of octenylsuccinated starches increased, temperature of initial gelatinization of octenylscuccinated starches drastically decreased. The octenylsuccinated starches also formed clearer pastes. The solubility was much nearly the same regardless of increase of DS at 7$0^{\circ}C$ but the swelling power increased 1.2~1.7 times higher than that of native corn starch at 7$0^{\circ}C$. The water binding capacity of octenylsuccinated starches also decreased.

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산화에 따른 옥수수 전분의 이화학적 특성 변화 (Physicochemical Properties of Corn Starch Oxidized with Sodium Hypochlorite)

  • 한진숙;안승요
    • 한국식품영양과학회지
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    • v.31 no.2
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    • pp.189-195
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    • 2002
  • 전분의 물리화학적 성질과 기능 특성을 개선하여 식품에서의 이용성을 확대하고자, 0.25, 0.5, 0.75, 1.0과 1.5% active Cl/g starch를 포함하는 NaOCl 용액으로 pH 7.0, $25^{\circ}C$에서 10분간 처리하여 산화 전분을 제조한 후 산화전분의 이화학적 특성과 호화 특성을 비교 분석하였다. 산화전분은 입자의 형태와 크기에 차이가 없었고, 뚜렷한 복굴절 현상을 보였다. 무처리 전분과 산화전분의 겉보기 아밀로오스 함량은 차이가 없었으며, 가용성 아밀로오스의 함량은 증가하였다 산화됨에 따라 X-선 회절도의 피크 강도와 위치가 변하여 상대적 결정화도가 감소하였고, 용해도와 팽윤력이 증가하였다. 아밀로그램에서 산화전분은 호화 개시 온도가 무처리 전분과 차이가 없었으나 산화제의 처리 농도가 증가됨에 따라 최고 점도와 setback이 감소하였다.