• Title, Summary, Keyword: decursin

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4 Weeks Repeated Oral Dose Toxicity Studies with LMK02-Jangwonhwan in SD Rats (LMK02의 Sprague-Dawley 랫드를 이용한 4 주간 반복 경구투여 DRF 독성시험)

  • Lyu, Yeoung-Su;Kim, Ji-Hwon;Park, Hyun-Je;Yi, Kyung-Hee;Lee, Jong-Hwa;Kang, Hyung-Won
    • Journal of Physiology & Pathology in Korean Medicine
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    • v.24 no.6
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    • pp.1034-1041
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    • 2010
  • The oriental medicine Jangwonhwan, which is a boiled extract of 12 medicinal herbs/mushroom, has been prescribed for patients with cognitive dysfunction and it is originally from the Korean medical text, DonguiBogam(amnesia chapter). Recently, a modified recipe of Jangwonhwan (LMK02-Jangwonhwan) consisting of seven medicinal plants/mushroom, was shown to reduce ${\beta}$-amyloid deposition in the brain of Tg-APPswe/PS1dE9 mouse model of Alzheimer disease. The toxicity of LMK02 was investigated in SD rats by oral repeated adminstration for 4 weeks and we tried to determine test does for 13 weeks repeated study. Quality control of tablet form of LMK02 was established by estimating indicative components, Ginsenoside Rg3 of Red Ginseng and Decursin of Angelicagigas Nakai. The toxicity of LMK02 was investigated in 6 weeks old specific pathogen free (SPF) Sprageu-Dawley rats by oral administration. Each test group were consist of 5 male and 5 female and they received doses of 500, 1,000 and 2,000 mg/kg/day of test substance for 4 weeks. The clinical signs, death rate, body weight, food consumption, ophthalmic examination, urinalysis, hematological and serum biochemistry, organ weight and pathological changes were examined and compared with those of control group. Urinalysis : We observed increase of PRO(p<0.01), SG(p<0.01) in female rats of 1,000 mg/kg/day and 2,000 mg/kg/day(p<0.01). Also, we observed increase of pH and KET in female rats of 1,000 mg/kg/day(p<0.05) and of 2,000 mg/kg/day(p<0.01). WBC in female rats in 1,000 mg/kg/day and 2,000 mg/kg/day were on increase. Hematological test : We observed increase of MCV in male rats of 250 mg/kg/day. (p<0.05) Serum biochemistry test : We found increase of CHO in female rats of 2,000 mg/kg/day(p<0.05). During the experimental period, there were no animals dead or moribund. There were no treatment related changes of general symptom, food and water consumption, organ weight and autopsy According to the results of 4-week repeated dose range finding study, the highest dose was established as 1000 mg/kg for 13-week repeated dose toxicity study and we determined to put 2 more groups by common ratio two.

Tyrosinase Inhibition Activity and Antioxidant Capacity by Fermented Products of Some Medicinal Plants (한방 생약재 발효액의 항산화 활성 및 tyrosinase 저해 활성)

  • Cha, Jae-Young;Yang, Hyun-Ju;Jeong, Jae-Jun;Seo, Won-Seok;Park, Jun-Seok;Ok, Min;Cho, Young-Su
    • Journal of Life Science
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    • v.20 no.6
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    • pp.940-947
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    • 2010
  • The effects of fermented products from 40 medicinal herbals commonly available in Korea were examined according to concentrations of polyphenolic compound and kojic acid, and the activities of DPPH ($\alpha,\alpha$'-diphenyl-$\beta$-picrylhydrazyl) free radical scavenging and tyrosinase. The polyphenolic compound concentrations were 0.24 by Corydalis turtschaminovill ~ 11.42% (dry matter basis) by Syringa velutina in the extracts and 0.18 by Poria cocos ~ 12.27% by S. velutina in the fermented products. Kojic acid concentrations were 0.02 by Poria cocos Sclerotium ~ 9.67 mM by S. velutina in the extracts and 0.33 by P. cocos ~ 10.32 mM by S. velutina in the fermented products. Syringa velutina contained the highest polyphenolic compound and kojic acid concentrations, which were higher in the fermented product than in the extract. Higher DPPH free radical scavenging activity (>60%) was observed in the extracts of A. sessiliflorum, Citrus nobillis, and Angelica gigas and the fermented product of A. sessiliflorum compared to the other medicinal plants. Higher tyrosinase inhibition activity (>50%) was observed in the extracts of Morus alba, Glycyrrhiza glabra, and Rubus coreanus and the fermented products of G. glabra, Cnidium officinale, and S. velutina. Based on the above results, G. glabra, C. officinale, and S. velutina possessed high tyrosinase-inhibitive activities and kojic acid concentrations, which could be definitely enhanced by the fermentation of Phenillus linteus mycelium.

