• Title, Summary, Keyword: electron donating ability

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Electron Donating Ability of MeOH Extracts from Three Korean Mistletoes

  • Choi, Won-Sil;Ahn, Won-Yung
    • Journal of the Korean Wood Science and Technology
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    • v.28 no.4
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    • pp.1-9
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    • 2000
  • This experiment was accomplished to investigate antioxidative activity of Korean mistletoe by organic solvents partitioning of methanol extact of 3 Korean mistletoes, fractionationing on column chromatography, and evaluation the reduction of a free radical ${\alpha}$,${\alpha}$-diphenyl-${\beta}$-picrylhydrazyl. Butanol partition of Loranthus yadoriki MeOH extract showed higher electron donating ability than ${\alpha}$-tocopherol. It was thought phenolic compounds including gallic acid account for antioxidative activity, on execution sub-fractionation, electron donating ability evaluation, and GC/MS analysis, but further studies on what are major actives must be investigated exactly.

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A Study of Effects of Ilex serrata Thunb Extracts (낙상홍 추출물의 효능에 관한 연구)

  • Lee, Kwang-Soo;Park, Kyung-Sook
    • The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition
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    • v.29 no.6
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    • pp.946-951
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    • 2016
  • In this study, Ilex serrata Thunb was extracted with 70% methanol and concentrated under reduced pressure to measure its total polyphenol contents; furthermore, we examined the effect of electron donating ability of the various extracts. The extract was fractionated using different solvents such as methylene chloride, ethyl acetate, and methanol to investigate total polyphenol contents and electron donating abilities. The total polyphenol contents were $1,058.59{\pm}85.85{\mu}g\;GAE/mL$ in 70% methanol, $297.29{\pm}29.43{\mu}g\;GAE/mL$ in methylene chloride, $313.28{\pm}9.22{\mu}g\;GAE/mL$ in ethyl acetate, and $837.82{\pm}31.16{\mu}g\;GAE/mL$ in methanol. The total polyphenol contents showed significant differences (p<0.05) between the solvents. The electron donating abilities were $72.93{\pm}0.29%$ for 70% methanol extract, $14.02{\pm}2.01%$ for methylene chloride, $24.05{\pm}1.75%$ for ethyl acetate, and $84.08{\pm}1.95%$ for methanol. The electron donating abilities were significantly different (p<0.05) between the solvents. The two portions of Ilex serrata Thunb extracts obtained from methanol showed significantly relevant results in the total polyphenol contents and electron donating ability, which was higher than the original extract.

Antioxidative Activity of Jeolpyun containing Suaeda glauca (Bunge) Bunge Powder and Extract (나문재 분말과 추출물 첨가 절편의 항산화 활성)

  • Park, Kyung-Sook
    • The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition
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    • v.33 no.5
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    • pp.561-569
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    • 2020
  • In this study, the antioxidative activity of Jeolpyun containing S. glauca (Bunge) Bunge powder (2%, 4%, 6%, and 8%) and extract (2%, 4%, 6%, and 8%) was evaluated based on the total polyphenol contents, electron-donating ability, scavenging of superoxide anion radical, and decomposition of hydrogen peroxide. Total polyphenol contents of Jeolpyun containing 8% S. glauca (Bunge) Bunge powder were the highest with a value of 2,280±0.00 ㎍ GAE/mL. It was observed that total polyphenol content exhibited a significant relation with concentrations at p<0.05. The electron-donating ability of Jeolpyun containing 8% S. glauca (Bunge) Bunge extract was the highest with a value of 83.93±0.69%. The electron-donating abilities revealed significant differences between concentrations (p<0.05). The superoxide radical scavenging ability of the blank was 0.01523±0.00068 and Jeolpyun containing 6% S. glauca (Bunge) Bunge powder was the highest with a value of 0.00977±0.00842. The hydrogen peroxide decomposing ability of Jeolpyun containing 0% S. glauca (Bunge) Bunge powder was -0.00377±0.0049; 8% S. glauca (Bunge) Bunge powder revealed the highest decomposing ability of -0.0476±0.0234. Hydrogen peroxide decomposing abilities revealed significant differences between concentrations (p<0.05). Jeolpyun containing S. glauca (Bunge) Bunge powder and extract demonstrated improved antioxidative activities.

