• Title, Summary, Keyword: dewatering

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Influences of Detention Time, Particle Size Distribution, and Filter Medium on Waterworks Sludges Dewatering (체류시간, 입도분포 및 여재가 정수 슬러지의 탈수에 미치는 영향)

  • Kim, Kwang-Soo;Lee, Jae-Bok
    • Journal of Korean Society of Water and Wastewater
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    • v.23 no.1
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    • pp.121-128
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    • 2009
  • Objectives of this study were to investigate influencing factors of detention time, particle size distribution, and filter medium characteristics for waterworks sludge dewatering. The stepped pressure filtration was carried out with lab scale apparatus and the filter press pilot test for dewatering was conducted at the water treatment plant. Effects of filter medium and polymer dose were examined through observing water content and dewatering velocity and cyclic dewatering rate with filter press pilot test. Relationships among detention time, particle size distribution and filtration resistance were analyzed. Prolongation of sludge detention time was found to cause blinding phenomenon in cake and filter medium and to decrease dewatering process efficiency. The average specific resistance increased according to detention time. In pilot test of dewatering for thickened sludge with Nylon Multi-NY840D and Nylon Mono-100% filter media, dewatering velocities were 0.92 and $0.93kg\;DS/m^2{\cdot}hr$ according to 0.1% polymer dose of dried solids weight base. And cyclic dewatering rates were 2.45 and $2.50kg\;DS/m^2{\cdot}cycle$ cycle for the Nylon Multi-NY840D and Nylon Mono-100% media. Dewatering velocity of polymer dosed sludge was observed to be higher than that of non-polymer sludge.

A Study for Developing the Thermal Dehydrator (고효율 열 탈수장치 개발에 관한 연구)

  • Lee, Jung-Eun
    • 유체기계공업학회:학술대회논문집
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    • pp.278-283
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    • 2003
  • A generation rate of sludge in Korea had increased dramatically about 200 % for a decade. A requirement for high efficiency dewatering system being possible to produce the low water content cake have suggested due to the appearanceof commercial and social problems about handling of dewatered cake. The conventional dewatering system with mechanical compression device was not suitable to produce the low water content cake and didn'tcope with lots of requirements. Therefore, this paper was to develop the high efficient filter press with the compressive and heating forces through the heating plate to be built between membrane filter plates. It is possible to produce the low water content cake and improve the dewatering rate, so this equipment positively coped with several types of problems related to the sludge dewatering. The plate heated by heat transfer materials such as steam, hot water and thermo-oil made the sludge make the residual moisture within the cake to discharge easilyand to improve the dewatering efficiency of equipment. The pilot scale experiment with 500kg of cake production showed that the dewatering efficiency determined by the final water content and dewatering velocity was improved 30% more than the conventional dewatering equipment.

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A Study for Developing the Thermal Dehydrator (고효율 열 탈수장치 개발에 관한 연구)

  • Lee, Jung-Eun
    • The KSFM Journal of Fluid Machinery
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    • v.7 no.2
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    • pp.35-40
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    • 2004
  • A generation rate of sludge in Korea had increased dramatically about $200\%$ for a decade. A requirement for high efficiency dewatering system being possible to produce the low water content cake have suggested due to the appearance of commercial and social problems about handling of dewatered cake. The conventional dewatering system with mechanical compression device was not suitable to produce the low water content cake and didn't cope with lots of requirements. Therefore, this paper was to develop the high efficient filter press with the compressive and heating forces through the heating plate to be built between membrane fillet plates. It is possible to produce the low water content cake and improve the dewatering rate, so this equipment positively coped with several types of problems related to the sludge dewatering. The plate heated by heat transfer materials such as steam, hot water and thermo-oil made the sludge make the residual moisture within the cake to discharge easily and to improve the dewatering efficiency of equipment. The pilot scale experiment with 500kg of cake production showed that the dewatering efficiency determined by the final water content and dewatering velocity was improved $30\%$ more than the conventional dewatering equipment.

