• Title, Summary, Keyword: drying

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A study on intelligent fish-drying process control system

  • Nakamura, Makoto;Shiragami, Teizoh;Sakai, Yoshiro
    • 제어로봇시스템학회:학술대회논문집
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    • pp.132-137
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    • 1993
  • In this paper, a fish drying process control system is proposed, which predicts the proper change with time in weight of the material fish and the drying conditions in advance, based on the performance of skilled worker. In order to implement a human expertise into an automated fish drying process control system, an experimental analysis is made and a model for the process is built. The proposed system divided into two procedures: The procedure before drying and the one during drying. The procedure before drying is for the prediction of necessary drying time. To estimate the necessary drying time, first, the proper change in weight for the product is obtained by using fuzzy reasoning. The condition part of the production rule consists of the factors of fish body and the expected degree of dryness. Kext, the necessary drying time is obtained by regression models. The variables employed in the models are the factors, inferred change in weight and drying conditions. The model for the procedure during drying is also proposed for more accurate estimation, which is described by a system of linear-differential equations.

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Effects of Drying Conditions on the Quality of White Ginseng (백삼건조 조건이 품질에 미치는 영향)

  • 도재호;김상달
    • Journal of Ginseng Research
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    • v.9 no.2
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    • pp.248-255
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    • 1985
  • In order to investigate the optimal drying condition of white ginseng by using bulk air drier(130 x 62 x 65cm), drying curves, diffusion coefficient at various drying temperature, the energy of activation, variation of color intensity and chemical components during drying of white ginseng were studied. Fick's second low of diffusion for diffusion out of spheres was successfully applied to describe the drying of white ginseng. It was found that the diffusion coefficient of water was 2.2x107, 9.0x107 cm2/sec at drying temperature 4$0^{\circ}C$, 55$^{\circ}C$, respectively. An Arrhenius type temperature dependency of moisture diffusivity was found, the energy of activation being 18.8 Kcal/g mol. Color intensity of white ginseng dried at various drying temperature was increased with an increase in drying temperature. The contents of crude protein, reducing sugar and crude saponin during drying of white ginseng were gradually decreased as increasing of drying time. And with the sensory evaluation by multiple comparison difference analysis, the optimal drying temperature of white ginseng was between 45$^{\circ}C$ and 5$0^{\circ}C$.

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Quality Characteristics of Ginseng Powder using Molecular Press Dehydration Method (분자 압축 탈수방법을 이용한 인삼분말의 품질특성)

  • Lee, H.S.;Kwon, K.H.;Jeong, J.W.
    • Journal of Biosystems Engineering
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    • v.34 no.3
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    • pp.155-160
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    • 2009
  • This study was attempted to quality characteristics of ginseng powder using molecular press dehydration(MD) method. Ginseng powder was dried using maltodextrin as dehydrating agents, and the quality of the ginseng powder was compared with that of freeze-drying and hot air-drying samples in terms of colors, moisture contents and grain size. The colors of ginseng powder using MD-drying and freeze-drying was better than hot air-dried ginseng powder. The moisture contents of ginseng powder using MD-drying was 9.49%, while freeze-drying was 4.14% and hot air-drying 11.71% after 72ball mill times. The grain size of ginseng powder using MD-drying and freeze-drying was better than hot air-drying ginseng powder. These results suggest that drying of ginseng powder using molecular press dehydration method is very efficient, because minimal cell destruction may be achieved.

A Study on the Thermal Characteristics of Aquatic Products by Low Temperature Vacuum Drying - Especially on the Sea Cucumber - (수산물의 저온진공건조 열적 특성에 관한 연구 - 해삼을 중심으로 -)

  • Choe, S.Y.;Kim, M.S.
    • Journal of the Korea Society For Power System Engineering
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    • v.15 no.3
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    • pp.46-51
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    • 2011
  • Low temperature vacuum drying technique, whose drying time and quantity of exhausting energy is about 25~30% of hot air drying, is very excellent in the drying efficiency. This paper is made out in the aspects of heat engineering with the object of developing Korean drying machine which can dry once a large quantity of objects to be dried in the state of low temperature and vacuum. As the results, it took about 17 hours(3~4 days in case of hot air drying) for material to reach about 18% of the final moisture content in order to store products for a long time, from about 78~80% of the early moisture content at the beginning of drying, and maximum drying rate comes to about 0.35 kg/m2hr at about 400% of the moisture content.

