• Title, Summary, Keyword: dielectric properties

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Dielectric Properties of Agricultural Properties and Their Use in Moisture Sensing and Other Applications

  • Nelson, Stuart O.
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society for Agricultural Machinery Conference
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    • pp.293-304
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    • 1996
  • Historical interest in dielectric properties of agricultural products and definitions of dielectric terms and basic principles governing their influence on elelctromagnetic energy are presented briefly . The nature of dielectric properties variation with frequency, temperature , and product density is discussed, Graphical data on the dielectric properties of products are presented that illustrate the dependence of these properties on moisture content, frequency, temperature, and density. Applications microwave dielectric properties of agricultural products are cited that include radio-frequency (RF) and microwave heating for seed treatment, improvement of nutritional and keeping qualities of some products, and controlling insects in grain. Uses of dielectric properties for product quality measurement and the rapid determination of moisture content are described. Principle of moisture determination in bulk grain by RF and microwave measurements are briefly presented.

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Temperature, Electric Field, Pressure Dependency and Dielectric properties on the interface between XLPE and EPDM (XLPE와 EPDM의 계면에 따른 유전특성과 온도, 전계, 압력의존성)

  • 김동식;박대희
    • Proceedings of the Korean Institute of Electrical and Electronic Material Engineers Conference
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    • pp.109-111
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    • 1997
  • In this paper, we have evaluated temperature, electric field, Pressure dependency and dielectric properties of EPDM XLPE and EPDM/XLPE\`s interface. Temperature dependency of EPDM had great influence with dielectric properties, but pressure and applied voltage of EPDM had no effect on dielectric properties. Dielectric properties of XLPE were influenced by not only temperature but also pressure and applied voltage. We knowed that dielectric properties of EPDM/XLPE were trended toward tendency of those of EPDM

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Dielectric Properties of Ceramic/Polymer Composites at Microwave Frequencies

  • Kim, Eung-Su;Jeon, Chang-Jun
    • Proceedings of the Materials Research Society of Korea Conference
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    • pp.19.1-19.1
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    • 2011
  • Effects of particle size, crystal structures and multilayer structures of $ATiO_3$, $ATa_2O_6$, $ANb_2O_6$, $AWO_4$, and $AMoO_4$ (A=Ni, Mg, Zn, Co) ceramic fillers on the dielectric properties of polystyrene (PS), polypropylene (PP) and polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE) polymer matrices were investigated at microwave frequencies. The microwave dielectric properties of $ATiO_3$ (ilmenite), $ATa_2O_6$ (tri-rutile), $ANb_2O_6$ (columbite), AWO4 (wolframite), and AMoO4 (wolframite) ceramics were largely dependent on the structural characteristics of oxygen octahedra. The dielectric constant (K) of the composites was increased with the ceramic content. However, the dielectric loss (tan ${\delta}$) of the composites was affected by the type of ceramics and the crystallinity of polymers. For the composites with same amount of ceramics, the K was decreased and the tan ${\delta}$ was increased with the particle size of ceramics. Also, the dielectric properties of the composites were dependent on the multilayer structures with different arrangements. Several theoretical models have been employed to predict the effective dielectric properties of the composites. The frequency dependence of dielectric properties and the temperature coefficient of resonant frequency (TCF) of the composites were also discussed.

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Dielectric Properties of Carbon Black-Filled Polyethylene Matrix Composites (카본블랙 충진 Polyethylene Matrix Composites의 유전 특성)