A Study of Effects of Suaeda glauca (Bunge) Bunge Extract and Its Fractions (나문재(Suaeda glauca (Bunge) Bunge) 추출물과 분획물의 효능에 관한 연구)

  • Lee, Kwang-Soo;Park, Kyung-Sook
    • The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition
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    • v.32 no.6
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    • pp.581-588
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    • 2019
  • In this study, S. glauca (Bunge) Bunge extract was testified total polyphenol contents, electron donating ability on DPPH, and scavenging ability of superoxide anion radical and hydrogen peroxide. Total polyphenol contents of S. glauca (Bunge) Bunge extract were 7,053.30±915.93 ㎍ GAE/mL. In the fractions, fraction by ethanol was the highest content of 10,973.30±1,000.24 ㎍ GAE/mL. Fractions of ethyl acetate and water were 2,386.70±166.53 ㎍ GAE/mL, 2,413.30±41.63 ㎍ GAE/mL respectively. It was shown that total content of polyphenol according to solvent was significant relation at p<0.05. In the experiment of the electron donating ability, 70% ethanol extract and methylene chloride fraction were -246.15±24.17%, -254.01± 16.54% respectively. In case of ethyl acetate fraction, it was the highest electron donating ability to DPPH radical, 39.06±0.34%, and then water fraction of 36.71±5.55%, ethanol fraction of 29.77±2.57%, gradually. Electron donating abilities revealed significant difference (p<0.05) between the solvents. The superoxide radical scavenging ability of standard material was 0.029±0.0011; 70% ethanol extract of 0.022±0.00052, methylene chloride fraction of 0.027±0.00031, ethyl acetate fraction of 0.024±0.0011, ethanol fraction of 0.021±0.00024 and water fraction of 0.024±0.00019. Hydrogen peroxide scavenging ability of 70% ethanol extract was -0.0029±0.00040 and the others were as follow; methylene chloride fraction (-0.0042±0.00058), ethyl acetate fraction (-0.003± 0.0041), ethanol fraction (-0.0029±0.0015) and water fraction (-0.0028±0.00090).

Monitoring of Extraction Properties of Ginseng Components during Pressurized Micorwave-Assisted Extraction (가압조건의 마이크로웨이브 추출에서 몇가지 인삼성분의 추출특성 모니터링)

  • 권중호;이새봄;이기동;정용진;김정숙
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition
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    • v.28 no.5
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    • pp.1087-1091
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    • 1999
  • Microwave extraction system equipped with closed vessels, which is known to rapidly extract target compounds from natural products, was applied to monitor the changes in phenolic compounds, browning color intensity and electron donating ability by using response surface methodology(RSM). Maximum content of phenolic compound was 21.65mg/100ml in 67.88% of ethanol concentration, 145oC of extraction temperature, and 6.24min of extraction time. The phenolic compounds in extracts are dependent on the increase of the extraction temperature and the ethanol concentration. Browning color intensity, which was maximized in 67.21%, 147oC, and 6.02min, was proportional to the increase of the extraction temperature. Maximum value of electron donating ability was 24.50units in 54.33%, 147oC, and 6.11 min. The electron donating ability of extracts was dependent on the increase of extraction temperature and maximized in the range from 50 to 65% of ethanol concentration.

