• Title/Summary/Keyword: dogs

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Investigation of Dirofilaria immitis infection in dogs of Incheon area

  • Kim, Kyoung-Ho;Lee, Yun-Mi;Oh, Seung-Tae;Jeong, Cheol;Han, Tea-Ho;Lee, Sung-Mo
    • Korean Journal of Veterinary Service
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    • v.32 no.4
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    • pp.385-389
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    • 2009
  • This study was attempted to survey on the prevalence of canine heartworm infection (Dirofilaria immitis) in the Incheon area in 2006. This study showed comparative infection rates of canine heartworm in conjunction with different geographic locations and rearing environments (i.e., indoor, outdoor or free roaming). In total, 24 dogs (6.0%) were D. immitis positive among a total of 400 tested dogs. The geographic distribution of detection rates was Nam-gu (2 dogs, 6.7%), Yeonsu-gu (1 dog, 3.0%), Namdonggu (5 dogs, 8.0%), Pupyoung-gu (4 dogs, 6.7%), Kanghwa-gun (8 dogs, 13.0%), and Onjin-gun (4 dogs, 11.1%). In addition, 4 dogs (2.0%) or 20 dogs (10.0%) were positive for D. immitis among 202 indoor dogs or 198 outdoor dogs including free roaming dogs, respectively, while 13 dogs (11.7%) were positive for D. immitis among 111 outdoor dogs excluding free roaming dogs. In the case of 87 free roaming dogs, 7 dogs (8.1%) among them were positive for D. immitis.

Trimethoprim-Sulfamethoxazole for the Treatment of Tear Staining Syndrome in Dogs (개의 눈물착색증후군(Tear Staining Syndrome) 치료를 위한 Trimethoprim-Sulfamethoxazole)

  • Cho, Youn-Sook;Kim, Joon-Young;Jeong, Soon-Wuk
    • Journal of Veterinary Clinics
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    • v.25 no.2
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    • pp.115-118
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    • 2008
  • 22 dogs (31 eyes) that had treated with trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole for tear staining syndrome at Snoopy Pet Clinic from October 2000 to September 2002 were reviewed. Of the 22 dogs, 12 were female and 10 male. Their mean (${\pm}$ SD) age was 3.5 (${\pm}\;1.3$) years. The breeds of the dogs consisted of Maltese (8 dogs), Shih tzu (6 dogs), Poodle (5 dogs), Yorkshire terrier (2 dogs), and Mixed (1 dog). The dogs received 30 mg/kg trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole perorally twice daily for two to six weeks. 26 (19 dogs) of the 31 eyes (22 dogs) recovered completely and did not show relapse at $26{\sim}30$ weeks after treatment. Any complications did not observed. Five eyes of three dogs were not cured. Two eyes (one dogs) of them had not response to medicament and three eyes (two dogs) recurrence but the clinical signs decreased. It was considered that the trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole was effective for the treatment in dogs with tear staining syndrome.

Jindo dogs-Korean native dogs : A historical review (진도견(珍島犬)- 우리나라의 고유견(固有犬))

  • Lee, Chung-gil;Yoo, Gap-hyun
    • Korean Journal of Veterinary Research
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    • v.28 no.2
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    • pp.405-408
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    • 1988
  • The origin of Jindo dogs has been controversial. It has been informed by words of mouth that they are the offsprings of either the digs of Sung dynasty (960~1279 A.D.) in China or the Mongolian dogs. Some breeds of dogs in Japan now have almost same appearance as Jindo dogs. The authors reviewed the history of Japan and found that Korean hunting dogs were sent to Japan in early 5th century, which was before Sung dynasty of China. Dr. Jae-Keun Ryu of National Institute of Environmental Research has done some work on serums of dogs of both Korea and Japan; the results of his serological and molecular biological studies indicated that Korean dogs were sent to Japan 1,300~2,500 years ago. Jindo dogs appear to be the descendants of the dogs of the Stone Age. They have adapted themselves to the unfavorable environment of Jindo island so that they can maintain pure line-age and wild nature until today. It was concluded that they are Korean native dogs, not the offsprings of the dogs of Sung dynasty or the Mongolian dogs.

