• Title, Summary, Keyword: efficiency

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Dynamic Analysis of National R&D Projects' Qualitative Efficiency (국가연구개발사업 질적 효율성의 동태적 분석)

  • Kim, Kyungsoo;Cho, Namwook
    • Journal of Korea Society of Digital Industry and Information Management
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    • v.15 no.1
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    • pp.9-20
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    • 2019
  • Korea's R&D investment has significantly increased in recent years. However, the efficiency of R&D investment is still in question. In order to examine the ways to improve the efficiency of R&D investment, this paper presents dynamic analysis on both quantitative and qualitative efficiency of R&D projects. A Data Envelopment Analysis(DEA)/Window method is used to analyze static and dynamic efficiencies of Industrial Material R&D projects in Korea from 2012 to 2016. As a result, statistically significant differences between quantitative and qualitative efficiency have been found. It has been observed that characteristics of Decision Making Units(DMUs) have an impact on both static and dynamic efficiencies. In particular, textile and ceramic projects showed relatively stable qualitative efficiency for a short-term perspective, while steel and chemical projects showed such stability for a long-term perspective. Among the types of project principals, universities showed relatively stable efficiency, compared with private sectors and research institutes. The results of this paper can be used as a guideline to manage the performance and stability of R&D projects' efficiency.

Analysis on the differences of mechanical efficiency from design characteristics of wheelchair (휠체어 디자인 특성에 따른 효율의 차이 규명)

  • Lim, Bee-Oh;Moon, Yeong-Jin;Eun, Seon-Deok
    • Korean Journal of Sport Biomechanics
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    • v.13 no.1
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    • pp.109-119
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    • 2003
  • The purpose of this study was to investigate differences of the mechanical efficiency on the characteristics of the basketball wheelchairs(cambers & size of the handrims). Nine healthy and normal wheelchair basketball players who had no impairments to their upper extremities were volunteered to participate in this study. $VO_2$ was collected using automatic gas analyzer(vmax29). Gross efficiency, net efficiency and work efficiency were analyzed from the calculated external power output and energy expenditure. The results were followed. First, gross efficiency in the basketball wheelchairs was observed across the range from 4 to 10%. Gross efficiency in this study showed less values than that from the literature reviewed in the arm cranking(15%), racing wheelchair(above 30%), gait(27%) and cycling(18-23%). Second, the small size of handrim(61cm) at the 16 degrees of camber produced higher efficiency values than the large size of handrim(66cm) whereas the different sizes of handrim at the 20 degrees of camber did not show any pattern. Third, both faster speed($1.11^m/s{\rightarrow}1.39^m/s$) and increases in treadmill inclination produced increases in energy expenditure. The results of this study may provide not only better understanding of the mechanical efficiency with adequate camber degree and proper size of handrim but also fundamental information for manufacturing the wheelchair.

A Study on the Management Efficiency of Laver Drying-processing Company (마른김 가공업체의 경영효율성 분석)

  • Park, Hye-Jin;Kim, Ji-Ung;Jang, Young-Soo
    • The Journal of Fisheries Business Administration
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    • v.49 no.1
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    • pp.37-50
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    • 2018
  • The purpoose of this paper is to analyze the relative effciency of dreid laver processing companies in Korea and provide the development direction and improvement plan for the dried laver industry. Data on 76 dried laver processing companies were selected as the subjects for Dea. As a result of Dea, the average efficiency rate is shown that the technical efficiency is 84.90%, the pure technical efficiency is 93.83%, and the scale efficiency is 86.65%. and based on BCC results 38 companies are relatively efficient. comparing pure technical efficiency and scale efficiency, it showed that inefficiencies caused by scale of the company was greater than inefficiencies caused by the scale of technical matter. It implies that expanding the size is essential for achieving high-efficiency of dried laver processing company. In the inefficiency factor analysis, the result reveals that unstable supply of raw materials, quality management, capital flexibility and distribution ability influence the efficiency of laver processing company.