Analysis of Studies on Ssanghwa-tang for Establishment of Evidence Based Medicine (EBM 구축을 위한 쌍화탕의 실험 연구 문헌 분석)

  • Lee, Jun-Kyoung;Lee, Nam-Hun;Ha, Hye-Kyoung;Lee, Ho-Young;Seo, Chang-Sub;Jung, Da-Young;Lee, Jin-Ah;Shin, Hyun-Kyu
    • Korean Journal of Oriental Medicine
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    • v.14 no.3
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    • pp.41-47
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    • 2008
  • Objective : The purpose of this report was to provide the information about activity and safety of Ssanghwa-tang by analyzing domestic papers and theses about Ssanghwa-tang. Methods : Domestic papers and theses related to Ssanghwa-tang were reviewed and analyzed. These papers were then classified by year, experimental method, and activity subject. Results : The following result s were obtained in this study. 1. The study of Ssanghwa-tang started from 1981 and continued steadily 1990s and it was decreased 2000s. 2. The paper of Ssanghwatang was entire domestic paper, 20 volumes. 3. In classified by experimental method and animal of Ssanghwa-tang paper, more than a half study used rat in vivo experiment. Furthermore clinical experiments were performed about anti-fatigue effect of Ssanghwa-tang and Ssanghwatang was proved a safety herbal medicine in acute toxicity experiment. 4. Decursin, glycyrrhizin, paeoniflorin were determined in Ssanghwa-tang by using HPLC analysis. 5. As these studies were classified by subject, papers related to anti-fatigue effect were most abundant by 7 papers. Besides there were several papers related to liver funtion, anti-inflammatory, alleviation, smooth muscle relaxation effect and so on. 6. According to experimental data, it is supported that Ssanghwa-tang was safety herbal medicine and it has a several activity about anti-fatigue, anti-inflammatory, alleviation, smooth muscle relaxation. Conclusion : Many study of basic science experiments and clinical experiments were performed and reported on Ssanghwa-tang in domestic journal. Ssanghwa-tang is being used in various ways associating with anti-fatigue, anti-inflammatory, alleviation and smooth muscle relaxation. furthermore Ssanghwatang was proved a safety herbal medicine in acute toxicity experiment. However, studies on randomized controlled trials of Ssanghwatang need to be completed at the clinical level.

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Development of Analytical Method for Quality Control from New Herbal Medicine(HPL-4) (새로운 생약복합제제(HPL-4)의 품질관리를 위한 분석법 개발)

  • Kim, Se-Gun;Sharma, Dipak Kumar;Lamichhane, Ramakanta;Lee, Kyung-Hee;Han, Sang-Mi;Jung, Hyun-Ju
    • Korean Journal of Pharmacognosy
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    • v.45 no.4
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    • pp.338-345
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    • 2014
  • HPL-4 is a new herbal formulation developed for the treatment of osteoarthritis. In this study, we took HPL-4 to develop a method for simultaneous determination of nine marker compounds (protocatechuic acid, chlorogenic acid, liriodendrin, nodakenin, ${\beta}$-$\small{D}$-(3-O-sinapoyl)frucofuranosyl-${\alpha}$-$\small{D}$-(6-O-sinapoyl)glucopyranoside, quercitrin, 6-gingerol, decursin and decursinol angelate) present in the formulation. The analytes were separated by UPLC system consisting of diode array detector at 205 nm and RP-amide column, and solvent system of $ACN/0.1%H_3PO_4$. Analytical method was validated to evaluate its linearity, limit of detection (LOD), limit of quantification (LOQ), precision, and accuracy. All standards showed good linearity ($R^2$ >0.99) in the rage of $0.25-400.0{\mu}g/mL$. The LOD and LOQ were within the range of 0.021-0.148 and $0.070-0.448{\mu}g/mL$, respectively. Intra- and inter-day precision was less than RSD 4.0% and the accuracy was range from 92.00-104.81% with RSD<4.2%. The results suggest that the developed UPLC method is precise, accurate and effective, and could be applied for quality control of HPL-4 formulation.

