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Evaluation of Bone Uptake on Tc-99m-MDP in Immediate and Delayed Dental Implants (즉시형과 지연형 치아 임플란트에서 Tc-99m-MDP의 Bone Uptake 평가)

  • 김중현;김명환;이원국;이재영;강성수;최석화
    • Journal of Veterinary Clinics
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    • v.20 no.2
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    • pp.207-211
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    • 2003
  • This investigation aimed to determine the relative merit of osseointegration in immediate and delayed implantation in the dog mandible using radiography and bone scintigraphy. five adult mongrel dogs with a mean weight of 8.5 kg were used in this investigation. During the entire study period. all dogs were fed with a soft commercial diet and water ad libitum to minimize functional loading of the implant. Twenty titanium alloy systems 4 mm in diameter and 10 mm in length blasted with calcium phosphate were prepared for insertion. The second and third left mandibular premolars in each dog were extracted for the delayed implant insertion. Twelve weeks later, the second and third right mandibular premolars were extracted for the immediate implant insertion. Before the delayed and immediate implantation procedures and 0, 4, 8, and 12 weeks after the insertions, radiography and bone scintigraphy were conducted. Bone scans were obtained using a large field of view gamma camera equipped with a collimator about 3 hours after intravenous injection of Tc-99m-MDP to the dogs. All the dogs were evaluated weekly for inflammation, necrosis, and other of the bone or sort tissue. Significant macroscopic lesions were not detected. Radioisotope scintigraphy with Tc-99m-MDP hat proved to be a reliable method for measuring increased bone activity at specific skeleton tissue sites. In conclusion, osseointegration in peri-implant bone did not differ significantly between the immediate and delayed implant procedures during the experimental period. The immediate implant may be an alternative treatment of implant insertion in animals.

CT and scintigraphic evaluation of osseointegration following immediate versus delayed implantation in dogs (개에서 즉시형과 지연형 인공치아 식립후 골유합에 대한 CT와 신티그라피 평가)

  • Kim, Juoog-Hyun;Lee, Jae Yeong;Lee, Won-Guk;Oh, Won Young;Kim, So-Seob;Kang, Seong Soo;Choi, Seok Hwa
    • Korean Journal of Veterinary Research
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    • v.44 no.1
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    • pp.131-136
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    • 2004
  • Osseointegration involves anchoring dental implants to stable bone rather than to soft-tissue. Clinical osseointegration is currently defined as the process whereby alloplastic material is asymptomatically and rigidly fixed and maintained in bone during functional loading. Full osseointegration is necessary for the success of long-term dental implants. Recent developments in computer assisted measurement of bone formation have improved maxillofacial examination and osseointegration. Computer assisted examination has also proved effective in dental implantology. This investigation was aimed to determine osseointegration in immediate and delayed implantation in the dog mandible using dental computed tomography (CT) and bone scintigraphy. Five adult (mean age of 2 years) mongrel dogs with a mean weight of 9.1 kg were used in this investigation. Titanium alloy implant systems with 4 mm in diameter and 10 mm in length were chosen for insertion. The second and third left mandibular premolars in each dog were extracted for the delayed implant insertion. Twelve weeks later, the second and third right mandibular premolars were extracted for the immediate implant insertion. Before the delayed and immediate implantation procedures and 0, 4, 8, and 12 weeks after the insertions, dental CT and scintigraphy were conducted. The CT and scintigraphic images indicate that reconstruction of bone surrounding of the immediate implant can be as successful as reconstruction of bone surrounding of the delayed implant.

Evaluation of the Osseointegration in Immediatedly Loaded Implants in the Premolar Socket of the Mandible in Beagles (비글견에서 아래턱 작은어금니 Implant의 즉시 부하에 대한 평가)

  • Kim, Dae-Jin;Kim, Jung-Eun;Seong, Yun-Sang;Jang, Hwan-Soo;Kwon, Young-Sam;Jang, Kwang-Ho
    • Journal of Veterinary Clinics
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    • v.27 no.1
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    • pp.55-61
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    • 2010
  • Tooth restoration with implant placement have been interested in modern veterinary dentistry. It is important to reduce the interval between the tooth extraction and the insertion of the implants, to determine the restoration time after implant placement in dogs The aim of the this study was to compare the bone mineral apposition rate of immediately loaded implants with an unloaded control during the early healing state in the artificial extraction mandible. In four Beagles, two premolar sockets (PM2 and PM3) of the both sides of the mandible were installed with a one stage titanium mini-implant with a length of 11 mm and a diameter of 3.37 mm immediately after tooth extraction. Provisional restroration was given to implants, 3 weeks after implant placement in the left side (immediate loading) and 12 weeks in the right side (delayed loading), respectively. Radiographic and histologic examinations were performed. Radiographic evaluation revealed no significant difference between two groups. Bone-implant contact was $47.1{\pm}8.9$ in immediate loading and $50.2{\pm}8.2$ in delayed loading, interthread bone density was $78.7{\pm}10.9$ in immediate loading and $73.1{\pm}15.5$ in delayed loading, and peri-implant bone density was $95.4{\pm}7.1$ in immediate loading and $95.0{\pm}5.2$ in delayed loading, respectively. Three histologic analyses showed no significant difference between delayed and immediate loading. Followed by this study, the immediate loading of implants insterted into fresh extraction sockets after tooth extraction could be considered in veterinary dentistry.

