• Title, Summary, Keyword: crab surimi gel

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Preparation and Characteristics of Surimi Gel with Red-tanner Crab (Chionoecetes japonicus ) Paste (게 페이스트 첨가 연제품의 제조 및 특성)

  • Kim, Hye-Suk;Choi, Seung-Geal;Park, Chan-Ho;Han, Byung-Wook;Yang, Soo-Kyeong;Kang, Kyung-Tae;Oh, Hyeon-Seok;Heu, Min-Soo;Kim, Jin-Soo
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition
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    • v.34 no.7
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    • pp.1103-1108
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    • 2005
  • A new type of surimi gel was prepared by adding the crab paste to the original Alaska pollock surimi, and its characteristics were determined. With increased addition of crab paste to the surimi, moisture $(81.3\;to\;79.1\%)$ and protein content $(12.2\;to\;11.6\%)$ of surimi gels slightly decreased while ash content increased compared to commercial surimi gel. Color values of surimi gels were decreased in lightness (L value, 67.3 to 63.5) but increased in redness (a value, -3.5 to 7.14). Thus, crab paste-added surimi gel was a little darked reddish product. Maximum values of breaking force and deformation of $10\%$ added surimi gel were 568g and 13.1mm, respectively. Sensory scores on color and flavor increased according to the increasing of additional ratios, whereas texture scores was maximum at $10\%$ added surimi gel. From the results of physical properties and sensory evaluation, desirable additional ratio was $10\%$. Total amino acid content (11,435 mg/100g) of $10\%$ added surimi gel was approximately $5\%$ less than non-added surimi gel, and major amino acids were aspartic acids, glutamic acid, leucine and lysine. Exceptionally, cysteine content of $10\%$ added surimi gel was 2 times higher than control (surimi gel without crab paste). Calcium and phosphorus contents of $10\%$ crab paste-added surimi gel were 172:4mg/l00g and 234.6 mg/100g, respectively, and their ratio (1:1.4) was in the optimal range in the body absorbtion efficiency.

Food Component Characteristics of Red-tanner Crab (Chionoecetes japonicus) Paste as Food Processing Source (식품가공소재로서 게 페이스트의 식품성분 특성)

  • Kim, Hye-Suk;Park, Chan-Ho;Choi, Seung-Geal;Han, Byung-Wook;Kang, Kyung-Tae;Shim, Nam-Hyuk;Oh, Hyeon-Seok;Kim, Jin-Soo;Heu, Min-Soo
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition
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    • v.34 no.7
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    • pp.1077-1081
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    • 2005
  • The objective of this study was to investigate the components and nutritional quality of red-tanner crab (Chionoecetes japonicus) paste in order to explore possibility for food processing source such as surimi gel containing crab paste. Yield of crab paste was $30\%$ from whole body after crushing and dehydrating. Crude protein contents $(9.5\%)$ of crab paste was lower than that $(13.1\%)$ of crab muscle, but fat $(0.5\%)$ and ash contents $(8.0\%)$ of paste were higher than $0.2\%\;and\;1.3\%$ of crab muscle, respectively. Volatile basic nitrogen (VBN) content of the crab paste was lower than those of the edible parts. Total amino acid content (9,497mg/l00g) of paste was lower than that (12,980mg/100g) of muscle. Aspartic acid, glutamic acid, lysine and leucine were the predominant amino acids in the protein fraction. The calcium content (6,539mg/l00g) was higher than those of phosphorus (579mg/100g), and potassium (793mg/100g) while manganese and iron were present in trace amounts. Major fatty acids of total lipid were 16:0, 18:1n-9, 20:5n-3 and 22:6n-3, and no difference of composition between paste and muscle. Sensory evaluation showed that scores of color and flavor of $15\%$ substituted surimi gel increased significantly when compared to surimi gel without crab paste (p<0.05). From the above results, the addition of crab paste enhanced nutrition and functionality of surimi gel.

Effect of Compression Test Conditions on the Textural Parameters of Imitation Crab-leg Product (압착시험 조건이 게맛살의 조직감 지표에 미치는 영향)

  • Choi, Won-Seok;Lee, Cherl-Ho
    • Korean Journal of Food Science and Technology
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    • v.30 no.5
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    • pp.1077-1084
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    • 1998
  • The optimum conditions fer the measurement of texture profile of imitation crab-leg products were investigated by different conditions using Texture Analyser and the date were compared to those of sensory evaluations. The textural characteristics of surimi gels were compared with those of imitation crab-leg products. The TPA values of 5 different kinds of commercial imitation crab-leg product and 2 kinds of surimi gel products purchased in a market in Seoul were measured. In surimi gels, instrumental hardness and cohesiveness were higher than those of imitation crab-leg products, especially chewiness and gumminess were significantly higher than those of imitation crab-leg products. In imitation crab-leg products, hardness and cohesiveness increased and springiness decreased as the probe diameter increased from 12.5 mm to 24.6 mm. In the different compression ratio (60, 70, 80%), hardness increased and cohesiveness and springiness decreased as the compression ratio increased. The chewiness, gumminess, cohesiveness and hardness increased slightly as the cross-head speed increased from 0.8 to 2.4 mm/sec. Significant correlations between mechanical and sensory values were observed in gumminess, chewiness, cohesiveness and hardness. The optimum conditions for the TPA measurement of imitation crab-leg products were a cross-head speed of 2.4 mm/sec and 60% compression ratio with a flat probe having twice of the sample diameter (24.6 mm).

