• Title, Summary, Keyword: echocardiography

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Quantitative Doppler echocardiography during Dobutamine stress test in canine mitral regurgitant model

  • Choi, Hojung;Won, Sungjun;Lee, Kichang;Choi, Mincheol;Yoon, Junghee
    • Korean Journal of Veterinary Research
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    • v.44 no.2
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    • pp.317-322
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    • 2004
  • This study was performed to evaluate echocardiographic parameters in dogs with experimental mitral regurgitation subjected to dobutamine stress testing. In 8 beagle dogs, a 4-prong grasping forceps was inserted into the left ventricle through the carotid artery with fluoroscopic guidance. The disruption of chordae or mitral valve leaflet was performed. Echocardiographic protocols included quantitative Doppler echocardiography and M-mode measurement for evaluating left ventricle function. After all measurement was obtained at rest, dobutamine was infused incrementally. In stress testing, all measurement also was performed at rest as the same method. In stress Doppler echocardiography, regurgitant fraction and aortic stroke volume was increased significantly (P<0.001). Effective regurgitant orifice and regurgitant volume was not changed. In M-mode examination, fractional shortening was increased significantly at stress test (P<0.001). From the results obtained in this study, it could be suggested that dobutamine stress echocardiography increase left ventricle performance in non-functional mitral regurgitation and quantitative Doppler echocardiography is non-invasive, accurate method in valvular regurgitation.

Strain Analysis of the Right Ventricle Using Two-dimensional Echocardiography

  • Lee, Ju-Hee;Park, Jae-Hyeong
    • Journal of Cardiovascular Imaging
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    • v.26 no.3
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    • pp.111-124
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    • 2018
  • Right ventricular (RV) systolic dysfunction has been identified as an independent prognostic marker of many cardiovascular diseases. However, there are problems in measuring RV systolic function objectively and identification of RV dysfunction using conventional echocardiography. Strain echocardiography is a new imaging modality to measure myocardial deformation. It can measure intrinsic myocardial function and has been used to measure regional and global left ventricular (LV) function. Although the RV has different morphologic characteristics than the LV, strain analysis of the RV is feasible. After strain echocardiography was introduced to measure RV systolic function, it became more popular and was incorporated into recent echocardiographic guidelines. Recent studies showed that RV global longitudinal strain (RVGLS) can be used as an objective index of RV systolic function with prognostic significance. In this review, we discuss RVGLS measurement, normal reference values, and the clinical importance of RVGLS.

The Role of Intraoperative Echocardiograpby after Repair of Complete Atrioventricular Septal Defect (완전방실중격결손증 수술후 심에코도의 역할)

  • 홍유선
    • The Korean Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
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    • v.27 no.11
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    • pp.902-906
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    • 1994
  • Between May 1991 and August 1993, 16 patients underwent repair of complete atrioventricular septal defect without another major anomaly at Cardiovascular Center,Yonsei University College of Medicine. Ages of the patients ranged from 3 months to 38 years with a mean of 42 months. Among 16, 10 patients[63%] are associated with Down`s syndrome. All patients underwent primary repair except and one who received had been repaire of coactation of aorta and patent ductus arteriosus 2 month before. Preoperative mitral valve regurgitation [MR] was evaluated with Doppler echocardiography and angiography which revealed absent or grade I in 1, grade II in 8, grade III in 4, and grade IV in 3. Operative technique was performed under the moderate hypothermic cardiopulmonary bypass with crystalloid cardioplegia. Intraoperative echocardiography was performed epicardial approach [n=7] in the operative table or transthoracic approach [n=9] at intensive care unit. In all patients except 3, MR were improved. But in 3 patients, was not improved or exagerated comparing preoperative one. All of them were died.One patient was showed MR grade IV in intraoperative echocardiography, we re-repaired atriventricular valve with cardiopulmonary bypass. During follow-up period [at a mean of 11 months after repair], doppler echocardiography was performed in all patients. The follow up echocardiography revealed that the degree of MR in immediate postoperative period was not changed except in two patients in whom it was aggravated. Thus it seems that intraoperative and early postoperative echocardiography was employed important role of survival and can be predictable for long term results.