CLINICAL EVALUATION OF DELAYED VERSUS SIMULTANEOUS IMPLANTATION WITH SINUS LIFTING (상악동거상술시 임프란트의 지연식립과 즉시식립에 대한 임상적 연구)

  • Suh, Dong-Won;Lee, Dong-Keun;Lee, Sang-Han
    • Journal of the Korean Association of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgeons
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    • v.35 no.6
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    • pp.442-450
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    • 2009
  • Purpose: Simultaneous implantation has been traditionally limited to patients with at least 5 mm of residual bone to ensure that the implant is completely stabilized. This is considered to be one of the most critical factors for primary implant stability and parallelism and, subsequently osseointegration. Recently, improved initial implant stability is provided by advancement of surgical techniques, implant designs and surface treatments. This has led surgeons to extending simultaneous treatment option to patients with below 4 mm of residual bone height, despite the lack of much data. The purpose of this study was to retrospectively evaluate and compare the status of implants which are installed by delayed and simultaneous methods. Material and methods: The subjects were patients(121 patients, 278 implants) who had been operated with sinus lifting from 2003 to 2007 in Sun Dental Hospital. Lateral window approach with autograft and xenograft(1:1 ratio) were carried out for all sinus lifting. 4 types of implant were used. The mean follow up period was 26.3 months(19 - 58 months) in delayed group, and 22.8 months(18 - 43 months) in simultaneous group. Results: The survival rate of implant restoration of this study was 98.2% in delayed group and 91.7% in simultaneous group. In simultaneous group, wide-platform type implants showed 100% survival rate. The total average of marginal bone loss in radiographs was $0.96\;{\pm}\;0.29\;mm$ in delayed group and $1.02\;{\pm}\;0.31\;mm$ in simultaneous group. Conclusion: Simultaneous implantation with sinus lifting(below 4mm of residual bone height) could be predictable treatment.

Factors Affecting Survival of Maxillary Sinus Augmented Implants (상악동 거상술을 동반한 임플란트의 생존율에 관한 기여인자)

  • In, Yeon-Soo;Park, Young-Wook
    • Maxillofacial Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
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    • v.33 no.3
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    • pp.241-248
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    • 2011
  • Purpose: The aim of this study was to present the clinical results of maxillary sinus augmentation implants and to evaluate the effects of various factors on the implant survival rate. Methods: In a total of 112 patients, 293 implants after sinus augmentation were performed. The total survival rate and the influence of the following factors on implant survival were evaluated; patient characteristics (sex, age, smoking, general disease), graft material, implant surface, implant installation stage, site of implant placement, length and width of implant, closure method for osseous window, residual alveolar bone height. Results: 1. Age ranged from 16 to 70 yr, with a mean of 45.7 yr. 2. Cumulative survival rate for the 293 implants with the maxillary sinus augmentation procedure was 94.9%. 3. Simultaneous implant installation was performed in 122 patients and delayed implant installation was performed in 117 implants. The average healing period after sinus elevation was 7.3 months for delayed implant installation and this procedure had a significantly higher survival rate. 4. There were no significant differences in sex, age, smoking, general disease, site of implant placement, length and width of implant, residual alveolar bone height and the survival rate. 5. RBM (Resorbable Blasting Media) implant surface and allograft groups had significantly lower survival rates. Conclusion: These data suggest that maxillary sinus augmentation may give more predictable results for autogenous bone grafts and delayed implant placement.

Delayed Occurrence of Maxillary Sinusitis after Simultaneous Maxillary Sinus Augmentation and Implant: A Case Report and Literature Review (상악동 거상술을 동반한 임플란트 식립 후 지연성으로 발생한 상악동염에 대한 고찰)

  • Lee, Jae-Hoon
    • Maxillofacial Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
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    • v.35 no.1
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    • pp.60-65
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    • 2013
  • The maxillary floor sinus augmentation is considered as a safe and predictable procedure to ensure optimal implant placement. However, this procedure may have a variety of intra-surgical or post-surgical complications, also the major drawback of the procedure is deemed maxillary sinusitis. This case is a very unusual delayed occurrence of acute maxillary sinusitis after simultaneous maxillary sinus augmentation, using xenograft and implant placement. This report describes a serious complication of the maxillary sinus augmentation.

