• Title, Summary, Keyword: difference-differential polynomial

### ON ENTIRE SOLUTIONS OF NONLINEAR DIFFERENCE-DIFFERENTIAL EQUATIONS

• Wang, Songmin;Li, Sheng
• Bulletin of the Korean Mathematical Society
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• v.50 no.5
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• pp.1471-1479
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• 2013
• In this paper, we study the non-existence of finite order entire solutions of nonlinear differential-difference of the form $$f^n+Q(z,f)=h$$, where $n{\geq}2$ is an integer, $Q(z,f)$ is a differential-difference polynomial in $f$ with polynomial coefficients, and $h$ is a meromorphic function of order ${\leq}1$.

### EXISTENCE OF POLYNOMIAL INTEGRATING FACTORS

• Stallworth, Daniel T.;Roush, Fred W.
• Kyungpook Mathematical Journal
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• v.28 no.2
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• pp.185-196
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• 1988
• We study existence of polynomial integrating factors and solutions F(x, y)=c of first order nonlinear differential equations. We characterize the homogeneous case, and give algorithms for finding existence of and a basis for polynomial solutions of linear difference and differential equations and rational solutions or linear differential equations with polynomial coefficients. We relate singularities to nature of the solution. Solution of differential equations in closed form to some degree might be called more an art than a science: The investigator can try a number of methods and for a number of classes of equations these methods always work. In particular integrating factors are tricky to find. An analogous but simpler situation exists for integrating inclosed form, where for instance there exists a criterion for when an exponential integral can be found in closed form. In this paper we make a beginning in several directions on these problems, for 2 variable ordinary differential equations. The case of exact differentials reduces immediately to quadrature. The next step is perhaps that of a polynomial integrating factor, our main study. Here we are able to provide necessary conditions based on related homogeneous equations which probably suffice to decide existence in most cases. As part of our investigations we provide complete algorithms for existence of and finding a basis for polynomial solutions of linear differential and difference equations with polynomial coefficients, also rational solutions for such differential equations. Our goal would be a method for decidability of whether any differential equation Mdx+Mdy=0 with polynomial M, N has algebraic solutions(or an undecidability proof). We reduce the question of all solutions algebraic to singularities but have not yet found a definite procedure to find their type. We begin with general results on the set of all polynomial solutions and integrating factors. Consider a differential equation Mdx+Ndy where M, N are nonreal polynomials in x, y with no common factor. When does there exist an integrating factor u which is (i) polynomial (ii) rational? In case (i) the solution F(x, y)=c will be a polynomial. We assume all functions here are complex analytic polynomial in some open set.

### DIVIDED DIFFERENCES AND POLYNOMIAL CONVERGENCES

• PARK, SUK BONG;YOON, GANG JOON;LEE, SEOK-MIN
• Journal of the Korean Society for Industrial and Applied Mathematics
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• v.20 no.1
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• pp.1-15
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• 2016
• The continuous analysis, such as smoothness and uniform convergence, for polynomials and polynomial-like functions using differential operators have been studied considerably, parallel to the study of discrete analysis for these functions, using difference operators. In this work, for the difference operator ${\nabla}_h$ with size h > 0, we verify that for an integer $m{\geq}0$ and a strictly decreasing sequence $h_n$ converging to zero, a continuous function f(x) satisfying $${\nabla}_{h_n}^{m+1}f(kh_n)=0,\text{ for every }n{\geq}1\text{ and }k{\in}{\mathbb{Z}}$$, turns to be a polynomial of degree ${\leq}m$. The proof used the polynomial convergence, and additionally, we investigated several conditions on convergence to polynomials.

### STRUCTURE RELATIONS OF CLASSICAL MULTIPLE ORTHOGONAL POLYNOMIALS BY A GENERATING FUNCTION

• Lee, Dong Won
• Journal of the Korean Mathematical Society
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• v.50 no.5
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• pp.1067-1082
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• 2013
• In this paper, we will find some recurrence relations of classical multiple OPS between the same family with different parameters using the generating functions, which are useful to find structure relations and their connection coefficients. In particular, the differential-difference equations of Jacobi-Pineiro polynomials and multiple Bessel polynomials are given.

### Global Optimization Using Differential Evolution Algorithm (차분진화 알고리듬을 이용한 전역최적화)

• Jung, Jae-Joon;Lee, Tae-Hee
• Transactions of the Korean Society of Mechanical Engineers A
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• v.27 no.11
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• pp.1809-1814
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• 2003
• Differential evolution (DE) algorithm is presented and applied to global optimization in this research. DE suggested initially fur the solution to Chebychev polynomial fitting problem is similar to genetic algorithm(GA) including crossover, mutation and selection process. However, differential evolution algorithm is simpler than GA because it uses a vector concept in populating process. And DE turns out to be converged faster than CA, since it employs the difference information as pseudo-sensitivity In this paper, a trial vector and its control parameters of DE are examined and unconstrained optimization problems of highly nonlinear multimodal functions are demonstrated. To illustrate the efficiency of DE, convergence rates and robustness of global optimization algorithms are compared with those of simple GA.

