• Title, Summary, Keyword: dust and odor

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System Development for Removing Dust & Odor from Manufacturing Process of Resin Products (I) (수지제품 가공시 발생하는 분진 및 악취 제거 시스템 개발(I))

  • Yun, Huy-Kwan;Kim, Jae Yong
    • Applied Chemistry for Engineering
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    • v.20 no.2
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    • pp.218-222
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    • 2009
  • As we look into the related technologies at home and abroad, the odor and dust removal technologies did not make us satisfied because its removal method is not appropriate and its economical efficiency was low. If bad odor and dust were generated simultaneously, we should install two removal factories separately, and it made a big problem. Consequently, we investigated to obtain the related basic information for a new hybrid bag filter system which can remove both odor and dust at the same time, using bag filter with ACF (dual filter type).

System Development of Removing Dust and Odor from Manufacturing Process of FRP Products (FRP제품 가공시 발생하는 분진 및 악취 제거 시스템 개발)

  • Yun, Huy Kwan;Kim, Jae Yong
    • Applied Chemistry for Engineering
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    • v.20 no.5
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    • pp.547-552
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    • 2009
  • When fiber reinforced plastics (FRP) products are manufactured, dust and odor materials are inevitably generated in a workplace. To improve the bad condition of the workshop, we developed the Hybrid Bag Filter attached activated carbon fiber (ACF) and installed the system at two companies producing FRP goods. In order to raise the efficiency of dust collection, we set the ducts both on the ceiling and at the bottom of the wall and according to the circumstances of the workshop's space, moving dust collector also adopted as a different type of flexible duct. Pulse Jet Type Bag Filter is also equipped to operate the system more effectively, for the improved fine environment because of high dust removal efficiency. Finally, we investigated the removal tendency of the dust and odor when operating the System of Hybrid Bag Filter.

Correlation of Air Pollutants and Thermal Environment Factors in a Confined Pig House in Winter

  • Choi, Hong L.;Kim, Ki Y.;Kim, Hyunook
    • Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
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    • v.18 no.4
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    • pp.574-579
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    • 2005
  • Optimal management of indoor air quality in a confined pig house, especially in winter, is indispensable for preventing infectious respiratory disease to workers and animals. This study was performed to elucidate the correlation of aerial contaminants and climate factors in a confinement. It was observed that indoor air contaminants ion in the confinement was the highest at 2:00-5:00 pm in a day, followed by 8:00-11:00 pm and 8:00-11:00 am. This was attributed to the increase of pig activities in the afternoon. The concentration of total dust and total airborne bacteria was found to have a significant correlation with temperature and relative humidity (p<0.05). Correlation of total dust and total airborne bacteria, total dust and ammonia, and total dust and odor were shown statistically significant at 95% confidence level. In conclusion, temperature and total dust concentration correlated significantly with all the parameters except for hydrogen sulfide ($H_2S$). This could be explained by the fact the dryness of pig feces by increase of interior temperature and resuspension of feed deposited on the floor by the pig activity, resulted in high generation of dust which adsorbed and carried the airborne bacteria and odor compounds in a confined pig house. It was proved that the adsorptive capacity of dust with ammonia ($NH_3$) was higher than that with hydrogen sulfide ($H_2S$).

Evaluation on the Degree of Satisfaction with Working Environment for Workers Engaged in the Composting Plant with Livestock Manure in the Han-river Watershed (한강유역 축분퇴비공장 근로자의 작업환경 만족도 평가)

  • Kim, K.Y.;Choi, H.L.;Kim, C.N.
    • Journal of Animal Science and Technology
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    • v.44 no.2
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    • pp.261-270
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    • 2002
  • This study was executed to elucidate the degree of satisfaction with working environment and the factors affecting it for workers who are engaged in the composting plants with livestock manure in the Han-river watershed. As an evaluation on site, we applied the self-administered questionaire including general characteristics, working conditions, degree of satisfaction with working environment, and degree of satisfaction with working condition. Simultaneously, we analysed the exposure levels of odor (ammonia, hydrogen sulfide, and odor intensity) in the boundary area of plants. As a result of the study, health condition, odor, work load, dust, and smoking were proved to be the main factors affecting the degree of satisfaction with working environment for workers who are employed in the composting plants with livestock manure in the Han-river watershed. Of them, it was investigated that health condition, odor, and work load accounted for 61.3% of the total degree of satisfaction with working environment and health condition(p$<$0.01), odor(p$<$0.05), work load(p$<$0.05), and dust(p$<$0.05) were statistically significant. It was concluded that the degree of satisfaction with working environment was high for the workers who had good health status and low for the workers who had the relatively considerable work load and were often exposed to odor and dust. Therefore, to increase the degree of satisfaction with working environment for workers who are engaged in the composting plants with livestock manure, the measures that can reduce the exposure levels of odor and dust emitting from the composting plant with livestock manure should be improved.

