• Title, Summary, Keyword: deposition potential

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Relation between Magnetic Properties and Surface Morphology of Co-Base Alloy Film by Electrodeposition Method (전착법을 이용한 Co계 합금박막의 표면형태와 자기특성과의 관계)

  • Han, Chang-Suk;Kim, Sang-Wook
    • Korean Journal of Materials Research
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    • v.27 no.11
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    • pp.624-630
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    • 2017
  • In this study, we investigated the overpotential of precipitation related to the catalytic activity of electrodes on the initial process of electrodeposition of Co and Co-Ni alloys on polycrystalline Cu substrates. In the case of Co electrodeposition, the surface morphology and the magnetic property change depending on the film thickness, and the relationship with the electrode potential fluctuation was shown. Initially, the deposition potential(-170 mV) of the Cu electrode as a substrate was shown, the electrode potential($E_{dep}$) at the $T_{on}$ of electrodeposition and the deposition potential(-600 mV) of the surface of the electrodeposited Co film after $T_{off}$ and when the pulse current was completed were shown. No significant change in the electrode potential value was observed when the pulse current was energized. However, in a range of number of pulses up to 5, there was a small fluctuation in the values of $E_{dep}$ and $E_{imm}$. In addition, in the Co-Ni alloy electrodeposition, the deposition potential(-280 mV) of the Cu electrode as the substrate exhibited the deposition potential(-615 mV) of the electrodeposited Co-Ni alloy after pulsed current application, the $E_{dep}$ of electrodeposition at the $T_{on}$ of each pulse and the $E_{imm}$ at the $T_{off}$ varied greatly each time the pulse current was applied. From 20 % to less than 90 % of the Co content of the thin film was continuously changed, and the value was constant at a pulse number of 100 or more. In any case, it was found that the shape of the substrate had a great influence.

Particle Deposition, PD Process - New Potential in Material Processing -

  • Fukumoto, Masahiro
    • Proceedings of the Korean Powder Metallurgy Institute Conference
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    • pp.47-48
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    • 2006
  • Oridinal thermal spray process has developed into two ways, namely, temperature dominated represented by plasma spraying, and velocity dominated represented by HVOF. It is common for both that the particle materials sprayed are basically in melted or half melted condition. New process has developed recently, that is, Cold Spray and Aerosol Deposition. Particle's heating is limited in CS lower than half of the material's melting point. Moreover, exactly no heating is loaded in AD process. Through the investigation on common feature for these three spraying processes, potential of new material process - Particle Deposition, PD - is considered and proposed.

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Effect of Substrate on Electroless Co-Base Deposited Films (무전해 코발트계 석출막에 미치는 기판의 영향)

  • Han, Chang-Suk;Chun, Chang-Hwan;Han, Seung-Oh
    • Korean Journal of Materials Research
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    • v.19 no.6
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    • pp.319-324
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    • 2009
  • The deposition behavior and structural and magnetic properties of electroless Co-B and Co-Fe-B deposits, as well as the amorphous ribbon substrates, were investigated. These Co-based alloy deposits exhibited characteristic polycrystalline structures and surface morphology and magnetic properties that were dependent on the type of amorphous substrates. The catalytic activity sequence of the amorphous ribbon electrodes for anodic oxidation of DMAB was estimated from the current density-potential curve in the anodic partial electrolytic bath that did not contain the metal ions. Both the deposition rate and potential in the initial region were obtained in order of the catalytic activity, depending on the alloy compositions of the substrates. The deposition rate linearly varied against the deposition time. The initial deposition potential may have also determined the structural and magnetic properties of the deposit based on the thickness of ${\mu}m$ order. Furthermore, a basic study of the electroless deposition processes on an amorphous ribbon substrate has been carried out in connection with the structural and magnetic properties of the deposits.