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The Accuracy of Echocardiography and ECG in the Left Ventricular Hypertrophy (좌심실비대 진단에서 심장초음파와 심전도검사의 정확성)

  • Yang, SungHee;Lee, Jin-Soo;Kim, Changsoo
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.16 no.2
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    • pp.666-672
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    • 2016
  • We extracted 50 LVH patients out of 30'~80's who performing ECG and echocardiography examination. We used Devereux's theory to examinate LVH with echocardiography and used Sokolow-Lyon's theory to examinate LVH with ECG. We used regression and correlation analysis by SPSS, used ROC curve analysis to decide predominance of two ways of .Age, BMI, SBP and DBP whice are the danger factors of LVH and standard value of LVH diagnosis examination seems correlated. Out of 50 LVH patients, 50 patients were diagnosed LVH by echcardiography examination and only 21 patients were diagnosed LVH by ECG examination. Also echocardiography was AUC 99%, sensitivity 96%, singularity 95%, accuracy 95.5%. And ECG was AUC 76%, sensitivity 62%, singularity 76%, accuracy 68%.By comparing accuracy between echocardiography and ECG in diagnosing LVH, we could tell echocardiography was examination with higher accuracy. Therefore, if one was diagnosed with summit on 1st examination with ECG, considering age, body mass index, systolic blood pressure and dilator blood pressure, should offer echocardiography examination.

Hypertrophic obstructive cardiomyopathy in a Yorkshire Terrier

  • Hwang, Taesung;Park, Junghyun;Jung, Dongin;Lee, Hee Chun
    • Korean Journal of Veterinary Research
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    • v.58 no.3
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    • pp.159-162
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    • 2018
  • An 11-year-old, castrated male dog presented with a 3-month history of cough and depression. Auscultation revealed systolic murmur and thoracic radiographs showing enlargement of both the atrium and left ventricle. Echocardiography showed thickened mitral valve and moderate-to-severe left atrial enlargement. Additionally, M-mode echocardiography showed symmetric left ventricular wall thickening and systolic anterior motion of the mitral valve, while Doppler imaging revealed high velocity turbulent flow through the left ventricular outflow tract. Based on echocardiography, this case was diagnosed with hypertrophic obstructive cardiomyopathy. After 5 months, the dog was clinically static in radiography and echocardiography.

Assessment of Right Ventricular Function in Pulmonary Hypertension with Multimodality Imaging

  • Seo, Hye Sun;Lee, Heon
    • Journal of Cardiovascular Imaging
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    • v.26 no.4
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    • pp.189-200
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    • 2018
  • Pulmonary hypertension (PH) is defined as resting mean pulmonary artery pressure ${\geq}25mmHg$ and is caused by multiple etiologies including heart, lung or other systemic diseases. Evaluation of right ventricular (RV) function in PH is very important to plan treatment and determine prognosis. However, quantification of volume and function of the RV remains difficult due to complicated RV geometry. A number of imaging tools has been utilized to diagnose PH and assess RV function. Each imaging technique including conventional echocardiography, three-dimensional echocardiography, strain echocardiography, computed tomography and cardiac magnetic resonance imaging has-advantages and limitations and can provide unique information. In this article, we provide a comprehensive review of the utility, advantages and shortcomings of the multimodality imaging used to evaluate patients with PH.

Echocardiography of heartworm disease in Jindo dogs (진도개에 감염된 심장사상층증의 초음파 진단에 관한 연구)

