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Study on Mutual Relation between the Level of Deterioration Influenced by the Changes of Chemical and Physical Properties and the Change of Dielectric Constant for Engine Oil - Gasoline Engine Oil (엔진오일의 화학적 및 물리적 변화에 의한 퇴화정도와 유전상수 변화에 관한 상호관계 연구 - 가솔린엔진오일)

  • Chun, Sang-Myung
    • Tribology and Lubricants
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    • v.22 no.5
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    • pp.260-268
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    • 2006
  • The dielectric constants of used gasoline engine oils were obtained at a few temperatures and a frequency. Through analyzing the characteristics of dielectric constant, the related correlation between the changes in dielectric constants of oil and the degree of oil deterioration is going to be found. The dielectric constant was calculated using cross capacitances measured by a sensor tube. As results of the measurement of the fresh engine oil's dielectric constant, it was found that the value of dielectric constant was set down below $60^{\circ}C$ regardless changing frequency. Further, above 6 kHz, the dielectric constant was set down even if temperature was above $100^{\circ}C$ Therefore, for the measurement of used oils, it was selected the frequency of 6 kHz,,and the temperature of $80^{\circ}C$ preventing a certain ionic-conduction effects on the measured dielectric constant and the evaporation of a certain fluid mixed with engine oil. Specially, the effects of the mixing fluid like coolant, water and fuel on the fresh engine oil's dielectric constant were studied. It was found that the oil mixed with coolant showed the highest value, next water, and the lowest fuel. As results of the measurement of the used engine oil's dielectric constant, it was found that the possible changed rate of the used engine oil's dielectric constant based on the warning limit for engine oil in service was below 4% for gasoline engine oil.

Study on Mutual Relation between the Level of Deterioration Influenced by the Changes of Chemical and Physical Properties and the Change of Dielectric Constant for Engine Oil - Diesel Engine Oil (엔진오일의 화학적 및 물리적 변화에 의한 퇴화정도와 유전상수 변화에 관한 상호관계 연구 - 디젤엔진오일)

  • Chun, Sang-Myung
    • Tribology and Lubricants
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    • v.22 no.5
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    • pp.290-300
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    • 2006
  • The dielectric constants of used diesel engine oils were obtained at a few temperatures and a frequency. Through analyzing the characteristics of dielectric constant, the related correlation between the changes in dielectric constants of oil and the degree of oil deterioration is going to be found. The dielectric constant was calculated using cross capacitances measured by a sensor tube. As results of the measurement of the fresh engine oil's dielectric constant, it was found that the value of dielectric constant was set down below $60^{\circ}C$ regardless changing frequency. Further, above 6 kHz, the dielectric constant was set down even if temperature was above $100^{\circ}C$. Therefore, for the measurement of used oils, it was selected the frequency of 6 kHz, and the temperature of $80^{\circ}C$ preventing a certain ionic-conduction effects on the measured dielectric constant and the evaporation of a certain fluid mixed with engine oil. Specially, the effects of the mixing fluid like coolant, water and fuel on the fresh engine oil's dielectric constant were studied. It was found that the oil mixed with coolant showed the highest value, next water, and the lowest fuel. As results of the measurement of the used engine oil's dielectric constant, it was found that the possible changed rate of the used engine oil's dielectric constant based on the warning limit for engine oil in service was below 10% for diesel engine oil.

Transparent Dielectric Layer for PDP by Dry Film Method

  • Park, Lee-Soon;Ji, Ho-Chan;Chung, Chang-Beom
    • 한국정보디스플레이학회:학술대회논문집
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    • pp.826-828
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    • 2003
  • With a new PDP transparent dielectric layer formation technique, we were able to make dielectric layer with high transmittance by using dry film type dielectric material. We optimized dielectric pastes for dry film and they showed good process properties in lamination , drying and firing.