A Study on Measuring Efficiency Improvement of Improvement Project at Black Spot by DEA (DEA를 이용한 교통사고 잦은 곳 개선사업 효율성 측정방안 연구)

  • Kim, Hyung Kyu;Lee, Soo Beom;Eom, Dae Lyoung;Won, Dong Uk;Shin, So Myoung
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Safety
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    • v.32 no.5
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    • pp.141-148
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    • 2017
  • Over the past 30 years, the business effects of the improvement project at black spot have been decreasing since 2010, with a reduction in the amount of government spending, coupled with proposing a uniform improvement plan. In order to promote more efficient improvement projects, it is necessary to evaluate the efficiency of local governments and improve the business methods of local governments with low efficiency. However, more sophisticated efficiency analysis methods are needed. Because in previous studies have been limited to the analysis of effects before and after the project through the simple before-after analysis. For this purpose, this study analyzed the efficiency of improvement project at black spot by local governments in Gyeonggi-do using DEA to compare and analyze efficiency in various fields. As a result, Goyang, Seongnam, Paju, Hanam and Yangju showed high efficiency local governments. For local governmetns with low efficiency, the improvement projets to improve efficiency were divided into civil engineering work, structure work, pavement work, additional work and transportation work, and the appropriate construction ratios of each local government were analyzed and presented.

Trends in the Efficiency of Korean National University Libraries : A DEA/Window Analysis Approach (DEA/Window를 이용한 국립대학도서관의 효율성 추세변화 분석)

  • Han, Ha-Neul
    • Journal of Information Management
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    • v.40 no.3
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    • pp.41-60
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    • 2009
  • This study utilizes DEA/Window analysis in order to investigate the relative efficiency levels of korea national university libraries during the period of transition 2004-2008. The empirical results show the following findings. Firstly, a technical efficiency was not efficient which was a scale efficiency rather than a pure technical efficiency in 2008. Secondly, a technical and pure technical efficiency has increased steadily from 2004 to 2008(but a technical, pure technical efficiency has decreased since in 2008). As a result, a technical efficiency increase can be explained by a pure technical efficiency increase.

A Study on the Optimal Conditions of the Biogas Sorting by Using the Polysulfone Membrane (다공성 분리막을 이용한 최적의 Bio-gas 분리인자 도출)

  • Lee, Seung-Won;Jeong, Chang-Hoon;Kim, Jung-Kwon
    • Journal of Environmental Science International
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    • v.20 no.8
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    • pp.1011-1019
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    • 2011
  • The objective of this research is to evaluate optimal conditions of permeability and selectivity on the polysulfone membrane for efficiency of separation of $CH_4$ by checking four factors which are temperature, pressure, gas compositions and gas flow rates. When higher pressure was applied at the input, lower efficiency of recovery of $CH_4$ and higher efficiency of separation of $CH_4$ were shown. It has the tendency to show lower efficiency of recovery of $CH_4$ and higher efficiency of separation of $CH_4$ at the output as higher temperature at input. The lower flow rates make higher efficiency of recovery of $CH_4$ and lower efficiency of separation of $CH_4$. Finally, over 90% efficiency for $CH_4$ separation and recovery conditions are temperature ($-5^{\circ}C$), pressure (8 bar), gas composition rate (6:4) ($CH_4:CO_2$) and gas flow rate ($5\ell$/min). These conditions make higher separation and recovery efficiency such as 90.1% and 92.1%, respectively.

The Study for Influence of the Efficiency Score of Public Corporation Medical Center on Revenue and Expenses (지방공사의료원 규모의 효율성이 수입과 비용에 미치는 영향에 관한 연구)

  • Kim, Yang-Kyun;Han, Bo-Ra
    • Health Policy and Management
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    • v.15 no.2
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    • pp.53-69
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    • 2005
  • This study has two different objectives. First of all is to comparing results of size efficiency scoring on Public Corporation Medical Center(PCMC) by years of 1993, 1997 and 2003 using Data Envelopment Analysis (DEA). The second is to explore the relationship between revenue and PCMCs' efficiency score, and the relationship between expenses and the efficiency score in 2003. The average efficiency scores were significantly decreased by years of 1993, 1997 and 2003. The revenue per bed(revenue) in 2003 was smaller than the expenses per bed(expenses) in 2003, therefore PCMCs had deficits in 2003. The expenses was negatively related to the efficiency score. Therefore its means was that improving efficiency score decreased expenses. Contrarily, the revenue had any significant relation to the efficiency score. PCMC needs to various endeavors to improve their productivity and efficiency. One of the alternatives is reduce of work load through integration of PCMC and development of new performance index reflecting their situation and future direction.