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Preparation and Characteristics of Patty with Red-Tanner Crab (Chionoecetes japonicus) Paste (게 페이스트 첨가 패티의 제조 및 특성)

  • HEU Min Soo;CHOI Seung Geal;KIM Jin-Soo
    • Korean Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences
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    • v.38 no.3
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    • pp.137-142
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    • 2005
  • New types of patties were prepared with surimi and crab paste, and then characterized. With an increase of additional ratios of crab paste, the moisture (64.8 to $61.5\%$) of the patties slightly decreased while the ash contents (2.3 to $3.7\%$) increased. The Hunter's color values of the patties decreased in lightness (L value, 58.79 to 54.27) but increased in redness (a value, -2.77 to 3.54). Thus, the patties that had added crab paste appeared slightly more reddish. According to the increasing of additional ratios of crab paste, sensory scores on color and flavor increased whereas the texture score decreased. From the above results, based on physical properties and sensory evaluation, the desirable additional ratio of crab paste for preparing patty was $15\%$. The calcium and phosphorus contents of the patties with the addition of $15\%$ crab paste were 148.8 mg/100 g and 139.6 mg/100 g, respectively, and their ratio (approximately 1:1) was the optimal range in body absorption efficiency. The calcium absorption rate with the $15\%$ additions was 4.9 times higher than that of the patty with no additions. Total amino acid content (16,302 mg/100 g) of the $15\%$ additions showed no difference to the patty without additions, and the major amino acids were aspartic acid, glutamic acid, leucine and lysine. Exceptionally, the cysteine content of the patty with the $15\%$ crab paste additions was 2 times higher than that found in the patty without crab paste. The major fatty acids were 16:0, 18:1n-9 and 18:2n-6 of the total lipids, and there was no difference between the patties with and without crab paste. The above results showed that crab paste can be used as a crab surimi gel source.

Comparison of Textural Properties of Crab-flavored Sausage with Different Proportions of Chicken Meat (원료육의 혼합비율에 따른 게맛 어육소시지의 조직학적 및 관능적 특성)

  • Jin, Sang-Keun;Kim, Il-Suk;Nam, Young-Wook;Park, Seong-Chan;Choi, Seung-Yun;Yang, Han-Sul;Choi, Young-Joon
    • Food Science of Animal Resources
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    • v.28 no.4
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    • pp.395-400
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    • 2008
  • This study was carried out to compare the textural properties of crab-flavored sausage manufactured with six different formulations. We prepared crab-flavored sausage from Alaska pollack surimi as a control by the washing method, and various mixtures of surimi and chicken breast meat were manufactured (pH 11.0) with 33.33% chicken breast meat (CBM) (T1), 50% CBM (T2), 66.66% CBM (T3), 100% CBM (T4) and 20% commercial mechanically deboned chicken meat (MDCM) (T5). Brittleness, gumminess, chewiness, breaking force, gel strength, jelly strength, sensory flavor. texture, and overall acceptability were significantly lower in the formulations containing chicken meat in proportion to the % CBM (p<0.05). However, cohesiveness and springiness were significantly higher in the formulations containing chicken meat in proportion to the amount of CBM (p<0.05). Folding test and deformation values were significantly lower in the surimi manufactured with CBM at pH 11.0. although T5 showed no significant differences relative to the control. Overall, these results indicate that similar textural properties in the crab-flavored sausage were attained when surimi was prepared with 20% CBM and MDCM.

Microbial Contamination of the Food Materials for Manufacturing Korean Laver Roll (Kimbab) and the Effect of Gamma Irradiation

  • Jo, Cheo-Run;Lee, Na-Young;Hong, Sang-Pil;Kim, Young-Ho;Byun, Myung-Woo
    • Preventive Nutrition and Food Science
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    • v.9 no.3
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    • pp.236-239
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    • 2004
  • Microbial contamination of ready-to-eat ingredients for Kimbab manufacturing and the effect of irradiation to reduce the microbial contamination of the products were investigated. Among 9 food items tested, there were no viable cells in the ham, seasoned and cooked beef, imitation crab leg, fried egg, and seasoned burdoc. Cucumber, surimi gel, and seasoned and blanched spinach were counted at 5.07$\pm$0.97, 3.50$\pm$0.14, and 5.41$\pm$0.51 log CFU/g, respectively. Irradiation at 1 kGy reduced the number of microorganism in these ready-to-eat foods to an undetectable level. However, the dried laver showed an 8.83$\pm$0.10 log CFU/g and an irradiation at 3 kGy reduced the level to only 7.14$\pm$0.23. Sensory evaluation of the irradiated Kimbab prepared from these food materials indicated that the measure of the control of the sensorial quality should be provided before applying an irradiation to the prepared Kimbab.