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A Comparative Study on Spatial Structure of Elderly Welfare Facilities in Korea and Japan (한국과 일본 노인복지시설의 공간구성에 관한 비교 연구)

  • Yoo, Eun-Young
    • Korean Institute of Interior Design Journal
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    • v.16 no.2
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    • pp.217-224
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    • 2007
  • The ratio of the aged population over 65 in Korea comprises 5.7% of the total population in 1995, and 7.1% in 2001, and it is expected that it will be 14% in year 2023. Also, owing to the appearance of various layers of the aged, it is necessary to prepare various programs and facilities for the aged who are healthy and economically capable in order for them to spend their life in an abundant and rewarded way. Andthere is a rising necessity not only to recognize the value of existence for the existing elderly welfare facilities but to prepare new elderly welfare facilities considering comprehensive elderly welfare as well. Especially, even though elderly welfare centers continue to provide for the aged both in a low-income class and a common class various service programs and activity programs, there still is a poor structure in terms of spatial dimension in detail to comply the service. Accordingly, we believe that it is necessary to have a comparative study on elderly welfare centers in Japan as elderly welfare facility that advances about 30 years ahead. For this purpose, this study compared the spatial structures of application programs according to facility regulations and their gross spatial classification focusing on elderly welfare centers in Japan and those of Korea. Based on this, this study intends to present basic materials for interior space planning when establishing elderly welfare centers founded on space dimension and structure along with the gross space in elderly welfare centers in Korea in the future.

The Study for the Foundation Build up of the Elderly Welfare Service in Korea. - Focused on the Degree of Life Planning of Aged and Needs of Elderly Welfare Service (우리나라 노인복지서비스 기반 구축을 위한 기초연구 - 노후생활준비와 노인복지서비스 요구도를 중심으로)

  • Park Mee-Sok
    • Journal of Korean Home Management Association
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    • v.23 no.4
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    • pp.1-15
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    • 2005
  • Korean society is experiencing rapid changes which are certain to shape the lives of the older people and their families. So, the purpose of this study was to improve the quality of the elderly welfare service in Korea. Even though the interest about the elderly welfare in Korea is rapidly on the increase, the reality of Korean Society still leaves much to be desired, quantitatively as well as qualitatively. Pay attent to this point, now going to grasp the situation of not the handicapped elder people but the general elder people actual life condition and demand for welfare. So this study focused on the demand of not out-of home service but in-home care service. It was based on the data from by Korea National Statistical Office, having observed 6,139 elderly people. The results were as follows. They hope to get the elderly welfare services about health examination service, nursing survice, supporting service for household. That was, the most of them wanted in-home care service than out-of home care service. To ensure effective care to the elderly, it needed development and settlement of welfare service in face of their daily living. And, even though they recognized that they should cover the elderly life expenses themselves, the rate was hit that indicated their adult children as a parents supporter. This means that we should consider not only to the elder people but also to the family which contained the old people as the elderly welfare service. As a remedy, we can find the cooperation between elder welfare service at the social welfare organization and counsel, education at the family strengthen center. To improve the quality of the elderly welfare service in Korea, the elderly welfare service should focus not only on the physical and spiritual health maintenance but also active understanding living environment and growing ability to arbitrate between individual and living.

A Computer Education Model for Better Quality Information Welfare for the Elderly

  • Cho, Woo-Hong
    • Journal of the Korea Society of Computer and Information
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    • v.20 no.11
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    • pp.157-162
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    • 2015
  • This study analysed the needs of the elderly in computer education, their preference and demands for computer education to enhance the quality of information welfare for the elderly, and presented a computer education model for higher quality information welfare for the elderly to maximize the effect of computer education. For this study, variables were selected from previous studies and by the researcher to present a computer education model for the elderly.

A Study on the Architectural Characteristics of Large and Multipurpose Elderly Welfare Facility in Germany (독일의 복합적인 형태의 노인복지시설과 대규모 노인복지시설의 건축적 특성에 관한 연구)

  • Lee, Yong-Kwang
    • Journal of The Korea Institute of Healthcare Architecture
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    • v.12 no.3
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    • pp.7-14
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    • 2006
  • The purpose of this study was to analyze the elderly welfare facilities in Germany, which already entered into the aging society. Especially, the multipurpose and large elderly welfare facilities, where more than 50 elderly people lived, were analyzed. For this purpose, a field study was conducted between January 13 and February 3, 2005. This study tried to find out the architectural characteristics and trends of elderly welfare facility. There are about 9200 elderly welfare facilities in Germany, and about 7% of the elderly people over 65 years old live there. As for the multipurpose elderly welfare facilities, there are about 5800 facilities, 64% of the total facilities. The elderly welfare facility carries out single function at the early stage, and adds up another functions step by step. In general, the facility is managed with focusing on two main functions (care function and residential function). In a small town, the care function is the major one of the facility. However, in the city, the major functions of the facilities are both care and residential function, which are elderly residence or safeguard house.

