• Title, Summary, Keyword: double antibody

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Studies on enzyme immunoassay for determining progesterone of bovine plasma and its clinical application I. Optimizing double antibody for progesterone in enzyme immunoassay (Enzyme immunoassay(EIA)에 의한 소의 혈중 progesterone 측정과 이의 응용에 관한 연구 I. 이항체(二項體)의 최적조건에 관한 연구)

  • Kang, Chung-boo;Shin, Jong-uk;Choe, Sang-yong
    • Korean Journal of Veterinary Research
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    • v.28 no.2
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    • pp.321-325
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    • 1988
  • This experiment was carried out to determine the progesterone concentration of bovine plasma by liquid phase double antibody enzyme immunoassay. The optimum conditions of assay-system, double (first and second) antibody and carrier (normal rabbit serum) were investigated. The optimum dilution rate of first antibody, second antibody and normal rabbit serum was $10{\times}10^3$ to $15{\times}10^3$, 20 and $1{\times}10^3$ times, respectively.

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Antigen Nonspecific Death of Immature Thymocytes by Corticosteroids and TNF (스테로이드와 TNF에 의한 항원 비특이적 미성숙 흉선세포 사멸)

  • Oh, Keunhee;Surh, Charles D;Cho, Jaejin;Lee, Dong-Sup
    • IMMUNE NETWORK
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    • v.4 no.2
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    • pp.81-87
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    • 2004
  • Background: In the thymus, developing thymocytes continually interact with thymic epithelial cell components. Self MHC restriction of mature T cells are imposed in the thymus through interaction of immature double positive thymocytes and thymic cortical epithelial cells. The site of negative selection, however, is a matter of debate. Through systemic injection of anti-TCR antibody or antigenic peptides, investigators suggested that most of the negative selection occurs in the thymic cortex. But the requirements for negative selection, i.e cellular counterparts and costimulatory molecules are more available in the medulla or cortico-medullary junction rather than in the thymic cortex. Methods: The direct and indirect pathways of thymocyte death after systemic anti-TCR antibody injection were separated through several experimental systems. B6 mice were either adrenalectomized or sham-adrenalectomized to evaluate the role of endogenous glucocorticoids from adrenal gland. Role of TNF were evaluated through using TNF receptor double knockout mice. Results: We found that without indirectly acting mediators such as $TNF-\alpha$ or corticosteroid, double positive thymocyte death were minimal by systemic injection of anti-TCR antibody in TNF receptor double knockout neonatal mice. Also by analyzing neonatal wild-type mice with adoptively transferred mature T cells, only peripheral activation of mature T cells could induce extensive double positive thymocyte death. Conclusion: Thus, systemically injected anti-TCR antibody mediated thymocyte death are mostly induced through indirect pathway.

Optimization of liquid phase enzyme immunoassay for determining of progesterone (Progesterone 측정을 위한 액상(液相) 효소면역측정법(酵素免疫測定法)의 최적조건에 관한 연구)

  • Kang, Chung-boo;Choi, Il-kwan;Son, Min-soo;Hur, Ju-hyeong;Kim, Chur-ho
    • Korean Journal of Veterinary Research
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    • v.32 no.3
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    • pp.429-434
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    • 1992
  • This study was carried out to develop an effective liquid-phase double antibody enzyme immunoassay for determining of progesterone. The optimum conditions of assay system, 1st and 2nd antibodies, enzyme conjugate, and time reaction were invested. The bovine plasma progesterone level in dairy cattle and korean native bulls were also analyzed. The results obtained were as follows; 1. The reproducibility of petroleum ether was superior to that of ethyl ether as extract solvent of progesterone in plasma. 2. The optimum dilution rate of 1st and 2nd antibody was 30,000 and 10 times, respectively. Affer the reaction of enzyme conjugate to progesterone 1st antibody, and then 2nd antibody competition reaction was enough for over 1hr. 3. Average plasma progesterone level in 4 pregnant and 9 nonpregnant Holstein was $2.5{\pm}0.5$ and $0.7{\pm}0.2ng/m{\ell}$, respectively. Average plasma progesterone level of 10 Korean native bulls was $0.1{\pm}0.001ng/m{\ell}$ From these results, by using liquid phase double antibody enzyme immunoassay for progesterone is applicable to detect of early pregnancy diagnosis, factorial analysis of reproductive disorder, and also reproductive physiological function such as monitoring of cyclicity during the post-partum period.