Dewatering of Sewage Sludge by Electrokinetics (동전기를 이용한 슬러지 탈수에 관한 연구)

  • Kim, Ji Tae;Won, Se Yeon;Cho, Won Cheol
    • Journal of The Korean Society of Civil Engineers
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    • v.26 no.6B
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    • pp.661-667
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    • 2006
  • In this study, an experiment of sewage sludge dewatering is carried by using electrokinetic method, and the electrokinetic dewatering efficiency of digested sludge is analyzed. Digested sludge without coagulants is selected and gravitational and pressing dewatering methods are applied in combination with electro-osmotic and electro-osmotic pulse technology. After the test of digested sludge, dewatering test of thickened sludge is carried to evaluate the electrokinetic dewatering feasibility of thickened sludge. Under the condition of constantly applied voltage, however, electrical resistance increases with decreasing of water content so that dewatering rate decreases with time. To reduce such a hindrance caused by constantly applied voltage, electro-osmotic pulse technology which is considered to reduce the difference of water content with height, is applied. For the application of electro-osmotic pulse, the dewatered flow rate and the dewatered volume became more increasing from the middle of the dewatering process than that of continuous voltage. Through the test of thickened sludge, electro-osmotic dewatering combined with gravitational and expression also showed high dewatering rate, which proved the possibility of using electrokinetic dewatering.

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The Effects of Electro-Osmosis and Compression on the Dewatering of Agricultural Wastes (고함수 농산폐기물의 탈수과정에서 전기침투와 압력의 효과)

  • 김영중;윤진하;이운용
    • Journal of Biosystems Engineering
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    • v.21 no.1
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    • pp.52-59
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    • 1996
  • In this study, the combined forces of electro-osmosis and compression were applied to cabbage dewatering and their effects were discussed. Nine treatments of combined forces consisting of three levels of voltage and compression were applied to chopped and macerated chinese cabbage placed in the experimental set-up consisted of cylinder-piston. The results showed that as both voltage and pressure increased the dewatering rates increased and the combined force of voltage and compression was a very effective means in the dewatering of chinese cabbage in which the largest dewatering rate difference, 72%, was found between the combined force of 30V with 68.2kPa and no voltage(0V) with 68.2kPa. However, no significant difference was found between the voltage of 0 and 10volts in 9.75kPa and the pressure of 68.2kP and 126.7kPa in 30volts. The maximum and minimum dewatering rate were 82% in the combined force of 30 volts of 126.7kPa and 8% in 0 volt of 9.75kPa, respectively. Within the experimental trials, it appeared that the best treatment combination would be pressure of 68.2kPa and voltage of 30V producing dewatering rate of 80ft in which the produced liquid contained about 1% solid. Employing this dewatering method as a pretreatment before drying process can contribute in considerable energy saving in agricultural wastes treatment.

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Evaluation of Dewatering of Cellulose Nanofibrils Suspension and Effect of Cationic Polyelectrolyte Addition on Dewatering (셀룰로오스 나노피브릴 현탁액의 탈수성 평가 및 양이온성 고분자전해질 투입의 영향)

  • Ryu, Jaeho Ryu;Sim, Kyujeong;Youn, Hye Jung
    • Journal of Korea Technical Association of The Pulp and Paper Industry
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    • v.46 no.6
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    • pp.78-86
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    • 2014
  • Since cellulose nanofibrils (CNF) has large specific surface area and high water holding capacity, it is very difficult task to remove water from the CNF suspension. However, dewatering of CNF suspension is a prerequisite of following processes such as mat forming and drying for the application of CNF. In this study, we evaluated the drainage of cellulose fibers suspension under vacuum and pressure conditions depending on the number of grinding passes. Also, the effect of the addition of cationic polyelectrolyte on dewatering ability of CNF suspension was investigated. Regardless of dewatering condition, the total drained water amount as well as the drainage rate were decreased with an increase in the number of grinding passes. Pressure dewatering equipment enables us to prepare wet CNF mat with relatively higher grammage. The cationic polyelectrolytes improved the dewatering ability of CNF suspension by controlling the zeta potential of CNF. The fast drainage was obtained when CNF suspension had around neutral zeta potential.

A study for High Efficiency Dewatering of Sludge Contained Fine Particles (미세입자(微細粒子)를 함유(含有)한 슬러지의 고효율(高效率) 탈수(脫水) 연구)

  • Lee, Jung-Eun;Lee, Jae-Keun
    • Journal of the Korean Institute of Resources Recycling
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    • v.15 no.4
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    • pp.36-43
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    • 2006
  • There was some difficulty dewatering properties due to small porosity diameter of cake, when pigment sludge contained fine particle was formed by cake under the dewatering. It was difficult to dewater the sludge with fine particles with the conventional mechanical dewatering method. This study was to improve the dewatering rate as discharging the water from porosity of cake easily, supplying the low heat to the cake layer. Thermal dewatering equipment of piston type to keep up constant temperature on the cake was set up and relative experiment was conducted for sludge of 200 g with fine pigment particle. As test results. filtration of 176.8 g, cake weight of 19.4 g, cake thickness of 4.2 mm was measured, and it was analyzed that the water content of cake was 47 wt% and dewatering velocity, which moaned the residual d교 sloid amount per dewatering area, was $2.1DS\;m^{2}{\cdot}cycle$. This results showed that filtration increased, cake weight and thickness decreased and dewatering velocity increased against mechanical dewatering method. And water content of cake decreased about 30%, so the result which dewatering rate improved was drew generally. The reason is that the inner vapor pressure working at the cake porosity increased as applying the low heat to the cake layer, which lead to discharge the water from porosity easily. Therefore, this study was estimated by the useful technology for sludge reduction.