Electrodeposition of SnO2-doped ZnO Films onto FTO Glass

  • Yoo, Hyeonseok;Park, Jiyoung;Kim, Yong-Tae;Kim, Sunkyu;Choi, Jinsub
    • Journal of Electrochemical Science and Technology
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    • v.10 no.1
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    • pp.61-68
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    • 2019
  • Well aligned $SnO_2$-doped ZnO nanorods were prepared by single step or 2-step electrochemical depositions in a mixture solution of zinc nitrate hexahydrate, ammonium hydroxide solution and 0.1 M tin chloride pentahydrate. The morphologies of electrochemically deposited $SnO_2$-doped ZnO were transformed from plain (or network) structures at low reduction potential to needles on hills at high reduction potential. Well aligned ZnO was prepared at intermediate potential ranges. Reduction reagent and a high concentration of Zn precursor were required to fabricate $SnO_2$ doped ZnO nanorods. When compared to results obtained by single step electrochemical deposition, 2-step electrochemical deposition produced a much higher density of nanorods, which was ascribed to less potential being required for nucleation of nanorods by the second-step electrochemical deposition because the surface was activated in the first-step. Mechanisms of $SnO_2$ doped ZnO nanorods prepared at single step or 2-step was described in terms of applied potential ranges and mass-/charge- limited transfer.

A New Test Method to Evaluate Potential White Pitch Deposit - Influence of pH and calcium hardness - (백색 점착성 이물질을 측정하기 위한 새로운 시험법 - pH와 칼슘경도의 영향 -)

  • Shin, Eun-Ju;Choi, Tae-Ho;Song, Bong-Keun;Cho, Byoung-Uk;Ryu, Jeong-Yong
    • Journal of Korea Technical Association of The Pulp and Paper Industry
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    • v.41 no.2
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    • pp.26-33
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    • 2009
  • A new testing method to evaluate the deposition potential of white pitch was developed. The new method involves depositing the potential white pitch particles on the air bubble covered plastic film in the pitch deposit tester (PDT) developed by KRICT and analysing the deposited area of white pitch using an image analyzer. In addition, the effect of two important factors (pH and calcium hardness) on white pitch deposition potential was elucidated. When pH of the coated broke stock was increased from neutral to alkali or the calcium hardness of the stock was decreased, the pitch deposit area was decreased, implying that these two factors have to be controlled during the evaluation of pitch deposition potential. It was found that hydrophobicity of the surface of latex binding films repulped is a key factor influencing white pitch deposition.

Numerical Simulation for Generation of Homogeneous Thin-Film in Spray Deposition (분무증착에서 균일 박막형성을 위한 전산모사)

  • Jeong, Heung-Cheol;Go, Sun-Mi;Choi, Gyung-Min;Kim, Duck-Jool
    • Proceedings of the KSME Conference
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    • pp.2702-2707
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    • 2007
  • The purpose of this study is to calculate the behavior of molecules for the generation of homogeneous thin-films in the process of spray deposition. The calculation system was composed of a suface molecular region and droplet molecular region. The thin-film was generated when droplet molecules fell to surface molecules. Lennard-Jones potential had been used as intermolecular potential, and only attraction 때 d repulsion had been used for the behavior of the droplet on the solid surface. As results, the behavior of the droplet was so much influenced by the surface temperature in the spray deposition process. High temperature of surface has higher porosity and larger spread area. It was found that simulation results generally agreed well with previous the experimental results. This simulation result will be the foundation for the deposition processes of industry.

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A Simulation Model for the protein Deposition of Pigs According to Amino Acid Composition of Feed Proteins (사료의 아미노산 조성에 따른 돼지의 단백질 축적을 나타내는 수치모델)