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Anti-DNA Autoantibodies from on MRL/Ipr Mouse

  • Park, Jeong-Soo;Kim, Young-Tai;Lee, Chan-Hee;Youn, Jung-Koo;Jang, Young-Ju
    • Animal cells and systems
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    • v.2 no.3
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    • pp.371-375
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    • 1998
  • Twenty-one monoclonal anti-DNA autoantilndies were produced by fusing spleen cells from an autoimmune MRL/lpr mouse with SP2/0 myeloma cells. Hybridomas generated by the fusions were chosen for cloning on the basis of DNA binding by supernatant antibody. Each monoclonal antibody was purified to homogeneity and analyzed for the heavy and light chain isotypes and the binding specificity for single-stranded DNA, double-stranded DNA, and RNA. Sequence specificities and isoelectric points of the antibodies were also examined. All of the antibodies were lgG and tended to bind to both single-stranded and double-stranded DNA with a preference for the double-stranded form. Some of them also bound to RNA. Isoelectric points of the antibodies were shown to be high. The antibodies described in this report have characteristics of pathogenic anti-DNA antibodies.

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Preparation of Radioiodine Labelled Human Follicle Stimulating Hormone for Radioimmunoassay Use

  • Kim, Jae-Rok;Kim, Tae-Ho;Kim, You-Sun
    • The Korean Journal of Nuclear Medicine
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    • v.11 no.1
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    • pp.9-15
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    • 1977
  • Radioiodine labelled human follicle stimulating hormone has been prepared using chloramine-T, with the approximate labelling yield of 65%. The labelled product is purified by means of a starch gel electrophoresis, and a Sephadex gel filtration, and the separation efficiencies are assessed for the effective use in radioimmunoassay. The results indicate that the gel filtration is efficient in view of the separation time, simplicity and bindability of the labelled hormone to the antibody. In determining the ratio of the free to the antibody hound labelled hormone, a double antibody technique is applied in comparison with a chromatoelectrophoresis. The ratio could be obtained only in the case of applying the double antibody technique.

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Development and Immunochemical Properties of Two Monoclonal Antibodies Specific to Human Chorionic Gonadotropin

  • Kim, You-Hee;Koh, Kwan-Sam
    • BMB Reports
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    • v.32 no.5
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    • pp.474-479
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    • 1999
  • Using a hybridoma technique, spleen cells of Balb/c mice immunized with human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG) were fused with NS-1 mouse myeloma cells. Two hybrid cell lines, clones KS-8 and KS-19, secreting monoclonal antibodies to hCG, were isolated. KS-8 and KS-19 belong to the immunoglobulin $G_1$ subclass. With the aid of a double-antibody radioimmunoassay, it was established that the KS-8 monoclonal antibody recognizes an immunodeterminant of the $\beta$-subunit of hCG, whereas the KS-19 monoclonal antibody recognizes an epitope present on the $\alpha$-subunit of hCG. The KS-8 monoclonal antibody specifically reacts with human chorionic gonadotropin and shows cross-reactivity of less than 0.3% to other related human glycoprotein hormones. On the other hand, using a hemagglutination test based on antibody-induced agglutination of sheep red blood cells coated with hCG, It was shown that only the KS-19 monoclonal antibody was capable of inducing a positive reaction, although both monoclonal antibodies had similar binding capacity to the coated cells. The results from the dual screening procedures demonstrate that KS-8 and KS-19 monoclonal antibodies show high sensitivity in two different assays, and are hence useful for the qualitative and quantitative determination of hCG by both radioimmunoassay and hemagglutination inhibition tests.

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An Experimental Study on Production of Egg Yolk Antibody(IgY) against Bee Venom (봉독의 항독소(IgY)생산을 위한 실험적 연구)

  • Hwang, Tae-Jun;Lee, Seung-Bae;Gwon, Gi-Rok
    • Journal of Pharmacopuncture
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    • v.4 no.2
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    • pp.5-15
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    • 2001
  • This study was carried out for production of neutral antibody to bee venom $(anti-phospholipase\;A_2IgY)$. Hen layings were injected repeatedly with bee venom and phospholipase $A_2$ with Freund's adjuvant. Specific antibody in egg yolk from immunized hen laying was separated, and purified, also immunological characteristics of anti phospholipase $A_2\;IgY$ was invested. The results were summarized as follows: 1. Phospholipase $A_2$ was showed single band at molecular weight 17,000 in SDS-PAGE and bee venom was showed two band at molecular weight 17,000 and under molecular weight 6,500 in SDS-PAGE. 2. During 70 days after hen immunized with bee venom and phospholipase $A_2$, antibodies(anti-bee venom IgY) to bee venom were showed poor ELISA value in egg yolk, but antibodies$(anti-Phospholipase\;A_2IgY)$ to phospholipase $A_2$ in egg yolk were increased ELISA value from 8 days or 15 days and found maximum ELISA value at 42 days. Also after booster at 49 days, ELISA value of anti Phospholipase $A_2\;IgY$ in egg yolk was supported at optical density(O.D) 1.0 level, continuously. 3. Titer of phospholipase $A_2\;IgY$ was showed 1: 32,000. 4. In double immunodiffusion test to phospholipase $A_2$ after double dilution of anti-phospholipase $A_2\;IgY$, only precipitation line was made in 1:1 dilution well of anti-Phospholipase $A_2\;IgY$. But In immunodiffusion test to anti-phospholipase $A_2\;IgY$ after double dilution of phospholipase $A_2$, Precipitation line to 250ul/ml well of phospholipase $A_2$ was showed. In double immunodiffusion test to bee venom(1mg/ml) after double dilution anti-phospholipase $A_2\;IgY$, all well without 1:32 dilution well were showed strong precipitation line. 5. In dot bloting test to anti-phospholipase $A_2\;IgY$ after diluting bee venom(0.5mg/ml), dot bloting color was showed clearly to $1/100(5{\mu}g/ml)$ in bee venom.