Effect of Fines Distribution on Press Dewatering and Physical Properties of Multi-ply Sheet

  • Lee, Hak-Lae;Youn, Hye-Jung;Kang, Tae-Young;Choi, Ik-Sun
    • Journal of Korea Technical Association of The Pulp and Paper Industry
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    • v.40 no.5
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    • pp.36-41
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    • 2008
  • Multi-ply sheet forming has many advantages including the possibility of using wide range of materials in a given structure, lowering production cost, making higher grammage products and so on. But, incorrect structure of sheet makes flow resistance higher so that it shows poor dewatering in press section. One of major factors that affect sheet structure and dewatering property is fines content in each layer. We, therefore, examined the press dewatering of multi-ply sheet that has the different fines content in each layer and the effect of fines distribution on physical properties of sheet to find a technology for optimum utilization of raw materials. In case of two layered sheet, the sheet which was composed of layers with the different flow resistance showed higher dewatering rate than one which has the same flow resistance. And the more difference in fines content for layers existed, the more dewatering occurred. For three layered sheets, dewatering is mainly dependent on fines content of bottom layer. Strength properties were affected by dewatering degree and multi-ply sheet structure.

Enhancement of Sludge Dewaterability using a Starfish and the Radiation Technology (전자선과 불가사리 분말을 이용한 하수슬러지 탈수능 향상)

  • Yu, Dae Hyeon;Lee, Jae Gwang;Lee, Myeon Ju
    • Journal of Environmental Science International
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    • v.13 no.7
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    • pp.681-687
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    • 2004
  • This study was focused on the manufacturing method of a dewatering aid, which would reduce the water content of the sludge cake by enhancing the dewaterability of sewage sludge. The pretreatment technology for sludge by using radiation and among diverse discarded resources were starfish selected as the material to manufacture the dewatering aid. Starfish went through the process of washing, drying, and pulverizing. The starfish powder made in this process was applied to the digested sludge generated at the sewage treatment plant of D City, and its effects were investigated. The starfish powder that was 300 ${\mu}m$ in particle size was added to the irradiated digested sludge. After the application of the condensation process, the sludge with the starfish powder added was dewatered using the belt press and centrifuge, which were the traditional pressure dewatering devices. As the result, it reduced the water content of the sludge 20% higher than the dewatered cake with no dewatering aid added and irradiation. When the powder was added, it contributed to less use of the coagulant added. The more irradiation dose, the lower water content did the dewatered cake have and the more coagulant was needed for condensation, which seems to be a disadvantage that can be compensated for by the starfish dewatering aid. A small-scaled treatment of the study to a radiation technology and dewatering aid using a discarded resource confirmed the potential of dewaterability. Based on the results saying that the dewatering aid and radiation technology can improve dewatering effects using the traditional dewatering devices, this pretreatment technology will be expected to be applied to sewage treatment plants.

Compression and Dewatering of Chinese Cabbage (배추의 압축탈수특성에 관한 연구)

  • Kim, Y.J.;Lee, D.H.;Lee, Y.B.
    • Journal of Biosystems Engineering
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    • v.19 no.1
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    • pp.3-8
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    • 1994
  • An experiment on the expression and dewatering of chinese cabbage was conducted in order to investigate its dewatering behavior. Chopped cabbage was packed into cylinder and pressed by piston upto the predetermined pressure on Instron-1000. The rates of dewatering were affected domintantly by the applied pressure, but not significantly by the packed amount of cabbage in the cylinder. The pressure effect was increased very abruptly at first, but the increase rate was very low at high pressure greater than 20 MPa, showing great deviation from linear dependence of flow rate on pressure in Darcy's Law. Therefore, water expression from cabbage was not Newtonian flow of water through cell wall. In fact, the squeezed water contained a lot of solid particles, about 3% of solid cabbage particles, showing destruction of cell wall. It appeared that compression and dewatering of vegetable wastes in the low pressure. under 20 MPa, is more desirable for later treatment of the dewater. More researches are needed in order to develop a treatment method for the solid particles in the expressed water before an expeller treatment system can be applied to vegetable wastes.

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