  • Shin, Sung-shik;Kwon, Jung-kee;Kim, Sang-ki
    • Korean Journal of Veterinary Research
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    • v.40 no.4
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    • pp.729-739
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    • 2000
  • Echocardiography, vital signs, microfilaremia, and blood chemistry of 12 Jindo dogs naturally infected with canine heartworms (Dirofilaria immitis) were analysed and compared with those of 5 uninfected control Jindo dogs. Nine of the twelve infected dogs contained microfiaria in the peripheral blood, whereas the presence of adult heartworms in the pulmonary arteries and/or in the heart was detected from four dogs by echocardiography. Among the four echocardiography-positive dogs, two dogs also displayed evidence of heartworms in the right ventricle by echocardiography. Upon necropsy, a total of 547 adult worms was collected from the 12 infected dogs (av = 45.6, range = 9-166). Dogs with positive echocardiograpic images of heartworms contained 48, 74, 104 and 166 adult worms in the heart, pulmonary arteries and/or in the caudal vena cava (av. 98.0), whereas 9 to 39 worms (av. 19.4) were collected from those organs of dogs with negative echocardiography. Most heartworms were found in the right ventricle (438, 80%) at necropsy, whereas relatively fewer worms were found in the pulmonary arteries (96, 17.6%), and in the caudal vena cava (13, 2.4%). The necropsy findings on the location of adult worms significantly differed from the results of echocardiographic analysis in which the right ventricle of most dogs did not show the presence of heartworms. These results indicated that the adult heartworms had been located in the terminal branches of the pulmonary arteries when the host was alive, but the worms moved toward the right ventricle shortly after the heart of the infected dogs stopped beating. Microfilaremia in the peripheral blood was the highest in the blood samples collected at 10 pm. However, the correlation between the number of microfilaria and of adult worms was not observed. Clinical and vital signs of infected dogs did not show any significant difference before and after a 30 minute-exercise at 5 km/hr compared to those of uninfected control dogs.

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Assessments of Physical Workload in Sonography Tasks Using Inclinometry, Goniometry, and Electromyography

  • Simonsen, Jenny Gremark;Dahlqvist, Camilla;Enquist, Henrik;Nordander, Catarina;Axmon, Anna;Arvidsson, Inger
    • Safety and Health at Work
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    • v.9 no.3
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    • pp.326-333
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    • 2018
  • Background: Echocardiography involves strenuous postures of the upper limbs. This study explored the physical workload in the neck and upper limbs in sonographers performing echocardiography, and the extent to which the workload differs from than in other work tasks (other sonographic examinations, and nonsonographic tasks). Methods: The physical load was assessed by inclinometry, goniometry, and electromyography methods in 33 female sonographers during authentic work using three different echocardiography techniques and other work tasks. Results: Echocardiography was characterized by low velocities of the head, arms, and wrists, and a low proportion of muscular resting time in the forearms, in the transducer limb, and the computer limb. The transducer limb was more elevated in one of the techniques, but this technique also involved a higher proportion of muscular resting time of the trapezius muscle. We also found a high proportion of awkward wrist postures in the transducer wrist in all three techniques; in one due to prolonged flexion, and in the others due to prolonged extension. Other work tasks were less static, and were performed with higher upper arm and wrist velocities. Conclusion: None of the three echocardiography techniques was optimal concerning physical workload. Thus, to achieve more variation in physical load we recommend that the equipment be arranged so that the sonographer can alternate between two different techniques during the workday. We also propose alternation between echocardiography and nonsonographic tasks, in order to introduce variation in the physical workload. Clinical expertise should be used to achieve further improvements.

Evaluation of Conotruncal Anomalies by Electron Beam Tomography (Conotruncal 기형 평가에서 전자선 단층 촬영 (EBT)의 정확성)