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Epidemiological survey on prevalence of Dirofilaria immitis infection in dogs of Ulsan area (울산지역 개의 심장사상충 감염에 관한 조사)

  • Park, Chang-Eun
    • Korean Journal of Veterinary Service
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    • v.33 no.2
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    • pp.157-165
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    • 2010
  • A survey of canine heartworm infections among 83 dogs (Male 42, Female 41) of pet dogs in Ulsan area was performed from March to July 2009 using antigen test. Of 83 dogs, 6 dogs (7.2%) were infected with the Dirofilaria immitis, and 5 dogs (6%) were detected to have microfilaria in the peripheral blood. The infection according to the age of 4~5, 6~7, 7 over years were 7.4%, 12.5%, and 10.5%, Also, A survey of canine heartworm infections among 23 dogs (Male 15, Female 8) of hunting dogs in Ulsan area was performed from July 2008 using antigen test. Of 23 dogs, 11 dogs (47.8%) were infected with the D. immitis, and 6 dogs (26.1%) were detected to have microfilaria in the peripheral blood. The infection according to the age of under 1, 2-3, 4-5, 6-7 over years were 12.5%, 40%, 85.7% and 66.7%, respectively.

Evaluation of Combination of Retinacular Imbrication, Trochleoplasty and Tibia Tuberosity Transposition in Dogs with Patellar Luxation (슬개골 탈구 환견에서 지대 중첩, 활차구 성형 및 경골결절변위술의 복합수술 평가)

  • 정만복;정순욱;김준영;한현정;김지선
    • Journal of Veterinary Clinics
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    • v.20 no.1
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    • pp.96-103
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    • 2003
  • The purpose of this study is to evaluate the results obtained from three surgical techniques (retinacular imbrication, trochleoplasty and tibia tuberosity transposition), which were simultaneously applied for correction of patellar luxation. Eleven, (6 to 108 months) old dogs were presented. The dogs showed, medial patellar luxation (17 stifle joint) and lateral patellar luxation (2 stifle joint) ranging from grade 1 to 4. By palpation and radiographic view, all 11 dogs were diagnosed as patellar luxation. Bilateral patellar luxation was diagnosed in 8 dogs. After operation, the dogs were monitored daily for 7 days and on the 10th, 15th, 20th, 25th and 30th days. Lameness progressively decreased in all dogs around 30 days after surgery, and the patients were showed normal walking. Normal walking was possible in 2 dogs after 4 days, in a dog after 5 days, a dog after 7 days, 3 dogs after 10 days,2 dogs after 15 days, a dog after 25 days and a dog after 30 days (Mean$\pm$S.E: 12.27$\pm$2.57). The recovery took 14 days in dogs with bilateral patellar luxation, and 9 days in dogs with unilateral patellar luxation. Trend of decrease of lameness grade in bilateral patellar corrected dogs were similar to that in unilateral patellar corrected dogs. Swelling, pain and fever disappeared on 7 days. In conclusion, combination of tibial tuberosity transposition, retinacular imbrication and trochleoplasty is appropriate for dogs with patellar luxation.

Effects of Electroacupuncture on Motility of the Castro-intestinal Tract of Dogs (전침자극이 개의 위장관운동에 미치는 영향)

  • Sung Jai-Ki;Nam Tchi-Chou
    • Journal of Veterinary Clinics
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    • v.5 no.1
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    • pp.9-21
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    • 1988
  • Gastro-intestinal mortility and transit time of barium sulfate after electroacupuncture were investigated in normal dogs and administration of xylatine in dogs. Electroacupuncture was performed with a current of 1.5 volt and 20 Hz at the acupoints of Tsu San Li(right(+) left(-) in dogs for 30 minutes. The results were as follows: 1. After electroacupuncture stimnlation in normal dogs, rates of stomach contractions was not changed, but amplitudes of stomach motility was markadly increased. The electroacupuncture stimulation tasted about 60 minutes after the end of electroacupuncture. 2. The stomach contractions was markedly increased, while the amplitudes of stomach motility was sligltly decreased by the administration of xylazine in dogs. 3. The rates of stomach contractions and amplitudes of motility were markedly increased after administration of xylazine in the electroacupuncture stimulated dogs. 4. Gastric emptying time o barium sulfate after electroacupuncture stimulation in dogs was highly significantly decreased compared with that of normal dogs(p < 0.01). 5. Small bowel transit time of barium sulfate after electroacupuncture stimulation in dogs was highly significantly decreased compared with that of normal dogs (p < 0.01). 6. Gastroduodenal transit time of barium sulfate after administration of xylazine following electroacupuncture stimulation dogs was blighty significantly decreased compared to that of dogs dosed with xylazine (p< 0.01). 7. Small bowel transit time of barium sulfate after administration of xylazine following electroacupuncture stimulation dogs markedly decreased compared to that of dogs dosed with xylazine (p < 0.05).