Postoperative irradiation after implant placement: A pilot study for prosthetic reconstruction

  • Doh, Re-Mee;Kim, Sungtae;Keum, Ki Chang;Kim, Jun Won;Shim, June-Sung;Jung, Han-Sung;Park, Kyeong-Mee;Chung, Moon-Kyu
    • The Journal of Advanced Prosthodontics
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    • v.8 no.5
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    • pp.363-371
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    • 2016
  • PURPOSE. On maxillofacial tumor patients, oral implant placement prior to postoperative radiotherapy can shorten the period of prosthetic reconstruction. There is still lack of research on effects of post-implant radiotherapy such as healing process or loading time, which is important for prosthodontic treatment planning. Therefore, this study evaluated the effects of post-implant local irradiation on the osseointegration of implants during different healing stages. MATERIALS AND METHODS. Custom-made implants were placed bilaterally on maxillary posterior edentulous area 4 weeks after extraction of the maxillary first molars in Forty-eight Sprague-Dawley rats. Experimental group (exp.) received radiation after implant surgery and the other group (control) didn't. Each group was divided into three sub-groups according to the healing time (2, 4, and 8 week) from implant placement. The exp. group 1, 2 received 15-Gy radiation 1 day after implant placement (immediate irradiation). The exp. group 3 received 15-Gy radiation 4 weeks after implant placement (delayed irradiation). RESULTS. The bone mineral density (BMD) was significantly lower in the immediate irradiation groups. BMD was similar in the delayed irradiation group and the control group. The irradiated groups exhibited a lower bone-to-implant contact ratio, although the difference was not statistically significant. The irradiated groups also exhibited a significantly lower bone volume and higher empty lacuna count than the control groups. No implant failure due to local irradiation was found in this study. CONCLUSION. Within the limits of this study, the timing of local irradiation critically influences the bone healing mechanism, which is related to loading time of prostheses.

The effects of bone density and crestal cortical bone thickness on micromotion and peri-implant bone strain distribution in an immediately loaded implant: a nonlinear finite element analysis

  • Sugiura, Tsutomu;Yamamoto, Kazuhiko;Horita, Satoshi;Murakami, Kazuhiro;Tsutsumi, Sadami;Kirita, Tadaaki
    • Journal of Periodontal and Implant Science
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    • v.46 no.3
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    • pp.152-165
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    • 2016
  • Purpose: This study investigated the effects of bone density and crestal cortical bone thickness at the implant-placement site on micromotion (relative displacement between the implant and bone) and the peri-implant bone strain distribution under immediate-loading conditions. Methods: A three-dimensional finite element model of the posterior mandible with an implant was constructed. Various bone parameters were simulated, including low or high cancellous bone density, low or high crestal cortical bone density, and crestal cortical bone thicknesses ranging from 0.5 to 2.5 mm. Delayed- and immediate-loading conditions were simulated. A buccolingual oblique load of 200 N was applied to the top of the abutment. Results: The maximum extent of micromotion was approximately $100{\mu}m$ in the low-density cancellous bone models, whereas it was under $30{\mu}m$ in the high-density cancellous bone models. Crestal cortical bone thickness significantly affected the maximum micromotion in the low-density cancellous bone models. The minimum principal strain in the peri-implant cortical bone was affected by the density of the crestal cortical bone and cancellous bone to the same degree for both delayed and immediate loading. In the low-density cancellous bone models under immediate loading, the minimum principal strain in the peri-implant cortical bone decreased with an increase in crestal cortical bone thickness. Conclusions: Cancellous bone density may be a critical factor for avoiding excessive micromotion in immediately loaded implants. Crestal cortical bone thickness significantly affected the maximum extent of micromotion and peri-implant bone strain in simulations of low-density cancellous bone under immediate loading.

Delayed Orbital Hemorrhage around Alloplastic Implants after Blowout Fracture Reduction

  • Ryu, Yong Ah;Park, Jae Beom;Kyung, Hyun Woo;Song, Seung Han;Kang, Nak Heon
    • Archives of Craniofacial Surgery
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    • v.16 no.1
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    • pp.35-38
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    • 2015
  • Alloplastic implants have been used to repair orbital wall fractures in most cases. Orbital hemorrhage is a rare complication of these implants and has been reported rarely in Korea. The purpose of this article is to report a late complication case focusing on their etiology and management. A 20-year-old male patient underwent open reduction with Medpor (porous polyethylene) insertion for bilateral orbital floor fractures. The initial symptom occurred with proptosis in the right side as well as vertical dystopia, which had started 4 days earlier, 8 months after surgery. Any trauma history after the surgery was not present. We performed an exploration and removal of hematoma with Medpor titanium meshed alloplastic implant. A case of delayed orbital hematoma following alloplastic implant insertion was identified. It occurred within the pseudocapsule of the implant. One week after surgery, overall symptoms improved successfully, and no complications were reported during the 11-month follow-up period. Although rare, orbital hemorrhage is a potential complication of alloplastic orbital floor implants, which may present many years after surgery. As in the case presented, delayed hematoma should be included in the differential diagnosis of late proptosis or orbital dystopia.