An Air Cleaning Efficiencies of Wet Air Cleaner in the Swine Finishing Winch Curtain Stall (윈치커튼식 비육돈사에서 습식공기정화기의 공기정화 효율 분석)

  • Oh, I.H.;Kim, W.G.;Lee, H.S.
    • Journal of Animal Environmental Science
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    • v.14 no.2
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    • pp.75-80
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    • 2008
  • High concentration of $NH_3$, $CO_2$, and lots of dust are found in modern densely raising stall system, as results, they provide a negative influence on animal and lamer health, and production ability. Therefore, it is necessary to keep clean the inside of stall air to increase the productivity. A wet type air cleaner has been developed to clean the stall air. The work principle is that the inside air are sucked through the fan, and the rotating discs make a water into a fineness spray and blows into the stall. The spray can take the dust, $NH_3$, and odor from the stall inside air and give back to the circulating water, which can be refreshed in 2 hours interval. In the Present study, we measured the $NH_3$, dust, odor, temperature and humidity in a swine stall that were installed two wet air cleaners with 700 fattening swine with on-mode and off-mode of wet air cleaners. In fall, the concentrations of $NH_3$ in off-mode stall were maximum 24 ppm and minimum 16 prm, and the average was 18.2 ppm. However in on-mode stall the $NH_3$ concentrations were maximum 7ppm and minimum 1ppm, and the average was 2.7ppm. The concentration of $NH_3$ in on-mode was 74% lower than off-mode stall. Odor was measured by olfactometer. In the off-mode stall, the odor unit was 3,800 OU/$m^3$, but in the on-mode stall the odor unit was 2,100 OU/$m^3$ Odor removal efficiency was about 45% in on-mode stall. The dust measure was divided into 3 categories, $PM_{10}$, $PM_{2.5}$ and $PM_{1.0}$. Whereas the $PM_{10}$ showed no significant differences between the tests, $PM_{2.5}$ and $PM_{1.0}$ in the fine particle range reduced remarkably in the on-mode.

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New Design of Cap Type Filter for Oil Mist Removal (미세 분무유 제거를 위한 신개념 특수필터 설계)

  • Kim, Hong-Gun
    • Journal of The Korean Society of Manufacturing Technology Engineers
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    • v.20 no.1
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    • pp.13-16
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    • 2011
  • It is a tendency where the number of the restaurant is increasing recently with advancement of the food service industry. In comparison, Noxiousness fine MIST and the removal are passively done in about offensive odor which occurs meat products processing as emitting like that in the atmosphere. Because adherence lamination in the exhaustion line pipe has need of a periodic cleaning and change, it must discontinue the business of long time. In this paper, The technique development on fine MIST, dust of offensive odor and filtering which occur meat products processing prevents adherence/lamination of fine MIST in exhaustion line pipe. And the source prevents the environmental matter which is emitted in the atmosphere under maximizing boil offensive odor and the filtering effect of noxiousness MIST.

An Air Cleaning Efficiencies of Wet Air Cleaner in the Windowless Swine Fattening Stall in Summer (무창 비육돈사에서 습식공기정화기의 여름철 공기정화효율 분석)

  • Oh, I.H.;Lee, J.H.;Lee, K.H.;Lee, J.H.;Lee, D.S.;Eo, S.M.;Lee, M.L.
    • Journal of Animal Environmental Science
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    • v.12 no.3
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    • pp.133-140
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    • 2006
  • The climate of stall significantly influences on animal production ability. High concentration of ammonia gas, $CO_2$ and lots of dust are found in modern densely raising stall system, as results, they provide a negative influence on animal and farmer health, and production ability. Therefore, it is necessary to keep clean the inside air of stall to increase the productivity. An air cleaner of wet type, consisting of a fan, a motor, rotating discs, a dust collector, a water bowl, an ozone generator etc, has been developed to clean the stall air. The work principle is that the inside air is sucked through the fan, and the rotating discs make water into fineness spray and blow into the stall. The rest water flows down to the dust collector. In the present study, we measured the dust, ammonia gas, odor, temperature and humidity in a swine stall that were installed two wet air cleaners with 700 fattening swine with On-mode and Off-mode of wet air cleaners. The dust measure was divided into 3 categories, TSP, $PM_{10}$, and $PM_{2.5}$. In summer, the TSP in on-mode were maximum $0.259mg/m^3$ and minimum $0.128mg/m^3$, and the average was $0.195mg/m^3$. These are comparable to the data from Off-mode stall that maximum $0.308mg/m^3$, minimum $0.139mg/m^3$, and average $0.277mg/m^3$. However, $PM_{10}$ and $PM_{2.5}$ showed any significant differences between the tests. The concentrations of ammonia gas in Off-mode stall were maximum 13.8 ppm and minimum 5.9 ppm, and the average was 8.47 ppm. However in On-mode stall the ammonia gas concentrations were maximum 10.5 ppm and minimum 5.5 ppm, and the average was 7.63 ppm. The concentration of ammonia gas in On-mode was 10% in average lower than off-mode stall. Odor was measured by olfactometer. In the Off-mode stall, the odor unit were maximum 420 $Ou/m^3$ and minimum $300\;OU/m^3$, and the average was $367\;OU/m^3$, but in the On-mode stall the odor unit were maximum $330\;OU/m^3$ and minimum $210\;OU/m^3$, and the average was $253\;OU/m^3$. Odor removal efficiency was about 31% in On-mode stall.