  • Shin, Soon-Gi
    • Korean Journal of Materials Research
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    • v.21 no.4
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    • pp.196-201
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    • 2011
  • It is known that the relative dielectric constant of insulating polyethylene matrix composites with conducting materials (such as carbon black and metal powder) increases as the conducting material content increases below the percolation threshold. Below the percolation threshold, dielectric properties show an ohmic behavior and their value is almost the same as that of the matrix. The change is very small, but its origin is not clear. In this paper, the dielectric properties of carbon black-filled polyethylene matrix composites are studied based on the effect medium approximation theory. Although there is a significant amount of literature on the calculation based on the theory of changing the parameters, an overall discussion taking into account the theory is required in order to explain the dielectric properties of the composites. Changes of dielectric properties and the temperature dependence of dielectric properties of the composites made of carbon particle and polyethylene below the percolation threshold for the volume fraction of carbon black have been discussed based on the theory. Above the percolation threshold, the composites are satisfied with the universal law of conductivity, whereas below the percolation threshold, they give the critical exponent of s = 1 for dielectric constant. The rate at which the percentages of both the dielectric constant and the dielectric loss factor for temperature increases with more volume fraction below the percolation threshold.

Dielectric Properties of Orthorhombic Dysprosium Manganites

  • Wang, Wei Tian
    • Korean Journal of Materials Research
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    • v.29 no.12
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    • pp.753-756
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    • 2019
  • Orthorhombic dysprosium manganite DyMnO3 with single phase is synthesized using solid-state reaction technique and the crystal structure and dielectric properties as functions of temperature and frequency are investigated. Thermally activated dielectric relaxations are shown in the temperature dependence of the complex permittivity, and the respective peaks are found to be shifted to higher temperatures as the measuring frequency increases. In Arrhenius plots, activation energies of 0.32 and 0.24 eV for the high- and low-temperature relaxations are observed, respectively. Analysis of the relationship between the real and imaginary parts of the permittivity and the frequencies allows us to explain the dielectric behavior of DyMnO3 ceramics by the universal dielectric response model. A separation of the intrinsic grain and grain boundary properties is achieved using an equivalent circuit model. The dielectric responses of this circuit are discerned by impedance spectroscopy study. The determined grain and grain boundary effects in the orthorhombic DyMnO3 ceramics are responsible for the observed high- and low-temperature relaxations in the dielectric properties.

Evaluation of Microwave Dielectric Properties of MgO-TiO2 System by Dielectric Mixing Rules

  • Kim, Eung-Soo;Seo, Seock-No
    • Journal of the Korean Ceramic Society
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    • v.47 no.2
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    • pp.163-168
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    • 2010
  • Effects of compositions on the microwave dielectric properties of the MgO-$TiO_2$ system were investigated as a function of the molar ratio of MgO to $TiO_2$ ($0.9{\leq}MgO/TiO_2\;(x){\leq}1.2$). With the compositional changes, secondary phases of $MgTi_2O_5$ and $Mg_2TiO_4$ were also detected along with $MgTiO_3$. Microwave dielectric properties of the specimens were dependent on the types of phases developed in the sintered specimens. A single phase of $MgTiO_3$ showed a dielectric constant (K) of 18.2, a quality factor (Qf) of 198,000 GHz, and a temperature coefficient of resonant frequency (TCF) of $-51\;ppm/^{\circ}C$. However, the dielectric properties of the specimens with a secondary phase of $MgTi_2O_5$ (K=19.9, Qf=48,000 GHz) and/or $Mg_2TiO_4$ (K=15.6, Qf=56,000 GHz) were worsened. Dependence of the microwave dielectric properties on the secondary phase of the MgO-$TiO_2$ system was also discussed in terms of dielectric mixing rules.

A Study on the Dielectric Properties of Glass Fiber-Reinforced Plastic Composites (유리 섬유 강화 복합재료의 유전 특성에 관한 연구)

  • Lee, B.S.;Whang, M.W.;Kim, J.S.;Cho, G.S.;Yuk, J.H.;Lee, D.C.
    • Proceedings of the KIEE Conference
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    • pp.1615-1617
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    • 1996
  • In this study, epoxidized bisphenolic resins laminated with glass fiber mat(GFRP) are ivestigated on surface, bulk aspect and dielectric constant(${\varepsilon}'$ and ${\varepsilon}''$) vs. frequency characteristics with temperature. The investigation shows the different characteristics accordig to the attachments of fiber surface, filler content, matrix properties, and the others. Especially, dielectric properties of this sample are highly increased above $100^{\circ}C$ and decreased with the rise of frequency. There is a resonance at the high frequency region ($1MHz{\sim}10MHz$). So, dielectric properties show the shift with frequency and temperature. Dielectric properties of EGL 10 are higher than those of EGL 40 with the frequency. Generally, dielectric properties of EGL 10 are more unstable than those of EGL 40 on the shift of frequency and temperature.