  • 이옥희;김강성
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition
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    • v.28 no.1
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    • pp.178-190
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    • 1999
  • This study was conducted to develop a simulation model for the growth dynamics of pigs and to describe quantitatively protein deposition depending on the amino acid composition of feed protein. In the model it is assumed that the essential processes that determine the utilization of feed protein in the whole body are protein synthesis, breakdown of protein, and oxidation of amino acid. Besides, it is also assumed that occurrence of protein deposition depends on genetic potential and amino acid composition of feed protein. The genetic potential for the protein deposition is the maximum capacity of protein synthesis, being dependent on the protein mass of the whole body. To describe the effect of amino acid composition of feed on the protein deposition, a factor, which consist of ten amino acid functions and lie between 0 and 1, is introduced. Accordingly a model was developed, which is described with 15 flux equations and 11 differential equations and is composed of two compartments. The model describes non linear structure of the protein utilization system of an organism, which is in non steady state. The objective function for the simulation was protein deposition(g/day) cal culated according to the empirical model, PAF(product of amino acid functions) of Menke. The mean of relative difference between the simulated protein deposition and PAF calculated values, lied in a range of 11.8%. The simulated protein synthesis and breakdown rates(g/day) in the whole body showed a parallel behavior in the course of growth.

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Growing High-Quality Ir-Sb Nanostructures by Controlled Electrochemical Deposition

  • Nisanci, Fatma Bayrakceken
    • Journal of Electrochemical Science and Technology
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    • v.11 no.2
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    • pp.165-171
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    • 2020
  • The electrochemical preparation and spectroscopic characterisation of iridium-antimony (Ir-Sb) species is important owing to their potential applications as nanostructure materials. Nanostructures, i.e. nanoflower and nanodisk, of Ir-Sb were electrodeposited on conductive substrates using a practical electrochemical method based on the simultaneous underpotential deposition (UPD) of Ir and Sb from the IrCl3 and Sb2O3 at a constant potential. Electrochemical UPD mechanism of Ir-Sb was studied using cyclic voltammetry and potential-controlled electrochemical deposition techniques. Herein, X-ray diffraction, scanning electron microscopy, energy dispersive spectroscopy, X-ray photoelectron and Raman spectroscopy were used to determine the morphological and structural properties of the electrochemically-synthesised Ir-Sb nanostructures.

Various Dielectric Thick Films for Co-Integration of Passive and Active Devices by Aerosol Deposition Method (Aerosol Deposition Method에 의한 수동소자와 능동소자의 동시 직접화를 위한 다양한 유전체 후막)

  • Nam, Song-Min
    • Proceedings of the Korean Institute of Electrical and Electronic Material Engineers Conference
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    • pp.348-348
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    • 2008
  • In recent, the concept of system-on-package (SOP) for highly integrated multifunctional systems has been paid attention to for the miniaturization and high frequency of electronic devices. In order to realize SOP, co-integration of passive devices, such as capacitors, resistors and inductors, and active devices should be achieved. If ceramic thick films can be grown at room temperature, we expect to be able to overcome many problems in conventional fabrication processes. So, we focused on the aerosol deposition method (ADM) as room temperature fabrication technology. ADM is a novel ceramic coating method based on the Room Temperature Impact Consolidation (RTIC) phenomena. This method has a wide range potential for fabrication of co-integration of passive and active devices. In this paper, I will present the future potential of ADM introducing various ceramic dielectric thick films for the integration of electronic ceramics.

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Prediction of Watershed Erosion and Deposition Potentials (유역침식 및 퇴적 잠재능 예측모델 개발)

  • Son, Kwang-Ik
    • Journal of Korean Society of Hazard Mitigation
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    • v.7 no.1
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    • pp.67-72
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    • 2007
  • A model for predicting potentials of land erosion and deposition over a natural basin was developed based on the mass balance principle. The program was developed based on sediment mass balance principle for each cell in a GIS. Sediment yield from a cell was estimated with RUSLE. The outflow sediment from a cell was calculated by multiplying the sediment yield of the cell by the sediment delivery ratio (SDR) of the cell. The outflow sediment from the upstream cell becomes the incoming sediment of the downstream cell. Therefore the erosion and deposition potential of each cell could be determined from the sediment mass balance i.e., the difference between the incoming and outflow of sediments of each cell. The developed model was validated by comparing the predicted sediment yields for three basins with measured data.