• Title, Summary, Keyword: cotton-induced granuloma

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Anti-pyretic and anti-inflammatory activity of chloroform extract of Croton roxburghii in standard animal models

  • Sivakumar, T;Rajavel, R;Karthikeyan, D;Duraisamy, R;Srinivasan, K;Kumar, S Suresh;Karki, Subhas S
    • Oriental Pharmacy and Experimental Medicine
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    • v.8 no.3
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    • pp.252-259
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    • 2008
  • The chloroform extract of Croton roxburghii (Family: Euphorbiaceae) was evaluated for its antipyretic effects in Brewer's yeast induced hyperthermia in rats. The anti-inflammatory effect of the Croton roxburghii was also evaluated by using carrageenan, dextran, histamine, serotonin induced rat paw oedema and cotton pellet induced granuloma (chronic) models in rats. The chloroform extract of Croton roxburghii (CECR) exhibited significant anti-pyretic and anti-inflammatory effect at the dose 50, 100 and 200 mg/kg. Maximum inhibition (55.32%) was notedat the dose of 200 mg/kg after 3 h of drug treatment in carrageenan induced paw oedema, whereas the Indomethacin (standard drug) produced 61.33% of inhibition. The extract exhibited significant anti-inflammatory activity in dextran induced paw edema in a dose dependent manner. In the chronic model (cotton pellet induced granuloma) the CECR (200 mg/kg) and Indomethacin (10 mg/kg) showed decreased formation of granuloma tissue by 52.32% and 56.32% respectively. The extract also exhibited a significant antipyretic response in Brewer's yeast induced pyrexia in rats. Thus, the present study revealed that the CECR exhibited significant antipyretic and anti-inflammatory activity in the tested animal models.

Evaluation of the analgesic and anti-inflammatory properties of methanol extract of Artanema sesamoides Benth roots in animal models

  • Gupta, Malaya;Mazumder, UK;Selvan, V Thamil;Manikandan, L;Senthilkumar, GP;Suresh, R;Gomathi, P;Kumar, B Ashok
    • Oriental Pharmacy and Experimental Medicine
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    • v.8 no.2
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    • pp.196-203
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    • 2008
  • The methanol extract of the root of Artanema sesamoides Family Scrophuilariaceae (MEAS) was investigated for possible analgesic and anti-inflammatory effects in animals. Three models were used to study the extract effects on nociception, which were acetic acid-induced writhing response, hot-plate method and the tail flick test in mice. The antiinflammatory effects were evaluated using carrageenan, dextran, histamine and serotonin induced rat paw oedema (acute) and cotton pellet induced granuloma (chronic) models in rats. Results of the study revealed that the extract exhibited significant (P < 0.001) analgesic effect at a dose of 50, 100 and 200 mg/kg b.w p.o in mice in all the models. In acute model, the MEAS also exhibited significant (P < 0.001) antiinflammatory effect in all the above mentioned doses. In chronic model (cotton pellet induced granuloma) the MEAS 200 mg/kg and indomethacin 10 mg/kg showed that inhibition of granuloma formation 25.0% and 47.7% respectively (P < 0.001). The MEAS and indomethacin were effectively preventing the transudation of the fluid. Thus, the present study revealed that the methanol extract of the root of Artanema sesamoides exhibited significant analgesic and antiinflammatory activity.

Evaluation of anti-inflammatory activity of Solanum trilobatum roots

  • Pandurangan, A;Khosa, RL;Hemalatha, S
    • Oriental Pharmacy and Experimental Medicine
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    • v.8 no.4
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    • pp.416-422
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    • 2008
  • This study evaluated the anti-inflammatory potential of the crude alkaloidal fraction (CAF) of methanol extract of Solanum trilobatum Linn. (Solanacea) root in animal models of inflammation. Crude alkaloidal fraction at doses of 25, 50 and 100 mg/kg significantly (p < 0.01) reduced carrageenan induced rat paw volume at 3 h after carrageenan challenge as compared to control group of animals. CAF (25, 50 and 100 mg/kg) significantly (p < 0.01) and dose dependently suppressed cotton pellet induced granuloma formation. Topical application of CAF (1, 5 and 10 mg/ear) markedly inhibited multiple application of TPA in mice. CAF elicited pronounced inhibitory effects on formaldehyde and adjuvant induced arthritis in rats. These results indicate that CAF of methanol extract of the Solanum trilobatum has anti-inflammatory activity in acute and chronic inflammation.

