• Title, Summary, Keyword: electrolyzed water

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Manufacturing Process and Component Analysis of Seawater Salt Using Seaweeds (해조류를 이용한 해수소금 제조기법 및 성분분석)

  • Lee, Seung-Won;Kim, Hyeon-Ju;Moon, Deok-Soo;Jung, Dong-Ho;Choi, Hark-Sun
    • Journal of Ocean Engineering and Technology
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    • v.21 no.4
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    • pp.61-65
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    • 2007
  • In this research, we have developed a manufacturing process for seawater salt by horizontal spray drying technique using the deep ocean water and seaweed(sea tangle). Deep ocean water, strong acidic electrolyzed water and strong alkaline electrolyzed water were used as extraction solvent of seaweed. Sodium content in seaweed extract solution by strong alkaline electrolyzed water was 1.63(mg/g), which was 3.5 times lower than of seaweed extract by strong acidic electrolyzed water. Major mineral content(Na, K, Ca) in seawater salt by deep ocean water were higher than strong acidic electrolyzed water and strong alkaline electrolyzed water. On the contrary, Mg contents in seawater salt by deep ocean water were lower than strong acidic electrolyzed water and strong alkaline electrolyzed water. Based on the results of seawater salt production using seaweed, it is possible to make law-salt efficiently.

Comparison of Antimicrobial Activity of Electrolyzed Water Using Various Electrodes against Biofilm of Oral Pathogens

  • Yoo, Yun S;Shin, Hyun-Seung;Lee, Sung-Hoon
    • International Journal of Oral Biology
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    • v.40 no.3
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    • pp.135-141
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    • 2015
  • Biofilms of oral microbes can cause various diseases in the oral cavity, such as dental caries, periodontitis and mucosal disease. Electrolyzed water generated by an electric current passed via water using a metal electrode has an antimicrobial effect on pathogenic bacteria which cause food poisoning. This study investigated the antimicrobial activity of electrolyzed waters using various metal electrodes on the floatage and biofilms of oral microbes. The electrolyzed water was generated by passing electric current using copper, silver and platinum electrodes. The electrolyzed water has a neutral pH. Streptococcus mutans, Porphyromonas gingivalis and Tannerella forsythia were cultured, and were used to form a biofilm using specific media. The floatage and biofilm of the microbes were then treated with the electrolyzed water. The electrolyzed water using platinum electrode (EWP) exhibited strong antimicrobial activity against the floatage and biofilm of the oral microbes. However, the electrolyzed water using copper and silver electrodes had no effect. The EWP disrupted the biofilm of oral microbes, except the S. mutans biofilm. Comparing the different electrolyzed waters that we created the platinum electrode generated water may be an ideal candidate for prevention of dental caries and periodontitis.

Bactericidal Effects of Anodic Electrolyzed Water on the Selected Gram-Negative and Gram-Positive Bacteria (선별된 그람음성 및 그람양성 세균에 대한 양극 전리수의 살균효과)

  • Kim, Jum-Ji;Lee, Mi-Young
    • Journal of Environmental Science International
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    • v.16 no.11
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    • pp.1295-1300
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    • 2007
  • The antibacterial effects of anodic electrolyzed water against various bacteria were studied in this investigation. Complete inactivation of Gram-positive and Gram-negative bacteria occurred within 15 s after exposure to anodic electrolyzed water. Moreover, 1/2, 1/5 and 1/10 diluted anodic electrolyzed water by adding deionized water showed strong antibacterial effects. However, the inhibitory effect of anodic electrolyzed water on the anaerobe of Propionibacterium acnes was much weaker than that on the aerobes, including Gram-positive and Gram-negative bacteria. The degraded fragments of E. coli cell were observed upon treating anodic electrolyzed water for 1 min by using scanning electron microscopy.