Study on Press-drying and Air-drying of Italian Poplar Rotary Veneer (이태리포플러 로타리 단판(單板)의 열판건조(熱板乾燥)와 천연건조(天然乾燥)에 관(關)한 연구(硏究))

  • Jung, Hee-Suk;Shim, Chong-Supp
    • Journal of the Korean Wood Science and Technology
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    • v.10 no.3
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    • pp.167-167
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    • 1982
  • Italian poplar (Populus euramericana) rotary veneers were press-dried and air-dried to study drying curves, thickness shrinkage and width shrinkage of them under several drying conditions such as drying temperatures and veneer thicknesses. The results of the study are summarized as follows; 1. In press-drying, drying times from green condition to about final moisture content of 10 percent with veneer thickness of 0.6mm by platen temperatures required about 10 minutes at platen temperature of $100^{\circ}C$, 3 minutes at $110^{\circ}C$, 1 minute at $120^{\circ}C$ and $130^{\circ}C$, respectively. 2. In press, drying, drying times from green condition to about final moisture content of 10 percent by veneer thicknesses required 2 minutes at veneer thickness of 0.6mm, 4 minutes at 1.2mm,6 minutes at 1.8mm and 9 minutes at 3.6mm, respectively. 3. In air-drying, drying times from green condition to air-dried moisture content by veneer thicknesses required 15 hours at veneer thickness of 0.6mm, 18 hours at 1.2mm and 23 hours at 2.4mm, respectively. 4. Thickness shrinkage of press-drying was remarkably greater than that of air-drying, but width shrinkage of press-drying was rather smaller. 5. Difference of thickness shrinkage among platen temperatures was insignificant, and width shrinkage at platen temperature of $130^{\circ}C$ was the least.

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Changes in Quality of Soybean Curd Residue as Affected by Different Drying Methods (건조방법에 따른 비지의 품질변화)

  • 김동수;설명훈;김현대
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition
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    • v.25 no.3
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    • pp.453-459
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    • 1996
  • This study was carried out to determine the changes in quality during the drying process and the optimum drying condition for utilizing soybean curd residue. The quality criteria for soybean curd residue were acid value, peroxide value, fatty acid composition and microbial concentration. The acid values of soybean curd residue were 7.5, 4.5 and 5.9 KOH mg/g upon 12 hour drying with open-air sun, ambient-air blast and warm-air blast, respectively. The numbers of total aerobic bacteria and molds increased remarkably during drying with open-air sunlight, ambient-air blast and warm-air blast except for hot air blast. Among different drying methods, the hot air blast drying(1kg of sample) was the most effective methods, which completed in three hours. Also, the drying method demonstrated a typical drying curve ; settling down, constant rate drying and falling rate drying period were shown within one hour, from one and three hours and after three hours, respectively. Moreover, there was significant variation in the constant drying period for the quality of soybean curd residue.

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Development of Continuous Cross-Flow Rice Drying Model (벼의 횡류 연속식 건조 모델 개발)

  • 송대빈;고학균
    • Journal of Biosystems Engineering
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    • v.22 no.3
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    • pp.279-288
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    • 1997
  • This study was worked out to obtain fundamental data needed for developing a continuous type dryer. The drying process in a cross-flow type continuous dryer was expressed as partial differential equations, and a drying simulation model for predicting rice moisture content, rice temperature, drying air absolute humidity, drying air temperature was developed by using the finite difference method. To validate the performance of the drying simulation model, a prototype continuous dryer was constructed in this study. The size of the test dryer was one-tenth to that of a commercial continuous dryer. The difference in the outlet rice moisture content between the predicted values and the measured values was within 0.5%, that of outlet rice temperature was below $3^{\circ}C$, that of drying air temperature in drying bed was within $8^{\circ}C$ and that of relative humidity of outlet drying air was big because of the different measuring point. In addition, a drying simulation model for a actual size continuous dryer with double flow was developed in this study. This drying simulation model included the rice mixing effect in the middle of drying length. The difference of outlet moisture content between the predicted and the measured values showed below 0.5% in this study.

