• Title, Summary, Keyword: cultural instruction

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A study on the effective cultural instruction based on the critical approach through film (영화를 이용한 비평적 문화교육 연구)

  • Yang, Miran;Bang, Youngjoo
    • English Language & Literature Teaching
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    • v.17 no.4
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    • pp.313-337
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    • 2011
  • The purpose of the study is to investigate the effectiveness of the cultural instruction based on the critical pedagogy through film. The participants were 21 college students enrolling 'Understanding American/British culture'class and the class was 15 week long. During class, they discussed and selected the cultural topics related to the movies, complete the research papers, and then gave presentations. The students' portfolio, which consists of the goal statements, research papers, and the reflective journals, was analyzed to investigate the effectiveness of the instruction. The results showed that the instruction was effective in five aspects. They are, 1)accumulation of the cultural knowledge, 2)better understanding of the target culture and its people, 3)acquisition of the critical perspectives toward the target and their own cultures, 4)teaching method, and 5)increase of the motivation for studying other cultures. The study suggested that the instruction should be applied to English-medium class with more advanced students.

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English Medium Instruction in Higher Education: Does It Promote Cultural Correction or Cultural Continuity?

  • Kim, Young-Mi
    • English Language & Literature Teaching
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    • v.15 no.4
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    • pp.109-136
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    • 2009
  • This study investigates English medium instruction (EMI) in an institution of higher education in Seoul, Korea to see whether this course creates cultural correction (reproduction of inequitable relations of power in EMI settings) or cultural continuity (opportunities for transporting students into a third space and enabling them to explore cultural diversity and to create new knowledge for themselves). A single site where EMI is carried out, a class on fairy tales and child education taught by a native English speaking professor, was chosen because it was hypothesized that the professor would display some of her unconscious dominant cultural orientation. The results of the study show that there more cases of cultural correction than there were of cultural continuity. Cases of cultural correction included lack of knowledge about the local context, fixing Korean classroom discourse as if it were American classroom discourse, and reproducing orientalism in the local educational setting. Cases of cultural continuity included using comparison to consider the cultural reality of the milieu, creating new knowledge for the local milieu, and learning as a dynamic ongoing process. Implications of this research are discussed including the important realization that EMI should be managed by subject specialists who are trained in language education and have knowledge of the students' needs and discourse in the L1 and in the local context.

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A Study on the Application and the Effect of Business Culture Class Using Keller's ARCS Motivational Model (Keller의 ARCS 동기모델을 적용한 비즈니스문화 수업과정 설계 및 효과에 대한 연구)

  • Kim, Bu-Ja
    • Journal of Digital Convergence
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    • v.16 no.2
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    • pp.73-82
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    • 2018
  • The purpose of this study was to apply Keller's ARCS motivational model to the business culture lessons and to examine the effects on cultural knowledge, interest, awareness and attitude of university students. To accomplish this purpose, the teaching-learning method applying ARCS model for business culture was designed, aiming to improve all elements of learning motivation such as attention, relevance, confidence and satisfaction. The experiment was conducted with two groups as follows; one experimental group that received instruction using ARCS model and the other comparison group that received traditional lecture instruction. Both the instruction using the ARCS model and the traditional lecture instruction was effective in increasing knowledge of culture. The instruction using the ARCS model was verified to improve interest in culture, understanding of others from other cultures, motivation to create culture, perception of importance of culture, and perception of necessity of culture education. But the traditional lecture instruction did not show statistically meaningful effects on cultural interest, awareness and attitude.

Effects of Prereading Treatments on Low Level EFL Readers' Comprehension of Expository Texts

  • Chin, Cheongsook
    • English Language & Literature Teaching
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    • v.16 no.3
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    • pp.1-18
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    • 2010
  • This study examined the effects of previewing and providing background knowledge on low level EFL readers' comprehension of expository texts and their responses to these treatments. 130 college freshmen were randomly placed into one of three treatment groups and read two expository texts reflecting unfamiliar cultural information. Prior to reading, one group was given previewing instruction, which included vocabulary preteaching and summaries, and a second group was provided with culture-specific background knowledge through watching videos and slides. The third group read each text without any prereading instruction. Immediately after reading a passage, subjects answered a 10-item multiple-choice test. Results showed significant positive effects of the previewing treatment and weak positive effects of the providing background knowledge treatment. Students' responses on the questionnaires revealed that the majority felt that the experimental treatments contributed to comprehension enhancement, made reading more enjoyable, and expedited their reading process. Students in the control group, however, indicated that they needed explicit prereading instruction in order to understand the texts. Pedagogical implications of the findings for EFL reading instruction are provided.

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The Nature of 'Contexts' Involved in Science Learning and Instruction (과학 교수학습에 관련된 '맥락'의 성격)

  • Lee, Myeong-Je
    • Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education
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    • v.16 no.4
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    • pp.441-450
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    • 1996
  • Various contexts are involved in the processes of science learning and instruction. In the perspective that the results of science learning and instruction usually depend on the nature of learning task content and context, content effects or context effects have been researched up to now. But, the discrimination between them was very ambiguous. For the clarity of them, it was supposed that science content would be composed of decontextualized knowledges and contexts, which were respectively dichotomized in common and special ones among disciplines of science. Science learning and instruction was discussed in view of interactions between cognitive, learning task, and social-cultural contexts. Especially, it was emphasized that task contexts, as a bridging role among contexts should be constructed considering cognitive and social cultural contexts.

