• Title/Summary/Keyword: corn starch

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Baking Properties of Gluten-free Rice Bread with Different Percentages of Corn Starch and Waxy Corn Starch (옥수수 전분과 찰옥수수 전분 첨가 비율에 따른 Gluten-free 제빵 특성)

  • Kim, Sang Sook;Chung, Hae Young
    • The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition
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    • v.28 no.4
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    • pp.586-593
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    • 2015
  • The baking properties of gluten-free rice bread with different percentages of corn starch and waxy corn starch were investigated. The specific gravity and color (L, a, b) of the dough as well as the appearance, color (L, a, b) and texture of the rice bread were analyzed. Replacement of rice flour with 1, 2.5, 5, 7.5 and 10% corn starch did not have a significant effect on the specific gravity and color of the dough. The volume and specific volume of the rice bread showed an increasing trend as the amount of added corn starch increased. The chewiness, gumminess and hardness of the rice bread showed a decreasing trend as the amount of added corn starch increased. Replacement of rice flour with 1, 5 and 10% waxy corn starch did not have a significant effect on the specific gravity and color of the dough. The color of the rice bread showed an increasing trend as the amount of added waxy corn starch increased. These results suggest that replacement of rice flour with 7.5% corn starch or 1% waxy corn starch is effective for gluten-free rice bread.

Effect of $CO_2$Gas injection on Properties of Extruded Corn Starch (탄산가스 주입이 압출팽화 옥수수전분의 성질에 미치는 영향)

  • 류기형;강선희;이은용;임승택
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition
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    • v.26 no.3
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    • pp.436-442
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    • 1997
  • Corn starch was extruded under relatively low shear, high moisture, and low temperature. Puffing of corn starch dough was induced by injecting $CO_2$gas in the range from 0MPa to 0.09MPa. Piece density and compressive modulus for puffed corn starch were decreased by increasing the injection pressure to 0.07MPa, and increased above 0.07MPa. the microstructure of corn starch puffed with $CO_2$gas showed thick cell size, compared with those puffed with steam. RVA paste viscosity curves of corn starch puffed with $CO_2$had different patterns from those puffed with steam, probably resulted from partial gelatinization of starch. Water absorption and solubility were not significantly changed by $CO_2$injection pressure, but the average degree of polymerization was reduced by higher $CO_2$injection. The water absorption, water solubility, and the average degree of polymerization for corn starch puffed with $CO_2$were significantly lower than those puffed with steam.

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Gelatinization Properties of Starch Dough with Moisture Content, Heating Temperature and Heating Time (수분함량, 가열온도 및 가열시간에 따른 전분 반죽의 호화특성)

  • Lee, Boo-Yong;Lee, Chang-Ho;Lee, Cherl-Ho
    • Korean Journal of Food Science and Technology
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    • v.27 no.3
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    • pp.428-438
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    • 1995
  • The gelatinization properties of corn and waxy corn starch doughs were examined at various moisture contents, heating temperatures and heating times. The onset temperatures of gelatinization with 1% CMC using Brabender Amylograph were $64^{\circ}C$ for both corn and waxy corn starch. In the gelatinization properties using DSC, onset temperature$(T_o)$, maximum peak temperature$(T_p)$, completion temperature$(T_c)$ and enthalpy of the corn starch were $68.15^{\circ}C,\;74.01^{\circ}C,\;85.65^{\circ}C$ and $3.2\;cal/gram$ respectively. While those of the waxy corn starch were $68.24^{\circ}C,\;75.43^{\circ}C,\;93^{\circ}C$ and $4.2\;cal/gram$ respectively. In enzymatic analysis, when the moisture content increased from 36% to 52% and heating temperature from $60^{\circ}C$ to $100^{\circ}C$, the gelatinization degree of starch dough increased from about 10% to about 62%. The gelatinization degree of waxy corn starch dough was $15{\sim}20%$ higher than that of corn starch dough under the same gelatinization conditions. The regression equations of gelatinization degree (Y) of starch dough in the range of $36{\sim}52%$ moisture content $(X_1)\;60{\sim}100^{\circ}C$ heating temperature $(X_2)\;and\;0{\sim}2.0$ min heating time $(X_3)$ were examined using response surface analysis. The regression equation of corn starch dough was: $Y=28.659+8.638\;X_}+15.675\;X_2+7.770\;X_3-1.620\;{X_1}^2+10.790\;X_1X_2-4.220\;{X_2}^2+0.510\;X_1X_3+1.980\;X_2X_3-6.850\;{X_3}^2\;(R^2=0.9714)$ and that of waxy corn starch dough was: $Y=32.617+12.535\;X_1+20.470\;X_2+8.608\;X_3+4.093\;{X_1}^2+13.550\;X_1X_2-4.467\;{X_2}^2+1.560\;X_1X_3+2.160\;X_2X_3-9.527\;{X_3}^2$\;(R^2=0.9621)$. As the moisture content, heating temperature and heating time increased, the reaction rate constant(k) of gelatinization increased. The greatest reaction rate constant was observed at initial 0.5 min heating time of 1st gelatinization stage. At the heating temperature of $90^{\circ}C$, gelatinization of starch dough was completed almost in the initial 0.5 min heating time. The reaction rate constant of waxy corn starch dough was higher than that of corn starch dough under the same gelatinization conditions. At the 52% moisture content, the regression equation between reaction rate constant(k) and heating temperature(T) for corn starch dough was $log\;k=11.1140-4.1226{\times}10^3(1/T)$ (r=-0.9520) and that of waxy corn starch dough was $log\;k=10.1195-3.7090{\times}10^3(1/T)$ (r=-0.9064).

