• Title, Summary, Keyword: cytokine

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The Pattern of Cytokine myNA Expression Induced by Polysaccharide from Panax ginseng C. A. Meyer (항암 면역 증강 작용이 있는 인삼 다당체에 의한 cytokine mRNA의 발현)

  • 김기환;이인란;정인성;정희용;윤연숙
    • Journal of Ginseng Research
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    • v.22 no.4
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    • pp.324-330
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    • 1998
  • We Previously reported that Polysaccharide Isolated from panax ginseng C. A. Meyer, stimulates murine splenocytes to proliferate and to be cytotoxic against a wide range of tumor cells in MHC non-restricted manner:) Therefore, we examined the cytokine mRNA expression induced by the ginseng polysaccharide in this paper. This study demonstrates that the ginseng polysaccharide stimulates Thl type cytosine expression such as IL-2 and IFNY, and macrophage type cytokine expression such as IL-lc and GM-CSF in a dose-dependent manner at different time: IL-2 mRNA was induced at 30 min, IL-la, GM-CSF mRNA at 3 hr, IFNY at 6 hr after the ginseng polysaccharide treatment. In contrast with these, Th2 type cytokine expression such as IL-4 and IL-5 was not induced. The generation of the ginseng polysaccharide-activated killer cells which was induced at the optimal doses of 50 pEyml was neutralized in the presence of anti-lL-2, anti-lFNy, anti-IL-l ${\alpha}$ antibodies, showing the importance of these cytokines produced by the ginseng polysaccharide. In flow cytometry analysis, the blastogenesis of IgM+ cells was induced on day 3 and the number of Thy 1.21 cells, CD4+ and CD8+ cells was increased on day 5. The ginseng polysaccharide also induced blastogenesis of T cells. In conclusion, the ginseng polysaccharide may have considerable antitumor immunotherapeutic modality by stimulating the cytokine production from Thl cells and macrophage and by proliferating lymphocytes.

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Differential Cytokine Regulatory Effect of Three Lactobacillus Strains Isolated from Fermented Foods

  • Lee, Yoon-Doo;Hong, Yi-Fan;Jeon, Boram;Jung, Bong Jun;Chung, Dae Kyun;Kim, Hangeun
    • Journal of Microbiology and Biotechnology
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    • v.26 no.9
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    • pp.1517-1526
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    • 2016
  • Lactic acid bacteria (LAB) isolated from fermented foods have potential as a treatment for immune-related disorders and the use of LAB has been increasing worldwide. In this study, the differential cytokine regulatory effect was examined with three isolates of lactobacilli strains; namely, Lactobacillus plantarum K55-5 isolated from dairy product, and L. sakei K101 and L. plantarum K8 previously isolated from kimchi (a Korean traditional fermented vegetable). Production of cytokines such as IL-10, IL-12, IFN-γ, and TNF-α was significantly increased in L. sakei K101- and L. plantarum K55-5-treated splenocytes as compared with controls. The oral administration of L. sakei K101 and L. plantarum K55-5 increased cytokine production in the immunosuppressed mouse splenocytes and blood. NK cell cytotoxic activity was also increased in L. sakei K101- and L. plantarum K55-5-fed mice. On the other hand, L. plantarum K8 did not affect cytokine induction in all the experiments performed in this study. The cytokine-inducing effect of L. plantarum K55-5 was significantly increased by lysates of heat-killed bacteria as compared with live, heat-killed, or supernatant of cell lysates. TNF-α production by lipoteichoic acids (LTAs) isolated from the three isolates of lactobacilli was compared, and it was found that K55-5 LTA had a highest cytokine-inducing ability, which was mediated by TLR2-mediated NF-κB and ERK activation. Taken together, our study suggests that L. plantarum K55-5 and L. sakei K101 can be used for the treatment of immunosuppressed disorders.

Inflammatory Bowel Disease and Cytokine (염증성 장질환과 사이토카인)

  • Choi, Eun Young;Cho, Kwang Keun;Choi, In Soon
    • Journal of Life Science
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    • v.23 no.3
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    • pp.448-461
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    • 2013
  • Inflammatory bowel disease, known as Crohn's disease and ulcerative colitis, is an unexplained disease characterized by chronic inflammation that repeats a cycle of relapse, improvement, and complications. The cause of inflammatory bowel disease is not clearly known, but it is predicted that a complex of various factors precipitate its occurrence. In particular, inflammatory mediators, such as cytokine, induce an increase in cell-mediated inflammatory responses. Focal tissue damage then occurs in the intestinal mucosa because of the weakening of the immune-modulating functions of cotton. Immune and inflammatory responses do not decrease appropriately but continue until they lead to chronic inflammation. Current research has focused on the cytokine genes, which have important roles in these inflammatory responses. Cytokine is a glycoprotein that is produced mostly in activated immune cells. It connects the activation, multiplication, and differentiation between immune cells, which causes focal tissue damage and inflammatory response. Moreover, butyrate, which originates in dietary fiber and plays an important role in the structure and function of the intestinal area, shows control functions in the intestinal immune system by decreasing the proinflammatory cytokine and increasing the anti-inflammatory cytokine. Therefore, this research investigated the molecular mechanism of the anti-inflammatory effects of butyrate to comprehend the cytokine controlling abilities of butyrate in the immune cells. Butyrate is expected to have potential in new treatment strategies for inflammatory bowel disease.