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Korean heritage students and language literacy: A qualitative approach

  • Damron, Julie;Forsyth, Justin
    • Cross-Cultural Studies
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    • v.20
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    • pp.29-66
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    • 2010
  • This paper is a qualitative study of the experiences of Korean heritage language learners (KHLLs) with literacy (reading and writing), particularly before they enter the college-level heritage language classroom. Previous research, both qualitative and quantitative, has addressed the overall language background of KHLLs, including oral and aural proficiency and writing and reading ability, as well as demographic information (such as when the student immigrated to the United States) in relation to language test scores. This study addresses KHLL experiences in the following six areas as they relate to student perceptions and attitudes toward their own heritage language literacy: language proficiency, motivation for learning, academic preparedness, cultural connectedness, emotional factors, and social factors. Fourteen undergraduate students at a university in the western United States participated in a convenience sample by responding to a 10-question survey. Trends in responses indicated that KHLLs entered the classroom with high integrational motivation and experienced great satisfaction with perceived progress in literacy, but students also expressed regret for having missed childhood learning experiences that would likely have resulted in higher proficiency. These experiences include informal and formal instruction in the home and formal instruction outside of the home.

수학 교육에 활용할 옛 문제 연구

  • Heo, Min
    • Journal for History of Mathematics
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    • v.13 no.1
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    • pp.33-48
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    • 2000
  • In this paper we collect the mathematical problems from the past which can be used in classroom instruction. These problems can show the cultural value and the utility of mathematics, and encourage learning and illuminate the concept being taught.

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A Study on the Planning of Cultural Art Center in Small City (소도시 문예회관 계획에 대한 연구 - 홍성군 광천복지문예회관을 중심으로 -)

  • Han, Jong-Koo;Jang, Dong-Min
    • Journal of the Korean Institute of Rural Architecture
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    • v.11 no.1
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    • pp.1-8
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    • 2009
  • The study performed literature survey and research on the actual condition of cultural facilities for planning a reasonal architectural plan of being prearranged Gwangcheon cultural art center erection at the old central district of Gwangcheon-Eup(town) in Hongseong-Gun(County), Chuncheongnam-Do(province). It was verified that the law and regulations related with cultural art facilities did not make clear statement of the concept of cultural art center and classified it as a public performing place of a kind of performance facilities. The types of cultual facilities could be classified as performance facilities, libraries, regional cultural welfare facilities, cultural promotion and instruction facilities and they were studied respectively. The main functions of cultural art center was studied with art enjoyment function and art creation function. Through the research on the actual condition of cultural facilities, it was found that there were 12 cultural welfare facilities in Hongseong-Gun(county) however there was no cultural facilities in Gwangcheon-Eup(town) except 1 libraries. So the building of Gwangchoen cultural art center is needed. The location Propriety analysis is conducted and proved appropriated. On the basis of the above studies, the direction of planning, conception of Plan and facilities program were conceived and finally the architectural plans were proposed.

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Research on Four Variables toward the Effective Integration of Culture in the EFL Class of Korea

  • Roh, Seung-Bin
    • English Language & Literature Teaching
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    • v.11 no.2
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    • pp.91-110
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    • 2005
  • Many Korean EFL (English as a Foreign Language) students do not have sufficient opportunity to develop cultural knowledge and information in their classrooms. EFL teachers also tend to ignore the teaching of culture. Even though culture is taught, it simply tends to deliver "fact-only" information from the viewpoint of a "tourist level rather than cultural awareness by comparing native with target cultural references. Teaching target cultural knowledge and information should be delivered within the native cultural frame, and teaching of culture must be an integral part of teaching and learning English. The research methodology was quantitative. Quantitative data was gathered from 83 Korean EFL teachers and 286 EFL students by questionnaire. Findings indicated that three of these independent variables (cultural inequality, English-only instruction, and Unoism) were significantly and inversely related to integration of culture.

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A Cross-Cultural Study on Student Engagement and Resistance to Critical Literacy in a TESOL MA Classroom

  • Pederson, Rod
    • Cross-Cultural Studies
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    • v.36
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    • pp.175-209
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    • 2014
  • This paper reports on a qualitative examining the cross-cultural reasons for student engagement and resistance to critical literacy in a three week summer TESOL MA course that was part of a Korean/American university faculty exchange program. Of particular interest was the unique diversity of the class which consisted of 13 subjects from 9 different nations. Using student and instructor reflective journals, field notes on classroom observations, and the course terminal paper on student's philosophies of education as research corpora, results of the study revealed that students resisted instruction in critical literacy for ideological and epistemological reasons. Nonetheless, the data also showed that while all students resisted some theories in critical literacy, all students nonetheless engaged the course content in meaningful ways.