Anti-inflammatory, Anti-arthritic and Analgesic Effect of the Herbal Extract Made from Bacopa monnieriis, Cassia fistula and Phyllanthus polyphyllus

  • Yoon, Won Ho;Lee, Keyong Ho
    • Natural Product Sciences
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    • v.23 no.2
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    • pp.108-112
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    • 2017
  • Anti-inflammatory, anti-arthritic and analgesic activity of each herbal extract, which is extracted from Bacopa monnieriis, Cassia fistula and Phyllanthus polyphyllus, respectively. The treatment of herbal extract exhibited anti-inflammatory effect as a dose-dependent manner, from 1.25 mg/kg to 12.5 mg/kg, in acute inflammatory models (carrageen and egg-albumin induced rat hind paw edema). It also elicited significant anti-inflammatory activity in chronic inflammatory models (cotton pellet granuloma and Freund's adjuvant induced polyarthritis in rat). In cotton pellet granuloma test, the extract exhibited the inhibitory effect of 23 and 57% at the dose of 6.25 and 12.5 mg/kg, respectively. In Freund's adjuvant induced model, the treatment of the extract of 1.25, 6.25 and 12.5 mg/kg showed the inhibitory effect of 23, 56 and 66% at 8 days, respectively. In the acetic acid-induced model, the extract significantly reduced abdominal writhing in mice when compared to the control group, reducing the mean number of writhing from $41{\pm}2$ in the control group to $17{\pm}3$ and $15{\pm}2$ at the dose of 6.25 and 12.5 mg/kg. From these experiments, the extract, which was extracted from the combination of Bacopa monnieriis, Cassia fistula and Phyllanthus polyphyllus, (w/w/w = 1/2/1) is surprisingly found a significant analgesic and anti-inflammatory activity.

Anti-inflammatory Effects of Turmeric (Curcuma longa L.) Extract on Acute and Chronic Inflammation Models (만성 및 급성 염증 모델에서 강황추출물의 효과)

  • Anandakumar, Senthilkumar;Joseph, Joshua Allan;Bethapudi, Bharathi;Agarwal, Amit;Jung, Eun-Bong
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition
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    • v.43 no.4
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    • pp.612-617
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    • 2014
  • Anti-inflammatory effects of turmeric (Curcuma longa L.) rich in polysaccharides, as well as free of curcuminoids and turmerones were investigated in acute and chronic inflammatory models. Activity against the acute phase of inflammation was evaluated in carrageenan-induced paw edema and xylene-induced ear edema models. The results showed that turmeric extract significantly decreased paw edema volume in the first and third hours after carrageenan injection ($P{\leq}0.05$). Turmeric extract at all dose levels also significantly inhibited xylene-induced ear edema formation ($P{\leq}0.05$). Activity against chronic inflammation was also evaluated in cotton pellet-induced granuloma model. Turmeric extract significantly ($P{\leq}0.05$) decreased the weight of granuloma tissue on cotton pellets in a dose-dependent manner when compared to the vehicle control. Thus, the findings of the study suggest that turmeric extract in effective against both acute and chronic inflammation.

Studies on the Anti-inflammatory Activity of Ginseng Total Saponin, Protopanaxadiol and Protopanaxatriol (인삼 Total Saponin, Protopanaxadiol 및 Protopanaxatriol의 소염작용에 관한 연구)

  • 조태순;이선미;정국현;이범구;이석용;박종대
    • Biomolecules & Therapeutics
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    • v.7 no.2
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    • pp.145-152
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    • 1999
  • In an attempt to elucidate the anti-inflammatory action of ginseng total saponin, protopanaxadiol and protopanaxatriol, the anti-inflammatory activity of three compounds was investigated under various acute and chronic inflammatory models. The blood vessel permeability was slightly inhibited by total saponin and protopanaxatriol treatments. Granuloma formation induced by 2% carrageenan was inhibited by total saponin and protopanaxatriol. The cotton-pellet granuloma formation was significantly inhibited by intraperitoneal injection of total saponin. Total saponin and protopanaxadiol inhibited leukocyte emigration and protein exudation in CMC-induced pouch but protopanaxauiol increased leukocyte emigration. The swelling of rat hind paw induced by 1% carrageenan was significantly inhibited by total saponin, protopanaxadiol and protopanaxatriol both single and 2 weeks treatments. Total saponin, protopanaxadiol and protopanaxatriol decreased the anti-inflammatory activity in adrenalectomized rat. Our results suggest that total saponin, protopanaxadiol and protopanaxatriol have potent anti-inflammatory activity, this may be mediated in part through stimulation of adrenal glands.