Inhibitory Effect of Kamisopunghwalhyeol-tang (Jiaweishufenghuoxie-tang) on Inflammatory Cytokine Production and $NF-{\kappa}B$ and AP-1 Activation in Cultured Humau Fibroblast-like Synoviocytes (가미속풍활형탕이 human fibroblast-like synoviocytes 내 염증 유발 cytokine과 전사인자에 미치는 영향)

  • 양동원;오민석;김동희
    • The Journal of Korean Medicine
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    • v.24 no.3
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    • pp.84-95
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    • 2003
  • Objective : This study was carried out to investigate the effects of Kamisopunghwalhyeol-tang (Jiaweishujenghuoxie-tang; Kami-SPHHT) on the immunity responses of the Synoviocytes isolated from the patients on rheumatoid arthritis. Methods : Cells were stimulated by $Interleukin-1{\beta}$ and Tumor Necrosis $Factor-{\alpha}$ in the presence or absence of Kami-SPHHT, and then induced cytokine mRNA levels were determined by RT-PCR and real-time quantitative RT-PCR. Results : Levels of $IL-1{\beta},{\;}IL-6,{\;}TNF-{\alpha}$, COX-2, and NOS II mRNA expressions significantly decreased in Kami-SPHHT treated cells compared to non-treated control cells. Also, DNA-binding activity of $NF-{\kappa}B$ and AP-l decreased in Kami- SPHHT treated hFLSs. Conclusion : These results suggest that Kami-SPHHT may be involved in anti-inflammatory reactions by inducing cytokine gene expression in synoviocytes, and further in vivo examination on its efficacy can provide potential application for the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis.

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Effect of Sunbangpaedoktang on the Cytokine Secretory Function of Monocyte Isolated and Cultured from Peripheral Blood of AD Patients (선방패독탕(仙方敗毒湯)이 아토피 피부염 환자 단핵세포의 Cytokine 분비능에 미치는 영향)

  • Shin, Dong-Gil;Kim, Woo-Yeon;Lee, Jin-Yong;Kim, Deog-Kon
    • The Journal of Pediatrics of Korean Medicine
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    • v.16 no.1
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    • pp.21-37
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    • 2002
  • Effect of Sunbangpaedoktang, which has been used for atopic dermatitis(AD), on the cytokine secretory function of monocyte, which was isolated and cultured from peripheral blood of AD patients, were evaluated. The results were as follows: 1. In AD patients, Sunbangpaedoktang exhibits statistically significant inhibitory effect on IL-4. 2. In AD patients, Sunbangpaedoktang exhibits statistically significant inhibitory effect on IL-5(p<0.05). 3. In AD patients, Sunbangpaedoktang exhibits statistically significant inhibitory effect on $IFN-{\gamma}$(p<0.01). 4. In sample group, comparing the cytokine concentration change rate of AD patients with that of NAD patients IL-4 AD patients exhibits statistically significant decrease(p<0.05).

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The Suppressive Effect of Butyrate and Bromopyruvate on Inflammatory Cytokine Production and Short Chain Fatty Acid Receptor Expression by Blood Mononuclear Cells in Patients with Behçet's Disease

  • Yun, Su Jin;Kim, Kyongmin;Lee, Eun-So;Park, Sun
    • Annals of dermatology
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    • v.30 no.5
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    • pp.566-574
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    • 2018
  • Background: Controlling inflammation is a therapeutic goal of various autoimmune/autoinflammatory diseases including Behçet's disease (BD). The immunomodulatory effect of metabolites or metabolic analogs such as butyrate and 3-bromopyruvate has been observed in animal disease models. Objective: We attempted to evaluate the effect of butyrate and 3-bromopyruvate on the inflammatory cytokine production by peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) isolated from patients with mucocutaneous involvement of BD. Methods: PBMCs isolated from 11 patients with BD and 10 healthy controls were stimulated with lipopolysaccharide in the presence of butyrate or 3-bromopyruvate. Butyrate receptor and cytokine messenger ribonucleic acid (mRNA) expression was analyzed by real-time reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction. Cytokine secretion was assessed by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. PBMCs survival was analyzed by flow cytometry. Results: Bromopyruvate or butyrate treatment suppressed inflammatory cytokine production in PBMCs from all our subjects. Bromopyruvate also reduced PBMCs survival while butyrate did not. As the effect of butyrate was slightly greater in BD patients than in healthy controls, we analyzed butyrate receptor expression and found that lipopolysaccharide-induced free fatty acid receptor 2 mRNA level in PBMCs was higher in BD patients than in controls. Conclusion: We propose bromopyruvate and butyrate as supplementary therapeutic candidates to control inflammation in patients with BD.

