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Color Culture of Japanese Modern Age -Focussed on Edo Period- (일본 근세의 색채 문화 -에도(江戶) 시대를 중심으로-)

  • Lee, Kyunghee
    • Journal of Fashion Business
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    • v.20 no.4
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    • pp.1-14
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    • 2016
  • Japan has several unique traditional colors. The traditional colors of Japan include a collection of colors used in traditional Japanese literature, textiles such as the kimono, and other Japanese arts. Japanese color system has a long history, leading to some consistencies in color and naming. During the Edo period(1603~1867), the unique color sense of 'iki' produced many color names that are often related to mouse(nezumi) and tea(cha), and fashion color originated as kabuki actors. As for colors named after animals, the most popular appears to be the mouse, which is used to express grey tones. Recently, many fashion companies in Japan have been working on reviving an interest in traditional Japanese colors. Ordinary people of Edo named even slightly different color tones, each with individual exquisite and mind valuing 'iki' senses. They translated these into their livelihood and culture. The colorimetry result of 49 restored dyed fabrics were as follows; Hue difference was 7.8, value difference was 2.9, chroma difference was 1.8 of prefix siro. Hue difference was 3.8, value difference was 1.6, chroma difference was 1.7 of prefix usu. Hue difference was 3.5, value difference was 1.5, chroma difference was 1.4 of prefix cha. Hue difference was 6.4, value difference was 1.1, chroma difference was 1.6 of prefix koi. Hue difference was 7.5, value difference was 0.8, chroma difference was 3.3 of prefix nezumi.

An Experimental Study on the Difference of Blood Constituent in Four Types of Physical Constitution (체질(體質)에 따른 혈중(血中) 성분(成分)의 차이(差異)에 관(關)한 실험적(實驗的) 고찰(考察))

  • Choi, Moon-Kyu
    • The Journal of Internal Korean Medicine
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    • v.13 no.2
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    • pp.48-56
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    • 1992
  • Comparative blook analysis was carried out to investigate the difference of blood constituent in four types of physical constitution. Isoleucine(Ile), Alanine(Ala), Cysteine(Cys), Tyrosine(Tyr), Methionine(Met) were measured. And the following results were obtained: 1. The value of Isoleucine(Ile) on the constitution didn't shown significant difference, but between the value of SO-YANG-IN and SO-EUM-IN showed significant difference. 2. The value of Alanine(Ala) on the constitution didn't shown significant difference. 3. The value of Cysteine(Cys) on the constitution didn't shown significant difference, but between the value of SO-YANG-IN and SO-EUM-IN showed significant difference. 4. Between the value of control group and SO-YANG-IN showed significant difference, and between the value of SO-YANG-IN and TAE-EUM-IN, SO-YANG-IN and SO-EUM-IN showed significant difference. 5. Between the value of control group and SO-YANG-IN showed significant difference.

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Study on Economic analysis and Dessemination Policy of Unused Energy (미활용에너지의 경제적 효과 및 보급지원방안 연구)

  • An, Hyung-Jun;Baek, Sung-Kwon;Heo, Eunn-Yeong
    • 한국신재생에너지학회:학술대회논문집
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    • pp.95-98
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    • 2008
  • Temperature difference energy is a good energy source replacing the fossil fuels. In the study, we classified the temperature difference energy as 4 types by the source & using method. For the understanding economic property of temperature difference energy, we tried simle economic analysis. As the result, Pay back period of 4 case of the temperature difference energy are from 1.23 to 12.65 years. Major factors influenced economic effect are operation time and energy user distance from the temperature difference energy source. If we can select optimal capacity and look for more effient energy users, Temperature difference energy play a important role of replacing fossil energy. So, for dess emination of temperature difference energy, we suggest that temperature difference energy must be included in renewable energy. Applying the effective methods among various promotion program of renewable energy policy, utilization of temperature difference energy could be activated.

