• Title, Summary, Keyword: culture method

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The Research in the Study Method of Fashion through Popular Culture Theory (대중문화 이론을 통해 본 복식 문화의 연구방법에 대한 연구)

  • 엄소희;김문숙
    • The Research Journal of the Costume Culture
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    • v.5 no.1
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    • pp.99-123
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    • 1997
  • The purpose of this study is to present the study method in order to analysis the fashion phenomena in ppular culture by popular culture theory. The method of this study is showed the method fo fashion culture, after it was examined that the trends of popular cultural method, the type of Korean popular culture discussion, and the relationship of fashion and popular culture. The results of this study are following as ; 1. Analysis of this study are structuralism stand and culturalism stand, and the application of criticism about the cultural technology in a new stand by means of the composition of Gramscic, A and Foucault. 2. Application of the ethnographic access method as anthroppological approach method about C. Geertz'culture. This si to describe and interpret the practice of subject through directive observation and conduct on a spot, thus is likely to be useful in the fashion study. 3. It needs a historical access method for that purpose, If it applicate Weber's methodology, it will have the use of both meaning interpretation and explanation of cause and effect on the use of both meaning interpretation and explanation of cause and effect on the basis of realistic conditions (historical data), and would appear that the peculiar apportunity of mental (cultural) progressional process became definitive explanation. 4. It must be mad up of the discussion (which is) based on the durability of tradition and culture. It is undeniable that the discussion, which related to popular culture up to the present, showed the disconnectedness of the past tradition and culture, and naturally accepts it's connection to epistemology. The cultural study is a theory interested in what it brings about, what way it's organized and what way it's used. The research of the fashion's connection to popular culture is composed of such topic ; how fashion is produces, how it is consumed, and then, the proposition which is concerned in what meaning it produce is made up of. The regulation of the realm of this research will be to help a researcher explain where to begin and how to do it. Although this cultural study method is more or less quantitative, or despite the expense of the accuracy of statistical analysis, this means that such method of cultural research needs to give attention to both aspects of phenomena and basic problems.

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Suggestions for More Reliable Measurement of Korean Nuclear Power Industry Safety Culture

  • Lee, Dhong Ha
    • Journal of the Ergonomics Society of Korea
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    • v.35 no.2
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    • pp.75-84
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    • 2016
  • Objective: The aim of this study is to suggest some improvement ideas based on the validity and the reliability analyses of the current safety culture measurement method applied to the Korean nuclear power industry. Background: Wrong safety culture is known as one of the major causes of the disasters such as the space shuttle Columbia disaster or the Fukushima Nuclear Power Plant accident. Assessment of safety culture of an organization is important to build a safer organizational environment as well as to identify the risks hidden in the organization. Method: A face validity of the current safety culture measurement method was analyzed by comparison of the key factors of safety culture in the Korean nuclear power industry with those factors reviewed in the previous studies. The current interview method was analyzed to identify the problems which degrade the consistency of evaluation. Results: Most safety culture factors reviewed in the literatures are covered in the list of the Korean nuclear power industry safety culture factors. However the unstructured questions used in the interview may result in inconsistency of safety culture evaluation among interviewers. Conclusion: This study suggests some examples which might improve the consistency of interviewers' evaluation on safety culture such as a post interview evaluation form. Application: An extended post interview evaluation form might help to increase the accuracy of the interviewing method for Korean nuclear industry safety culture evaluation.

Methodology of Lymphocytes Culture for Animal Chromosome Preparation (동물 염색체 분리를 위한 최적 혈액배양 조건에 관한 연구)