Effects of Job's Tears(Yul-Moo) Extracts on Mouse Splenocyte and Macrophage Cell Activation (율무 추출물의 마우스 비장세포와 대식세포 활성 효과)

  • Ryu, Hye-Sook
    • The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition
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    • v.21 no.1
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    • pp.1-6
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    • 2008
  • Job's Tears(Yul-Moo) is a grass crop long-used as a traditional medicine; it is also a nourishing food. There are reports of its anti-inflammatory, stomachic, antiallergic activity, and antispastic effects and Job's Tears has been used in China to treat rheumatism, and neuralgia although its warts, rheumanism remains unclear. Thus, the present study was performed to investigate the in vitro effect of Job's Tears extracts on immune function. Here mouse splenocyte proliferation and cytokine production$(IL-1{\beta},\;IL-6,\;TNF-{\alpha})$ by peritoneal macrophages cultured with ethanol and water extracts of Job's Tears were examined. splenocytes proliferation increased with Job's Tears water extracts supplement at concentrations investigated The cytokine production$(IL-1{\beta},\;IL-6,\;TNF-{\alpha})$ by ELISA using a cytokine kit And $IL-1{\beta}$, IL-6 and $TNF-{\alpha}$ production increased water extracts supplementation. This in vitro study suggests that supplementation with Job's Tears water extracts may enhance immune function by regulating the splenocyte proliferation and enhancing cytokine production of activated macrophages.

Oral Exposure to Mercury Alters T Lymphocyte Phenotypes and Augments LPS-induced Cytokine Expressions in Spleen and Thymus (비장과 흉선의 림프세포와 LPS에 의해 유도된 사이토카인의 발현에 대한 수은의 영향)

  • 김상현;최철희;임종필;신태용
    • YAKHAK HOEJI
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    • v.48 no.4
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    • pp.241-246
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    • 2004
  • Mercury is a widespread metal and consequently there are large populations that currently exposed to low levels of mercury. Endotoxin is a component of the gram-negative bacteria and promotes inflammatory responses. The present study was designed to determine the impact of mercury on lymphocytes phenotype populations and endotoxin-induced inflammatory cytokine expressions in immune organ, spleen and thymus. Male BALB/c mice were exposed continuously to 0, 0.3, 1.5, 7.5, or 37.5 ppm of mercuric chloride in drinking water for 14 days and at the end of the treatment period, lipopolysaccharide (LPS, 0.5 mg/kg) was injected intraperitoneally 2 h prior to euthanasia. The dose-range of mercury used did not cause hepatotoxicity. Mercury at 7.5 and 37.5 ppm dose-dependently decreased CD3$^{+}$ T lymphocytes in spleen; both CD4$^{+}$ and CD8$^{+}$ single positive lymphocyte populations were decreased. Exposure to 7.5 and 37.5 ppm of mercury decreased the CD8$^{+}$ T lymphocyte population in the thymus, whereas double positive CD4$^{+}$ / CD8$^{+}$ and CD4$^{+}$ thymocytes were not altered. Mercury altered LPS-induced inflammatory cytokine gene expressions such as, tumor necrosis factor $\alpha$, interferon ${\gamma}$, and interleukin-12 in spleen and thymus. Results indicated that decreases in T lymphocyte populations in immune organs and altered cytokine gene expression may contribute to the immune-modulative effects of inorganic mercury.ganic mercury.

Effects of Hanghaedan on the Cytokine Secretory Function of Monocytes of Atopic Dermatitis Patients (항해단(沆瀣丹)이 아토피 피부염 환자 단핵세포의 Cytokine 분비능에 미치는 영향)

  • Lee, Jin-Yong;Kim, Woo-Yeoun
    • The Journal of Pediatrics of Korean Medicine
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    • v.21 no.2
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    • pp.169-184
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    • 2007
  • Objetives The late research tendency on atopic dermatitis is mainly focused on the experiment of unbalance of cytokine released from T cell subtype. Merhods As there's no experiment with herbal medicine using Hanghaedan(HHD), we isolated and cultured monocytes of atopic dermatitis pateints (AD) peripheral blood, for knowing the influence of HHD on the secretory function of IL-4, IL-5, $IFN-{\gamma}$. Results 1. In AD group, HHD exhibits statistically significant inhibitory effect on IL-4(p<0.05). 2. In AD group, HHD exhibits statistically significant inhibitory effect on IL-5(p<0.05). 3. In AD group, HHD exhibits statistically significant inhibitory effect on $IFN-{\gamma}$ (p<0.01). 4. Sample group comparing with the cytokine concentration rate value of AD patients and that of NAD patients IL-4 of AD patients exhibits statistically significant decrease(p<0.05). 5. In AD group, there is no significant relation between serum IgE and cytokines. 6. In AD group, there is no significant relation between total eosinophil and IL-5. Conclusions Effects of Hanghaedan on the cytokine(IL-4, IL-5, $IFN-{\gamma}$) secretory function of monocytes of atopic dermatitis patients is recognized.

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