The Effects of High Temperature High Pressure Steam Sterilization on Woohwangchungsimwon (고온고압증기멸균이 우황청심원에 미치는 영향)

  • Cho, Chang-Young;Lee, In-Hee;Lee, Jae-Woong;Kim, Eun-Jee;Lee, Jin-Ho;Kim, Min-Jeong
    • Journal of Korean Medicine Rehabilitation
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    • v.25 no.1
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    • pp.45-52
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    • 2015
  • Objectives To check marker content for appropriate quality control of Woohwangchungsimwon sterilized to ensure microbiological safety and to observe antioxidant activity for any changes in efficacy. Methods To measure any effects of sterilization on the effective compounds, 8 ingredients of Woohwangchungsimwon were screened for any changes in marker content using HPLC-DAD. Using the colorimetric method on the microplate reader any changes in total phenolic compound and flavonoid levels were observed. Antioxidant activity was measured using the DPPH, ABTS, and FRAP. Results Of the ingredients of Woohwangchungsimwon, 8 were subject to quantitative analysis before and after sterilization. 21.6 mg and 1.93 mg of Glycyrrhizin was found in Glycyrrhiza uralensis Fischer pre and post sterilization, respectively. Decursin found in Angelica gigas Nakai increased from 0.16 mg to 0.29 mg after sterilization. Bilirubin found in Gallstone of Bostaurusvar. domesticus increased from 0.24 mg to 0.33 mg. Cinnamic acid found in Cinnamomum cassia Blume increased from 0.02 mg to 0.05 mg. Ginsenoside Rb1 found in Panax ginseng C. A. Meyer decreased from 0.02 mg to 0.14 mg. Paeoniflorin found in Paeonia lactiflora Pallas increased from 1.05 mg to 1.13 mg. Amygdalin found in Armeniacae Amarum Semen increased from 2.68 mg to 2.83 mg. L-muscone found in Musk increased from 0.63 mg to 0.76 mg. As for total phenolic compound and total flavonoid content, there was a 1.22 and 4.15-fold increase. DPPH and ABTS increased by 20.45% and 20.69%, respectively. FRAP activity was 2.78 times more active post stabilization. Conclusions This study confirmed that high temperature high pressure steam sterilization, a method used to ensure microbiological safety of Woohwangchungsimwon, does not affect marker content; in other words, does not affect quality of the Woohwangchungsimwon. It could also be seen that total phenolic compound and flavonoid content increased after sterilization. An antioxidant activity test showed that there was significantly increased activity of antioxidants.

13 weeks repeated oral dose toxicity studies with LMK02-Jangwonhwan in SD rats (LMK02의 Sprague-Dawley 랫드를 이용한 13 주간 반복 경구투여 독성시험)

  • Kang, Hyung-Won;Jang, Hyun-Ho;Park, Jang-Ho;Kim, Tae-Heon;Lyu, Yeoung-Su
    • Journal of Oriental Neuropsychiatry
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    • v.23 no.2
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    • pp.99-120
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    • 2012
  • Objectives : The oriental medicine Jangwonhwan, a boiled extract of 12 medicinal herbs/mushrooms, has been prescribed to patients with cognitive dysfunction, as originally described in the Korean medical text, DonguiBogam(amnesia chapter). Recently, a modified formula of Jangwonhwan (LMK02-Jangwonhwan) consisting of seven medicinal plants/mushrooms, was shown to reduce the ${\beta}$-amyloid deposition in the brain of Tg-APPswe/PS1dE9 mouse model for Alzheimer's disease. The toxicity of LMK02-Jangwonhwan was investigated in SD rats, by a daily oral administration for 13 weeks and NOAEL(No observed adverse effect dose), a definite toxic dose and target organ, as well. Methods : Quality control of the tablet form of LMK02-Jangwonhwan was established by estimating the indicative components, Ginsenoside Rg3 of Red Ginseng and Decursin of Angelicagigas Nakai. The toxicity of LMK02-Jangwonhwan was investigated in 6 week old, specific pathogen free (SPF), Sprageu-Dawley rats by oral administration. Each test group consisted of 10 male and 10 female rats. The groups received doses of 500, 1,000 or 2,000 mg/kg/day of test substance for 13 weeks. The clinical signs, death rate, body weight, food consumption, ophthalmic examination, urinalysis, hematological and serum biochemistry, organ weight and pathological changes were examined and compared with those of the control group. Results : The 13-week repeated oral treatment doses didn't result in any specific symptoms or death. There were no significant changes in the rat's weight and food consumption. Further, ophthalmic examination, urinalysis, hematological, serum biochemistry test and organ weight revealed no significant differences. Conclusions : The no-observed-adverse-effect level(NOAEL) of LMK02 for male and female Sprague-Dawley rats was determined as 2,000mg/kg/day and the target organ wasn't confirmed. Because no significant adverse effects were observed, the target organ could not be determined.