• Title, Summary, Keyword: cycle of seminiferous epithelia

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Studies on testses development and spermatogenesis in dog (개의 정소발육과 정자발생에 관한 연구)

  • Lee, Jae-hong;Park, Young-seok;Lee, Seong-ho
    • Korean Journal of Veterinary Research
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    • v.31 no.4
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    • pp.355-365
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    • 1991
  • This study was conducted in order to observe the changes in cellular association of seminiferous tubules from 16 to 24 weeks of age and to obtain the cycle and relative duration of the seminiferous epithelia from 28 to 44 weeks of age in Korean native dogs. The results were summarized as follows; 1. Gonocytes were seen at 16 weeks of age, however they were not observed as from 20 weeks of age. Both type A and type B-spermatogonia occurred from 20 weeks, while primary spermatocytes were found from 20 weeks. Secondary spermatocytes and spermatids appeared from 28 weeks. Spermatozoa were observed at first at 28 weeks of age. 2. Type A-spermatogonia appeared approximately 1.6 times as many at stage II compared to stage I, while the same numbers of cells were seen in both stage I and VII, showing the least number among VIII stages of the cycle of the seminiferous epithelia. The type B-spermatogonia were found from stage VI to VIII, Leptotene phase of the primary spermatocyte divided from type B-spermatogonia in stage VII observed at the stage VIII. Pachytene phase of the primary spermatocytes were shown the least in number at stage IV. The secondary spermatocyte could be seen only at stage IV. 3. The relative frequency of each stage from stage I to VIII of the cycle of the seminiferous epithelia was 30.3, 12.0, 9.8, 4.2, 8.5, 10.5, 11.4 and 13.4% respectively. Thus the establishment of spermatogenesis in Korean native dog was completed from 28 weeks of age.

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Spermatogenesis and its fine structure of the seminiferous epithelium in the Jindo dog (진도견(珍島犬) 정세관상피(精細管上皮)의 정자발생(精子發生)과 미세구조(微細構造))

  • Kim, Yong-hwan;Park, Young-seok
    • Korean Journal of Veterinary Research
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    • v.33 no.1
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    • pp.23-36
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    • 1993
  • To investigate the cycle and relative frequences and the fine structure of seminiferous epithelia in mature Jindo dogs, histologic study was performed. The results obtained were summarized as follows; 1. Type A spermatogonia appeared approximately 1.6 times as many at stage II as compared to stage I while type In spermatogonia appeared small amount in stage III, IV and V. type B spermatogonia were found during the stage VI to VIII, though not detectable during stage I to V. The type B spermatogonia divided at stage VII to produce the preleptotene primary spermatocytes at stage VIII. The number of primary spermatocytes of the leptotene phase markedly increased during stage I to II, and the primary spermatocytes of the pachytene phase were shown the least in number at stage IV. The secondary spermatocytes could be seen only at stage IV. 2. The relative frequencies of each stage from stages I to VIII of the cycle of seminiferous epithelia were 31.6, 11.9, 10.0, 3.2, 8.2, 10.1, 11.7 and 13.2% respectively. 3. On electron microscopic observations, acrosomal vesicle of spermatids appeared larger though the bulk of germ cells were the morphologically same as those of the other animal species. Thread line structures light microscopically observed in the cytoplasm of Sertoli cell were the longitudinal orientation of mitochondria.

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Spermiogenosis and fine structure of the sertoli cell junctional specialization in the Jindo dog I. Studies on spermiogenesis in the Jindo dog (진도견(珍島犬)의 정자형성(精子形成)과 Sertoli세포(細胞) 특수(特殊) 연접부(連接部)의 미세구조(微細構造) I. 진도견(珍島犬)의 정자형성(精子形成)에 관한 연구(硏究))

  • Park, Young-seok;Lee, Jae-hong
    • Korean Journal of Veterinary Research
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    • v.32 no.3
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    • pp.281-293
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    • 1992
  • Classification of the cycle of seminiferous epithelia into 12 stages by the morphological changes in acrosomal system and evaluation of the relative frequency of stages and the cell association were histologically performed in the mature Korean native Jin-do dogs. The results were summarized as follows; 1. The minimum number of type A spermatogonia averaged 1.01 at stages I, while maximum number averaged 2.47 at stages XII. Some type A spermatogonia divided at stage XII to produce the type intermediate(IN) spermatogonia at the following stage I. The type IN spermatogonia divided at stage IV to produce the type B spermatogonia at stage V. 2. The type B spermatogonia divided at stage VI to produce the preleptotene primary spermatocytes at stage VII. The secondary spermatocytes observed at stage XII. The secondary spermatocytes observed at stage XII divided to give rise to the round spermatids at the following stage I. The numbers of the first spermatocytes and spermatids were almost constant, respectively, through all the cycles of seminiferous epithelium. 3. The acrosomal vesicle was invaginated to occupy one third to half of spermatid nucleus at the cap phase, which was different from that of rodent and ruminant spermatid nuclei. 4. The relative frequencies of stages I to XII of seminiferous epithelia cycle were 10.34, 4.84, 5.03, 8.22, 10.86, 6.63, 6.42, 18.88, 10.17, 6.18, 7.62% and 4.81%, respectively.

