• 제목, 요약, 키워드: cross wind

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Investigation on the Safety of TTX in Strong Cross wind (강한 측풍에 대한 한국형 고속 틸팅 열차의 안전성 고찰)

  • Kim, Duck-Young;Yun, Su-Hwan;Ha, Jong-Soo;Rho, Joo-Hyun;Kwon, Hyeok-Bin;Ko, Tae-Hwan;Lee, Dong-Ho
    • Journal of the Korean Society for Railway
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    • v.10 no.3
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    • pp.271-277
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    • 2007
  • The Korean Tilting Train eXpress (TTX) development program is in progress for the purpose of running speed or passenger's comfort improvement at the curved track. However, the speed up and light weight of train make poor the dynamic safety of the TTX in strong cross wind. In this paper, 3-dimensional numerical analysis on the flow field around the TTX under strong cross wind is performed for each operating condition, such as the train speed, cross wind speed, tilting/nontilting condition, and so on. Due to the strong cross wind, the pressure distribution around the train becomes asymmetric, especially at the leading car. Asymmetrical pressure distribution causes the side force and strong unstability. The side force on the train is proportional to the train speed and cross wind speed. Based on the numerical results, the overturning coefficients are predicted for investigation of the train stability, and all of them are less than the critical value, 0.9. The results in this study would be a good data for providing importance to judgement of cross wind safety of TTX.

Wind-induced coupled translational-torsional motion of tall buildings

  • Thepmongkorn, S.;Kwok, K.C.S.
    • Wind and Structures
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    • v.1 no.1
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    • pp.43-57
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    • 1998
  • A three-degree-of-freedom base hinged assembly (BHA) for aeroelastic model tests of tall building was developed. The integral parts of a BHA, which consists of two perpendicular plane frames and a flexural pivot, enable this modeling technique to independently simulate building translational and torsional degree-of-freedom. A program of wind tunnel aeroelastic model tests of the CAARC standard tall building was conducted with emphasis on the effect of (a) torsional motion, (b) cross-wind/torsional frequency ratio and (c) the presence of an eccentricity between center of mass and center of stiffness on wind-induced response characteristics. The experimental results highlight the significant effect of coupled translational-torsional motion and the effect of eccentricity between center of mass and center of stiffness on the resultant rms acceleration responses in both along-wind and cross-wind directions especially at operating reduced wind velocities close to a critical value of 10. In addition, it was sound that the vortex shedding process remains the main excitation mechanism in cross-wind direction even in case of tall buildings with coupled translational-torsional motion and with eccentricity.

Effects of coupled translational-torsional motion and eccentricity between centre of mass and centre of stiffness on wind-excited tall buildings

  • Thepmongkorn, S.;Kwok, K.C.S.
    • Wind and Structures
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    • v.5 no.1
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    • pp.61-80
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    • 2002
  • Wind tunnel aeroelastic model tests of the Commonwealth Advisory Aeronautical Research Council (CAARC) standard tall building were conducted using a three-degree-of-freedom base hinged aeroelastic(BHA) model. Experimental investigation into the effects of coupled translational-torsional motion, cross-wind/torsional frequency ratio and eccentricity between centre of mass and centre of stiffness on the wind-induced response characteristics and wind excitation mechanisms was carried out. The wind tunnel test results highlight the significant effects of coupled translational-torsional motion, and eccentricity between centre of mass and centre of stiffness, on both the normalised along-wind and cross-wind acceleration responses for reduced wind velocities ranging from 4 to 20. Coupled translational-torsional motion and eccentricity between centre of mass and centre of stiffness also have significant impacts on the amplitude-dependent effect caused by the vortex resonant process, and the transfer of vibrational energy between the along-wind and cross-wind directions. These resulted in either an increase or decrease of each response component, in particular at reduced wind velocities close to a critical value of 10. In addition, the contribution of vibrational energy from the torsional motion to the cross-wind response of the building model can be greatly amplified by the effect of resonance between the vortex shedding frequency and the torsional natural frequency of the building model.