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Architectural Planning of Elderly Facilities with the Institution and Policy (제도와 정책에 따른 노인복지시설의 건축계획 방향)

  • Nam, Yun-Cheol
    • Journal of The Korean Digital Architecture Interior Association
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    • v.13 no.3
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    • pp.25-32
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    • 2013
  • The elderly in South Korea in 2012 to 11.8% now aging fast-paced world, which is older than most countries. That is, as long as the elderly people lack the time to respond on the issue could cause many problems. According to the principle of social solidarity, long-term care insurance was introduced for the elderly since July 2008 and facility and sanction salaries were supported for the level 1 (the most serious illness) - level 3 (serious illness) elderly. On the other hand, in the fields of architecture, it is difficult to receive the contents of the unified related articles when the design and construction of the elderly welfare facilities take propel commissioned. This paper not only presents the elderly welfare facilities operated according to the institution and policy of elderly welfare facilities in terms of architecture, but also provides the criteria summarized by building facilities in the field of construction of elderly welfare facilities planning, planning, design is intended to provide basic information. This study addresses are as follows: First, the aging population of South Korea and welfare facilities for the elderly are addressed. Second, in terms of architecture, the institution and policy of elderly welfare facilities in South Korea, are addressed. Third, the construction criteria of elderly welfare facilities is summarized to help architectural practitioners understand. Fourth, the future direction of the architectural design of welfare facilities for the elderly is presented.

A Study on Local Variations of Elderly Welfare Facilities by Care Type (노인복지시설 유형별 지역적 편차에 관한 연구)

  • Kang, Ju-Hee;Yoon, Soon-Duck
    • The Korean Journal of Community Living Science
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    • v.18 no.3
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    • pp.369-378
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    • 2007
  • This study purposed to examine elderly welfare facilities by type, to analyze their local variations, and ultimately to contribute to the expansion of elderly welfare infrastructure. The results are expected to help inspect elderly welfare infrastructure for providing the aged with social services before the execution of 'the insurance for elderly long term care' and establish welfare facilities by area in the future. For these purposes, we used the national data "The Current State of Elderly Welfare Facilities in 2007" produced by the Ministry of Health and Welfare. We digitized elderly welfare facilities in 163 cities and counties by type and analyzed them by area. We also examined the differences in the local distribution of representative elderly welfare facilities such as elderly welfare centers, home based facilities (home helper centers), asylums for the aged and elderly care facilities in 16 cities and provinces. Furthermore, we analyzed differences and problems in their local distribution urban areas, mixed areas of urban and rural communities, and rural areas. In addition, we studied the current state of institutionalized care and home based care, which are two major directions of current elderly welfare policies, based on the local distribution of facilities and analyzed differences in the trends according to area. According to these results, the urban had more home based care facilities than the rural. However, the rural had more institutionalized care facilities than urban. Also, each local self-governing body showed unique characteristics. Therefore, these results suggest that we need to establish elderly welfare policies based on the distribution of facility types by area.

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The Study of Community-oriented Welfare Service for the Rural Elderly - Focused on ′Villages Supported by Special Programs for the Rural Elderly′ - (농촌노인의 지역사회 복지서비스 이용실태 - ‘노인생활지도마을’을 대상으로 -)

  • 이정화;송미영
    • The Korean Journal of Community Living Science
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    • v.15 no.3
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    • pp.149-165
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    • 2004
  • In Korea, as the elderly population is growing, the quality of life of the rural elderly is becoming a major concern. By the way, social welfare services is less available and accessible to the rural elderly. And we have very limited information about community -oriented welfare services for the elderly. The lack of social welfare services in rural area resulted from mainly geographic isolation and economic deprivation. So, the present research aimed at; 1) to explore what the social welfare service is benefited from governmental or local assembly. 2) to explore what kind of community services is provided for the rural village and elderly. 3) to appear the political propose for the rural elderly. In South Korea, The Rural Development Administration currently operate 'villages which is supported special programs for the improvement of QOL of rural elderly' in 110 villages. It is a model governmental welfare service for rural area. For the purpose, the survey data is gathered from community level data per village (107 villages), individual survey data(881people) who live in the village and qualitative data. Two kinds of quantitative data is combined to form a data. The statistical methods used for data analysis are descriptive statistics, t-test and ANOVA. The major findings of this study were as follows : It was founded that the majority family type of the rural elderly is elderly-only households(75%). In case of poor elderly, they have very limited social insurance benefit and they can not get medical services with satisfaction. The result show that the welfare facilities per village and welfare service for the elderly is extremely low while the needs of welfare service is greate high. A distinctive characteristics in rural villages is that they receive a lot of services from private sectors, like as Women Farmers Union, Adult Union. They operate voluntary welfare services related to food supporting, education for the elderly, free haircut services and so on. In conclusion, the community care services from private sector has specialty in rural area. We conclude it is a distinguishing characteristic of rural community.