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Studies on Spermatogenesis in Korean Native Cattle (한우(韓牛)의 정자발생(精子發生)에 관한 연구(硏究))

  • Lee, Jae-hong;Lee, Seong-ho;Park, Young-seok
    • Korean Journal of Veterinary Research
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    • v.26 no.2
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    • pp.201-210
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    • 1986
  • The cycle of the seminiferous epithelia in the testis of mature Korean native cattle was divided into twelve stages, using criteria the morphological changes in the acrosomic system and the nuclei of developing spematids and germ cells. The results were summarized as follows; 1. The minimum number of tripe A spermatogonia were the average of 1.8 in both at stages I and VI, while maximum numbers were the average of 4.2 at stage XII. Some type A spermatogonia divided at stage XII to produce the type intermediate(IN) spermatogonia at following stage I. The intermediate type spermatogonia divided at stage IV to produce the type B spermatogonia at stage V. 2. The type B spermatogonia divided at stage VII to produce the preleptotene primary spermatocytes at stage XII. The pachytene primary spermatocytes divided at stage XI to produce the secondary spermatocytes at stage VII. The secondary spermatocytes observed at stag XII divided to give rise to the round spermatids at following stage I. Each numbers of the first spermatocytes and of spermatids were almost constant, respectively, through the cycle of the seminiferous epitherium. 3. The relative frequencies of each stage among stages I to XII of the cycle of the seminiferous epithelia were 6.1, 3.7, 5.2, 7.8, 2.2. 3.3, 13.8, 18.4, 11.8, 7.2, 18.1% and 2.4%, respectively.

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Studies on Spermatogenesis in Korean Native Goat (한국재래산양(韓國在來山羊)의 정자발생(精子發生)에 관한 연구(硏究))

  • Lee, Jae-hong;Lee, Bang-whan;Lee, Seong-ho
    • Korean Journal of Veterinary Research
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    • v.25 no.2
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    • pp.91-101
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    • 1985
  • This study was conducted in order to observe the changes in cellular associations of seminiferous tubules from 8 to 20 weeks of age and to obtain the cycle and relative duration of the seminiferous epithelia from 24 to 32 weeks of age. Twenty-eight Korean native male goats were used in the experiment and divided into 7 groups, consisting of 4 goats each, with four weeks intervals from 8 to 32 weeks of age. The results were summarized as follows; 1. Gonocytes were seen at 8 weeks of age, however they were not observed as from 12 weeks. Both type A-spermatogonia and type B-spermatogonia occurred from 8 weeks, while primary spermatocytes were found from 12 weeks. Secondary spermatocytes and spermatids appeared from 16 weeks, and increased in numbers sequentially until 32 weeks of age. Spermatozoa were observed at first at 20 weeks of age. 2. Type A-spermatogonia appeared approximately twice as many at stage 2 as compared to stage 1, while the same numbers of cells were seen in both stages 1 and 8, showing the least number among 8 stages of the cycle of the seminiferous epithelia. The type B-spermatogonia were found during the stage 5 to 8, not to be detactable during stage 1 to 4. The number of primary spermatocytes of the leptotene phase increased markedly during stage 1 to 4, and decreased afterwards. The primary spermatocytes of the pachytene phase were shown the least in number at stage 4. The secondary spermatocytes could be seen only at stage 4 and the largest number of spermatids was seen at the stage 4 among 8 stages. 3. The relative frequencies of each stage among stages 1 to 8 of the cycle of the seminiferous epithelia were 27.5, 17.5, 12.8, 5.8, 8.9, 8.3, 12.0 and 7.2% respectively. 4. Some of the nuclei of Sertoli cells transformed from the "parallel" type to the "perpendicular" type. This evolution took place from stage 1 to 6, when the number of "perpendicular" type nuclei reached a peak and the number was decreased in the rest of the stages. Thus, establishment of spermatogenesis in Korean native goats was completed at the age of 20 weeks.

