• Title, Summary, Keyword: culture medium

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Beneficial Effects of Lactobacillus casei ATCC 334 on Halitosis Induced by Periodontopathogens

  • Lee, Ki-Ho;Baek, Dong-Heon
    • International Journal of Oral Biology
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    • v.39 no.1
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    • pp.35-40
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    • 2014
  • Halitosis is caused by consumption of certain foods or drinks and production of volatile sulfur compounds (VSCs) by periodontopathogens. VSCs-related halitosis is not easily removed using mechanical or chemical therapies such as dental floss, plaque control and mouth rinse. Lactobacillus are known to be probiotics and stimulate immune systems of human. Furthermore, L. casei ATCC 334 and L. rhamnosus GG have an effect on protection of dental caries in vitro studies. The aim of this study was to investigate effect of Lactobacillus on halitosis by Fusobacterium nucleatum- and Porphyromonas gingivalis-producing VSCs and to analyze inhibitory mechanism. The periodontopathogens were cultivated in the presence or the absence Lactobacillus, and the level of VSCs was measured by gas chromatograph. For analysis of inhibitory mechanisms, the susceptibility assay of the spent culture medium of Lactobacillus against F. nucleatum and P. gingivalis was investigated. Also, the spent culture medium of Lactobacillus and periodontopathogens were mixed, and the emission of VSCs from the spent culture medium was measured by gas chromatograph. L. casei and L. rhamnosus significantly reduced production of VSCs. L. casei and L. rhamnosus exhibited strong antibacterial activity against F. nucleatum and P. gingivalis. The spent culture medium of L. casei inhibited to emit gaseous hydrogen sulfide, methyl mercaptan and dimethyl sulfide from the spent culture medium of periodontopathogens. However, the spent medium of L. rhamnosus repressed only dimethyl sulfide. L. casei ATCC 334 may improve halitosis by growth inhibition of periodontopathogens and reduction of VSCs emission.

Medium Composition Affecting Production of Bacterial Cellulose by Gluconacetobacter hansenii PJK in an Agitated Culture (배지조성이 Gluconacetobacter hansenii PJK의 Bacterial Cellulose의 교반 생산에 미치는 영향)

  • Jung Jae Yong;Chang Ho Nam;Park Joong Kon
    • KSBB Journal
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    • v.19 no.6
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    • pp.451-456
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    • 2004
  • The effects of variation in composition of the medium on the conversion of Gluconacetobacter hanseii PJK cells producing cellulose ($Cel^+$) to non-cellulose producing ($Cel^-$) mutants and the production of bacterial cellulose (BC) in an agitated culture were investigated. The impeller speed greater than 500 rpm was required to decrease the population of $Cel^-$ mutants to minimum in a basal medium containing $1.5\%$ ethanol because the optimum impeller speed to minimize the population of $Cel^-$ mutants increased with the concentration of ethanol added to a basal medium. Ethanol fed-batch culture could not increase the BC production in an agitated culture unlike that of a shaking culture. The amount of BC produced in a basal medium containing $1\%$ ethanol was $39\%$ more than that of the same medium with $0.27\%\;Na_{2}HPO_4$. Increase in the concentration of acetic acid in a basal medium decreased the BC production. The pH control of the culture broth increased the cell mass in the batch culture and improved the production yield of water-soluble polysaccharide (WSPS), but did not affect the production of BC.

Induction and Propagation of Protocom-Like Bodies from Shoot Tip Culture in the Pansy Orchid (Miltonia spp.) (경정배양에 의한 밀토니아의 PLB 유기와 기내 증식)

  • Kim, Mi-Seon;Hwang, Sun-Ja;Kim, Jae-Yeong;Choi, I-Jin
    • FLOWER RESEARCH JOURNAL
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    • v.17 no.1
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    • pp.9-14
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    • 2009
  • This study was conducted to find out the commercial in vitro propagation methods through protocom-like bodies (PLB) induced from shoot tip culture of Miltonia spp. Among several culture media for induction PLB from shoot tip in Miltonia spp., MS basal medium was better than Hyponex, Vacin & Went basal medium and other media supplemented with natural additives. PLB's proliferation and differentiation in Hyponex medium including $20g{\cdot}L^{-1}$ banana + $20g{\cdot}L^{-1}$ sucrose(pH 5.2) was better than in MS medium. It was tendency that solid media showed higher PLB fresh weight than liquid medium or other cotton bridge culture. The dark culture for 1~2 weeks and adding $10{\sim}20g{\cdot}L^{-1}$ sucrose on hyponex basal medium was the most effective to increase the PLBs growth and shoot number.

