• Title, Summary, Keyword: dietary behaviors

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Nutrition Knowledge, Dietary Attitudes, and Food Behaviors of College Students (남녀 대학생의 영양지식, 식태도 및 식행동)

  • 김기남;이경신
    • Korean Journal of Community Nutrition
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    • v.1 no.1
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    • pp.89-99
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    • 1996
  • This survey was carried out with Choongbuk university students to study their nutrition knowledge, dietary altitudes, and flood behaviors, in September, 1994 It showed women had more nutrition knowledge, more positive dietary altitudes, and ate various floods mort frequently. Students boarding themselves had poor food behaviors. There were positive relationships between nutrition knowledge and dietary attitudes, and dietary attitudes and flood behaviors. More reasonable nutrition education is needed far desirable food behaviors.

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Dietary Behaviors, Food Preferences and Its Relationships with Personality Traits in Sixth Grader′s of Elementary School (초등학교 6학년 아동의 식사행동 및 식품기호와 성격특성)

  • 백정자;이희숙
    • Korean Journal of Community Nutrition
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    • v.9 no.2
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    • pp.135-141
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    • 2004
  • Although many studies have focused on dietary habits and behaviors among children, few have looked at individual dietary behaviors and food preferences and their relationships with personality traits. This study examined the relationships between children's dietary behaviors, food preferences and personality traits using a random sample of 236 sixth graders in Chuncheon. Results showed a high prevalence of undesirable dietary behaviors among children: 42.8% of the children had skipped breakfast at least twice a week, 53% had overeaten, 45.8% had eaten irregularly, and 66.5% had eaten an unbalanced meal. These undesirable dietary behaviors were negatively associated with such personality traits as sociability, responsibility, emotional stability, activity, and superiority. When asked about food preference, fruits were most popular while vegetables were least desirable. Total food preference scores were positively correlated with emotional stability (r=.204), activeness (r=.247), sociability (r=.156), responsibility (r=.249), and superiority (r=.133). Preference for meats had negative correlations with responsibility (r=-.133), sociability (r=-.146), and superiority (r=-.132), while preference for vegetables was positively correlated with these personality traits (r=.292, .244, and .230, respectively). In conclusion, the more desirable dietary behaviors and the higher total food preference scores, the more positive the child's personality traits. In addition, preference for vegetables was associated with positive personality traits. The findings suggest the need for continuous attention and guidance on desirable dietary habits for school children both at home and at school.

The Factors affecting for Sweet Foods Intake of Middle School Students in Incheon Area (일부 중학생의 단 식품류 섭취에 영향을 미치는 요인 분석)

  • Lee, Kwang-Su;Jang, Jae-Seon
    • The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition
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    • v.28 no.4
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    • pp.658-665
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    • 2015
  • This study was conducted to provide desirable way on the eating of sugar foods, specifically the differences between dietary attitude, dietary behaviors and intake frequency. Data was collected from 279 middle students in the Incheon region through a self-administered questionnaire. According to the results of the reliability and factor analysis, the dietary attitude, dietary behaviors and intake frequency was 3.52, 2.89 and 2.51, with a Cronbach alpha coefficient of 0.867, 0.789, 0.940 and KMO of 0.899. Factor analysis extracted three components of the sugar preference, which we named dietary attitude (factor 1), dietary behaviors (factor 2), and intake frequency (factor 3). The dietary attitude and dietary behaviors showed a significant difference between sugar preference and non-preference (p < 0.05). Also, intake frequency of sugar food showed a significant differences in chocolate, chocolate products, and ice cream between sugar preference and non-preference (p < 0.05), whereas no significant differences were found in cake, bread kinds, juice, sweetness milk, yogurt between sugar preference and non-preference (p > 0.05). A significant positive result of intake frequency of sugar food (p < 0.05) was shown for the dietary attitude, BMI, weight, and monthly pocket money. Based on this study, the reduction of sugar intake is needed especially for middle students.

Analysis of Adult Behaviors to Decrease Exposure to Endocrine Disruptors in Dietary Life (식생활에서의 내분비계 장애물질에 대한 성인들의 노출 저감화 행동 분석)

  • Kim, Mee-Ra;Kim, Hyo-Chung
    • Journal of the East Asian Society of Dietary Life
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    • v.21 no.3
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    • pp.451-462
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    • 2011
  • The purpose of this study was to examine the level of concern and the level of knowledge of endocrine disruptors, and the level of dietary behaviors to decrease exposure to endocrine disruptors, to determine the factors affecting the level of knowledge and behaviors, and to assess the causal relationship between them. The data were collected from 579 adults in Seoul, Incheon, Daejeon, Daegu, Busan and Gwangju provinces. Frequencies, t tests, analysis of variance, Cronbach's alpha, Pearson's correlation coefficient analysis, multiple regression analyses, and path analysis were carried out by SPSS for Win V.18.0. The results of this study were as follows: The level of concern about endocrine disruptors was higher than the medium level. The respondents were most concerned about a container of cup ramen among products related to foods. The levels of both knowledge and behaviors in order to decrease exposure to endocrine disruptors in dietary life were not high. The factors affecting the level of knowledge of endocrine disruptors were educational level, attendance in education for endocrine disruptors, and concern about endocrine disruptors. On the other hand, sex, age, concern about endocrine disruptors, and the level of knowledge of endocrine disruptors affected the level of behaviors to decrease exposure toward endocrine disruptors. The results of the path analysis showed that educational level and education of endocrine disruptors had an indirect influence on the level of behaviors in order to decrease exposure to endocrine disruptors in dietary life. The concern about endocrine disruptors had both a direct and an indirect effect on the level of behaviors to decrease exposure to endocrine disruptors in dietary life. In addition, sex, age and the level of knowledge of endocrine disruptors directly affected the level of behaviors to decrease exposure to endocrine disruptors in dietary life.