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Microwave Dielectric Properties of Low Temperature Co-fired Ceramics with Glass Frit and TiO2 Additives (Glass Frit 및 TiO2 첨가에 따른 LTCC용 마이크로파 유전체의 유전 특성)

  • 윤중락;이석원;이헌용
    • Journal of the Korean Institute of Electrical and Electronic Material Engineers
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    • v.17 no.9
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    • pp.942-946
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    • 2004
  • The crystalline and dielectric properties on Al$_2$O$_3$ filled glass frit (CaO-Al$_2$O$_3$-SiO$_2$-MgO-B$_2$O$_3$) with admixtures of TiO$_2$ have been investigated. The dielectric constant value of 7.5 ∼ 7.8, qualify factor value of 700 were obtained for glass frit : Al$_2$O$_3$(50 : 50 wt%) ceramics. Addition of TiO$_2$ less than 5 wt% slightly increased the dielectric constant from 7.8 to 8.8 due to higher dielectric constant of TiO$_2$. With increasing the amount of TiO$_2$ up to 5 wt%, the temperature coefficient of dielectric properties was improved. When the TiO$_2$ 5 wt% were added, dielectric properties were dielectric constant 8.8, quality factor 840 and the temperature coefficient of dielectric 45 ppm/$^{\circ}C$ at a sintering temperature 920$^{\circ}C$.

Dielectric Properties of Fresh Ginseng Determined by an Open-Ended Coaxial Probe Technique (수삼의 마이크로파 유전특성)

  • Hong, Seok-In;Lee, Boo-Yong;Park, Dong-June;Oh, Seung-Yong
    • Korean Journal of Food Science and Technology
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    • v.28 no.3
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    • pp.470-474
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    • 1996
  • The dielectric properties, dielectric constant (${\varepsilon}‘$) and loss factor (${\varepsilon}’$), of skin and pulp of fresh ginseng were measured from $25^{\circ}C$ to $67^{\circ}C$ using an open-ended coaxial probe technique for 915 MHz and 2450 MHz. Pulp and skin had dielectric constant of $30{\sim}64$ and loss factor between 10 and 20, each variable having a respective frequency dependence typical of materials with high water content. Although the loss factor was nearly constant, the dielectric constant increased as moisture content increased. The dielectric constant of ginseng pulp increased as temperature increased (temperature ${\leq}56^{\circ}C$), but any significant differences were not found in skin dielectric properties. Penetration depth for fresh ginseng were about 2 cm at 91.5 MHz and 1cm at 2450 MHz.

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Effects of Crystal Structure on Microwave Dielectric Properties of Ceramics

  • Kim, Eung-Soo;Jeon, Chang-Jun;Kim, Sung-Joo;Kim, Su-Jung
    • Journal of the Korean Ceramic Society
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    • v.45 no.5
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    • pp.251-255
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    • 2008
  • Microwave dielectric properties of $MgTiO_3,\;MgWO_4,\;MgNb_2O_6$, and $MgTa_2O_6$ were investigated based on the structural characteristics. The dielectric constant (K) was dependent on the dielectric polarizabilities of the specimens, and the deviation of the observed dielectric polarizabilities (${\alpha}_{obs.}$) from the theoretical dielectric polarizabilities (${\alpha}_{theo.}$) were decreased with increasing of Mg-site bond valence. Quality factors (Qf) were affected by the sharing type of $MgO_6$ and $BO_6$ octahedra. Temperature coefficient of resonant frequency (TCF) was decreased with increasing of average octahedral distortion.