Growth Factors Supplementation in Culture Medium Leads to Active Proliferation of Porcine Fibroblasts

  • Kim, Bella;Ko, Na-Young;Hwang, Seong-Soo;Im, Gi-Sun;Kim, Dong-Hoon;Park, Jin-Ki;Ryoo, Zae-Young;Oh, Keon-Bong
    • Reproductive and Developmental Biology
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    • v.35 no.3
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    • pp.301-306
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    • 2011
  • Fibroblasts of large animals are easy to isolate and to maintain in vitro culture. Thus, these cells are extensively applied to donor cell for somatic cell nuclear transfer, and to substrate cells to generate induced pluripotent stem cells after transfection of requited genes to be essentially required for direct reprogramming. However, limited mitotic activity of fibroblasts to differentiate along a terminal lineage becomes restrictive for their versatile application. Recently, commercial culture medium and systems developed for primary cells are provided by manufactures. In this study, we examined whether one of the systems developed for primary fibroblasts of human are effective on porcine ear skin fibroblasts. To this end, we performed proliferation assay after five days culture in vitro of porcine fibroblasts in medium DMEM, which is generally used for fibroblasts culture, and medium M106 for human dermal fibroblasts, supplemented with various concentrations of FBS and LSGS contained mainly growth factors, respectively. Consequence was that presence of 15% FBS and 0.1 ${\times}$ concentrations of LSGS in DMEM showed most active proliferation of porcine fibroblasts.

Effects of Insulin, Transferrin and Selenium (ITS) on In Vitro Development of Porcine Parthenogenetic and Nuclear Transfer Embryos

  • Quan, Yan-Shi;Naruse, Kenji;Kim, Baek-Chul;Kim, Hong-Rye;Han, Rang-Xun;Choi, Su-Min;Park, Chang-Sik;Jin, Dong-Il
    • Reproductive and Developmental Biology
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    • v.31 no.4
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    • pp.261-265
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    • 2007
  • Insulin, transferrin and selenium (ITS) complex is reported to improve in vitro development of oocytes and embryos. This study was carried out to investigate the effects of ITS during in vitro culture (IVC) of porcine parthenogenetic and nuclear transfer (NT) embryos on subsequent developmental capacity in vitro. The electrically activated oocytes were cultured in Porcine Zygote Medium (PZM-3) with various concentrations (0, 0.1, 0.5, and 1.0%) of ITS for 7 days. Also, the electrically activated reconstructed embryos were cultured in PZM-3 with various concentrations (0, 0.1, 0.5, and 1.0%) of ITS for 6 days. Addition of ITS to culture medium did not affect development of porcine parthenogenetic embryos in vitro. To test the effect of ITS on the in vitro development of porcine NT embryos, factorial experiments were also performed for in vitro maturation (IVM) medium (TCM-199) with or without 1% ITS and culture medium (PZM-3) with or without 0.5% ITS. Addition of 0.5% ITS to culture medium increased (p<0.05) the proportion of NT blastocysts compared with non-treated group. In contrast, addition of 1% ITS to culture medium was ineffective or had a detrimental effect. Also, addition of ITS only to maturation medium increased (p<0.05) the percentage of NT blastocysts formation compared with the control group. In conclusion, addition of ITS to IVM or IVC medium could improve subsequent blastocyst development of porcine NT embryos.

Effects of medium components on Mycelial Growth and Polysaccharide production in Liquid Culcure of Coriolus versicolor

  • Choi, Min-Gu;Hong, Eock-Kee
    • 한국생물공학회:학술대회논문집
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    • pp.253-257
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    • 2003
  • This study was executed to investgate the effects of medium components on liquid culture in the flask culture of Coriolus versicolor. This work was focused on raising the mycelial growth and the polysaccharide production. In order to optimize the medium, different carbon and nitrogen sources were investgated. Glucose and yeast extract were chosen for the production of mycelia and polysaccharide as carbon and nitrogen sources, respectively, in the flask culture. For the mycelia growth and polysaccharide production, the medium contained glucose 20g/L, yeast extract 6g/L, $KH_2PO_4$ 0.46g/L, $MgSO_4.7H_2O$ 0.5g/L. The liquid culture conditions for the mycelial growth were $27^{\circ}C$, 200rpm and working volume 100mL using 250mL flask.

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Postmetacercarial changes in Echinostoma caproni maintained in a defined medium plus calf serum

  • Fried, Bernard;Reddy, Aditya
    • The Korean Journal of Parasitology
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    • v.38 no.3
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    • pp.173-175
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    • 2000
  • The present study examined postmetacercarial changes in the excysted metacercariae of Echinostoma caproni maintained in the defined medium Mixture 199 plus 20% calf serum for 7 days at $41^{\circ}C$. The gas phase was atmospheric air. Each culture was inoculated with 25 excysted metacerariae. Cultures were maintained upright in closed 15 ml plastic centrifuge tubes each containing 10 ml of medium plus 200 units of penicillin/ml and $200{\;}\mu\textrm{g}$ of streptomycin/ml. By 4 days in culture, most metacercariae had voided their excretory concretions. Organisms were clumped or solitary at the bottom of the cultures. Many organisms showed flaring of the oral collar and extension of both the collar and tegumentary spines. By 4 days in culture, posterior protuberances or bumps were noted on many of the organisms and some organisms showed abnormal vesicular growths or blebs at their posterior ends. Some mortality was noted in culture by day 5, but most organisms were still alive when the cultures were terminated on day 7.

