• Title, Summary, Keyword: emergency situation

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A Design for Medical Information System of Emergency Situation Prediction using Body Signal (생체신호를 이용한 응급상황 예측 의료정보 시스템의 설계)

  • Park, Sun;Kim, Chul Won
    • The Journal of Korea Institute of Information, Electronics, and Communication Technology
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    • v.3 no.4
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    • pp.28-34
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    • 2010
  • In this paper, we proposes a emergency medical information system for predicting emergency situation by using the body's vital signs. Main research of existing emergency system has focused on body sensor networks. The problem of these studies have a delay of the emergency first aid since occurring of an emergency situation send a message of emergency situation to user. In the serious situation, patients of these problem can lead to death. To solve this problem, it need to the prediction of emergency situation for doing quickly the First Aid with identify signs of a pre-emergency situations until an emergency occurs. In this paper, the sensor network technology, the security technology, the internet information retrieval techniques, data mining technology, and medical information are studied for the convergence of medical information systems of the prediction of emergency situations.

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An Empirical Study on Autonomous Operation in Emergency Situation of Microgrids (마이크로그리드의 비상상황시 자율 대처 운전 방안에 관한 실증적 연구)

  • Hong, Ji-Song;Kim, Hyun-Woo;Ahn, Seon-Ju;Choi, Joon-Ho;Yun, Sang-Yun
    • The Transactions of The Korean Institute of Electrical Engineers
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    • v.67 no.12
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    • pp.1595-1601
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    • 2018
  • The biggest obstacle to the commercialization of small and medium size microgrid (MG) is the reliability and economics of MG operation and maintenance. In this paper, we propose an autonomous operation method that is implemented as an application program installed in the MG operating system in emergency situations. The proposed algorithm consists of four steps of distinction, recognition, determination and control of emergency situations that can occur in MG. A fuzzy-based situation decision algorithm has been proposed to eliminate the barriers of autonomous operation in actual emergency situation such as occurrence of bad data and communication delay. In addition, countermeasures have been suggested for cases where multiple emergency situations have occurred in combination. The proposed algorithm was tested in a 500kW actual microgrid site of a university. Through the test, the validity of the proposed method and its applicability to practical MG operation are verified.

A Study on Emergency Medical System Out of Hospital (Centering on the Limitation of Emergency Medical Service Out of Hospital in the Emergency Medical Technicians) (병원 전 응급의료체계에 관한 연구(응급구조사의 병원 전 응급의료의 제한 중심으로))

  • Park, Sang-Sub;Baek, Hong-Seok
    • The Korean Journal of Emergency Medical Services
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    • v.9 no.2
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    • pp.89-100
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    • 2005
  • Due to the improvement in life, we, human beings, are living in the more convenient world. However, as society gets complex, it comes to be faced a dangerous situation that needs to request a help due to an unexpected accident. The promptly emergency relief and emergency treatment from this accident, can be said to be extremely important in increasing a rate of resuscitation. This study analyzed on a case study and problems about the Emergency Medical System out of hospital in our country. The contents in the results of a study can be summarized as follows. 1. given the occurrence of medical disputes in a situation of emergency treatment, the regulation in the legal protection 'Will need to be reinforced. 2. in relation to the mobilization of ambulance, the preferentially passage right in ambulance needs to be guaranteed. In general, the preferentially passage right in ambulance is secured, but it will need to be supplemented by improving the education in civic consciousness and the social system. 3. in case of emergency duties in the emergency medical technician, the countermeasure will need to be strengthened in terms of abusive language and violence from a citizen. 4. in terms of emergency duties in the emergency medical technician, aiming to keep safety from a sudden situation, the possession of the protective equipments will need to be completely provided. 5. the limitation of activity will need to be eased by expanding the range of duties in the emergency medical technician within the ambulance, and the opening of duties will need not to be allowed to the similarly job category. 6. it needs to be reinforced the safety of the emergency medical technician from infectious diseases. Aiming at these emergency medical technicians whose service spirit is thoroughgoing, the nation and the local government will need to form all the conditions in which emergency medical technicians can be active passionately.