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Implementing a Dielectric Recovery Strength Measuring System for Molded Case Circuit Breakers

  • Cho, Young-Maan;Rhee, Jae-ho;Baek, Ji-Eun;Ko, Kwang-Cheol
    • Journal of Electrical Engineering and Technology
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    • v.13 no.4
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    • pp.1752-1758
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    • 2018
  • In a low-voltage distribution system, the molded case circuit breaker (MCCB) is a widely used device to protect loads by interrupting over-current; however the hot gas generated from the arc discharge in the interrupting process depletes the dielectric recovery strength between electrodes and leads to re-ignition after current-zero. Even though the circuit breaker is ordinarily tripped and successfully interrupts the over-current, the re-ignition causes the over-current to flow to the load again, which carries over the failure interruption. Therefore, it is necessary to understand the dielectric recovery process and the dielectric recovery voltage of the MCCB. To determine these characteristics, a measuring system comprised of the experimental circuit and source is implemented to apply controllable recovery voltage and over-current. By changing the controllable recovery voltage, in this work, re-ignition is driven repeatedly to obtain the dielectric recovery voltage V-t curve, which is used to analyze the dielectric recovery strength of the MCCB. A measuring system and an evaluation technique for the dielectric recovery strength of the MCCB are described. By using this system and method, the measurement to find out the dielectric recovery characteristics after current-zero for ready-made products is done and it is confirmed that which internal structure of the MCCB affects the dielectric recovery characteristics.

The simulation on a electric field distribution of dielectric pellets with a shape of ball at atmosphere (대기중에서 구형 유전체 펠렛의 전계 분포 특성 평가)

  • Lee, Dong-Hoon;Park, Honh-Jae;Park, Jae-Youn
    • Proceedings of the Korean Institute of Electrical and Electronic Material Engineers Conference
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    • pp.57-60
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    • 2003
  • This paper explained electric field distribution's characteristics of dielectric pellets with a shape of ball to voltage. When discharge gap of electrode and input voltage are each 20[mm], 10000[V], the electric field simulation results of dielectric pellets with a shape of ball with relative dielectric constant of several kind measured stronger electric field near electric pellets with a shape of ball of ${\phi}5$[mm] than $1{\phi}$[mm] and $3.33{\phi}$[mm] at atmosphere. And the maximum electric field of dielectric pellets with a shape of ball over ${\phi}5$[mm] increased about 5[%] to maximum electric field of electric pellets with a shape of ball ${\phi}5$[mm]. And the result of simulation, when relative dielectric constant of dielectric pellets with a shape of ball is 100, it measured about 90[%] of maximum electric field of dielectric pellets with a shape of ball with relative dielectric constant over 1000.

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Dielectric Loss Tangent Measurement Using the $Al_{2}O_{3}$ Crystal Capacitor ($Al_{2}O_{3}$ Crystal Capacitor를 이용한 유전손실 측정)

  • Kim, Kwang-Soo;Her, In-Sung;Lee, Chong-Chan;Park, Dea-Hee
    • Proceedings of the Korean Institute of Electrical and Electronic Material Engineers Conference
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    • pp.109-122
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    • 2002
  • The standard capacitor must have not only precise value of the capacitance but also the basic properties of low dielectric loss tangent. In the reforming process of capacitors, the dielectric loss tangent must be also reformed. In this paper, the development of standard capacitors of 10 and 100pF for the dielectric loss tangent standard using $Al_{2}O_{3}$ Crystal and the measurement of dielectric loss tangent are discussed. The dielectric loss tangent depends upon the surface between electrode and dielectric in capacitor. With using the Electric Field Simulator, precise design values of electrode are simulated. For the purpose of measuring capacitance effect just in the dielectric, 3-Terminal and 4-Terminal Pair configuration are applied respectively at the electrode and the connector for the measuring equipment. As stated above method, the standard capacitors of 10 and l00pF for the establishment of the dielectric loss tangent standard using the $Al_{2}O_{3}$ Crystal are made with low dielectric loss tangent less than 10-4.

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Low Dielectric Constant Polymeric Materials for Microelectronics Applications (마이크로전자 응용에서의 저유전율 고분자 재료)

  • 이호영
    • Journal of the Microelectronics and Packaging Society
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    • v.9 no.3
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    • pp.57-67
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    • 2002
  • Increased signal speed can be obtained in three ways: changing the layout and/or the ratio of the width to thickness of the metal lines, decreasing the specific resistance of the interconnect metal, and decreasing the dielectric constant of the insulating material (intermetal dielectric). Further advancement cannot be expected from changing layout or decreasing specific resistance. The only alternative is to use an insulating material with a lower dielectric constant than other ones used presently. A large variety of polymers has been proposed for use as materials with low dielectric constants for applications in microelectronics. In this review, the properties of selected polymers as well as various fabrication methods for polymer thin films are discussed. Based on the properties described so far, and the requirements for applications as intermetal dielectric material, the possibilities for further developments also are discussed.