### Harmonic differential quadrature (HDQ) for axisymmetric bending analysis of thin isotropic circular plates

• Civalek, Omer;Ulker, Mehmet
• Structural Engineering and Mechanics
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• v.17 no.1
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• pp.1-14
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• 2004
• Numerical solution to linear bending analysis of circular plates is obtained by the method of harmonic differential quadrature (HDQ). In the method of differential quadrature (DQ), partial space derivatives of a function appearing in a differential equation are approximated by means of a polynomial expressed as the weighted linear sum of the function values at a preselected grid of discrete points. The method of HDQ that was used in the paper proposes a very simple algebraic formula to determine the weighting coefficients required by differential quadrature approximation without restricting the choice of mesh grids. Applying this concept to the governing differential equation of circular plate gives a set of linear simultaneous equations. Bending moments, stresses values in radial and tangential directions and vertical deflections are found for two different types of load. In the present study, the axisymmetric bending behavior is considered. Both the clamped and the simply supported edges are considered as boundary conditions. The obtained results are compared with existing solutions available from analytical and other numerical results such as finite elements and finite differences methods. A comparison between the HDQ results and the finite difference solutions for one example plate problem is also made. The method presented gives accurate results and is computationally efficient.

### Analysis of Stress Concentration Problems Using Moving Least Squares Finite Difference Method(I) : Formulation for Solid Mechanics Problem (이동최소제곱 유한차분법을 이용한 응력집중문제 해석(I) : 고체문제의 정식화)

• Yoon, Young-Cheol;Kim, Hyo-Jin;Kim, Dong-Jo;Liu, Wing Kam;Belytschko, Ted;Lee, Sang-Ho
• Journal of the Computational Structural Engineering Institute of Korea
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• v.20 no.4
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• pp.493-499
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• 2007
• The Taylor expansion expresses a differentiable function and its coefficients provide good approximations for the given function and its derivatives. In this study, m-th order Taylor Polynomial is constructed and the coefficients are computed by the Moving Least Squares method. The coefficients are applied to the governing partial differential equation for solid problems including crack problems. The discrete system of difference equations are set up based on the concept of point collocation. The developed method effectively overcomes the shortcomings of the finite difference method which is dependent of the grid structure and has no approximation function, and the Galerkin-based meshfree method which involves time-consuming integration of weak form and differentiation of the shape function and cumbersome treatment of essential boundary.

### A Study of Conjugate Laminar Film Condensation on a Flat Plate (수평평판에서 복합 층류 막응축에 대한 연구)

• Lee Euk-Soo
• Korean Journal of Air-Conditioning and Refrigeration Engineering
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• v.17 no.4
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• pp.303-311
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• 2005
• The problem of conjugate laminar film condensation of the pure saturated vapor in forced flow over a flat plate has been investigated as boundary layer solutions. A simple and efficient numerical method is proposed for its solution. The interfacial temperature is obtained as a root of 3rd order polynomial for laminar film condensation, and it is presented as a function of the conjugate parameter. The momentum and energy balance equations are reduced to a nonlinear system of ordinary differential equations with four parameters: the Prandtl number, Pr, Jacob number, $Ja^{\ast}$, defined by an overall temperature difference, a property ratio R and the conjugate parameter ${\zeta}$. The approximate solutions thus obtained reveal the effects of the conjugate parameter.

### Analysis of Friction-Induced Vibrations in a Ball Screw Driven Slide on Skewed Guideway (경사안내면 상에서 이송되는 볼나사-슬라이드 이송계의 마찰기인 진동해석)

• Choi, Young Hyu
• Journal of the Korean Society of Manufacturing Process Engineers
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• v.13 no.6
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• pp.88-98
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• 2014
• A moving mass on a skewed linear guideway model to analyze the friction-induced stick-slip behavior of ball-screw-driven slides is proposed. To describe the friction force, a friction coefficient function is modelled as a third-order polynomial of the relative velocity between the slide mass and a guideway. A nonlinear differential equation of motion is derived and an approximate solution is obtained using a perturbation method for the amplitudes and base frequencies of both pure-slip and stick-slip oscillations. The results are presented with time responses, phase plots, and amplitude plots, which are compared adequately with those obtained by Runge Kutta 4th-order numerical integration, as long as the difference between the static and kinematic friction coefficients is small. However, errors in the results by the approximate solution increase and are not negligible if the difference between the friction coefficients exceeds approximately 40% of the static friction coefficient.

### Heat Transfer Analysis of Bi-Material Problem with Interfacial Boundary Using Moving Least Squares Finite Difference Method (이동최소제곱 유한차분법을 이용한 계면경계를 갖는 이종재료의 열전달문제 해석)

• Yoon, Young-Cheol;Kim, Do-Wan
• Journal of the Computational Structural Engineering Institute of Korea
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• v.20 no.6
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• pp.779-787
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• 2007
• This paper presents a highly efficient moving least squares finite difference method (MLS FDM) for a heat transfer problem of bi-material with interfacial boundary. The MLS FDM directly discretizes governing differential equations based on a node set without a grid structure. In the method, difference equations are constructed by the Taylor polynomial expanded by moving least squares method. The wedge function is designed on the concept of hyperplane function and is embedded in the derivative approximation formula on the moving least squares sense. Thus interfacial singular behavior like normal derivative jump is naturally modeled and the merit of MLS FDM in fast derivative computation is assured. Numerical experiments for heat transfer problem of bi-material with different heat conductivities show that the developed method achieves high efficiency as well as good accuracy in interface problems.