• Title, Summary, Keyword: cytochrome $P_{450}$

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Effect of Butylated Hydroxytoluene and 2-Acetylaminofluorene Administration and Microsomal Mixed Function Oxidase System in Young Rats fed different Fats (Butylated Hydroxytoluene첨가 식이 및 2-Acetylaminofluorene 투여가 식이지방을 달리한 쥐간의 Microsomal Mixed Function Oxidase계에 미치는 영향)

  • 윤은영
    • Journal of Nutrition and Health
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    • v.23 no.1
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    • pp.11-18
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    • 1990
  • Sprague-Dawley male rats were fed the diet of p/s 4.0(soybean oil : I), p/s 0.08(Beef tallow : II) at the level of 15% fat until 8 weeks after weaning. I & II groups were divided into 4 sub-groups by diets with or without 0.3% butylated hydroxytoluene(BHT). 2-AAF was injected at the age of $5_{1/2}$, 6, $5_{1/2}$, 7 weeks. MFO system enzyme(cytochrome p-450, cytochrome p-450 reductase, cytochrome b5) activities and lipid peroxide were determined from isolated liver microsome. 2-AAF injected young rats had growth retardatiion. Lipid peroxide values were not influenced greatly by dietary fat, 2-AAF and BHT. Cytochrome p-450 contents were increased in I-BHT-AAF & II-AAF groups by 2-AAF and its contents were not affected by BHT. But cytochrome p-450 and cytochrome p-450 reductase were not increased in soybean oil diet ybean oil groups. Cytochrome b5 was not influenced by dietary fat, 2-AAF and BHT. Cytochrome p-450 and lipid peroxide, cytochrome p-450 reductase and cytochrome b5, which transfer to MFO system, appeared to have positive correlations(r=0.2474, r=0.2475, p<0.05) each other. This result suggests that MFO system metabolizing 2-AAF was influenced by dietary fats and BHT. 2-AAF induced growth retardation in young rats.

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The Mode of the Activity of Naturally Occurring Furanocoumarins on Hepatic Cytochrome P-450 Enzyme System (천연 Furanocoumarin 유도체들이 간의 Cytochrome P-450 효소계에 미치는 작용기전)

  • Shin, Kuk-Hyun;Woo, Won-Sick
    • Korean Journal of Pharmacognosy
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    • v.21 no.1
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    • pp.74-82
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    • 1990
  • The effects of naturally occurring furanocoumarins on cytochrome P-450 have been investigated in rat liver microsomes. Incubation of microsomes with an NADPH-generating system and four furanocoumarins such as imperatorin, isoimperatorin, phellopterin and byakangelicin at $37^{\circ}$ in vitro resulted in a significant destruction of cytochrome P-450. A single treatment(50 mg/kg, i.p.) of rats with each furanocoumarin caused a rapid loss of cytochrome P-450 accompanied by the loss of heme from the microsomes but not by the loss of cytochrome $b_5$. It is suggested that cytochrome P-450 is specifically destroyed by furanocoumarins in a metabolic process involving destruction of its heme group and as a consequence, hepatic enzyme activities are depressed markedly.

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Effects of Endosulfan on Cytochrome P-450 Enzymes in Mouse(Balb/c.) (Endosulfan이 흰쥐체내의 Cytochrome P-450 효소계에 미치는 영향)

  • Kim, In-Seon;Lee, Kang-Bong;Shim, Jae-Han;Suh, Yong-Tack
    • Applied Biological Chemistry
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    • v.38 no.2
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    • pp.168-173
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    • 1995
  • To investigate the effects of endosulfan on cytochrome P-450 enzymes in mouse(Balb c.), endosulfan was given by an intraperitoneal dose of 7.5 mg/kg. The treatment of endosulfan increased the cytochrome P-450 content by 3.3 to 4.2 fold, cytochrome $b_5$ content by 2.3 to 3.8 fold, NADPH cytochrome P-450 reductase activity by 5.3 to 6.4 fold and total haem content by 3.1 to 3.6 fold of mouse liver after 48 hrs of intraperitoneal injection. Endosulfan cytochrome P-450 absorption spectrum exhibited miximum at 387 nm and 389 nm and broad near 407 nm in the liver microsome. Reduced P-450-CO spectrum of the liver microsome exposed by the treatment of endosulfan showed maximum at 449 nm and 450 nm compared to that of the control having maximum at 451 nm, which indicated endosulfan induced cytochrome P-450 new isozymes. Aldrin epoxidase activities in the mouse liver and kidney were increased by 2.8 and 2.1 fold by the treatment of endosulfan. Also 7-ethoxyresorufin dealkylase activities in the mouse liver and kidney were elevated by 1.7 and 1.8 fold by treatment of endosulfan.