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Emergency Situation Detection using Images from Surveillance Camera and Mobile Robot Tracking System (감시카메라 영상기반 응급상황 탐지 및 이동로봇 추적 시스템)

  • Han, Tae-Woo;Seo, Yong-Ho
    • The Journal of The Institute of Internet, Broadcasting and Communication
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    • v.9 no.5
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    • pp.101-107
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    • 2009
  • In this paper, we describe a method of detecting emergency situation using images from surveillance cameras and propose a mobile robot tracking system for detailed examination of that situation. We are able to track a few persons and recognize their actions by an analyzing image sequences acquired from a fixed camera on all sides of buildings. When emergency situation is detected, a mobile robot moves and closely examines the place where the emergency is occurred. In order to recognize actions of a few persons using a sequence of images from surveillance cameras images, we need to track and manage a list of the regions which are regarded as human appearances. Interest regions are segmented from the background using MOG(Mixture of Gaussian) model and continuously tracked using appearance model in a single image. Then we construct a MHI(Motion History Image) for a tracked person using silhouette information of region blobs and model actions. Emergency situation is finally detected by applying these information to neural network. And we also implement mobile robot tracking technology using the distance between the person and a mobile robot.

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Healthcare and Emergency Response Service Platform Based on Android Smartphone

  • Choi, Hoan-Suk;Rhee, Woo-Seop
    • International Journal of Contents
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    • v.16 no.1
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    • pp.75-86
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    • 2020
  • As the elderly population is becoming an aging society, the elderly are experiencing many problems. Social security costs for the elderly are increasing and the un-linked social phenomenon is emerging. Thus, the social infrastructure and welfare system established in the past economic growth period are in danger of not functioning properly. People socially isolated or with chronic diseases among the elderly are exposed to various accidents. Thus, an active healthcare management service is imperative. Additionally, in the event of a dangerous situation, the system must have ways to notify guardians (family or medical personnel) regarding appropriate action. Thus, in this paper, we propose the smartphone-based healthcare and emergency response service platform. The proposed service platform aggregates movement of relevant data in real-time using a smartphone. Based on aggregated data, it will always recognize the user's movements and current state using the human motion recognition mechanism. Thus, the proposed service platform provides real-time status monitoring, activity reports, a health calendar, location-based hospital information, emergency situation detection, and cloud messaging server-based efficient notification to several subscribers such as family, guardians, and medical personnel. Through this service, users or guardians can augment the level of care for the elderly through the reports. Also, if an emergency situation is detected, the system immediately informs guardians so as to minimize the risk through immediate response.

The Survey of Dentists: Updated Knowledge about Basic Life support and Experiences of Dental Emergency in Korea

