• Title, Summary, Keyword: disintegration

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GI transition and disintegration test of enteric coated capsules using radiopaque material in rabbits (토끼에서 조영제를 이용한 장용성 capsule의 GI transition과 disintegration에 관한 검사)

  • Kim, Myung-cheol;Kim, Nam-joong
    • Korean Journal of Veterinary Research
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    • v.35 no.2
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    • pp.391-398
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    • 1995
  • This study was carried to investigate the usefulness of the radiopaque material as the GI transition and disintegration test of enteric coated capsules radiologically. The obtained results were as follows; 1. The GI transition times that the enteric coated capsules pass through the pylorus were that the time of the first capsule was 210 minutes and the time of the last capsules was more than 300 minutes. Therefore, the GI transition times largely differ from each animal and each enteric coated capsule. 2. The disintegration times of enteric coated capsules were similar in vitro test and in vivo test. 3. The GI transition and disintegration test of enteric coated capsules using barium sulfate, radiopaque material for the gastrointestinal track, was useful to investigate the times that the capsules passed through the pylorus and disintegrated in intestinal track.

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A Study on the Environment Familiar Technology of High Dense Cyanogen Wastewater by Using High Temperature and High Pressure Materiality (고온 고압 유체를 이용한 고농도 시안폐액의 환경친화 기술에 관한 연구)

  • 황상용;이규성
    • Journal of environmental and Sanitary engineering
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    • v.13 no.3
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    • pp.141-147
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    • 1998
  • Under high temperature and high pressure, cyanogen disinter gration distruction mechanism brought followings results through continuous plug flow reactor system. 1. The temperature was a important reacting factor in cyanogen disintegration. Over $612.8^{\cird}K$ high disintegration rate or 99.99% was shown even under $2000{\;}mg/{\ell}$ cyanogen density. 2. The conditions of cyanogen disintegration was gained through experimenting the supercrietical condition of water in basic. To gain 99.99% disintegration rate under $1000{\;}mg/{\ell}$ early cyanogen density, the pressure showed 52.8 seconds at $523^{\cird}K$ and 84.2 atm and gained $0.56{\;}mg/{\ell}$ operating density. 3. Here is the reaction velocity formula of cyanogen disintegration by hydrolysis: This formula indicates the high possibility of cyanogen disintegration within a short time. And it also implys the potential possibility on treating NBDICOD and the technology in developing the environment cleaning progress as small size automatic controlling equipment.

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Studies on Disintegration of Korean Old Corrugated Container(KOCC) Using a Pilot Screen (파일롯 스크린을 활용한 KOCC 해리 효율 연구)

  • Lee, Tai Ju;Nam, Yun Seok;Sim, Jae Min;Ryu, Jeong Yong
    • Journal of Korea Technical Association of The Pulp and Paper Industry
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    • v.48 no.3
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    • pp.14-22
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    • 2016
  • Pulping is a stage that can change fibrous raw materials into pumpable slurry. Recovered paper can be defibrated to individual fibers by shear stress generated by rotation of a rotor and water. Disintegration of recovered paper is more complicated than that of chemical pulp. When disintegration of recovered paper is poor, screening and cleaning efficiency will be worse and properties of paper will also be deteriorated. Therefore, pulping is an important treatment for improvement of availability of recovered paper and process runnability. In this study, degrees of disintegration of KOCC obtained from a linerboard mill was analyzed with a pilot-scale screen. Flake removal of KOCC slurry was performed by a pilot screen. Simple pumping action gave a positive effect on disintegration of KOCC. After pumping for 10 minutes, paper strength increased without the change of water retention value and fibrillation of KOCC slurry. This phenomena can be explained by modification of hornified surface of KOCC fibers by shear stress generated by pumping. Consequently, disintegration efficiency of KOCC can be enhanced by control of retention time at pulper or an agitation power at chests of papermaking process.

Disintegration Test of Enteric Coated Capsules Using Radiopaque Material in Dogs (개에서 조영제를 이용한 장용성 Capsule의 붕해에 관한 검사)

  • Kim Myung-Choel;Park Jong-O;Kim Nam-Joong
    • Journal of Veterinary Clinics
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    • v.11 no.1
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    • pp.377-381
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    • 1994
  • This study was performed to investigate the usefulness of the radiopaque material as a disintegration test of enteric coated capsules radiologically. The results obtained were as follows; 1. The times that the enteric coated capsules passed the pylorus(GI transition times) were the first 150 minute and the last 390 minutes. Therefore, the GI transition times largely differ from each animal and each enteric coated capsule. 2. The disintegration times of enteric coated capsules were similar in vitro test and in vitro test. 3. The disintegration test of enteric coated capsules using Barium sulfate, radiopaque material for the gastrointestinal track, was useful to check the time pass through the pylorus and the time enteric coated capsules were disintegration.