Some aspects of the dynamic cross-wind response of tall industrial chimney

  • Gorski, Piotr
    • Wind and Structures
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    • v.12 no.3
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    • pp.259-279
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    • 2009
  • The paper is concerned with the numerical study of the cross-wind response of the 295 m-tall six-flue industrial chimney, located in the power station of Belchatow, Poland. The response of the chimney due to turbulent wind flow is caused by the lateral turbulence component and vortex excitation with taking into account motion-induced wind forces. The cross-wind response has been estimated by means of the random vibration approach. Three power spectral density functions suggested by Kaimal, Tieleman and Solari for the evaluation of the lateral turbulence component response are taken into account. The vortex excitation response has been calculated by means of the Vickery and Basu's model including some complements. Motion-induced wind forces acting on a vibrating chimney have been modeled as a nonlinear aerodynamic damping force. The influence of three components mentioned above on the total cross-wind response of the chimney has been investigated. Moreover, the influence of damping ratios, evaluated by Multi-mode Random Decrement Technique, and number of mode shapes of the chimney have been examined. Computer programmes have been developed to obtain responses of the chimney. The numerical results and their comparison are presented.

Effect of internal angles between limbs of cross plan shaped tall building under wind load

  • Kumar, Debasish;Dalui, Sujit Kumar
    • Wind and Structures
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    • v.24 no.2
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    • pp.95-118
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    • 2017
  • The present study revealed comparison the pressure distribution on the surfaces of regular cross plan shaped building with angular cross plan shaped building which is being transformed from basic cross plan shaped building through the variation of internal angles between limbs by $15^{\circ}$ for various wind incidence angle from $0^{\circ}$ to $180^{\circ}$ at an interval of $30^{\circ}$. In order to maintain the area same the limbs sizes are slightly increased accordingly. Numerical analysis has been carried out to generate similar nature of flow condition as per IS: 875 (Part -III):1987 (a mean wind velocity of 10 m/s) by using computational fluid dynamics (CFD) with help of ANSYS CFX ($k-{\varepsilon}$ model). The variation of mean pressure coefficients, pressure distribution over the surface, flow pattern and force coefficient are evaluated for each cases and represented graphically to understand extent of nonconformities due to such angular modifications in plan. Finally regular cross shaped building results are compared with wind tunnel results obtained from similar '+' shaped building study with similar flow condition. Reduction in along wind force coefficients for angular crossed shaped building, observed for various skew angles leads to develop lesser along wind force on building compared to regular crossed shaped building and square plan shaped building. Interference effect within the internal faces are observed in particular faces of building for both cases, considerably. Significant deviation is noticed in wind induced responses for angular cross building compared to regular cross shaped building for different direction wind flow.

Aerodynamic effect of wind barriers and running safety of trains on high-speed railway bridges under cross winds

  • Guo, Weiwei;Xia, He;Karoumi, Raid;Zhang, Tian;Li, Xiaozhen
    • Wind and Structures
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    • v.20 no.2
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    • pp.213-236
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    • 2015
  • For high-speed railways (HSR) in wind prone regions, wind barriers are often installed on bridges to ensure the running safety of trains. This paper analyzes the effect of wind barriers on the running safety of a high-speed train to cross winds when it passes on a bridge. Two simply-supported (S-S) PC bridges in China, one with 32 m box beams and the other with 16 m trough beams, are selected to perform the dynamic analyses. The bridges are modeled by 3-D finite elements and each vehicle in a train by a multi-rigid-body system connected with suspension springs and dashpots. The wind excitations on the train vehicles and the bridges are numerically simulated, using the static tri-component coefficients obtained from a wind tunnel test, taking into account the effects of wind barriers, train speed and the spatial correlation with wind forces on the deck. The whole histories of a train passing over the two bridges under strong cross winds are simulated and compared, considering variations of wind velocities, train speeds and without or with wind barriers. The threshold curves of wind velocity for train running safety on the two bridges are compared, from which the windbreak effect of the wind barrier are evaluated, based on which a beam structure with better performance is recommended.