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Studies on the anti-infiammatory activity and its mechanism of daidzein (Daidzein의 항염작용과 그 작용기전에 관한 연구 (I))

  • 허인회;이상준;김형춘
    • YAKHAK HOEJI
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    • v.31 no.3
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    • pp.154-163
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    • 1987
  • Daidzein and its methyl derivatives were synthesized and their anti-inflammatory activities were examined. Daidzein suppressed the carrageenin-induced edema, but its methyl derivatives showed decrease or abolition of the anti-inflammatory effect. Daidzein did not significantly suppress the complete Freund's adjuvant-induced arthritis, and the mixed phlogistics (histamine+serotonin)-induced edema. Daidzein inhibited the leukocyte emigration and protein exudation when it was administered into the CMC pouch at low doses (5,25mg/pouch). Daidzein significantly suppressed the cotton-pellet granuloma formation.

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Anti-inflammatory action of p-methoxycinnamic acid (p-Methoxycinnamic acid의 소염작용)

  • 신국현;이은방;우원식
    • YAKHAK HOEJI
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    • v.14 no.3_4
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    • pp.45-50
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    • 1970
  • Anti-infalmmatory action of p-methoxycinnamic acid (p-MCA) was investigated. p-MCA showed a significant decrease in carrageenin and acetic acid induced edema of the rat hind paw, and increased capillary permeability by anaphylaxis and chemical mediators of pontamine sky blue in the mouse peritoneal cavity. It, however, showed only weak inhibitory effect on cotton pellet-induced granuloma formation of the rat.

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Investigations of Pet Ether Extract of Caesalpinia Pulcherrima (L.) Swartz Leaves Extract on Analgesic, Anti-inflammatory, and Antipyretic Properties

  • Kumar, Anil;Muthusamy, P.;Nirmala, V.
    • Natural Product Sciences
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    • v.9 no.4
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    • pp.256-259
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    • 2003
  • The pet ether extract of Caesalpinia pulcherrima, leaves was studied for its antinociceptive, anti-inflammatory and antipyretic property. The extract at doses of 50 and 200 mg/kg, p.o., significantly (p<0.05) reduced the number of writhing induced by acetic acid and inhibited the late phase (20-30 min) in formalin test in mice. The extract failed to increase the pain threshold level in tail immersion test in mice. In carrageenan induced paw edema in rats and in acetic acid induced increase in vascular permeability test in mice, the extract (50-600 mg/kg, p.o.) failed to produce any significant activity. While in cotton pellet granuloma test, the extract at doses of 200 and 600 mg/kg (p.o.) significantly (p<0.05) reduced the granuloma formation and was comparable to reference drug, dexamethasone. In ethylpheylpropiolate ear edema test 0.5 mg and 1 mg/ear application of extract significantly (p<0.05) inhibited ear edema. In yeast induced hyperthermia in rats, the extract did not produce any reduction in temperature. The results suggest that the extract acts peripherally to produce analgesic action and anti-inflammatory activity through steroidal mechanism.

Effects of Bistortae Rhizoma on Hemostasia, Anti-inflammatory Action and Central Nervous System (권삼(拳蔘)이 지혈(止血).소염작용(消炎作用) 및 중추신경계(中樞神經系)에 미치는 영향(影響))

  • Sun, Jung-Ki;Lee, Dong-Joon
    • The Journal of Internal Korean Medicine
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    • v.21 no.5
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    • pp.781-789
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    • 2000
  • Objective : The purpose of these research was to investigate effects of water extract of Bistortae Rhizoma(BRE) on the hemostasia, anti-inflammatory action and central nervous system. Methods : we used mice and rats administered with the extract of the above herbs. Results : BRE decreased the permeability of evans blue into peritoneal cavity and cotton pellet granuloma formation. BRE did not decrease the acetic acid induced writhing syndrome and the histamine induced mouse paw edema. BRE inhibited the pentylenetetrazole and the strychnine induced convulsion. BRE shortened the bleeding time and plasma prtrombin time. BRE did not affect on the proliferation of Balb/c 3T3 cells. Conclusions : these results suggest that the effects of BRE are the hemostasia, anti-inflammatory action, and mild depressant activity of central nervous system.

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