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The Effect of Soybeans on Storage Characteristics of Eel(Anguilla japonica) Gouem(Thick Broth) (장어 고음의 콩 첨가에 따른 저장중의 이화학적 변화)

  • Cho Eun-Ja;Park Na-Young;Lim Ji-Suk
    • Journal of the East Asian Society of Dietary Life
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    • v.15 no.4
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    • pp.419-430
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    • 2005
  • In this study, to prove the effect of soybeans's electron donating ability and its addition on eel gouem, storage and sensory characteristics were examined. During the storage period, pH values of all gouem samples were decreased with initial increase except the control. BSB $3\%$ sample had the lowest pH value and YSB $10\%$ sample was the highest 6.71 in pH value at first storage day. The electron donating ability of soybeans were increased with the amount of addition. The electron donating ability of SBSB 20g sample was the highest, which was 2 ${\~}$ 3 times higher than that of YSB sample. L values of all the gouem samples had a tendency to decrease according to the storage period and amount of addition. All samples' a values were increased throughout the storage period, while b values decreased except the control and GNG sample. TBA and VBN values of all the samples were up and down throughout the storage period SBSB $10\%$ sample had the lowest in TBA value. The electron donating ability of all soybean samples and TBA value of eel gouem samples showed a negative correlation. Total plate count of bacteria was increased rapidly for initial storage period, but all samples showed a tendency of slow growth after the 8th day of storage. During all storage days, SBSB, BSB samples had a similar tendency of low total plate count growth. GNG $10\%$ sample showed the lowest in total plate count of bacteria at sixteenth day of storage. Sensory scores of all samples decreased with storage. For all the items of the sensory evaluation, SBSB $5\%$ sample got the highest score among all eel gouem samples. GNGSB sample showed the lowest in TBA value and total plate count of bacteria. And in the sensory evaluation, GNGSB sample got the highest scores for several items.

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Functional Activities of Microwave-Assisted Extracts from Lyophyllum ulmarium (마이크로웨이브 추출공정에 의한 만가닥버섯의 기능적 특성)

  • 김현구;최윤정;정승원;김공환
    • Korean Journal of Food Preservation
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    • v.9 no.4
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    • pp.385-390
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    • 2002
  • Functional activities of Lyophyllum ulmarium microwave-assisted extracts under different conditions including electron donating ability, tyrosinase inhibition activity and nitrite scavenging effect were examined. Total polyphenol content increased as increasing microwave power up to 90 W in the water extracts. Electron donating ability increased with microwave power up to 90 W in 50% ethanol extract and 99% ethanol extract. Tyrosinase inhibition activity and nitrite scavenging effect in the extract increased as microwave power increased during extraction. Total polyphenol content increased as extending extraction time up to 5 min in the water extract. But the highest electron donating ability and tyrosinase inhibition activity was obtained after 10 min extraction. Significantly higher total polyphenol content and electron donating ability were found in the water extract whereas greater tyrosinase inhibition activity and nitrite scavenging effect were observed in 99% ethanol extract. The maxium nitrite scavenging effect was found at pH 1.2 and decreased as pH increased.

Antioxidant Effects of Herbal Wine containing Acanthopanax sessiliflorus, Lycium chinense, Schizandra chinensis, Cuscutae semen, Rubus coreanum and Plantaginis semen (오가피, 구기자, 오미자, 토사자, 복분자 및 차전자를 첨가한 한방 약술의 항산화 효과)

  • Oh, Sung-Cheon
    • Journal of the Korean Applied Science and Technology
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    • v.33 no.4
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    • pp.693-697
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    • 2016
  • In this study, the electron donating ability(EDA) and total polyphenol content of herbal wine were examined. The herbal wine was obtained from extract concentration to evaluate its functional properties. The herbal wine were screened for their potential antioxidant activities using test such as electron donating ability(EDA) and total polyphenol content. The electron donating ability(EDA) were $21.81{\pm}0.56$ in herbal wine 15% and $40.45{\pm}1.60$ in herbal wine 35%. As the extract concentration was increased the electron donating ability(EDA) were significantly increased(p<0.05). The total polyphenol contents were measures $113.89{\pm}1.79{\mu}g\;GAE/m{\ell}$ in herbal wine 15%, $274.24{\pm}0.71{\mu}g\;GAE/m{\ell}$ in herbal wine 35%. As the extract concentration was increased the total polyphenol contents were significantly increased(p<0.05). Also, the total polyphenol contents were measures $61.75{\mu}g\;GAE/m{\ell}$ in herbal wine, the higher.