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Studies on testes development and spermatogenesis in the male duck (오리의 정소발육과 정자발생에 관한 연구)

  • Lee, Jai-hong;Pak, Young-seok
    • Korean Journal of Veterinary Research
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    • v.29 no.4
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    • pp.417-424
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    • 1989
  • This study was conducted in order to observe the changes in cellular association of seminiferous tubules from 4 to 22 weeks of age and to obtain the cycle and relative duration of seminiferous epithelia from 24 weeks of age in male ducks. Fifety-five male ducks were used in the experiment and divided into 11 groups, consisting of 5 male ducks each, with 2 weeks intervals from 4 to 24 weeks of age. The results were summarized as follows: 1. The body and testes weight showed most rapid increase during 4 to 6 weeks and 18 to 22 weeks of age, respectively. The seminiferous tubules were obruptly enlarged in diameter of tubules during 18 to 22 weeks of age. 2. Gonocytes were seen from 4 to 6 weeks of age, however they were not observed as from 8 weeks of age. Both type Ap spermatogonia and type Ad spermatogonia occured from 8 to 12 weeks of age, while spermatocytes and spermatids were beginning to appear at 16 weeks and 18 weeks of age, respectively. Spermatozoa were first observed at 20 weeks of age. Full spermatogenic activity was completed at the age of 20 weeks. 3. Average paired weight of the testes in male ducks was 78g at 24 weeks of age and its ratio to the body weight was approximately 2.5 percent. 4. Average diameter of seminiferous epithelium at 22 weeks of age was $232{\mu}m$, and average numbers of Sertoli cell, spermatogonia, spermatocyte, spermatids and spermatozoa in the cross section of seminiferous epithelium were 15.30, 59.08, 41.78, 71.11 and 165.30, respectively. Spermatogonia and spermatids were classified into 2 and 4 types, respectively. 5. The cycle of the seminiferous epithelium could be divided into 5 stages at 24 weeks of age. The relative frequencies of stages from I to V were 13.5%, 25.0%, 22.3%, 20.6% and 18.7% respectively. Thus, establishment of spermatogenesis in male ducks were beginning to appear at 20 weeks of age.

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Studies on Spermatogenesis in Japanese Quail(Coturnix coturnix japonica) (메추리(Coturnix coturnix)의 정자 발생에 관한 연구)

  • 김재홍;박영석
    • Korean Journal of Poultry Science
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    • v.16 no.2
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    • pp.91-100
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    • 1989
  • This study was conducted to observe 1) the changes of cellular association in seminiferous tubles from 2 to 8 weeks of age, and 2) the cycle phenomena of seminiferous epithelia at 14 weeks of age in Japanese quail. Total 80 birds were examined at a week interval from 2 to 8 weeks, and 14 weeks of age. The results were summarized as follows: 1) The body and testis weights showed most prominent increase during 4 to 5 weeks and 6 to 8 weeks of age respectively. And also the diameters of seminiferous tubles were abruptly enlaged during 6 to 8 weeks of age. 2) Genocytes in the seminiferous tubles were still in existence at 3 weeks of age, however they did not come out after 4 weeks of age. Spermatogonia, primary spermatocytes and spermatids made their first arpearances in the seminiferous from 3, 4 and 6 weeks of age, respectively. Spermatozoa were observed for the first time at 7 weeks of age, but full spermatogenic activity was completed from 8 weeks of age. 3) At 14 weeks of age, the average weight at testis was 3.7g and its ratio to the body weight was approximately 3.0 percent. And at this age, average diameter of seminiferous tubules was 192.08 $\mu\textrm{m}$, and average numbers of spermatogonia, spermatocytes, spermatids and spermatozoa within the cross section of seminiferous tubules were 7.74, 40.81, 28.42, 104.55 and 105.98, respectively. Spermatogonia and spermatid were classfied into 2 and 3 types, respectively. 4) At 14 weeks of age, the cycle of seminiferous epithelium could be divided into S stages with following characteristics. (1) Stage I: Seminiferous tubules showing type I and II spermatids. (2) Stage II: Seminiferous tubules showing type III spermatids only. (3) Stage III: Immature spermatozoa gathered near the sertoli cytoplasm. (4) Stage IV: Forming a bundle of 15-20 spematozoa. (5) Stage V: Spermatozoa bundle leaving the sertoli cytoplasm into lumen of the seminferous tubule. 5) Usually 2-3 stages of the seminiferous epithelium cycle were concurrently appeared within a tubular cross section, and frequency of each stage from I to V within cross section of seminiferous tubules were 11.91%, 27.03%, 27.96%, 19.04% and 17.98%, respectively.

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