A Cross-Cultural Investigation of Nutrition Knowledge, Dietary Behaviors, and Checking Behaviors of Food and Nutrition Labels between Korean and Chinese University Students (한국과 중국 대학생의 영양지식, 식행동 및 식품영양 표시 확인 행동에 관한 비교 연구)

  • Shuchen, Guo;Kim, Hyochung;Kim, Meera
    • Journal of the East Asian Society of Dietary Life
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    • v.25 no.6
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    • pp.942-951
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    • 2015
  • This study compared nutrition knowledge, dietary behaviors, and checking behaviors of food and nutrition labels between Korean and Chinese university students to obtain useful data for development of an education program for healthy dietary life. The data were collected by a self-administered questionnaire in Korea and China. Frequencies, t tests, ${\chi}^2$ tests, Cronbach's ${\alpha}$, and Pearson's correlation coefficient analysis were conducted by SPSS Win. V.21.0. The levels of nutrition knowledge and dietary behaviors were not high. Korean students showed higher percentage of correct answers about nutrition knowledge and levels of dietary behaviors than Chinese students. The means of degree of checking contents of food labels were 3.46 points for Korean students and 3.11 for Chinese students. Both groups of students showed the highest degree of checking milk and dairy products. The degree of understanding nutritive component labeling of Chinese students was higher than that of Korean students. Both groups of students showed higher than normal levels of confidence about nutritive component labeling and necessity of education on food and nutrition labels. The most preferred method of education on food and nutrition labels was broadcast media for both groups of students. In addition, there were significant correlations among nutrition knowledge, dietary behaviors, checking degree of food labels, checking degree of nutritive component labeling, and experience of nutrition education.

A Study on the Nutrition Knowledge, Dietary Behaviors, and Dietary Habits according to the Gender in High School Students in Chungnam Area (충남지역 고등학생의 성별에 따른 영양지식, 식행동 및 식습관 연구)

  • Jeong, Kyeong Jin;Lee, Je-Hyuk;Kim, Myung Hee
    • The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition
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    • v.27 no.3
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    • pp.458-469
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    • 2014
  • Aim of this study is to investigate the nutrition knowledge, dietary behaviors, and dietary habits by the gender in high school students in Chungnam province. Girls students had a higher score than boys students for nutritional knowledge, not in the significant difference. However, boys students had a higher score for dietary behaviors than girls students. Dietary habits showed a significant difference in the unbalanced food habit and eating speed by the gender, and the eating speed of boys students was faster than that of girls students. For boys students, the nutritional knowledge and dietary behaviors did not have the significant correlation. Otherwise, girls students had the positive correlation between the nutritional knowledge and dietary behaviors, and had the characteristics of behaviors that the higher the nutritional knowledge score, the better eating habit. In addition, the boys and girls students had the positive correlation between the score of nutritional knowledge and the frequency of breakfast, and the score of nutritional knowledge and the frequency/regularity of breakfast, respectively. Because some dietary habits/behaviors are related closely to their nutritional knowledge, the high school students need the systematic and steady nutritional education to apply their known nutritional knowledge to actual life.

Dietary Habits, Nutrition Knowledge and Dietary Behaviors of the 3rd Grade Elementary School Students in Ulsan Area by Sex and Skipping Breakfast (성별 및 아침 결식이 초등학생의 식습관, 영양 지식 및 식행동에 미치는 영향 - 울산 지역 일부 초등학교 3학년생을 중심으로 -)

  • Kim, Min-Jung;Kim, Yun-Hee
    • Journal of the East Asian Society of Dietary Life
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    • v.20 no.2
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    • pp.209-217
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    • 2010
  • This study was performed to examine dietary habits, nutrition knowledge and dietary behaviors of elementary school students by sex and skipping breakfast. The subjects were 3rd grade elementary school students in Ulsan area (total 1,349; 734 males and 615 females). The skipping breakfast group were 215 students, 15.4% of total subjects. Major reasons for skipping breakfast were 'have no time' 27.8%, 'no appetite' 26.9%, 'over sleeping' 14.9%. Females and eating breakfast group had better dietary habits than males and skipping breakfast group. The scores of nutrition knowledge of females were higher than those of males. The dietary behaviors scores of eating breakfast group were higher than those of skipping the breakfast categories. Our results showed that these difference by sex and skipping breakfast in dietary habits, nutrition knowledges, dietary behaviors should be considered in developing of nutrition education program for low-grade elementary school students.