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A Survey of Indoor Spaces at Elderly Welfare Facilities in Japan on How to Reflect Elders' Behavior Using a Checklist - Focused on 5 elderly welfare centers in Tokyo -

  • Yoo, Eun-Young
    • Archives of design research
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    • v.20 no.2
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    • pp.129-140
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    • 2007
  • With the overall revision of the Welfare of the Aged Act in 1997, elderly welfare facilities have developed differently according to the size of locality, capacity, and social and economic characteristics. In response to the problem, various plans are being executed for expanding services and facilities for the aged. However, such efforts by the government have been focused on quantitative increase rather than on qualitative improvement, and there are not many high-quality elderly welfare facilities that meet the needs of the consumers, namely, the aged. In contrast, elderly welfare centers in Japan began to be founded from the 1960s and increased significantly from the 1970s and, as a result, 2,214 elderly welfare centers were in operation in 1995, maintaining a high level in quantity as well as in quality. Therefore, the present study surveyed using a checklist how elderly welfare centers in Japan, which are playing central roles in welfare facility services for the aged in Japan, design their indoor spaces reflecting elders' behavior and characteristics and, based on the results of the survey, classified spaces into shared spaces and individual service spaces and analyzed the spaces of each center using the checklist. The results from this case study will be used as basic data to establish standards for the space composition of elderly welfare facilities in Korea, which has 10 years' short history of elderly welfare facilities.

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Analysis of Facility Standard for Elderly Welfare Facility by Universal Design Principle and Guideline: Focusing on Legal Regulations (유니버설 디자인의 원리와 지침에 의한 노인복지시설 기준 분석: 법률 규정을 중심으로)

  • Kim, Soo-Jung
    • Journal of Industrial Convergence
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    • v.15 no.1
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    • pp.1-7
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    • 2017
  • The purpose of this study is to analyze the facility standards of the elderly welfare facilities applying the seven principles of the universal design. The facility standards of the elderly welfare facilities were limited to the provisions of the "Enforcement Regulation of the Elderly Welfare Act". There are few legal regulations applying the universal design in the construction of the elderly welfare facilities. The facility standards are set only with the minimum requirements such as securing the safety of the user, securing the space area, functional convenience, and risk prevention. However, the contents of the regulations are limited to the minimum standards for functional convenience and safety required for living. In conclusion, in the elderly welfare facilities, the notion of universal design, which considers not only the elderly, but also service providers, employees, and general visitors, should be considered.

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A Research on the Improvement of Dining Space Design at Elderly Welfare Facility (복지관의 경로식당 공간 디자인의 개선 방안에 관한 연구)

  • Ju, Jiyea;Oh, Eunjin;Kim, Jungki
    • Journal of The Korea Institute of Healthcare Architecture
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    • v.20 no.4
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    • pp.39-48
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    • 2014
  • Purpose : Balanced meal service is very important for the elderly to maintain good physical health. Good food and comfortable dining environment is also important for the elderly to prevent emotional depression. The purpose of this study is to investigate current problems of dining space in Korean elderly welfare facility. De-institutionalizing dining environment of elderly welfare facility will bring more meaningful social interactions among elderly users. Methods : Through literature research and case studies of welfare centers in the US and Japan, Elderly Dining Space Checklist was developed. Dining spaces of 11 welfare facilities in Seoul was analyzed by this checklist. It was administered by interior designers as well as facility staffs to achieve more credible results. Questionnaire for the elderly users of those dining space also prosecuted to broaden knowledge for creating improved environment. Results : Dining spaces of elderly welfare centers are lack of privacy and furnitures are not comfortable enough for the general users as well as wheelchair users. Elderly dining space users are seeking more private and comfortable spaces for the social communications. Implications : Dining environment for the elderly in Korea should develop more de-institutionalized design concepts.