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Effects of $\gamma$-Irradiated Beef Feeding on Preneoplastic Hepatic Lesion, Cytochrome P450 System and Microsome Glucose 6-Phosphatase Activity in Rat Hepatocarcinogenesis (실험적 간 발암모델에서 감마선 조사 쇠고기 섭취가 전암성병변의 생성, 약물대사 효소계 및 소포체 막 안정성에 미치는 영향)

  • 김정희;김미정;강일준;변명우
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition
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    • v.28 no.3
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    • pp.638-645
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    • 1999
  • This study was done to investigate effects of ${\gamma}$ irradiated beef feeding on the formation of gluta thione S transferase placental form positive(GST P+) foci, lipid peroxidation, cytochrome P450 system and microsomal glucose 6 phosphate activity in diethylnitrosamine(DEN) initiated rat hepatocarci nogenesis. Weaning Sprague Dawley male rats were fed the diet containing ${\gamma}$ irradiatied ground beef at the dose of 0, 3, 5kGy as a 20% of protein source for 8 weeks. One week after feeding, rats were intraperitoneally injected twice with a dose of DEN(50mg/kg BW). As a promoter, 0.05% phenobarbital was fed in drinking water from one week after DEN treatment until the end of experiment. At the end of 8th week, rats were sacrificed and hepatic GST P+ foci, microsomal malondialdehyde(MDA) and conjugated diene contents were determined. In addition, cytochrome P450 content and the activities of NADPH cytochrome P450 reductase and glucose 6 phosphatase were also measured. There was no significant effect by gamma irradiation on microsomal MDA content, conjugated diene, cytochrome P450 content and activities of NADPH cytochrome P450 reductase and glucose 6 phosphatase. However with DEN treatment, microsomal MDA content and conjugated diene contents were significantly changed. Cytochrome P450 content was also significantly increased while microsomal glucose 6 phophatase activity was significantly decreased with DEN treatment. However activity of NADPH cytochrome P450 reductase was not affected. An interesting finding in this study was that the number and area of hepatic GST P+ foci of the rats fed gamma irradiated beef were significantly(p<0.05) lower than those of the control. Such a lowering effect on GST P+ foci formation was highest at the dose of 3kGy than others. Overall results suggest that the consumption of low dose of gamma irradiated beef does not affect the formation of lipid peroxide, cytochrome P450 system and membrane stability.

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Effects of Cnidium officinale Makino Aqua-acupunture Solution on the Activity of Cytochrome P450 Enzyme in Mice (생쥐에서 천궁(川芎) 약침액(藥鍼液)이 Cytochrome P450 효소 활성에 미치는 영향(影響))

  • Han Sang-Hun;Shon Yun-Hee;Nam Kyung-Soo;Lim Jong-Kook
    • Korean Journal of Acupuncture
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    • v.19 no.2
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    • pp.57-61
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    • 2002
  • The activities of phase I enzymes in the liver of mice were examined following the intragastric application of Cnidium officinale Makino aqua-acupunture solution (COMAS). Treatment of mice with COMAS resulted in decreases of cytochrome P450 1A1-dependent ethoxyresorufin-O-deethylation and cytochrome P450 2E1-dependent p-nitrophenol and aniline hydroxylation activities. These findings suggest that COMAS has chemopreventive potential by inhibiting cytochrome P450 1A1 and cytochrome P450 2E1 activities in mice.