Antioxidant Activities of Liriope platyphylla L. Extracts Obtained from Different Solvents (유기용매별 맥문동 추출물의 항산화 활성 연구)

  • Jang, Jae-Seon
    • The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition
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    • v.31 no.4
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    • pp.543-548
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    • 2018
  • This study was conducted to investigated the antioxidant activities of extract for Megmoondong fruit. Liriope platyphylla L. was extracted with 70% methanol at room temperature for 48 hr and concentrated under reduced pressure to measure its total polyphenol contents and electron donating ability. The total polyphenol contents were $7,253.50{\pm}335.43{\mu}g\;GAE/mL$ in 70% methanol extract, $1,239.77{\pm}9.30{\mu}g\;GAE/mL$ in methylene chloride fraction, $919.30{\pm}50.83{\mu}g\;GAE/mL$ in methanol fraction, $105.44{\pm}2.04{\mu}g\;GAE/mL$ in ethyl acetate fraction. The total polyphenol contents showed significant differences (p<0.05) between the solvents. The electron donating ability was $69.17{\pm}12.61%$ for 70% methanol extract, $33.11{\pm}1.77%$ for methylene chloride fraction, $5.19{\pm}2.59%$ for ethyl acetate fraction, and $20.16{\pm}1.04%$ for methanol fraction. The electron donating abilities were significantly different (p<0.05) between the solvents. The removal ability of superoxide radical was $0.0174{\pm}0.0007$ for 70% methanol extract, $0.0164{\pm}0.0007$ for methylene chloride fraction, $0.0172{\pm}0.0007$ for ethyl acetate fraction, and nothing for methanol fraction. The measurement of hydrogen peroxide decomposition was $0.0985{\pm}0.1021$ for 70% methanol extract, $0.0896{\pm}0.0893$ for methylene chloride fraction, $0.0115{\pm}0.0085$ for ethyl acetate fraction, and $0.0170{\pm}0.0180$ for methanol fraction. The Liriope platyphylla L. extracts obtained from methylene chloride showed significantly relevant results in the total polyphenol contents and electron donating ability, which was higher than the original extract.

Physicochemical Properties and Antioxidative Activities of Omija(Schizandra chinensis Bailon) (오미자의 이화학적 특성 및 항산화 활성)

  • kim, Jwa-Suk;Choi, Sun-Young
    • The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition
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    • v.21 no.1
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    • pp.35-42
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    • 2008
  • To develop physiological functionality of Omija extracted with water was evaluated on antioxidative activity. Omija, high acid material with pH 3.6, contain $57.5{\pm}1.03%$ of moisture, and $18.8{\pm}0.12%$ of crude fat. This material have $12.6{\pm}0.04%$ of carbohydrate and $11.1{\pm}0.07%$ of crude protein as well, but ash and crude protein contents were found less than 10%. 10 mineral contents were also found, too; K and Ca showed the highest level, then Al, Mg, Na and Mn were followed. In composition amino acid contents, glutamic acid took the largest portion, $131.7{\pm}1.3$ mg/100 g, aspartic acid $51.5{\pm}0.6%$, and other composition amino acid under 50%. In case of free sugar contents, 7 types were found. Most of them were glucose and fructose. Total phenolic compounds showed the highest level, $2,862.6{\pm}31.7$ mg/100 g. $197.8{\pm}14.6$ mg/100 g of flavonoid and $225.6{\pm}18.2$ mg/100 g were included. In terms of electron donating ability, radical scavenging ability activated as the amount of Omija extract increased. In particular, Omija extract in 1,000 ${\mu}g/m{\ell}$ demonstrated almost similar electron donating ability, $72.4{\pm}0.21%$, to BHT. It was also found that antioxidant activities of electron donating ability, SOD-like ability, hydroxyl radical scavenging ability and nitrite scavenging ability were highly promoted as Omija extract concentration increased. The nitrite scavenging ability was significant when the extract belonged to strong acid region and doping concentrations increased.