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Detection of LSB Matching Revisited Using Pixel Difference Feature

  • Li, Wenxiang;Zhang, Tao;Zhu, Zhenhao;Zhang, Yan;Ping, Xin
    • KSII Transactions on Internet and Information Systems (TIIS)
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    • v.7 no.10
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    • pp.2514-2526
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    • 2013
  • This paper presents a detection method for least significant bit matching revisited (LSBMR) steganography. Previous research shows that the adjacent pixels of natural images are highly correlated and the value 0 appears most frequently in pixel difference. Considering that the message embedding process of LSBMR steganography has a weighted-smoothing effect on the distribution of pixel difference, the frequency of the occurrence of value 0 in pixel difference changes most significantly whereas other values approximately remain unchanged during message embedding. By analyzing the effect of LSBMR steganography on pixel difference distribution, an equation is deduced to estimate the frequency of difference value 0 using the frequencies of difference values 1 and 2. The sum of the ratio of the estimated value to the actual value as well as the ratio of the frequency of difference value 1 to difference value 0 is used as the steganalytic detector. Experimental results show that the proposed method can effectively detect LSBMR steganography and can outperform previous proposed methods.

Skew Difference Algebras

  • Chajda, Ivan
    • Kyungpook Mathematical Journal
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    • v.50 no.1
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    • pp.81-87
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    • 2010
  • We modify the definition of difference algebra given by J. Meng to obtain a structure which is a directoid with sectional switching involutions with respect to the given partial order. Moreover, we show that this is a representation of our skew difference algebras because every such directoid can be converted into a skew difference algebra.

A Study on the Specific Hormone Characteristics on the Blood in Four Types of Physical Constitution (체질(體質)에 따른 혈중(血中) Hormone 특성(特性)에 관한 연구(硏究))

  • Kim, Dae Seong;Kim, Gyeong-Yo;Han, Jong-Hyeon
    • Journal of Sasang Constitutional Medicine
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    • v.4 no.1
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    • pp.193-212
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    • 1992
  • Comparative hormones quantities on the blood analysis was carried out to investigate the hormones specific characters on the blood in four types of physical constitution. Thyroid-stimulating (TSH), triiodothyronine($T_3$), triiodothyronine uptake($T_3$ uptake), free triiodothyronine(free $T_3$), thyroxine($T_4$), free thyroxine (free $T_4$), thyroxine-binding globulin(TBG), adrenocorticotropic hormone(ACTH), luteinizing hormone(LH), testosterone were measured. The results obtained were summarized as follows: 1. The value of thyroid-stimulating hormone(TSH) on the constitution didn't shown significant difference, while the value of So-EUM-IN was increased and SO-YANG-IN was decreased. 2. The value of triiodothyronine($T_3$) on the constitution didn't shown significant difference, while the value of TAE-EUM-IN was decreased. 3. The value of triiodothyronine uptake($T_3$ uptake) on the constitution didn't shown significant difference, but between the value of TAE-EUM-IN and SO-EUM-IN, TAE-EUM-In and SO-YANG-IN showed significant difference. 4. The value of free triiodothyronine(free $T_3$) on the constitution didn't shown signifcant difference, but between the value of TAE-EUM-IN and SO-EUM-In, TAE-EUM-In and SO-YANG-IN showed significant difference. 5. The value of thyroxine($T_4$) on the constitution didn't shown significant difference, while the value of TAE-EUM-IN and SO-YANG-IN showed difference. 6. The value of free thyroxine(free $T_4$) on the constitution didn't shown significant difference, but between the value of TAE-EUM-IN and SO-YANG-IN showed significant difference. 7. The value of thyroxine-binding globulin(TBG) on the constitution didn't shown significant difference. 8. The value of adrenocorticotropic hormone(ACTH) on the constitution didn't shown significant difference. 9. The value of luteinizing hormone(LH) on the constitution didn't shown significant difference, but between the value of TAE-EUM-IN and SO-EUM-IN, TAE-EUM-IN and SO-YANG-IN showed significant difference. 10. The value of testosterone on the constitution didn't shown significant difference.