Detection of Fish Virus by Using Immunomagnetic Separation and Polymerase Chain Reaction (IMS-PCR)

  • KIM Soo Jin;OH Hae Keun;CHOI Tae-Jin
    • Korean Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences
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    • v.30 no.6
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    • pp.948-955
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    • 1997
  • Immunomagnetic separation of virus coupled with .reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (IMS-PCR) was performed with infectious hematopoietic necrosis virus (IHNV). A DNA fragment of expected size was synthesized in the RT-PCR with total RNA extracted from IHNV inoculated CHSE-214. In a SDS-PAGE analysis, a protein band of over 70kDa was detected from non-infected cells and cells inoculated with IHNV and infectious pancreatic necrosis virus (IPNV). This protein was detected in the Western blot analysis probably because of non-specific reaction to monoclonal antibody against IHNV nucleocapsid protein. In the immunomagnetic separation, magnetic beads coated with monoclonal antibody against the IHNV nucleocapsid protein was incubated with supernatant from IHNV inoculated CHSE-214 cells. During this process, the non-specifically reacting protein could be removed by washing the magnetic bead with PBS in the presence of an external magnetic field, and viral proteins were detected from the remaining, cleaned magnetic beads. It was necessary to extract viral RNA from the captured virus particles before RT-PCR, and no DNA product was detected when the captured virus was only heated 5 min at $95^{\circ}C$. A PCR-product of expected size was synthesized from IMS-PCR with magnetic beads double coated either by goat anti-mouse IgG antibody -monoclonal antibody or streptavidin - biotin conjugated monoclonal antibody.

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A possible role of lipopolysaccharides in the prevention of lysosome0symbiosome fusion as studied by microinjection of an anti-LPS monoclonal antibody (리소솜과 공생낭의 융합저해에서의 Lipopolysaccharide의 역할에 관한 연구)

  • Choi, Eui-Yul
    • Korean Journal of Microbiology
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    • v.32 no.4
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    • pp.280-284
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    • 1994
  • Lack of lysosomal fusion with symbiosomes in symbiont-bearing Amoeba proteus may be due either to the presence of a component in the symbiosome membrane or to the absence of a component needed in the fusion process. Using monoclonal antibody as a probe, lipopolysaccharides were identified as symbiosome-membrane components contributed by symbionts and were found to be exposed on the cytoplasmic side of the membrane. In order to test whether lipopolysaccharides may play a role in the prevention of lysosome-symbiosome fusion, the antilipopolysaccharides antibody was microinjected and processed for double immunostaining in conjuction with anti-lysosome antibody as a lysosome-fusion indicator. Microinjection of the anti-LPS antibody caused symbiosomes to fuse with lysosomes, suggesting that X-bacterial lipopolysaccharides could be 'fusion-preventing' factors.

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A study on production of early pregnancy diagnostic kit in cattle 1. Production of polyclonal antibody to progesterone and removal of anti-bovine serum albumin antisera (소의 조기임신진단 kit의 개발 1. Progesterone의 항체생산(抗體生産) 및 항(抗) BSA항체(抗體)의 제거)

  • Kang, Chung-boo;Lee, Hyo-jong;Choe, Sang-yong
    • Korean Journal of Veterinary Research
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    • v.31 no.2
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    • pp.217-222
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    • 1991
  • Most progesterone enzyme immunoassays(EIA) are used liquid phase double-antibody separation. These methods consume considerable time and reagents because of the requirements for several washing and centrifugation steps involving the reactants. Because of there several problems, we were prompted to develop an effective EIA system by the use of higher titer of progesterone antiserum free of anti-bovine serum albumin antibodies (anti-BSA). The results obtained were as follows. 1. The antibody of progesterone antiserum was high as $1.5{\times}10^5$. 2. Percent activity bound of progesterone antiserum was about 77 at a dilution to $5{\times}10^3$ times. 3. Progesterone antiserum was contained a large amount of anti-BSA antibodies. 4. The anti-BSA was completely absorbed by using of polymerised BSA. 5. The molecular weight of albumin polymer (polymerised BSA) obtained by using 2.5% glut. araldehyde was $5{\times}10^5$.

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