• Title/Summary/Keyword: cyclodextrin glucanotransferase

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Fed-batch Fermentations of Recombinant Escherichia coli to Produce Bacillus macerans CGTase

  • Park, Yong-Cheol;Kim, Chang-Sup;Kim, Chung-Im;Choi, Kyu-Hwan;Seo, Jin-Ho
    • Journal of Microbiology and Biotechnology
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    • v.7 no.5
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    • pp.323-328
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    • 1997
  • The recombinant Escherichia coli BL21(DE3)pLysE : pTCGT1 was grown to overproduce Bacillus macerans cyclodextrin glucanotransferase (CGTase) able to synthesize ${\alpha}$-cyclodextrin (CD) with a selectivity of 67%. A number of batch fermentations were performed to test the possibility of using lactose as an inducer of the E. coli T7 promoter system. A mixture of isopropyl ${\beta}$-D-thiogalactoside (IPTG) and lactose (1 : 1) gave a maximum CGTase activity of 2.4 U/ml, which was higher than the value obtained with induction by IPTG alone. Fed-batch fermentations involving a glucose-controlled growth period followed by a gene-expression phase with mixtures of IPTG and lactose were employed to achieve high cell density and thereby increase total CGTase activity. Optimized fed-batch fermentation using the modified inducer (IPTG : lactose=1 : 3) and 100 g/l yeast extract solution in the gene-expression phase resulted in a maximum CGTase activity of 62.9 U/ml and a final cell mass of 53.5 g/l, corresponding to a 31-fold increase in CGTase activity and a 29-fold increase in cell mass compared with the control batch fermentation.

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Formation of A L-Ascorbic Acid 2-o-$\alpha$-glucoside during Kimchi Fermentation

  • Jun, Hong-Ki;Bae, Kyung-Mi;Kim, Young-Hee;Cheigh, Hong-Sik
    • Preventive Nutrition and Food Science
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    • v.3 no.3
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    • pp.225-229
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    • 1998
  • Formation of a L-Ascorbic Acid 2-O-$\alpha$-glucoside(AA-2G) is a chemically stable dervative of asocrbate that shows a vitamin C acitivity in vitro as well as in vivo. We studied whether ascorbic acid(AA) and AA-2G are formed in baechu kimchi during fermentation at 4 $^{\circ}C$ or 18$^{\circ}C$. To determine the formation of AA and AA-2G during fermentation of kimchi, wheat flour (as a carbhydrate source) added baechu kimchi (WBK) and control baechu kimchi(CBK) were prepared and fermented at 4 $^{\circ}C$ or 18 $^{\circ}C$. A substance like AA-2G was detected by HPLC from WBK fermented at 18 $^{\circ}C$ for 26 days in fall season and confirmed later to be the AA-2G showing distinctive characteristics of heat stability and resistance to ascrobate oxidase catalase. However, none of the kimchi formed AA-2G when the kimchi were fermented under a different temperature condition such as 4 $^{\circ}C$ instead of 18 $^{\circ}C$ or a different season such as summer instead of fall even if they were fermented at 18 $^{\circ}C$. The pH of kimchi was decreased rapidly during the first 3 days. and then decreased slowly after 4 days when the kimchi were fermented at 18 $^{\circ}C$. However, there were slight changes of pH in both CBK and WBK feremented at 4$^{\circ}C$ for 30 $^{\circ}C$ days. Therefore, the AA-2G -forming activity in kimchi seems to be correlated with the formentation temperature, the microorganisms involved in kimchi fermentation and a suitable glycosyl donor for AA as provided by wheat flour in this study.