A Study on Thermodynamic Efficiency for HTSE Hydrogen and Synthesis Gas Production System using Nuclear Plant (원자력 이용 고체산화물 고온전기분해 수소 및 합성가스 생산시스템의 열역학적 효율 분석 연구)

  • Yoon, Duk-Joo;Koh, Jae-Hwa
    • Transactions of the Korean hydrogen and new energy society
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    • v.20 no.5
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    • pp.416-423
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    • 2009
  • High-temperature steam electrolysis (HTSE) using solid oxide cell is a challenging method for highly efficient large-scale hydrogen production as a reversible process of solid oxide fuel cell (SOFC). The overall efficiency of the HTSE hydrogen and synthesis gas production system was analyzed thermo-electrochemically. A thermo-electrochemical model for the hydrogen and synthesis gas production system with solid oxide electrolysis cell (SOEC) and very high temperature gas-cooled reactor (VHTR) was established. Sensitivity analyses with regard to the system were performed to investigate the quantitative effects of key parameters on the overall efficiency of the production system. The overall efficiency with SOEC and VHTR was expected to reach a maximum of 58% for the hydrogen production system and to 62% for synthesis gas production system by improving electrical efficiency, steam utilization rate, waste heat recovery rate, electrolysis efficiency, and thermal efficiency. Therefore, overall efficiency of the synthesis production system has higher efficiency than that of the hydrogen production system.

An Analysis on the Determinants of Efficiency of the Pharmaceutical Firms using Stochastic Frontier Analysis (Stochastic Frontier Analysis를 이용한 제약회사의 효율성과 그 결정요인분석)

  • Sakong, Jin;Kim, Jeongkyu
    • Health Policy and Management
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    • v.25 no.2
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    • pp.97-106
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    • 2015
  • Background & Methods: The purpose of this research is to estimate the efficiency of the pharmaceutical firms and the determinants of their efficiency. Stochastic frontier analysis(SFA) and panel study are applied to the data of 60 domestic pharmaceutical firms from 2006 to 2012. Results & Conclusion: First, the result of the stochastic frontier analysis shows that overall efficiency of the pharmaceutical firms is increasing as time goes by. However, if firms are classified by the scale, the larger firms show more efficiency and if classified by the degree of innovativeness, the innovative firms show more efficiency compared to the non-innovative firms. This evidences show that the scale and R&D investment have significant relationships with the efficiency of the pharmaceutical firms. Therefore, it is necessary to increase the national level of investment for the fundamental researches to vitalize R&D of the new drugs. Second, the result of estimation of the determinants of efficiency shows that the firms with larger sales promotion expenses and entertainment expenses have less efficiency compared to the other firms. This can be explained by the structural characteristics of the small generic pharmaceutical firms. Therefore, the government had better make the pharmaceutical firms to reduce sales promotion and entertainment expenses and increase R&D expenses by introducing systems such as global budgeting system on medicine or reference pricing system.

Analysis of Management Production Efficiency for Abalone Aquaculture in Wando Area (완도지역 전복 양식어가 생산의 경영효율성 분석)

  • KANG, Han-Ae;PARK, Cheol-Hyung
    • Journal of Fisheries and Marine Sciences Education
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    • v.28 no.6
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    • pp.1629-1639
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    • 2016
  • This study is to estimate the production efficiency of abalone aquaculture and to find its determinants utilizing the survey data of operating expenses in 2015. The first part of the analysis applied both DEA and Super-DEA for the estimation of efficiency of each aquaculture household as DMU. We used wages, feeding costs and area as inputs and annual profits and sales as outputs of the model. The second part of the study applied both Tobit and OLS for the identification of determinants of the efficiency. We investigated cost-ratio, depreciation costs, careers, value of living seeds, cleaning costs of farming ground and a ratio of 1 and 2 year-old abalone at shipment as potential determinants. The estimation results show us that the average technical efficiency, pure technical efficiency, and scale efficiency score turn out to be 72%, 81% and 85% respectively. The Super-BCC and Super-CCR models reveal their average efficiency scores as 81% and 80%. All of the variables used to identify the determinants of the efficiency. The study results suggests that the production efficiency can be improved by cleaning farming ground and hence lowering the death rate of seeds.