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Effects of Osmotic Dehydration on Drying Characteristics of Kiwifruits (키위의 건조특성에 미치는 삼투처리의 영향)

  • 윤광섭;홍주헌
    • Korean Journal of Food Preservation
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    • v.6 no.3
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    • pp.319-323
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    • 1999
  • This study was conducted to minimize the deterioration of dried kiwifruit quality. Osmotic dehydration was carried out as pretreatment before drying. After the kiwifruits were pretreated under optimized osmotic dehydration conditions, they were dried by three drying methods(hot air drying, vacuum drying, freeze drying). Hot air drying and vacuum drying were superior to freeze drying in the drying speed. But vacuum and freeze drying preserved more vitamin C than hot air drying. Also, osmotic dehydrated kiwifruit kept better quality than nontreated kiwifruit. Diffusion coefficient which describes moisture transfer, was high in drying process pretreated with osmosis. The changes of vitamin-C followed the second-order reaction rate equation with high RE, respectively.

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Drying Characteristics of Plating Sludge by Microwave (마이크로파 가열에 의한 도금슬러지 건조특성)

  • 문경환;손종렬;김덕찬
    • Journal of environmental and Sanitary engineering
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    • v.13 no.1
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    • pp.9-15
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    • 1998
  • Microwave heating and drying processes have been well established in various industrial applications. Feasibilities of successful application of microwave drying to many material have been shown on the laboratory or pilot-plant scale. The microwave drying behavior of plating sludge are considered in this paper. The plating sludge containing 70%, 80% and 90% water exposed to microwave power at 2,450 MHz, 700W. An experimental microwave drying apparatus was designed and constructed to monitor weight loss during drying. By studying the drying characteristic curve, the moisture in sludge was almost classified into two categories : free moisture and intestinal moisture. And the critical moisture contents at which the drying rate ceases to be constant were from 10.1 to 10.5%. A simple drying model is proposed which may be used to describe drying behavior of plating sludge. The constant rate and the falling rate periods in microwave drying were addressed separately. From the eqation of constant rate period the drying rate constants decreased exponentially with increasing depth. Microwave heating compared with conventional heating offered higher heating rates from 9 to 16 times. Therefore, microwave drying process can be effective in removing moisture from plating sludge.

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Nutritional Composition and Antioxidative Activity of Different Parts of Taraxacum coreanum according to Drying Methods (흰민들레의 부위별 건조방법에 따른 영양성분 및 항산화효과 비교)

  • Oh, Hee-Kyung
    • Journal of the Korean Dietetic Association
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    • v.19 no.4
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    • pp.389-399
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    • 2013
  • This study compared the nutritional composition and antioxidative activity of different parts of Taraxacum coreanum (aerial parts and roots) according to different drying methods (natural drying and freeze-drying). There were no significant differences in vitamin C content in roots depending on the drying methods. However, vitamin A (P<0.01), E (P<0.001) and C (P<0.001) content of aerial parts, and vitamin A (P<0.001) and E (P<0.05) content of roots were significantly higher after freeze-drying compared to natural drying. For organic acids, the oxalic acid content of the aerial parts and roots were the highest. The total polyphenol and total flavonoid content in extracts from the aerial parts (P<0.01) and roots (P<0.05) were significantly higher after freeze-drying compared to natural drying. In addition, the total polyphenol and flavonoid content, DPPH radical scavenging activity, and antioxidative index from the natural drying and freeze-drying of Taraxacum coreanum extracts were significantly higher in the aerial parts compared to the roots (P<0.05). These results suggest that the nutritional composition and antioxidative activity of Taraxacum coreanum are higher in the aerial parts compared to the roots, and higher after freeze-drying compared to natural drying. Therefore, the aerial parts of Taraxacum coreanum could be suggested as an antioxidative functional food source.