Dietary Behaviors of Preschool Children and Food Allergy Prevalence of Preschool Childcare Facilities in Gwangsan-gu, Gwangju Metropolitan City (광주광역시 광산구 보육시설 유아의 식행동과 식품알레르기 발생 현황)

  • Yang, Eunju
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Culture
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    • v.35 no.1
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    • pp.97-106
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    • 2020
  • This study aimed to evaluate dietary behaviors and food allergy status of preschool children in Gwangsan-gu, Gwangju Metropolitan city. The survey included 592 preschool children aged 1-5 years old in 31 childcare facilities. General characteristics, feeding type, complementary feeding, food allergy, dietary behaviors based on the NQ-P questionnaire, and dietary habits of their family were considered. Exclusively breast-fed children was 32.2% of the subjects and the breast feeding duration was 6.5 months. Subjects who had complementary feeding within 6 months was 77.2% and starting time of complementary feeding was 6.1 months. Fifteen percent of the subjects had food allergies and foods that induced allergy were instant foods, eggs, milk and dairy products, nuts, seafood. Food allergy was not related to breast feeding nor complementary feeding. The NQ-P score and its 3 factors including 'balance', 'moderation', and 'environment' were 59.9, 61.1, 56.0, 62.6, respectively. There were positive relations between children's dietary behaviors and family dietary habits such as breakfast eating frequency and meal regularity. As age of children increased, instant food intake increased and breakfast eating frequency decreased. Proper nutrition education is needed to children, their parents, and their care givers at childcare facilities to improve children's dietary behavior and health.

Relationship between Dietary Behaviors and Life Stress of Middle School Students in Gyeonggi Area (경기지역 일부 중학생의 식행동과 생활스트레스와의 관계)

  • Park, Kyung Ae;Lee, Myoung Sook;Song, Kyung Hee
    • Korean Journal of Community Nutrition
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    • v.24 no.5
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    • pp.384-394
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    • 2019
  • Objectives: The study was performed to examine the dietary behaviors and life stress of middle school students in the Gyeonggi area. Methods: A total of 580 middle school students (295 males, 285 females) in the Gyeonggi area participated in the study between July and August in 2011. The study was a questionnaire-based survey that included dietary habits, dietary behaviors, and life stress. Results: For dietary habits, the score for drinking milk was higher in male students than in female students, whereas the score for eating fruits was higher in female students compared to male students. There were significant differences in foods eaten and preferred under stress between male and female students. Male students showed significantly less changes in the number of meals, amount of meal intake, number of snacks, snack intake, frequency of overeating, and appetite during stress than female students. Life stress score of students largely came from academic factors, and female students showed higher stress levels in personal and surrounding environment factors than male students. Life stress score was significantly lower in students with high and moderate levels of dietary habits than in students with a low level of dietary habits. Total score for dietary habits and scores for eating adequate amounts of foods for each meal, considering a combination of food groups at each meal and eating green and orange vegetables, were significantly negatively correlated with life stress score. Life stress score was significantly negatively correlated with meal regularity and positively with the level of overeating. Conclusions: This study may provide basic information on dietary habits and life stress according to gender and the relationship between dietary behaviors and life stress of middle school students, and it suggests gender-based nutrition education programs to solve undesirable dietary habits and dietary behaviors in students with higher stress.

College Students’Dietary and Health Behaviors related to Their Myers-Briggs Type Indicator Personality Preferences (대학생들의 성격지표에 따른 식행태와 건강생태)

  • 김병숙;이영은
    • Korean Journal of Community Nutrition
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    • v.7 no.1
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    • pp.32-44
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    • 2002
  • The objective of this study was to evaluate college students’dietary and health behaviors in relation to their Myers-Briggs Type Indicator (MBTI) personality preferences. Dietary and health behaviors were surveyed for 444 college students who performed the MBTI personality test. Only 6.1% of the subjects regularly had three meals a day, while 27.1% ate breakfast every day. Fifty-six point nine percent of the students took less than 15 minutes to eat a meal and had the habit of eating fast. The number of food groups they ate was, on average, 2.74 and was eaten mainly at dinner. This showed that college students did not eat a large variety of foods. Eighty-two percent of the subjects drank alcoholic beverages, 21.4% smoked, and 69.3% exercised. In addition, 73.9% of them were not satisfied with their body image, but they were not eager to try weight control. There were not many significant differences between Extraversion (E)-Introversion (I), Sensing (S)-iNtuition (N), and Thinking (T)-Feeling (F) in their dietary and heath behaviors, although some gender differences existed. Significantly better dietary and health behaviors were shown in subjects preferring Judging (J) rather than Perceiving (P). There behaviors included eating breakfast, regularly eating three meals a day, smoking less, exercising more and having a lower tendency to night-eating. The personality preference of J-P could be useful index for nutritional education and counseling or behavior modification programs for obese people.