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Clinical Characteristics of Sound Dogs with Medial Patellar Luxation

  • Kim, Gi-Na;Jeong, Soon-Wuk
    • Journal of Veterinary Clinics
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    • v.37 no.2
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    • pp.67-74
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    • 2020
  • The purpose of this study is to identify clinical features of sound (non-lame) dogs with medial patellar luxation (MPL). Medical records of 72 dogs diagnosed with MPL were retrospectively reviewed. There were no significances in breed, sex, body weight, body condition score (BCS), osteoarthritis (OA) score, inclination of the femoral head angle (IFA), and mechanical medial proximal tibial angle (mMPTA) between sound and lame dogs, respectively. The mean age of sound dogs was significantly higher than that of lame dogs (P < 0.05), especially in MPL grade 3. The frequency of sound dogs with MPL grade 1 and 2 was 2.3 times higher than that of sound dogs with MPL grade 3 and 4 (P < 0.05). The anatomical lateral distal femoral angle (aLDFA) of sound dogs was significantly lower than that of lame dogs (P < 0.05). However, there were no statistical differences in aLDFA between sound and lame dogs in MPL grade 1, 2, and 4, except for MPL grade 3. This study suggests that in case of MPL grade 1 and 2, frequency of sound dogs is significantly high, and also that in MPL grade 3, if mean ± (standard deviation) age of the dogs is 7.4 ± 3.6 years old and the aLDFA is 105.6 ± 4.1 degrees, they are very highly possible to be sound dogs.

Prevalence of intestinal parasites of pet dogs in Taejon city (대전광역시 애완견의 장내기생충 감염실태조사)

  • 오윤희;송운재;이필돈;박배근
    • Korean Journal of Veterinary Service
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    • v.21 no.4
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    • pp.391-400
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    • 1998
  • In order to survey the prevalence of intestinal parasites in dogs, 304 fecal samples were taken from dogs in Taejon city, The prevalence and identification of intestinal parasites were determined by the fecal examinations using sheather's floating technique and sedimentation methods and then Cryptosporidium oocysts were identified by kinyoun's modified acid fast stainning method. The results were obtained as follows ; 1. Parasite eggs and oocysts were detected in 105 samples (34.5%) from 304 cases of dog feces. 2. The 11 kinds of eggs and oocysts were isolated from the feces of dog. Those were Ancylostoma caninum (12.1%, 37 dogs), Trichuris vulpis (11.5%, 35 dogs), Toxocara canis (10.2%, 31 dogs), Isospora sp (7.2%, 22 dogs), Cryptosporidium sp (3.6%, 11 dogs), Toxascaris leonine (1.9%, 6 dogs), Strongyloides sp (1.9%, 6 dogs), Taenia sp (0.6%, 2 dogs), Diphylidium caninum (0.3%, 1 dog), Spirometra sp (0.3%, 1 dog) and Clonorchis sinensis (0.3%, 1 dog). 3. It was mixed infection such as single, double, triple and quadruple, 64.8%, 25.7%, 8.6% and 0.9%, respectively. 4. In indiviually-raised 4095, the infectious late of T canis (11.4%), A Caninum(13.2%), Cryptosporidium sp (6.1%), T leontna (2.6%) were higher than those of group raised dogs. But the infectious rate of T vulpis (12.1%) in group raised dogs was higher than that of individually-raised dogs. 5. Adults of Demodex and Sarcoptes which have been found in this survey are excluded in this report.