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Effects of Co-Culture with Oviductal Cells, Time of Transfer into Culture Medium after Insemination on Early Development of In Vitro Fertilized Bovine Oocytes (소 체외수정란의 초기발생에 있어서 수정후 발생배지로 옮기는 시기와 난관상피세포의 영향)

  • 김정익;박춘근;오세훈
    • Korean Journal of Animal Reproduction
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    • v.17 no.2
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    • pp.121-125
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    • 1993
  • Early development of bovine oocytes fertilized in vitro in the medium with caffeine and heparin was examined in different culture systems. When the oocytes were transferred into culture medium 8 h after insemination, 12%(7/60) of penetrated oocytes cleaved to 4-cell stage 24 h after insemination. The proportions of oocytes cleaved to 80to 16-cell stage 48 h after insemination had also a to be higher in oocytes transferred into culture medium 8 h (29%) than 16 h(10%) or 24 h(4%) after insemination. 52% of the 4-cell embryos developed to morula and blastocyst stages when they were co-cultured with oviductal epithelia, whereas only 5% of embryos cultured without the epithelial cells(P<0.001). In another experiment, embryos were co-cultured with ampulla, isthmus or utero-tubal junction of oviducts. There are no significant differences in the proportions of embryos developed to morula and blastocyst stage.

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Effects of Bovine Cumulus Cell Co-Culture and CR1aa Medium on In Vitro Development of In Vitro Produced Bovine Embryos (우 난구세포의 공동배양과 CR1aa배양액이 체외생산된 우 수정란의 체외 발생에 미치는 영향)

  • 김동훈;정형민;박세필;이훈택;정길생
    • Korean Journal of Animal Reproduction
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    • v.17 no.4
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    • pp.271-278
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    • 1994
  • The aim of this study was to compare the two culture systems 1) co-culture with cumulus cells and 2) chemically defined medium supplemented with amino acids (CR1aa) and fetal calf serum (FCS) of in vitro produced bovine embryos from follicular oocytes in vitro. Bovine follicular oocytes were collected from ovaries of slaughtered cows and matured in TCM199 supplemented with 10% FCS and hormones (1$\mu\textrm{g}$/ml FSH-P and 1$\mu\textrm{g}$/ml oestradiol-17$\beta$)24 hours at 39$^{\circ}C$ under 5% CO2 in air. The capacitation of spermatozoa from ejaculated or frozen bull semen was induced by centrifugation through Percoll density gradient (45%, 90%). Then capacitated spermatozoa (1$\times$106/ml) were inseminated into 50${mu}ell$ droplet containing matured follicular oocytes and incubated for 40~42 hours. Cleaved embryos of 2~4cell stage were transferred to the co-culture with cumulus cells and/or CR1aa medium supplemented with FCS. In semen source, the developmental rates to the blastocyst and the hatched blastocyst stages were higher in ejaculated semen(27.6% and 14.9%) than those of frozen-thawed semen(18.3% and 11.8%), respectively. In two culture systems, the proportions of embryonic development upto the blastocysts and the hatched blastocysts were higher of CR1aa medium (22.1% and 12.1%) than those of cumulus cell co-culture (16.8% and 5.1%), respectively. The number of cells in exapnded blastocysts was slightly higher in cumulus cells co-culture (122.6$\pm$8.5) than that in CR1aa medium (117.9$\pm$5.9). The present results indicated that the early development of in vitro produced bovine embryos can be maintained efficiently in CR1aa medium as well as in co-culture with cumulus cells.

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Introduction of two-step culture method for multiple seed bulb development from shoot tip culture of garlic (Allium sativium L.) (마늘의 경정배양에서 기내인경구 대량생산을 위한 2단계 배양의 도입)

  • Hwang, Hye-Yeon;Lee, Young-Bok
    • Journal of Plant Biotechnology
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    • v.35 no.1
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    • pp.75-80
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    • 2008
  • In vitro culture of shoot tip of garlic (Allium sativium L. cv. Seosan) was carried out to find medium condition of the induction of multiple shoots and bulbing for muliproduction of virus-free seed bulbs. For this work, tank culture was introduced. In shoot tip culture on MS solid medium the induction of multiple shoots and bulbing were better by adding 3% sucrose than 8%. Supplementation with 2mg/L 2ip and 0.2 mg/L IAA in this medium was effective. Three point three shoots including 2.7 bulbs were formed from a shoot tip after cultivation for 30 days on this medium. Bulbing of garlic in liquid culture with plastic water tank of 20L supplied air at the side of the lower part was better by adding 3% sucrose than 8% by subculture for 45 days with shoots obtained from shoot tip culture for 30 days on soid MS medium. Shoot growth was vigorous at 3% sucrose however bulb growth was more effective on the medium of 8% sucrose. Because of the effectiveness on solid medium added 3% sucrose, 2 mg/L 2ip and 0.2 mg/L IAA for initial production of multi-shoot in stem tip culture and the effectiveness in liquid culture with water tank for growth of bulbs, the method of two-step culture could be introduced for the multiple production of seed bulb of high quality. It was more desirable by supply of 0.2 mg/L BA and 0.02 mg/L NAA at tank culture time. But growth of the bulbs became poor by increasing concentration of NAA of the medium.