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A Study on Livestock Odor Reduction Using Water Washing System (수세탈취시스템을 이용한 축산악취저감에 관한 연구)

  • Jeon, Kyoung-Ho;Choi, Dong-Yoon;Song, Jun-Ik;Park, Kyu-Hyun;Kim, Jae-Hwan;Kwag, Jung-Hoon;Kang, Hee-Sul;Jeong, Jong-Won
    • Journal of Animal Environmental Science
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    • v.16 no.1
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    • pp.21-28
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    • 2010
  • The odor problem in the livestock is increasing by 7% annually. Most importantly, the livestock odor problem in swinery accounts for the maximum ratio (54%). In this study, we reviewed the possibility of deodorizing swinery using an odor reduction device that can be used with the water washing system. First, the study confirmed that the solubility of odor gas, which was hydrogen sulfide, was very low regardless of the contact time with solvent, but the solubility of methyl mercaptan was found to increase along with the increase in time. The solubility of other odor gases, such as dimethyl sulfide, dimethyl disulfide and ammonia, was considerably high. Consequently, it is considered that if the odor reduction device for the water washing system deodorization is used in a swinery, the time during which the exhaust gas is in contact with usable water must be extended, or solvent quantity must be expanded. However, it is predicted that although hydrogen sulfide is easily generated in the anaerobic condition, it is difficult to expect high odor reduction efficiency because this gas has low solubility in water, especially in case it is used in the deodorization of the water washing system. The result of the solubility experiment using the bench-scale device practically manufactured represented the higher odor reduction ratio than expected. This result was possible because the removal efficiency of dust particles could be reached up to 93%. Therefore, it is judged that also the odor gas absorbed on dust particles could be removed by removal of dust. Consequently, it is expected that the higher order reduction ratio will be possible by structural improvement for increasing contact with water and odor gas.

Analysis of Environmental Complaints for Receptor-oriented Risk Management: Busan as a Case Study (수용체 기반 지역 위해관리를 위한 환경관련 민원 분석: 부산시 사례를 중심으로)

  • Kim, Shijin;Jung, Dawoon
    • Journal of Environmental Health Sciences
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    • v.45 no.6
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    • pp.605-612
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    • 2019
  • Objectives: This study aims to examine receptor-perceived characteristics of environmental and health damage in areas surrounded by industrial workplaces using environmental complaints collected by local governments in Korea. Methods: The environmental complaint data related to workplaces was collected by local governments at each municipality between the years 2015 and 2017. We analyzed the complaint data from the Busan area by the type of business (industry classification), the content of complaints (odor, smoke, noise, and certain health damage), and the frequency of complaints. Results: Among the workplaces examined, industry categories related to retail and service received the highest frequency of complaints related to noise. On the other hand, complaints of dust and odors were raised in higher frequency against manufacturing industries, indicating that air pollution was the main driver of such complaints. Most of the complaints regarding health effects from industries also contained other complaints, such as odor, noise, and dust. Our results indicate that environmental discomfort can lead to more serious health damage, and should be dealt with more seriously. Further management plans for mitigating discomforts such as noise are necessary. Conclusion: This study can be used as background data for identifying the policy priorities related to vulnerable areas polluted by industry and will contribute to improving the environmental health of residents in identified areas.

Simultaneous Removal of TVOC and Particulate Matters Using Rectangular Bag-Filter System with for a Foundry (주물공정 악취·분진 동시 처리를 위한 여과 집진장치 개발연구)

  • Xu, Rong-Bin;Kim, Tae-Hyeung;Ha, Hyun-Chul;Piao, Cheng-Xu
    • Journal of Environmental Science International
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    • v.23 no.8
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    • pp.1409-1418
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    • 2014
  • Foundry has an important economic value in the industry. However, the generation of air pollutants like particulate and odor are serious. Due to the unavoidable usage of molding sand, particulate occurs in almost all the processes. That accounts for the majority of respirable dust in the size less than $10{\mu}m$ As well as particulate, over 22 species of odor-causing gases and VOCs including hydrogen sulfide and ammonia are occurred. Therefore, the development of equipment that can simultaneously remove TVOC and particulate is regarded as an essential research. In this study, the spraying absorbent system was connected with the shear bag filter for the purpose to remove TVOC and particulate simultaneously. Maximization of process efficiency for the affective factors like the powder combination and injection method is conducted. The experiment was performed at the de-molding process of one foundry plant. Through these devices, the removal efficiency of more than 95% for TVOC was achieved with the absorbent that composed by 800 mesh Activated carbon (80%) and 300 mesh zeolite (20%). Also, the durability and economic evaluation were assessed. In the result of Durability assessment, the available recovery to maintain the deodorizing effect at 90% was counted to 350 degree.