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Analysis on the Differences of the Occupation Values Towards the Individual Characteristics of the Students Majoring in Sports at Junior Colleges (전문대학 체육전공자의 개인특성에 따른 직업가치관 차이 분석)

  • Song, Kang-Young;Lee, Tae-Yong
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.9 no.11
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    • pp.399-406
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    • 2009
  • This research target students who are majoring in sports at junior colleges and it purpose lies in analyzing the differences in the perspectives towards sports related occupations following the individual characteristics of the students. First, when it comes to the difference of the interest in an organization, sophomore shows more difference than freshman and students who are more than 23 years old shows more difference than students who are 21 or 22 years old. Second, when it comes to the difference in economic incomes, sophomore shows more difference than freshman and students who are more than 23 years old shows more difference than students who are 19 or 20 years old. Third, when it comes to the difference in societal status, sophomore shows more difference than freshman. Fourth, when it comes to the difference in the sense of pride towards one's occupation, male students shows more difference than female students, freshman shows more difference than sophomore and students who are more than 23 years old shows more difference than students who are 21 or 22 years old and 19 or 20 years old. Fifth, when it comes to the difference in preference, male students shows more difference than female students. Sixth, when it comes to the rise of social position, there is no difference in sex, school year or age.

SOME RESULTS RELATED TO COMPLEX DIFFERENTIAL-DIFFERENCE EQUATIONS OF CERTAIN TYPES

  • Liu, Kai;Dong, Xianjing
    • Bulletin of the Korean Mathematical Society
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    • v.51 no.5
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    • pp.1453-1467
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    • 2014
  • In this paper, we consider the growth and existence of solutions of differential-difference equations of certain types. We also consider the differential-difference analogues of Br$\ddot{u}$ck conjecture and give a short proof on a theorem given by Li, Yang and Yi [18]. Our additional purpose is to explore the similarity or difference on some problems in differential, difference and differential-difference fields.

A Study on Body Composition of the Elderly according to the Age (연령에 따른 노인의 신체조성에 관한 연구)

  • Um, Ki-Mai
    • Journal of Korean Physical Therapy Science
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    • v.10 no.2
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    • pp.137-144
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    • 2003
  • The purpose of this study was to investigate the difference of body composition of the elderly according to the age. This study consisted of elder male(n=48) and elder female(n=58). The average age of male elder and female elder was 73.81, 73.05 years. The data were analyzed with t-test, using SPSSWIN 10.1 program. Body composition was measured using Inbody 3.0(seoul, korea) of segmental multifrequency impedance analyzer technique. The result of this study were the following : 1. The difference of body composition according to the age 1) The MV(Muscle Volume)of male elder was significant difference among group(p<.05). The MV of female elder was very significant difference among group(p<.01). 2) The %FAT of male elder and female elder was no significant difference among group. 3) The FFM(Free Fat Mass)of male elder was significant difference among group(p<.05). The FFM of female elder was very significant difference among group(p<.01). 4) The TBW(Total Body Water)of male elder was significant difference among group(p<.05) The TBW of female elder was very significant difference among group(p<.01). 5) The WHR(Waist to Hip Ratio)of male elder was significant difference among group(p<.05). The WHR of female elder was very significant difference among group(p<.01).

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PROPERTIES ON q-DIFFERENCE RICCATI EQUATION

  • Huang, Zhi-Bo;Zhang, Ran-Ran
    • Bulletin of the Korean Mathematical Society
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    • v.55 no.6
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    • pp.1755-1771
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    • 2018
  • In this paper, we investigate a certain type of q-difference Riccati equation in the complex plane. We prove that q-difference Riccati equation possesses a one parameter family of meromorphic solutions if it has three distinct meromorphic solutions. Furthermore, we find that all meromorphic solutions of q-difference Riccati equation and corresponding second order linear q-difference equation can be expressed by q-gamma function if this q-difference Riccati equation admits two distinct rational solutions and $q{\in}{\mathbb{C}}$ such that 0 < ${\mid}q{\mid}$ < 1. The growth and value distribution of differences of meromorphic solutions of q-difference Riccati equation are also treated.