Evaluation of Electrolyzed Oxidizing Water as a Control Agent of Cucumber Powdery Mildew

  • Lee, Yong-Hwan;Cha, Kwang-Hong;Ko, Sook-Ju;Park, In-Jin;Park, Boung-In;Seong, Ki-Young
    • The Plant Pathology Journal
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    • v.16 no.4
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    • pp.206-210
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    • 2000
  • The effect of the electrolyzed oxidizing water on Sphaerotheca fuliginea was investigated with germination and sporulation of the fungal conidia. The sporulation was inhibited by the electrolyzed oxidizing water of pH 2.5, 3.5, and 4.5, but was not inhibited by the distilled water adjusted pH with 1N-HCL solution. However, the electrolyzed oxidizing water did not affect conidial germination. The oxidation-reduction potential at pH 2.5 and pH 3.5 of electrolyzed oxidizing water were 1130 mV and 1060 mV, respectively, but those of distilled water adjusted with HCL solution were 550 mV and 490 mV, respectively. When the electrolyzed oxidizing water of ORP over 1100 mV was sprayed on cucumplanting, the disease severities of powdery mildew were about 8.5% and 19.2%, respectively. Disease severity of a standard control (triflumizole 30% WP, $500\textrm{mg}\textrm{/L}$) was about 3.0%, while that of plants without electrolyzed oxidizing water was to 45.8%.

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Antibacterial Effect of Electrolyzed Water on Oral Bacteria

  • Lee Sung-Hoon;Choi Bong-Kyu
    • Journal of Microbiology
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    • v.44 no.4
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    • pp.417-422
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    • 2006
  • This study investigated the antibacterial effect of electrolyzed water on oral bacteria both in vitro and in vivo. Tap water was electrolyzed in a water vessel using platinum cell technology. The electrolyzed tap water (called Puri-water) was put in contact with five major periodontopathogens or toothbrushes contaminated with these bacteria for 30 sec. In addition, Puri-water was used as a mouthwash for 30 sec in 16 subjects and the antibacterial effect on salivary bacteria was evaluated. Puri-water significantly reduced the growth of all periodontopathogens in culture and on toothbrushes, and that of aerobic and anaerobic bacteria in saliva, when compared to the effect of tap water. It also significantly reduced mutans streptococci growing on mitis salivarius-bacitracin agar. Our results demonstrate that the electrolyzed tap water is effective as a mouthwash and for toothbrush disinfection.

Biological Characteristics of Anodic Electrolyzed Water (산성전리수의 생물학적 특성)

  • 김윤경;민병술;민중기;이종권;이윤배;류근걸;이미영
    • Korean Journal of Environmental Biology
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    • v.22 no.2
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    • pp.265-272
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    • 2004
  • Biological characteristics of anodic electrolyzed water were investigated in this study. Linear DNAs which were incubated at $4^\circ{C}$ and $25^\circ{C}$ for 10 mins in the anodic electrolyzed water were degraded about 40% and 50%, respectively. But the DNA was amplified pretty well without any degradation through polymerase chain reaction in the presence of anodic electrolyzed water. Protein degradation hardly occurred in the distilled water during entire incubation time of 7 days, while protein began to be degraded from 4 days in the anodic electrolyzed water. Rice seeds could germinate in the distilled water and anodic electrolyzed water with the same germination ratio, however, the anodic electrolyzed water inhibited the growth of roots and total length of rice seedlings in the soil. Anodic electrolyzed water did not affect the growth curve and cell number of marine alga significantly. The anodic electrolyzed water inhibited the browning of potato by inactivating 50% of polyphenol oxidase activity.

Serpentine Pretreatment Using Electrolyzed Reduced Water for Mineral Carbonation Materials (전해환원수를 이용한 탄산염 광물화 원료용 사문석의 전처리)

  • Choi, Weon-Kyung
    • Transactions of the Korean hydrogen and new energy society
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    • v.20 no.5
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    • pp.447-454
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    • 2009
  • Electrolyzed reduced water was known as an alkaline solvent than piped water, natural water and mineral water etc. By means of reduction property, electrolyzed reduced water could dissolve a solute than other kinds of water without chemicals. In this study, serpentine dissolution in electrolyzed reduced water was investigated as a novel pre-treatment of serpentine which was a minerals for carbon dioxide sequestration. The elements (Ca, Si, Mg etc.) of serpentine were dissolved rapidly at early in the dissolvation then after some minutes the solubilities of serpentine elements showed stable state without abrupt changes. In spite of serpentine elements dissolution, chemical bondings and crystallographic structure of serpentine were not changed. It was explained that the dissolution mechanism of serpentine occurred from surface in electrolyzed reduced water and bulk structure sustained without collapse.