  • Sohn, Sea-Hwan;Lee, Jung-Up
    • Reproductive and Developmental Biology
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    • v.35 no.3
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    • pp.257-263
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    • 2011
  • In general, the blood cell culture is a common method for animal chromosome preparation. However, every animal and its cells have unique physiological characteristics and functions. Hence, it is very difficult to find the suitable method of chromosome preparation using animal lymphocyte culture. This study was carried out to fine the suitable method of chromosome preparation using lymphocytes cultures in mammalians and aves including cattle, rat, mouse and chicken. To seek the optimal method of lymphocyte culture in each animal, $2^3$ factorial experiment was designed. The design evaluated three main effects in culture duration, kinds of mitogen supplements and colcemid exposure time with two levels within each effect. The mitotic index and the score of chromosome morphology were analyzed. In results, the suitable methods of lymphocyte culture for chromosome preparation were 72 hours culture, pokeweed mitogen(PWM) supplement and 90 minutes of colcemid exposure in cattle, 72 hours culture, PWM supplement and 50 minutes of colcemid exposure in chicken, 96 hours culture, concanavalin A supplement and 90 minutes of colcemid exposure in rat, and 72 hours culture, PWM supplement and 50 minutes of colcemid exposure in mouse, respectively. In conclusion, kinds of mitogen, culture duration and colcemid exposure time significantly affected the mitotic index and chromosome morphology, in animal lymphocyte culture. The interaction effects between/among treatment factors were also statistically significant.

Teaching Korean Living through the Method of Currere (쿠레레(Currere) 방법을 활용한 한국의 실생활문화 교육방안)

  • Chung, Ho-Jin;Park, Sung-Sil
    • Cross-Cultural Studies
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    • v.19
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    • pp.339-358
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    • 2010
  • This paper aims to propose teaching plans based on individual learner's experience and from a cross-cultural viewpoint by applying Currere as a method of Korean life-culture education. Current Korean culture education programs are not systematic, and are being executed without differentiation from language education. Thus, this study proposes Korean life-culture teaching plans based on the method of Currere. We suggested Currere teaching-learning stages and strategies for Korean language learners by adapting Pinar's and Jeong Seong-a's method of Currere. The Currere teaching-learning stages consisted of introduction, regression, progression, theme analysis, data analysis, group discussion, and integration. Although the method of Currere is implemented through autobiographic writing, this study added the strategies of 'personal experience telling' and 'schema utilization and background knowledge provision'. In order to enhance the applicability of Currere to Korean life-culture education, we suggested teaching plans for the theme of "How to dispose rubbish" as an example. We suggested detailed teaching plans that teachers can apply in the actual classroom. We expect that these teaching plans may be applied to actual classes so that Korean culture education may not be limited to the acquisition of knowledge, but be linked to their real life.

Clothing and Cultural Approach : The Importance of Qualitative Method (의복과 문화적 접근: 질적 연구 방법의 중요성)

  • 김현식
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Clothing and Textiles
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    • v.24 no.4
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    • pp.510-520
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    • 2000
  • Despite the important of qualitative research method, little is used to understand dress and culture in Korea. This study proposed qualitative research method to understand deeply cultural aspects of dress. The articles which were selected from J. of Korean Society of Clothing and Textiles, The Korean Society of Costume, Clothing and Textiles Research Journal, Home Economics Research Journal, published master's thesis and doctoral dissertation, and interdisciplinary articles were analyzed from 1977~1999. Based on results of the analysis of articles, it was found that qualitative research method was appropriate to understand dress and culture. Many articles were dealt with non-western culture. However, the use of qualitative research method is very well suited to help the researcher understand concepts that are deeply embedded in western culture. Implications pertain to researcher in the area of human behavior and marketing. The importance of dependability and credibility was discussed in qualitative research method.

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Effect of Heat Shock on Culture Method and Essential Amino Acid Free Medium of IVM-Derived Bovine Embryo (체외성숙된 소 배에서 배양방법과 필수 아미노산 무첨가 배지에서의 온도충격의 영향)

  • 김지철;김재영;주재홍;윤산헌;이상민;이상진;김재명;송해범;박흠대
    • Journal of Embryo Transfer
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    • v.16 no.1
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    • pp.41-46
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    • 2001
  • This study was carried out to evaluate the effect of culture methods on development of embryos with each developmental stage after heat shock in bovine oocytes. The results obtained were as fellows. 1. The culture method after heat shock on development of embryos was better drop-culture than co-culture. 2. The medium without amino acids were not effect of heat sock on development of embryos but it was in need of amino acid during formation of blastocyst.