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Effects of ultrasound coupled with potassium permanganate pre-treatment of sludge on aerobic digestion

  • Demir, Ozlem
    • Advances in environmental research
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    • v.5 no.4
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    • pp.251-262
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    • 2016
  • The biodegradability and decomposition efficiencies increase with the pre-treatment of sludge in a digestion process. In this study, the feasibility of ultrasound coupled with potassium permanganate oxidation as a disintegration method and digestibility of aerobic reactor fed with disintegrated sludge with ultrasound coupled potassium permanganate were investigated. The first stage of the study focused on determining the optimum condition for ultrasonic pre-treatment for achieving better destruction efficiency of sludge. The second part of the study, the aerobic digestibility of sludge disintegrated with ultrasound and potassium permanganate oxidation alone and combined were examined comparatively. The results showed that when 20 min of ultrasonic pre-treatment applied, the specific energy output was 49384 kJ/kgTS with disintegration degree of 58.84%. During the operation of aerobic digester, VS/TS ratios of digesters fed with disintegrated sludge decreased indicating that disintegration methods could obviously enhance aerobic digestion performance. The highest reduction in volatile solids was 75% in the digester fed with ultrasound+potassium permanganate disintegrated sludge at the end of the operation compared to digester fed with raw sludge. Total Nitrogen (TN) and Total Phosphorus (TP) levels in sludge supernatant increased with this combined method significantly. Besides, it promoted the production of ${\bullet}OH$, thus enhancing the release of Carbon (C), Nitrogen (N) and Phosphorus (P) from the sludge. Disintegration with all methods used in this study could not improve Capillary Suction Time (CST) reduction in disintegrated digesters during the operation. The results demonstrated that the combined ultrasound treatment and potassium permanganate oxidation method improves the biodegradability compared to control reactor or their single application.

Pharmaceutical study on the Compressed Tablets. Hardness, Friability, Disintegration time and Coefficient of Variance of Compressed tablets (정제류(錠劑類)의 제제학적(製劑學的) 연구(硏究) -경도(硬度), 마손도(磨損度), 붕해시간(崩解時間) 및 변동계수(變動係數)에 대(對)하여)

  • Kim, Soo-Uck;Suh, Sung-Hun;Lee, Hyun-U
    • Journal of Pharmaceutical Investigation
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    • v.2 no.2
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    • pp.18-33
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    • 1972
  • Pharmaceutical Study on the Compressed tablets. Hardness, Friability, Disintegration time and Coefficient of Variance of Compressed tablets. Soo Uck Kim, Sung Hoon seo and Hyun Woo Lee (Department of Pharmaceutics, College of Pharmacy, Kyung Hee University) In order to know Hardness, Friability, Disintegration time and Coefficient of variance of the pharmaceutical tablets the 135 tablets sampled from market were tested in the paper. The samples tested in this paper were as follows: Antipyretics and Analgetics 41 Stomach and Digestives 22 Antituberculars 19 Vitamins 12 Sulfa drugs 9 Others (Antihistaminics etc) 32 Total 135 The results of the investigation are shown in table 1-8, Fig 1-Fig 6. Mean values of Hardness, Friability, Disintegration time and Coefficient of variance in each pharmaceutical preparation are as follows. Antipyretics and Analgetics : Hardness(kg) = 5.83 Antipyretics and Analgetics : Friabil.(%) = 0.82 Antipyretics and Analgetics : Disint.t.(min) = 5.28' Antipyretics and Analgetics : Coeff. of V.(%) = 2.90 Stomach and Digestives : Hardness(kg) = 4.11 Stomach and Digestives : Friabil.(%) = 0.71 Stomach and Digestives : Disint.t.(min) = 3.43' Stomach and Digestives : Coeff. of V.(%) = 2.76 Antituberculars : Hardness(kg) = 4.78 Antituberculars : Friabil.(%) = 0.52 Antituberculars : Disint.t.(min) = 4.32' Antituberculars : Coeff. of V.(%) = 2.99 Vitamins : Hardness(kg) = 1.60 Vitamins : Friabil.(%) = 0.43 Vitamins : Disint.t.(min) = 4.10' Vitamins : Coeff. of V.(%) = 3.19 Sulfa drugs : Hardness(kg) = 4.77 Sulfa drugs : Friabil.(%) = 0.37 Sulfa drugs : Disint.t.(min) = 3.10' Sulfa drugs : Coeff. of V.(%) = 2.09 Others : Hardness(kg) = 2.40 Others : Friabil.(%) = 0.66 Others : Disint.t.(min) = 2.19' Others : Coeff. of V.(%) = 3.10 The following summeries might be shown; 1. Ranges of Hardness, Friability, Disintegration time and Coefficient of variance are respectively 1.6 to 5.38 kg, 0.37 to 0.82%, 2 minut 19 second to 5 minut 28 second and 2.09 to 3.10%. 2. According to the results, it could be indicated that higher Hardness shows lower Friability. 3. Against the general conception between Hardness and Disintegration time, higher Hardness shows lower Disintegration time. 4. It seems that higher mean weight shows lowcr Coefficient variance.