Investigation of Typhoon Wind Speed Records on Top of a Group of Buildings

  • Liu, Min;Hui, Yi;Li, Zhengnong;Yuan, Ding
    • International Journal of High-Rise Buildings
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    • v.8 no.4
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    • pp.313-324
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    • 2019
  • This paper presents the analysis of wind speeds data measured on top of three neighboring high-rise buildings close to a beach in Xiamen city, China, during Typhoon "Usagi" 2013. Wind tunnel simulation was carried out to validate the field measurement results. Turbulence intensity, turbulence integral scale, power spectrum and cross correlation of recorded wind speed were studied in details. The low frequency trend component of the typhoon speed was also discussed. The field measurement results show turbulence intensity has strong dependence to the wind speed, upwind terrain and even the relative location to the Typhoon center. The low frequency fluctuation could severely affect the characteristics of wind. Cross correlation of the measured wind speeds on different buildings also showed some dependence on the upwind terrain roughness. After typhoon made landfall, the spatial correlation of wind speeds became weak with the coherence attenuating quickly in frequency domain.

Performance and Flow Condition of Cross-Flow Wind Turbine with a Symmetrical Casing Having Side Boards

  • Shigemitsu, Toru;Fukutomi, Junichiro;Toyohara, Masaaki
    • International Journal of Fluid Machinery and Systems
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    • v.9 no.2
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    • pp.169-174
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    • 2016
  • A cross-flow wind turbine has a high torque coefficient at a low tip speed ratio. Therefore, it is a good candidate for use as a self-starting turbine. Furthermore, it has low noise and excellent stability; therefore, it has attracted attention from the viewpoint of applications as a small wind turbine for an urban district. However, its maximum power coefficient is extremely low (10 %) as compared to that of other small wind turbines. In order to improve the performance and flow condition of the cross-flow rotor, the symmetrical casing with a nozzle and a diffuser are proposed and the experimental research with the symmetrical casing is conducted. The maximum power coefficient is obtained as $C_{pmax}=0.17$ in the case with the casing and $C_{pmax}=0.098$ in the case without the casing. In the present study, the power characteristics of the cross-flow rotor and those of the symmetrical casing with the nozzle and diffuser are investigated. Then, the performance and internal flow patterns of the cross-flow wind turbine with the symmetrical casings are clarified. After that, the effect of the side boards set on the symmetrical casing is discussed on the basis of the analysis results.

A Study on the Development of Cross-flow Type Vertical Axis Wind Turbine (횡류형 수직축 풍력터빈 개발에 관한 연구)

  • Hwang, Yeong-Cheol;Choi, Young-Do;Kim, Ill-Soo;Lee, Young-Ho
    • 한국신재생에너지학회:학술대회논문집
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    • pp.493-493
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    • 2009
  • Recently, small vertical axis wind turbine attracts attention because of its clean, renewable and abundant energy resources to develop. Therefore, a cross-flow type wind turbine is proposed for small wind turbine development in this study because the turbine has relatively simple structure and high possibility of applying to small wind turbine. The purpose of this study is to investigate the effect of the turbine‘s structural configuration on the performance and internal flow characteristics of the cross-flow turbine model using CFD analysis. The results show that guide nozzle should be adopted to improve the performance of the turbine. Optimization of the nozzle shape will be key-importance for the high performance of the turbine.

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A comparative study of along and cross-wind responses of a tall chimney with and without flexibility of soil

  • Gorski, Piotr;Chmielewski, Tadeusz
    • Wind and Structures
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    • v.11 no.2
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    • pp.121-135
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    • 2008
  • The paper is concerned with a comparative study of both the along and cross-wind responses of a tall industrial chimney with and without flexibility of soil. The along-wind response has been estimated by means of approaches presented in three Standards: the Polish, the ISO and the Eurocode and by random vibration approach which is outlined below. The cross-wind response has been estimated by means of the three models developed by Vickery and Basu, Ruscheweyh and Flaga and methods presented in Standards: the Polish, the ISO and the Eurocode (Approach 1 and 2). Computer programmes were developed to obtain estimates of responses of a six-flue, 250 m-tall chimney. The analytical results computed according to the methods presented in different standards and random vibration approaches have been compared. Some unexpected conclusions have been observed.