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Alkali Gelatinization of Corn Starch Suspension (옥수수전분 현탁액의 알칼리 호화)

  • Shin, Hae-Hun;Cha, Yun-Hwan;Pyun, Yu-Ryang;Cho, Seok-Cheol
    • Korean Journal of Food Science and Technology
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    • v.39 no.2
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    • pp.169-174
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    • 2007
  • In this study, we examined the characteristics of alkali gelatinization of corn starch. Here, the degree of corn starch gelatinization increased exponentially with the NaOH concentration of the starch slurry. The alkali gelatinization initiation point (AGIP) was obtained from the intersection point of gelatinization slope line, which resulted from the regression of the logarithmic degree of gelatinization, and was markedly changed. The effects of temperature and corn starch concentration on alkali gelatinization were studied with a 10%(w/w) corn starch suspension. We found that this corn starch suspension gelatinized in 24.1 meq/g starch of NaOH at $40^{\circ}C$, and in 9.8 meq NaOH/g starch at $60^{\circ}C$. Moreover, a 40%(w/w) corn starch suspension gelatinized with 9.5 meq NaOH/g starch, even at $40^{\circ}C$. These results indicate that the amount of alkali added for the gelatinization of corn starch has an inverse relationship with the temperature and concentration of corn starch.

Characteristics of Starch Paste for Conservation of Paper Properties (Part 1) - The Nature and Adhesive Strength of Starch Paste - (지류 문화재 보존처리용 전분계 풀의 특성 (제1보) - 전분의 종류에 따른 접착 특성 -)

  • Yang, Eun-Jung;Cho, Kyoung-Sil;Choi, Tae-Ho
    • Journal of Korea Technical Association of The Pulp and Paper Industry
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    • v.45 no.4
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    • pp.52-64
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    • 2013
  • This study was carried out to investigate the characteristics of starch paste which was used for the conservation of paper properties. Three kinds of commercial corn starch and five kinds of fermented wheat starch were examined on the contents of amylose and amylopectin, shapes of particles, and viscosity and pH of paste. And adhesive strength on the drying, accelerated aging, and wetting treatments were measured. The contents of amylopectin of oxidized corn starch were higher those of cationic corn starch, unmodified corn starch, and fermented wheat flour. In case of fermented wheat flour, increasing of a fermentation period was resulted in increasing of amylopectin contents. The particle shapes of commercial corn starch showed with a uniform polygon, but fermented wheat flour showed with a mixture of small and large oval types. The viscosity of oxidized corn starch were very lower those of cationic corn starch and unmodified corn starch. And increasing of a fermentation period of wheat flour was resulted in increasing of viscosity. The pH of commercial corn starch were 3.6-7.5 and fermented wheat flour were 3.6-5.2. Through the examination on the nature and adhesive strength of starch paste, the oxidized corn starch 60 cps which is the name of products and wheat flour which had fermented for 5 years were considered that most suitable for conservation of paper properties.

Studies on the Tablet Product Design : Effects of Anhydrous Lactose and Corn Starch on the Preparation of Prednisolone Tablet by Direct Compression Method (정제의 제조설계에 관한 연구 : 직타법에 의한 Prednisolone 정제의 제조에 있어서 무수유당 및 옥수수전분의 영향)

  • 권종원;민신홍;이상의;김용배
    • YAKHAK HOEJI
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    • v.20 no.1
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    • pp.63-69
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    • 1976
  • Prednisolone tablet product design problem was structured as constrained optimization problem and subsequently solved by multiple regression analysis and Lagrangian method of optimixation. Prednisolone was the drug chosen and anhydrous lactose and corn starch were the adjuvants. The effect of anhydrous lactose and corn starch concentrations on tablet hardness, volume, disintegration time and in vitro release rate was studied. The concentrations of anhydrous lactose and corn starch used in this experiment were 30-60 percent and 5-30 percent, respectively. A full second-order (quadratic) model with all possible two-factor interactions was employed. To obtain the values of anhydrous lactose and corn starch which miniumize the in vitro : release time (t$_{60%}$) subject to the constraint on tablet hardness, disintegration time and volume, we solved the Lagrange function. Multiple correlation coefficients for the regression models were correlated at less than 0.05 level and it was found that the optimum concentrations of anhydrous lactose and corn starch were 45 percent and 21 percent, respectively.