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Dielectric Properties of Carbon Black-Filled Polyethylene Matrix Composites (카본블랙 충진 Polyethylene Matrix Composites의 유전 특성)

  • Shin, Soon-Gi
    • Korean Journal of Materials Research
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    • v.21 no.4
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    • pp.196-201
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    • 2011
  • It is known that the relative dielectric constant of insulating polyethylene matrix composites with conducting materials (such as carbon black and metal powder) increases as the conducting material content increases below the percolation threshold. Below the percolation threshold, dielectric properties show an ohmic behavior and their value is almost the same as that of the matrix. The change is very small, but its origin is not clear. In this paper, the dielectric properties of carbon black-filled polyethylene matrix composites are studied based on the effect medium approximation theory. Although there is a significant amount of literature on the calculation based on the theory of changing the parameters, an overall discussion taking into account the theory is required in order to explain the dielectric properties of the composites. Changes of dielectric properties and the temperature dependence of dielectric properties of the composites made of carbon particle and polyethylene below the percolation threshold for the volume fraction of carbon black have been discussed based on the theory. Above the percolation threshold, the composites are satisfied with the universal law of conductivity, whereas below the percolation threshold, they give the critical exponent of s = 1 for dielectric constant. The rate at which the percentages of both the dielectric constant and the dielectric loss factor for temperature increases with more volume fraction below the percolation threshold.

탄소나노튜브와 ZnS:Cu,Cl 형광체 무기 EL

  • Kim, Jin-Yeong;Jeong, Dong-Geun;Yu, Se-Gi
    • Proceedings of the Korean Vacuum Society Conference
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    • pp.68-68
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    • 2010
  • Electroluminescence (EL) characteristics of green-emission ZnS:Cu,Cl-based ac-type inorganic powder electroluminescent structures were examined by inserting carbon nanotubes (CNTs) into or next to the dielectric layer. For the top-emission type EL structure, where the luminescent light was emitted from the top of the structure, was fabricated by assembling in order, a top electrode, an emitting layer, a dielectric layer, and a bottom electrode from the top. $BaTiO_3$ powder mixed with CNTs was used as a dielectric layer or CNTs were deposited between the bottom electrode and $BaTiO_3$ dielectric layer in order to improve the role of the dielectric layer in the structure. Luminance of an EL structure with CNTs inclusion was greatly enhanced possibly due to the high dielectric constant in the dielectric layer of $BaTiO_3$/CNTs, which is one of hot research topics utilizing nano-objects for intensifying dielectric constant and reducing dielectric loss at the same time. A variation on the CNTs themselves and their inclusion methods in the dielectric layer has been exhorted, and the underlying mechanism for the role of CNTs in the EL structure will be explained in the poster. In order to extend the flexibility of EL devices, EL devices were fabricated on the paper substrate and their performance was compared other EL devices on the plastic-based substrate.

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Microwave Dielectric Properties of Low Temperature Co-fired Ceramics with Glass Frit and TiO2 Additives (Glass Frit 및 TiO2 첨가에 따른 LTCC용 마이크로파 유전체의 유전 특성)

  • 윤중락;이석원;이헌용
    • Journal of the Korean Institute of Electrical and Electronic Material Engineers
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    • v.17 no.9
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    • pp.942-946
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    • 2004
  • The crystalline and dielectric properties on Al$_2$O$_3$ filled glass frit (CaO-Al$_2$O$_3$-SiO$_2$-MgO-B$_2$O$_3$) with admixtures of TiO$_2$ have been investigated. The dielectric constant value of 7.5 ∼ 7.8, qualify factor value of 700 were obtained for glass frit : Al$_2$O$_3$(50 : 50 wt%) ceramics. Addition of TiO$_2$ less than 5 wt% slightly increased the dielectric constant from 7.8 to 8.8 due to higher dielectric constant of TiO$_2$. With increasing the amount of TiO$_2$ up to 5 wt%, the temperature coefficient of dielectric properties was improved. When the TiO$_2$ 5 wt% were added, dielectric properties were dielectric constant 8.8, quality factor 840 and the temperature coefficient of dielectric 45 ppm/$^{\circ}C$ at a sintering temperature 920$^{\circ}C$.