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Prevalence of Intestinal Parasites Infection of Dogs in Chonbuk Province (전북지방 개의 장내기생충 감염실태)

  • 양홍지;윤여백;이흥재;최인방;박태욱;서창섭
    • Korean Journal of Veterinary Service
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    • v.15 no.1
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    • pp.7-16
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    • 1992
  • In order to detection of the Intestinal parasites, 503 fecal samples were taken from mongorel-and pad-dogs in Chonbuk province. The prevalence and identification of intestinal parasites were determined by the fecal examinations using the floatation and /or sedimentation methods and microscopical examination, respectively. The results were obtained as follows 1. Fifty-nine percent (297 dogs) from 503 fecal samples were detected eggs. In seasonal detection rate of eggs, Summer was 30.3%, Autumn 26.4%, Winter 22.3% and Spring 21.0%, in order, 2. A total of 20 kinds of eggs were isolated from feces, and it was identified 75.7% as Nematoda(320 dogs), 5.6% as Cestoda(24 dogs) and 1.4% as Trematoda(6 dogs), and 17.2% as Protozoa(73 dogs). The isolates were identified as Ancylostoma caninum (30.4%, 153 dogs), Isospora spp. (14.3%, 72 dogs), Toxocara canis(11.1%, 56 dogs), Toxascaris leonina(5.8%, 29 dogs) , Uncineria stenocephala or Physaloptera spp. (5.4%, 27 dogs), Trichuris vulpis(2.4%, 12 dogs) and the others, single or in combination. 3. In mixed infection such as single, double, triple and quadraple was 63.6%, 31.7%, 3.4% and 1.3%, respectively.

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Polymorphism of mitochondrial DNA in Jindo dogs and Japanese mongrels dogs (DNA 다형(多型)에 있어서 진도견(珍島犬)과 잡종견(雜種犬)과의 비교(比較))

  • Han, Bang-keun;Kim, Joo-heon;Kang, Ju-won;Ikemoto, Shigenori
    • Korean Journal of Veterinary Research
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    • v.33 no.1
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    • pp.43-51
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    • 1993
  • Mitochondrial DNA(mt DNA) of Mammalian is the circular one which the 16.5K base pairs and show the maternal inheritance. Evolutional speed of nucleotide sequence is very fast. So that polymorphic analysis of mt DNA provide the useful informations to investigate the genetic relations of interspecies. Authors trials were focussed to compare with the polymorphic differences of mitochondrial DNA between Jindo and Japanese mongrel dogs. DNA was extracted from bloods of 21 head of Jindo dogs and 20 head of Japanese dogs and isolated using 10 kinds of restriction endonucleases(Apa I, BamH I, Bgl II, EcoR I, EcoR V, Hinc II. Hind III, Pst I, Sty I, Xba I) and then separated by the agarose gel electrophoresis. After sourthern blotting hybridization was completed using the mtDNA of Japanese mongrel dogs as a probe. Autoradiography was used to compare the polymorphism of mtDNA both dogs. The results obtained were as follows; 1. mt DNA of Jindo dog showed polymorphism resulting cleavage with four kinds of restriction endonuclease, Apa I, EcoR V, Hinc II, Sty I. While in the Japanese mongrel dogs observed the polymorphism in the five kinds of restriction endonuclease supplemented with EcoR I. 2. Compared with both dogs the frequency differences of DNA polymorphism were recognized in the specific restriction endonuclease Apa I. Consequently in the restriction endonuclease Apa I both dogs classified with three types as A, B, C however in the Jindo dogs frequency of C type was 71.5 percent but in Japanese mongrel dogs observed 45 percent in the A type. 3. DNA polymorphism obtained from the use of five kinds of restriction endonuclease were classified with seven types. In Jindo dogs frequency was highest in the type 6 as 71.4 percent but in the Japanese mongrel dogs showed 35 percent in the type 5. 4. Genetic distances calculated by NEI method showed 0.0089 in Jindo dogs and was 0.0094 in the Japanese mongrel dogs.

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