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Evaluation of the Selective Enrichment Culture to Recover Clostridium difficile

  • An, Byoungrak;Kim, Heejung;Lee, Kyungwon
    • Korean Journal of Clinical Laboratory Science
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    • v.46 no.4
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    • pp.140-142
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    • 2014
  • To evaluate the recovery rates to increase toxigenic C. difficile, the selective enrichment broth culture methods were compared with commonly used cytotoxin assays and toxigenic culture. First, the enrichment culture, using the selective medium broth for 2 to 5 days, was performed and then, toxigenic C. difficile was confirmed by C. difficile toxin gene-specific PCR after being cultured on C. difficile selective agar. The sensitivity of C. difficile from the enrichment culture (100%) was higher than that of C. difficile selective agar culture (93.8%), while positive predictive values (PPV) were low; 72.7% (16/22) and 88.2% (15/17). PPV of the enrichment culture are not high. Recently, combinations of C. difficile selective agar culture, C. difficile A & B assays, glutamate dehydrogenase, and nucleic acid amplification method are widely used. The enrichment culture was disadvantageous in PPV, turn-around time, and cost. So, what we performed is not considered as a common method of diagnosis of C. difficile-associated diarrhea.

In situ culture and harvest of aminocytes using covership processing method

  • Cheong, Kyung-Soon;Hwang, Do-Yeong;Lee, Dong-Sook;Cho, Soo-Kyung;Kim, Ki-Chul;Min, Eung-Gi
    • Journal of Genetic Medicine
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    • v.2 no.2
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    • pp.79-81
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    • 1998
  • Genetic amniocenteses were performed in a series of 127 patients as a routine study. Samples from the patients were cultured by in situ method, flask method or both according to the state of amniotic fluid. The overall success rate of culture was 97.6% and no culture failure was observed in the flask method. It took 5 days first of all and 8.15 days average from set-up to harvest and there were 7.2 colonies per dish in in situ method. Therefore, it is suggested that in situ method which decreased the mean culture days and made clonal analyses possible, is a clinically available and even more reliable method in parallel with flask method in prenatal diagnosis.

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A Simple Culture Device for the Culture and Transportation of Mouse Oocytes and Embryos in vitro(I) (생쥐난자의 단기간 체외배양과 수송을 위한 Simple Culture Device)

  • Cho, Wan-Kyoo;Yoon, Yong-Dal
    • The Korean Journal of Zoology
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    • v.22 no.4
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    • pp.175-183
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    • 1979
  • This simple culture device is based on the microtube culture method (Cho, 1974). The microtube culture system was placed in a plastic tube (Falcon, 12 $\\times$ 75 mm) and the transporting system used in the present study were Trans-Temp 310 (Royal Industries, 209 D 135-1). The simple culture device in the Trans-Temp 310 seems to be an available method for short term culture and some distance transportation of oocytes and embryos.

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Growth of Axenic Rotifer Brachionus rotundiformis (무균 로티퍼 Brachionus rotundiformis의 증식)

  • Jung, Min-Min;Rho, Sum;Kim, Pil-Yun
    • Journal of Aquaculture
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    • v.11 no.1
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    • pp.91-97
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    • 1998
  • This paper introduces to a simple culture method and growth of axenic (bacteria-free) rotifer Brachionus rotundiformis for seed stock of rotifer mass culture. This rotifer axenic culture method is based on the washing and transferring with sterilized sea water and modified antibiotic mixture AM9 solution. Population growth (final density on day 16) of axenic cultured rotifer were maintained with a high density and stable growth compared with the control of non-axenic culture (general culture style) through the 3 times-rerunning experiments (trial 1, 2 and 3). But the egg carrying rates of amictic females were not different between the axenic-and non-axenic culture condition. Although, rotifer density was higher in axenic culture, the food (Nannochloropsis oculata) was still remained unutilized than that of the non-axenic culture in third trial culture. These results suggest the possible existence of harmful bacteria for the rotifer population growth in the trial 1 and 3 of non-axenic culture compared to the trial 2. This axenic rotifer culture method is valuable for seed stock of the stable rotifer mass cultures.

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