• Title, Summary, Keyword: dissipation of collision energy

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A Study on Behaviors of Pile Protective Structures by Simplified Collision Model (간이충돌모델을 이용한 파일형 선박충돌방호공의 충돌거동 연구)

  • Lee, Gye Hee
    • Journal of The Korean Society of Civil Engineers
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    • v.36 no.1
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    • pp.31-38
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    • 2016
  • In this paper, the deformation-energy curves of the plastic hinges and the vessel bow, which are the major energy dissipation mechanism of a pile protective structures, were estimated, and the parametric study was performed by using those curves to apply the simplified collision model which developed in the previous study. Considered parameters were the mass of slab, the number of piles, the mass of vessel and the collision speed. As results, the difference of energy dissipation mechanism of two pile types (filled and non-filled) were revealed, and the collision behaviors of the protective structures could be tuned by the control of the inertia mass of capping slab. Therefore the simplified collision model can be used in a primary design and optimal design.

Analysis of Ship Collision Behavior of Pile Supported Structure (파일지지 구조물의 선박 충돌거동에 대한 해석)

  • Bae, Yong Gwi;Lee, Seong Lo
    • Journal of The Korean Society of Civil Engineers
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    • v.28 no.3A
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    • pp.323-330
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    • 2008
  • The ship collision analysis of steel pile group as protection system of bridge in navigable waterways was performed to analyze the structural characteristics of protective structure during ship collision. The analysis encompassed finite element modeling of ship and pile, modeling of material non-linearity, hard impact analysis, displacement-based analysis and soft impact analysis for collision scenarios. Through the analysis of hard impact with a rigid wall, impact load for each collision type of ship bow was estimated. In the displacement-based analysis the estimate of energy which protection system can absorb within its maximum horizontal clearance so as to secure bridge pier from vessel contact during collision was performed. Soft impact analysis for various collision scenarios was conducted and the collision behaviors of vessel and pile-supported protection system were reviewed for the design of protection system. The understanding of the energy dissipation mechanism of pile supported structure and colliding vessel would give us the optimized design of protective structure.

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The ship collision analysis of dolphin protection system (돌핀방호공의 선박충돌해석)

  • Lee Gye-Hee;Lee Seong-Lo;Go Jae-Yong;Yu Won-Jin
    • Proceedings of the Computational Structural Engineering Institute Conference
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    • pp.143-150
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    • 2005
  • In this study, to evaluate the collision behaviors of the navigating vessel and the dolphin protective system protecting the substructures of bridges, the numerical simulation was performed. The analysis model of vessel bow that the plastic deformations are concentrated was composed by shell elements, and the main body of vessel was modeled by beam elements to represent the mass distribution and the change of potential energy. The material model reflecting the confining condition was used for the modeling of the filling soil of dolphin system. The surrounding soil of the dolphin system was modeled as nonlinear springs. As results, it is verified that the dolphin system can adequately dissipate the kinematic energy of the collision vessel. The surrounding soil of the dolphin system is able to resist the collision force of the vessel. And the major energy dissipation mechanism of collision energy is the plastic deformation of the vessel bow and the dolphin system.

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Collision Analysis of Submerged Floating Tunnel by Underwater Navigating Vessel (수중운항체에 대한 해중터널의 충돌해석)

  • Hong, Kwan-Young;Lee, Gye-Hee
    • Journal of the Computational Structural Engineering Institute of Korea
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    • v.27 no.5
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    • pp.369-377
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    • 2014
  • In this paper, to recognize the collision behavior between a submerged floating tunnel(SFT) and underwater navigation vessel(UNV), both structures are modeled and analyzed. The SFT of collision point is modeled tubular section using concrete with steel lining. The other part of SFT is modeled elastic beam elements. Mooring lines are modeled as cable elements with tension. The under water navigation vessel is assumed 1800DT submarine and its total mass at collision is obtained with hydrodynamic added mass. The buoyancy force on SFT is included in initial condition using dynamic relaxation method. The buoyancy ratio (B/W) and the collision speed are considered as the collision conditions. As results, energy dissipation is concentrated on the SFT and that of the UNV is minor. Additionally, the collision behaviors are greatly affected by B/W and the tension of mooring lines. Especially, the collision forces are shown different tendency compare to vessel collision force of current design code.

The Assessment of Structural Crashworthiness in Collision Using Double Skinned Structural Model (이중 선체 선박의 충돌 강도 해석)

  • 이경언;원석희;백점기;이제명;김철홍
    • Proceedings of the Korean Institute of Navigation and Port Research Conference
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    • pp.71-76
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    • 2004
  • To deal with ship collision or grounding, double hull structure has been applied to ships carrying dangerous cargoes. Studies about ability of double hull structure to absorb collision energy and determining fracture state are still under researching. In this study, commercial analysis code, LS-DYNA3D, is used to analyze collision strength of ships in various scenarios. 46K Chemical/Product Carrier is used as analysis subject ship. Study about Energy-Indentation and Force-Indentation is conducted under conditions that weight and collision velocity are changed. Results of this study are very helpful to make mechanism of collision accident clear and to supply useful information about collision strength criteria.

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A Protection Capacity Evaluation of Vessel Protective Structures by Quasi-Static Collision Analysis (준정적 충돌해석을 통한 선박충돌방공호의 방호능력평가)

  • Lee, Gye-Hee
    • Journal of the Computational Structural Engineering Institute of Korea
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    • v.24 no.6
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    • pp.691-697
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    • 2011
  • In this study, the vessel collision protective structure and the vessel were modeled numerically and the quasi-static collision analysis was performed to evaluate the maximum protection capacity. In the modeling process of protective structure, the nonlinear behaviors of structure and the supporting conditions of ground including pull-out action were considered. In that of collision vessel, the bow of vessel was modeled precisely, because of the nonlinear behaviors were concentrated on it. For the efficient analysis, the mass scaling scheme was applied, also. To evaluate the differences and efficiency, the dynamic analyses were performed for the same model, additionally. Based on the obtained energy dissipation curves of the structure and the vessel, the moment that the collision force affected to the bridge substructures was determined and the maximum allowable collision velocity was evaluated. Because of the energy dissipation bound can be recognized clearly, this scheme can be used efficient in engineering work.