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Disintegration of Mesoporous Structures of MCM-41 and MCM-48 in Water

  • Kim, Ji Man;Ryu, Ryong
    • Bulletin of the Korean Chemical Society
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    • v.17 no.1
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    • pp.66-68
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    • 1996
  • It has been found that mesoporous structures of MCM-41 and MCM-48 disintegrate readily in distilled water around 370 K, while the structures can be stable in 100%-steam of 1 atmospheric pressure at much higher temperatures around 820 K. Thus, the structure disintegration is thermodynamically more favorable in water than under the steaming condition. X-ray powder diffraction and magic angle spinning 29Si NMR spectroscopy indicate that the disintegration of the mesoporous structures in water occurs due to silicate hydrolysis.

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Effects of Wet Pressing and Drying Conditions on Disintegration and Physical Properties of Paper (습부 압착과 건조 조건이 종이의 해리 특성 및 물성에 미치는 영향)

  • 김은영;원종명
    • Journal of Korea Technical Association of The Pulp and Paper Industry
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    • v.35 no.2
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    • pp.12-17
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    • 2003
  • The effects of wet pressing and drying conditions on the disintegration and physical properties of paper were investigated in order to get the basic information on the resistance of paper for aqueous solution during converting processes. Wet pressing of unbeaten bleached softwood kraft pulp increased WRV at the range of grammage investigated. The increase of WRV with grammage at low wet pressing pressure(50 psi) was obvious, while it was not significant at higher wet pressing pressure(110 psi). The changes of WRV by drying were affected by the grammage and wet pressing pressure. The poorer disintegration of sheet, the higher wet pressing pressure and drying temperature. Although the strength properties were increased with the grammage, wet pressing pressure and drying temperature, results showed different trend from those of beaten pulp.

Effect of Additives on Disintegration of Enzyme Tablets (효소정제의 붕해에 미치는 첨가제의 영향)

  • Kim, Seung-Hwan;Choi, Moon-Sang;Cha, Bong-Jin;Kwon, Jong-Won;Min, Shin-Hong
    • Journal of Pharmaceutical Investigation
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    • v.20 no.1
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    • pp.7-12
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    • 1990
  • In case of the slowly disintegrating tablets such as enzyme preparations, disintegration time (DT) may be the important factor in formulating those preparations. The effects of tablet hardness, lubricants and disintegrants on DT were investigated in this approach. Disintegration time was significantly affected by disintegrants, moderately by lubricants, but not by tablet hardness. The effect was in the order of magnesium stearate >talc, PEG, sodium benzoate in case of lubricants, and of Ac-Di-Sol>LHPC>Primogel >Kollidon in case of disintegrants. Because lubricants and disintegrants influenced the tablet hardness and DT profile showed complicated pattern, it should be remembered that all factors mentioned above should be simultaneously considered in the formulation of enzyme tablets.

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Effect of Diluents on Disintegration Efficiency of Disintegrants in Enzyme Tablets (효소함유 정제에 있어서 붕해제의 효과에 미치는 부형제의 영향)

  • Kim, Jeong-Hoon;Kim, Seung-Hwan;Cha, Bong-Jin;Kwon, Jong-Won
    • YAKHAK HOEJI
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    • v.36 no.6
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    • pp.513-517
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    • 1992
  • The effect of solubility and hygroscopicity of some tablet diluents on the disintegration of enzyme tablets was investigated. Tablets were prepared by direct compression method using sodium starch glycolate, crospovidone, croscarmellose sodium and low-substituted hydroxypropyl cellulose as super disintegrants. Lactose, dextrose, sucrose, sorbitol and calcium phosphate dibasic were selected as typical diluents in this study. They were different in solubility (sucrose, sorbitol>dextrose>dextrose>lactose>calcium phosphate dibasic) and hygroscopicity (sorbitol>sucrose>dextrose>caicium phosphate dibasic, lactose). The disintegrants accelerated differently the disintegration of the tablets prepared with different diluents in the decreasing order of calcium phosphate dibasic>lactose>dextrose>sucrose and sorbitol. These results indicate highly soluble and/or hygroscopic diluents decrease the efficiencies of super disintegrants in the enzyme tablets.

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