  • 최병욱;박영환;최병인;최재영;김민정;유석종;이종균;설준희;이승규
    • The Korean Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
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    • v.33 no.4
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    • pp.290-300
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    • 2000
  • Background: To evaluate the diagnostic accuracy of EBT(Electron Beam Tomography) in the diagnosis of conotruncal anomaly and to determine whether it can be used as a substitute for cardiac angiography. Material and Method: 20 patients(11M & 9F) with TOF(n=7, pulmonary atresia 2), DORV(n=7), complete TGV(n=4), & corrected TGV(n=2) were included. The age ranged from 7 days to 26 years(median 60 days). We analyzed the sequential chamber localization, the main surgical concenrn in each disease category (PA size, LVED volume and coronary artery pattern for TOF & pulmonary atresia, the LV mass, LVOT obstruction, coronary artery pattern for complete TGV, and type of VSD and TV-PV distance for DORV, etc) and other associated anomalies(e.g., VSD, arch anomalies, tracheal stenosis, etc). Those were compared with the results of echocardiography(n=19), angiography (n=9), and surgery(n=11). The interval between EBT and echocardiography/angiography was within 20/11 days, respectively except for an angiography in a patient with corrected TGV (48 days). Result: EBT correctly diagnosed the basic components of conotruncal anomalies in all subjects, compared to echocardiography, angiography or surgery. These included the presence, type and size of VSD(n=20), pulmonic/LV outflow tract stenosis(n=15/2), relation of great arteries and the pattern of the proximal epicardial coronary arteries(16 out of 20). EBT proved to be accurate in quantitation of the intrapericardial and hilar pulmonary arterial dimension and showed high correlation and no difference compared with echocardiography, angiography, or surgery(p>0.05) except for left pulmonary arterial & ascending arterial dimension by echocardiography. LVED volume in seven TOF(no difference: p>0.05 & high correlation: r=0.996 with echocardiography), and LV mass in 4 complete TGV were obtained. Additionally, EBT enabled the cdiagnosis of subjlottic tracheal stenosis and tracheal bronchus in 1 respectively. Some peripheral PA stenosis were not detected by echocardiography, while echocardiography appeared to be slightly more accurate than EBT in detecing ASD or PDA. Conclusion: EBT can be a non-invasive and accurate modality of for the evaluation of most anatomical alteration including peripheral PS or interruption in patients with conotruncal anomalies. Combined with echocardiography, EBT study provides sufficient information for the palliative or total repair of anomalies.

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Analysis of Myocardial Function Using Gated Myocardial SPET : Comparison of QGS, 4D-MSPECT Software and Echocardiography (게이트 심근관류 SPECT를 이용한 심기능 분석: 정량분석 소프트웨어 QGS, 4D-MSPECT 및 심초음파법의 비교)

  • Lee, Seok-Mo;Bae, Sang-Kyun
    • Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging
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    • v.42 no.6
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    • pp.435-443
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    • 2008
  • Purpose: Gated myocardial perfusion SPECT provides not only myocardial perfusion status but also various functional parameters of left ventricle. We compared left ventricular ejection fraction, end-diastolic volume, LV mass by cardiac SPECT using Quantitative Gated SPECT (QGS), 4D-MSPECT software and standard 2D-echocardiography. Materials and Methods: One hundred fourteen patients (male 51, female 63; 29-85 years old, mean $61.3\;{\pm}\;13.3$ years old) with normal perfusion status on Tc-99m tetrofosmin gated myocardial perfusion SPECT were analyzed retrospectively. Ejection fraction (LVEF), End-diastolic volume (LVED), LV mass (LVM) were calculated using QGS, 4D-MSPECT, and LVEF, LVM using 2D-echocardiography. Statistical analysis including Bland-Altman plot was performed using $MedCalc^{(R)}$ (MedCalc software, Mariakerke, Belgium). Results: The correlation of LVEF between methods was good: 0.95/0.96 (stress/rest) between QGS and 4D-MSPECT, 0.79 between QGS and echocardiography, 0.79 between 4D-MSPECT and echocardiography (p<0.001). Using Bland-Altman plot, the 95% confidence interval of agreement between QGS and 4D-MSPECT ranged from -12.7% to 7.3% / from -12.2% to 6.5% (stress/rest). The agreement between QGS and echocardiography, 4D-MSPECT and echocardiography ranged from -17.4% to 24.0%, and -14.8% to 27.0% respectively. The correlation of LVM between methods was also good: 0.95 between QGS and 4D-MSPECT, 0.76 between QGS and echocardiography, 0.73 between 4D-MSPECT and echocardiography (p<0.001). The 95% confidence interval of agreement between QGS and 4D-MSPECT ranged from -33.8g to 14.1g (stress/rest), The 95% confidence interval of agreement between QGS and echocardiography, 4D-MSPECT and echocardiography ranged from -148.7 g to 21.8. g, and -142.8 g to 35.5 g, respectively. Conclusion: There was a good correlation for LVEF, LVEO, LVM among methods (QGS, 4D-MSPECT, echocardiography), but the variance between methods was big. Therefore, the functional parameters by each method cannot be used interchangeably.