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Effects of Seaweed Extracts and Corn Starch on the Characteristics of Acorn Mooks (해조류와 옥수수 전분의 첨가가 도토리묵의 물성에 미치는 영향)

  • 윤광섭;홍주헌;김순동
    • Journal of the East Asian Society of Dietary Life
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    • v.10 no.5
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    • pp.431-438
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    • 2000
  • The physical and processing properties of acorn jelly were investigated to see the effect of polysaccharides in seaweed extract and corn starch. The yield of acorn jelly added starch concentration was slightly increased when the concentration was added more. However, moisture content and color had no significant changes with concentration. In the case of acorn jelly added sea tangle, color of acorn jelly was darker, but color of the jelly with carrageenan was lighter. According to the concentration of seaweed extract, the hardness was increased as concentration was added. The texture of acorn Jelly added agar had the highest binding. In the case of acorn jelly added corn starch, there were no significant changes, but this binding was stronger than the acorn jelly added extract of marine algae. In the physical and sensory properties of acorn jelly with corn starch, the ideal mixture ratio between the acorn jelly and the corn starch was 6:4.

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Effect of Binding Agents on Physicochemical Quality Characteristics of Granule Prepared by Lentinus edodes (결합제가 표고버섯 과립의 이화학적 품질특성에 미치는 영향)

  • Hwang Sung-Hee;Kim Seok-Joong;Shin Seung-Ryeul;Kim Nam-Woo;Youn Kwang-Sup
    • Korean Journal of Food Preservation
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    • v.12 no.6
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    • pp.572-577
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    • 2005
  • This study was conducted to investigate the effect of binding agents on the physicochemical characteristics of granule prepared by Lentinus edodes. The mushroom powder was mixed with com starch, lactose, gelatin, gum arabic, or dextrin(DE=23), and the mixtures were passed to granule sieve. Solubility of granule was in the following order, gum arabic>gelatin>lactose, dextrin>corn starch. L value was in the following order, com starch, lactose>gelatin, gum arabic, dextrin. a value and pH were not affected by the binding agents. b value was in following order, lactose, corn starch>gelatin, gum arabic>dextrin. Viscosity was in the following order, gelatin, corn starch>gum arabic, dextrin>lactose. Water absorption was in the following order, gelatin>lactose>corn starch>dextrin>gum arabic. Sugar content was in the following order, gum arabic>lactose, dextrin>corn starch, gelatin. Protein content was the highest in granule formed with gelatin. These results suggested that gum arabic can be utilized for improving solubility and lowering absorption of Lentinus edodes granule as binding agent.

Physicochemical Properties of Octenylsuccinated Corn Starch (옥테닐호박산나트륨 전분의 이화학적 특성)

  • 정만곤;임번삼
    • Journal of Food Hygiene and Safety
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    • v.14 no.1
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    • pp.84-89
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    • 1999
  • Octenylscuccinated corn starches prepared by reaction of corn starch with 1-octenylsuccinic anhydride(OSAn) and their degree of substitution (DS), reaction efficiency(RE), residual octenylsuccinic acid (OSA), and physicochemical properties were compared with those of the native corn starch. DS increased with increase of OSAn and RE was much nearly the same regardless of increased of OSAn. The content of residual of residual OSA was significantly lower than that of regulation of food additives. And as washing frequency of dispersion of the reactant was increased, the content of residual OSA of octenylsuccinated starch was decreased. Raid Visco-Analyzer initial pasting temperature and setback of octenylsuccinated starches decreased whereas peak viscosity and breakdown increased. When DS of octenylsuccinated starches increased, temperature of initial gelatinization of octenylscuccinated starches drastically decreased. The octenylsuccinated starches also formed clearer pastes. The solubility was much nearly the same regardless of increase of DS at 7$0^{\circ}C$ but the swelling power increased 1.2~1.7 times higher than that of native corn starch at 7$0^{\circ}C$. The water binding capacity of octenylsuccinated starches also decreased.

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Physicochemical Properties of Corn Starch Oxidized with Sodium Hypochlorite (산화에 따른 옥수수 전분의 이화학적 특성 변화)

  • 한진숙;안승요
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition
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    • v.31 no.2
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    • pp.189-195
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    • 2002
  • Corn starch was modified by oxidation with sodium hypochlorite (NaOCl) as an attempt to expand the application of starches in food industry. Corn starch was oxidized with 0.25, 0.5, 0.75, 1.0 and 1.5% active Cl/g starch at pH 7.0 and $25^{\circ}C$ for 10 minutes. The size, shape and amylose content of oxidized starches were similar to those of native corn starch. As the extent of oxidation increased, solubility, swelling power and the amount of soluble amylose increased, X-ray diffraction patterns changed, and relative crystallinity decreased. In Brabender amylogram, oxidation did not chance the gelatinization temperature, but oxidized starches had a lower peak in viscosity and their cooled pastes gave less setback, compared with native corn starch.