The energy dissipation mechanism of ship and fender system by vessel collision (선박충돌에 의한 선박과 방호공의 에너지 소산 메카니즘)

  • Hong Kwan-Young;Lee Gye-Hee;Ko Jae-Yong;Lee Seong-Lo
    • Proceedings of the Computational Structural Engineering Institute Conference
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    • pp.696-703
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    • 2005
  • Recently, the collision problems between a bridge and a navigating ship are frequently issued at the stage of structure design. Even the many study results about vessel to vessel collision are presented, but the collision studies between vessel and bridge structure have been hardly presented. In this study, nonlinear dynamic analysis of vessel and fender system carry out using ABAQUS/Explicit commercial program with consideration of some parameters, such as bow structure we composed to shell element also ship's hull is modeling to beam element. Also, buoyancy effect is considered as spring element. The two types of fender systems was comparable with both collision analysis about steel materials fender system and rubber fender system On the purpose of study is analyzed the plasticity dissipated energy of vessel and fender system. We blow characteristic that kinetic energy is disappeared by plastic large deformation in case of collision. Also, We considered dissipated kinetic energy considering friction effect.

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A study on the Crashworthiness Design of Bow Structure of Oil Carriers -Collision Behaviour of Simplified Models(1) (유조선 선수부의 내충돌 구조설계에 관한 연구 -이상화 모델의 충돌거동 분석(1))

  • 신영식;박명규
    • Journal of Ocean Engineering and Technology
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    • v.15 no.3
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    • pp.120-127
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    • 2001
  • The potential pollution problems resulting from tanker collision necessitate the requirement for an effective structural design and the development of relevant safety regulations. During a few decades, the great effort has been made by the international Maritime Organization and the Administration, etc, to reduce oil spillage from collision accidents. However there is still a need for investigation in the light of structural evaluation method for the experiments and rational analysis, and design development for an operational purpose of ships. This study aims for investigating a complicated structural response of bow structures of simplified models and oil carriers for assessing the energy dissipation and crushing mechanics of the striking vessels through a methodology of the numerical analysis for the various models and its design changes. Through these study an optimal bow construction absorbing great portion of kinetic energy at the least penetration depth prior to reach to the cargo area and an effective location of collision bulkhead are investigated. In order to obtain a rational results in this study, three stages of collision simulation procedures have been performed step by step as follows; 1) 16 simplified ship models are used to investigate the structural response against bow collision with variation of primary and secondary members. Mass and speed are also varied in four conditions. 2) 21 models consisted of 5 sizes of the full scaled oil carriers are used to perform the collision simulation with the various sizes and deadweight delivered in a recent which are complied with SOLAS and MARPOL. 3) 36 models of 100l oil carrier are used to investigate the structural response and its influence to the collision bulkhead against bow collision in variation with location of collision bulkhead, primary members, framing system and colliding conditions, etc. By the first study using simplified models the response of the bow collision is synthetically evaluated for the parameters influencing to the absorbed energy, penetration depth and impact force, etc.

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A Study on the Crashworthiness Design of Bow Structure of Oil Carriers (유조선 선수부의 내충돌 구조설계에 관한 연구)

  • 신영식;박명규
    • Proceedings of the Korea Committee for Ocean Resources and Engineering Conference
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    • pp.119-126
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    • 2001
  • The potential pollution problems resulting from tanker collision necessitate the requirement for an effective structural design and the development of relevant safety regulation. During a few decades, the great effort has been made by International Maritime Organization and the Administration, etc, to reduce oil spillage from collision accidents. However there is still a need for investigation in the light of structural evaluation method for the experiments and rational analysis, and design development for an operational purpose of ships. This study is aimed at investigating a complicated structural response of bow structures of oil carriers for assessing the energy dissipation and crushing mechanics of striking vessel through a methodology of the numerical analysts for the various models and its design changes. Through this study an optimal bow construction absorbing great portion of kinetic energy in the least penetration depth prior to reach to the cargo area and an effective location of collision bulkhead are investigated. In order to obtain a rational results in this study, three stages of response analysis procedures are performed as follows; 1). 16 simplified ship models are used to investigate the structural response against bow collision with variation of primary and secondary members. Mass and speed are also varied in two conditions. 2). 21 models conisted of 5 size of full scaled oil carriers are used to perform the collision simulation with the various sizes and deadweight delivered in a recent which are complied with SOLAS and MARPOL. 3). 36 models of 100k oil carrier are used to investigate the structural response and its influence to the collision bulkhead against bow collision in variation with location of collision bulkhead, primary mombers, framing system and colliding conditions, etc.

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Collision Behavior of Molten Metal Droplet with Solid Surface (용융금속 액적의 고체표면 충돌거동)

  • 양영수;손광재;강대현
    • Journal of Welding and Joining
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    • v.18 no.4
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    • pp.55-63
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    • 2000
  • This paper presents a study of the solder bumping process. The theoretical model, based on the variational principle instead of solving the Navier-Stokes equation with moving boundaries, was developed to considered the energy dissipation in semi-solid phase and the approximate solidification time of the molten metal droplet. The simulation results revealed that the developed model could reasonably describe the collision behavior of molten metal with solid surface. Simulations were made with variation of initial droplet temperature, substrate metal and initial substrate temerature.

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