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Production of Glucosyl-xylitol Using Encapsulated Whole Cell CGTase (캡슐 고정화 전세포 CGTase를 이용한 Glucosyl-xylitol 생산)

  • 박중곤;박형우;이용현
    • KSBB Journal
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    • v.15 no.1
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    • pp.35-41
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    • 2000
  • We tried to prepare encapsulated whole cell cyclodextrin glucanotransferase(CGTase) in order to produce glycosyl-xylitol using xylitol as glucosyl acceptor. The organic nitrogen source was more effective for the production of CGTase from Bacillus macerans IFO 3490 than the inorganic one. Most of the CGTase which had been produced during cultivation was excreted to the growth medium. B. macerans cells inocculated in the capsule failed to grow to the high cell density. Adsorbents such as activated charcoal, Sephadex and Amberite resins could not adsorb efficiently the CGTase from the broth solution. We obtained successfully the encapsulated whole cell CGTase by immobilizing the concentrated broth solution in the calcium alginate capsules. The encapsulated whole cell CGTase carried out the transglycosylation reaction which converts xylitol into glucosyl-xylitol using dextrin as glucosyl donor.

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Immobilization of Cyclodextrin Glucanotrasferase on Amberline IRA-900 for Biosynthesis of Transglycosylated Xylitol

  • Kim, Pan-Soo;Shin, Hyun-Dong;Park, Joong-Kon;Lee, Young-Hyun
    • Biotechnology and Bioprocess Engineering:BBE
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    • v.5 no.3
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    • pp.174-180
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    • 2000
  • Cyclodextrin glucanotransferase (CGTasa) from Thermoanaerobacter sp. was adsorbed on the ion exchange resin Amberlite IRA-900. The optimum conditions for the immobilization of the CGTase were pH6.0 and 600 U CGTase/g resin, and the maximum yield of immobilization was around 63% on the basis of amount ratio of the adsorbed enzyme to intial amount in the solution. Immobilixation of CGTase shifted the optimum temperature for the enzyme to peoduce transglycosylated xylitol from 7$0^{\circ}C$ to 9$0^{\circ}C$ and improved the thermal stability of immobilized CGTase, especially after the addition of soluble starch and calcium ions. Transglycosylated xylitol was continuoncly produced using immobilized CGTase in the column type packed bed reactor, and the operating conditions for maximum yield were 10%(w/v) dextrin (13 of the dextrose equivalent) as the glycosyl donor, 10%(w/v) dextrin (13 of the dextrose equivalent) as the glycosyl donor, 10%(w/v) xylitor as the glycosyl acceptor, 20mL/h of medium fiow rate, and 6$0^{\circ}C$. The maximum yield of transglycosylated xylitol and productivity were 25% and 7.82 g.L-1.h-1, respectively. The half-life of the immobilized CGTase in a column type packed bed reactor was longer than 30 days.

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Expression of the Bacillus stearothermophilus NO2 CGTase gene in Saccharomyces cerevisiae (Saccharomyces cerevisiae 내에서 Bacillus stearothermophilus NO2 CGTnse 유전자의 발현)

  • 유동주;박현이;전숭종;권현주;남수완;김병우
    • Microbiology and Biotechnology Letters
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    • v.30 no.3
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    • pp.206-209
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    • 2002
  • For the expression of CGTase gene(cgtS) kom Bacillus stearothemophilus NO2 in Saccharomyces cerevisiae, cgtS gene was subcloned into the Eschepichia coll-yeast shuttle vector, pVT103-U. The constructed plasmid, pVT-CGTS was introduced to 5. cemi-siae 2805 cell, and then the cgtS gene under the control of adhl promoter was successfully expressed in the yeast transformant and 87% of the total activity was detected into the fermentation medium. Therefore, the signal peptide of B. stearothemephilus NO2 CeTase showed high secretion efficiency in 5. cerevisiae. Optimal conditions of the recombinant yeast cell f3r expression of CGTase was achieved, when 5. cerevisiae 2805/pv7-CGTS was cultivated on YP medium at 2% dextrose, pH 5.5,$30^{\circ}C$ and the expression level of CGTase was 0.624units/mL for 48 h culture.