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The Effects of Palmulgunja-tang(八物君子湯)Enzyme Activity on Cytochrome P450 Isozyme (팔물군자탕(八物君子湯) Cytochrome P450 효소(酵素) 활성에 미치는 영향)

  • Ryu, Jung-Man;Park, Seong-Sik
    • Journal of Sasang Constitutional Medicine
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    • v.17 no.2
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    • pp.64-73
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    • 2005
  • 1. Objectives The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of the enzyme activity of Palmulgunja-tang with administered orally solution on cytochrome P450 isozyme 2. Methods This study was carried on through following methods. We treated the rat with the {3-naphthoflavone (${\beta}NF$) of 80mg/kg for 3 days i.p injection. Firstable, microsomal protein was separated and total intracellular protein test was done. Then GOT and GPT were measured and assay of cytochrome P450 IAI/2 enzyme activity was performed according to the method of EROD and MROD. (Ethoxyresorufin-O-deethylase(EROD) activity was used to measure cytochrome P450 lAI activity and methoxyresorufin O-demethylase(MROD) activity was used to measure cytochrome P450 lA2 activity. ) 3. Results and Conclusions 1) PGT recovered the liver damage on ${\beta}NF$ inducible CYP IAI/2 by pre-post and high-low condition. 2) At concentration of post-treated 50mg!kg of PGT, the inhibiting of $\betaNF$ metabolites to liver of rat cytochrome P450 lAl was inhibited by 53.0% respectively. 3) PGT showed 36.0% inhibition of ${\beta}NF$-induced lA2 activity at the concentration post-treated 50mg/kg.

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Mechanism of Peroxide-supported Hydroxylation by Cytochrome P-450 : Its Formation Pattern of the Active Intermediate (Hydroperoxide 의존성 반응에서의 Cytochrome P-450의 산화활성종 형성양식)

  • 문전옥;김기헌
    • YAKHAK HOEJI
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    • v.37 no.1
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    • pp.95-99
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    • 1993
  • Peroxidase activity of cytochrome P-450 was examined using N, N-dimethylaniline (NDA) as a substrate and cumene hydroperoxide (CHP) as an oxidant. The initial rates of the N-demethylation for varied concentrations of NDA (0.05-0.5 mM) by P-450 at different fixed concentrations of CHP (0.02-0.2 mM) were determined. The results suggest that P-450 proceeds its peroxidative reaction by the rapid equilibrium random bi bi mechanism to form a ternary complex with substrate and oxidant as an active intermediate.

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Antiestrogen등 약물이 cytochrome P450와 AEBS에 미치는 효과의 관계

  • 신윤용;정세영
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society of Applied Pharmacology
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    • pp.100-100
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    • 1993
  • Antiestrogen은 에스트로젠 의존성 유방암 치료에 사용되는 약물로써 표적 세포 내에서 에스트로젠 수용체와 작용하여 세포 증식 억제 작용을 나타내고 동시에 에스트로젠 수용체와는 구분되는 소포체 분획의 antiestrogen specific binding site (AEBS) 와도 결합을 하는 것으로 알려져 있다. 그러나, 아직 이 AEBS의 생리적 또는 약리적 기능은 밝혀져 있지 않다. 따라서 본 실험에서는 AEBS의 기능을 조사하기 위하여 cytochrome P45O III 효소군과 AEBS와의 관계를 자옹 백서를 이용하여 면역 화학 반응 실험 및 경쟁적 결합 반응 실험을 하였고, 그 결과는 다음과 같다. 1) AEBS에 대해서 SKF-525A와 metyrapone은 결합 능력을 나타내었다. 2) 자성쥐에서는 주령이 증가함에 따라 cytochrome P450양이 감소하였다. 3) 자옹성쥐 모두에서 phenobarbital 처치에 의해 cytochrome P450 III 효소양이 증가하였고, AEBS도 증가하였다. 4) 웅성쥐에서는 testosterone에 의하여 AEBS가 증가하였다. 5) 자웅성쥐 모두에 tamoxifen 관류시 cytochrome P450 III 효소양이 증가하였고 estradiol과 병용 관류시에는 tamonifen 단독 관류시보다 감소하였다. 이상의 결과에서 tamoxifen이 cytochrome P450 III을 유도할 수 있는 것으로 사료되며 cytochrome P450 III 효소군과 안티에스트로젠 결합부위와 밀접한 관련이 있는 것으로 생각된다.