A Study on the removal of Metallic Impurities on Si-wafer using Electrolyzed Water (전해수를 이용한 실리콘 웨이퍼 표면의 금속오염 제거)

  • Yoon, Hyo-Seob;Ryoo, Kun-Kul
    • Proceedings of the Korean Institute of Electrical and Electronic Material Engineers Conference
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    • pp.1-5
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    • 2000
  • As the semiconductor devices are miniaturized, the number of the unit cleaning processes increases. In order to processes by conventional RCA cleaning process, the consumption of volume of liquid chemical and DI water became huge. Therefore, the problem of environmental issues are evolved by the increased consumption of chemicals. To resolve this matter, an advanced cleaning process by Electrolyzed Water was studied in this work. The electrolyzed water was made by an electrolysis equipment which was composed of three chambers of anode, cathode, and middle chambers. In the case of electrolyzed water with electrolytes in the middle chamber, oxidatively acidic water of anode and reductively alkaline water of cathode were obtained. The oxidation/reduction potentials and pH of anode water and cathode water were measured to be +l000mV and 4.8, and -530mV and 6.3, respectively. The Si-wafers contaminated with metallic impurities were cleaning with the electrolyzed water. To analysis the amounts of metallic impurities on Si-water surfaces, ICP-MS(Inductively Coupled Plasma-Mass spectrometer) was introduced. From results of ICP-MS measurements, it was concluded that the ability of electrolyzed water was equivalent to that of the conventional RCA cleaning.

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Electrolyzed water cleaning for semiconductor manufacturing

  • Ryoo, Kun-Kul;Kim, Woo-Huk
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society Of Semiconductor Equipment Technology
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    • pp.117-119
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    • 2002
  • A semiconductor cleaning technology has been based upon RCA cleaning which consumes vast amounts of chemicals and ultra pure water. This technology hence gives rise to many environmental issues, and some alternatives such as electrolyzed water are being studied. In this work, intentionally contaminated Si wafers were cleaned using the electrolyzed water. The electrolyzed waters were obtained in anode and cathode with oxidation reduction potentials and pH of -1050mV and 4.8, and -750mV and 10.0, respectively. The electrolyzed water deterioration was correlated with $CO_2$ concentration changes dissolved from air. Overflowing of electrolyzed water during cleaning particles resulted in the same cleanness as could be obtained with RCA clean. The roughness of patterned wafer surfaces after EW clean maintained that of as-received wafers. RCA clean consumed about $9\ell$ chemicals, while electrolyzed water clean did only $400m\ell$ HCl or $600m\ell$ $NH_4$Cl to clean 8" wafers in this study. It was hence concluded that electrolyzed water cleaning technology would be very effective for releasing environment, safety, and health(ESH) issues in the next generation semiconductor manufacturing.ring.

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Changes in the Physicochemical Properties and Functional Components of Uncooked Foods Treated with Electrolyzed Water

  • Jin, Tie-Van;Oh, Deog-Hwan;Eun, Jong-Bang
    • Food Science and Biotechnology
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    • v.17 no.1
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    • pp.72-79
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    • 2008
  • In this study, changes in the physicochemical properties and functional components of uncooked foods, including carrots, cabbage, shiitake (Lentinus edodes) and white button (Agaricus bisporus) mushrooms, sea mustard, and laver treated with electrolyzed water were investigated. No changes were observed in the primary compositions of any of the materials that were hot air- or freeze-dried after being treated with electrolyzed water. The lightness (L), redness (a), and yellowness (b) values of the carrots, shiitake, and laver were not affected by drying, while changes did occur in the cabbage (L-, a-, and b-values), mushrooms (a-value), and sea mustard (b-value) specimens that were hot air- or freeze-dried following the treatments with electrolyzed water. The dietary fiber contents of all the materials increased when they were hot air-dried. Vitamin C content decreased when the samples were treated with alkalic electrolyzed water. No changes occurred in the lectin, $\beta$-carotene, or total phenolic compound contents after the electrolyzed water treatments, suggesting that electrolyzed water could be used effectively as a pasteurization step for uncooked carrots, cabbage, shiitake and white button mushrooms, sea mustard, and laver.