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Modification of Hepatic Microsomal Cytochrome P450 2E1 Enzyme by Garlic Powder in Rat Hepatocarcinogenesis

  • Park, Kyung-Ae;Choi, Hay-Mie
    • BMB Reports
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    • v.30 no.1
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    • pp.73-79
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    • 1997
  • This study was designed to investigate the effects of dietary garlic powder on cytochrome P450 enzymes and membrane stability in murine hepatocarcinogenesis initiated by diethylnitrosamine (DEN). Male Sprague-Dawley rats received a single intraperitoneal injection of DEN (200 mg/kg body wt) dissolved in saline. After 2 weeks on a basal diet, animals were fed diets containing 0. 0.5. 2.0. or 5.0% garlic powder for 6 weeks, and were subjected to two-thirds partial hepatectomy. The areas of placental glutathione S-transferase (GST-P) positive foci were inhibited in rats fed with garlic diets. GST-P is the most effective marker for DEN-initiated lesions. Hepatic microsomal lipid peroxidation was significantly decreased in rats fed with 2.0 and 5.0% garlic powder diets compared with that observed in the control animals and hepatic microsomal glucose 6-phosphatase (G6Pase) activity was found to increase significantly in rats fed 0.5 and 2.0% garlic powder diets. Thus as little as 0.5% garlic powder has a positive effect on the stability of hepatic microsomal membranes. p-Nitrophenol hydroxylase (PNPH) activity and the level of cytochrome P450 2E1 protein in the hepatic microsomes from rats fed diets containing 2.0 and 5.0% garlic powder were much lower than those of control microsomes. Rats fed 5.0% garlic powder diets exhibited the lowest P450 2E1 activity and protein levels among groups. Pentoxyresorufin O-dealkylase activity and immunoblot (cytochrome P450 2B1) analyses were not different between groups. However, the levels of cytochrome P450 1A1/2 protein in rats fed 0.5 and 2.0% garlic powder were significantly induced compared to controls. These results suggest that 2.0% garlic powder is effective in inhibiting the areas of GST-P positive foci, modulating certain isoforms of cytochrome P450 enzymes and stabilizing the hepatic microsomal membrane. Thus, the selective modification of cytochrome P450 enzymes and membrane stability by dietary garlic powder may influence areas of GST-P positive foci and chemoprevention of post-initiation of rat hepatocarcinogenesis.

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Effects of Dietary Cimetidine, a Cytochrome P450 Inhibitor, on the Benzo[a]pyrene-induced Lipid Peroxidation of Liver in Olive Flounder, Paralichthys olivaceus

  • Kim Chun Soo;Jung Jae Hyuck;Kim Ki Hong
    • Fisheries and aquatic sciences
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    • v.5 no.1
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    • pp.28-31
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    • 2002
  • Effects of cimetidine, a cytochrome P450 inhibitor, on the benzo[a]pyrene (BaP)-mediated cytochrome P450 induction and lipid peroxidation of liver in olive flounder, Paralichthys olivaceus, were investigated. Fish were fed either a cimetidine-supplemented diet or a cimetidine-free control diet once daily to satiation for 3 days. After 6 hrs of last feeding, the fish received intraperitoneal (i.p.) injection of BaP (20 mg/kg of body weight) dissolved in sterile corn oil $(100 \mu L)$ or received only a corn oil i.p. injection. At 1, 2, 3, and 7 days after the injection, hepatic cytochrome P450 and thiobarbituric acid reactive substances (TBARS), an indicator of lipid peroxidation, were analyzed. BaP injection resulted in an increase of hepatic cytochrome P450, and the fish fed the cimetidine-supplemented diet before injection of BaP showed delayed increase of hepatic cytochrome P450 compared to the fish fed a cimetidine-free diet and BaP injected. Injection of BaP clearly induced hepatic lipid peroxidation, and consistently higher TBAR values were shown in the fish fed a cimetidine­supplemented diet before injection of BaP than the fish injected with BaP alone.