  • Cho, Kyoung-Ah;Kim, Hyuk;Lee, Brian Seonghwa;Kwon, Woon-Yong;Kim, Mi-Seon;Seo, Kwang-Suk;Kim, Hyun-Jeong
    • Journal of The Korean Dental Society of Anesthesiology
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    • v.14 no.1
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    • pp.17-27
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    • 2014
  • Background: Various medical emergency situations can occur during dental practices. Cardiac arrest is known to comprise approximately 1% of emergency situation. Thus, it is necessary for dentists to be able to perform cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) to increase the chance of saving patient's life in emergency situation. In this paper, we conducted a survey study to evaluate to what extent dentists actually understood CPR practice and if they had experience in handling emergency situations in practice. Method: The survey was done for members of the Korean Dental Society of Anesthesiology (KDSA), who had great interest in CPR and for whom survey-by-mail was convenient. We had selected 472 members of the KDSA with a dental license and whose office address and contact information were appropriate, and sent them a survey questionnaire by mail asking about the degree of their CPR understanding and if they had experience of handling emergency questions before. Statistical analyses -frequency analysis, chi-square test, ANOVA, and so on- were performed by use of IBM SPSS Statistics 19 for each question. Result: Among 472 people, 181 responded (38.4% response rate). Among the respondents were 134 male and 47 female dentists. Their average age was $40.4{\pm}8.4$. In terms of practice type, there were 123 private practitioners (68.0%), 20 professors (11.0%), 16 dentists-in-service (8.8%), 13 residents (specialist training) (7.2%) and 9 military doctors (5%). There were 125 dentists (69.1%) who were specialists or receiving training to be specialist, most of whom were oral surgeon (57, 31.5%) and pediatric dentists (56, 30.9%). There were 153 people (85.0%) who received CPR training before, and 65 of them (35.9%) were receiving regular training. When asked about the ratio of chest pressure vs mouth-to-mouth respiration when conducting CPR, 107 people (59.1%) answered 30:2. However, only 27.1% of them answered correctly for a question regarding CPR stages, C(Circulation)- A(Airway)- B(Breathing)- D(Defibrillation), which was defined in revised 2010 CPR practice guideline. Dentists who had experience of handling emergency situations in their practice were 119 (65.6%). The kinds of emergency situations they experienced were syncope (68, 37.6%), allergic reactions to local anesthetic (44, 24.3%), hyperventilation (43, 23.8%), seizure (25, 13.8%), hypoglycemia (15, 8.3%), breathing difficulty (14, 7.8%), cardiac arrest (11, 6.1%), airway obstruction (6, 3.3%), intake of foreign material and angina pectoris (4, 2.2%), in order of frequency. Most respondents answered that they handled the situation appropriately under the given emergency situation. In terms of emergency equipment they had blood pressure device (70.2%), pulse oximetry (69.6%), Bag-Valve-Mask (56.9%), emergency medicine (41.4%), intubation kit (29.8%), automated external defibrillator (23.2%), suction kit (19.3%) and 12 people (6.6%) did not have any equipment. In terms of confidence in handling emergency situation, with 1-10 point scale, their response was $4.86{\pm}2.41$ points. The average point of those who received regular training was $5.92{\pm}2.20$, while those who did not was $4.29{\pm}2.29$ points (P<0.001) Conclusion: The result showed they had good knowledge of CPR but the information they had was not up-to-date. Also, they were frequently exposed to the risk of emergency situation during their dental practice but the level of confidence in handling the emergency situation was intermediate. Therefore, regular training of CPR to prepare them for handling emergency situation is deemed necessary.

A Study on Alcohol-Related Emergency on the Aged (노인 알코올 응급에 관한 연구)

  • Park, Sang-Sub;Ban, Myung-Joon;Kang, Kwan-Soon
    • The Korean Journal of Emergency Medical Services
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    • v.10 no.1
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    • pp.61-70
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    • 2006
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study was to prevent the Aged from encountering a sudden accident in an emergency situation caused by drinking, help them have better awareness of drinking problems, and provide basic data for forming sound drinking. Method: A descriptive approach was made to the occurrence of emergency situations caused by drinking for the aged by reviewing literature concerning the subject, along with the analysis of the actual condition through the cases of emergency situations. Result: The Aged had a drink to drown their loneliness due to the loss of social belonging and solitude and attempt suicide, relied on drinking due to the loss of economic roles and reduced income to cause emergency situations, drove when drunken to bring emergency situations to themselves and others, and committed incendiarism after drinking due to social dissatisfaction and mental problems. Conclusion: It is necessary to develop leisure management programs positively and provide an opportunity for sound living culture to old people so that they can have sound entertainment culture other than drinking; such educational programs will serve to form healthy society with no emergency situation caused by the Aged drinking.

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Development of 119 Integrated Emergency Management System Training Simulator System (119 긴급구조시스템 교육훈련 시뮬레이터 개발)

  • Chung, Byung-Ho;Shin, Jae-Hong;Cho, Ung-Hee
    • The Journal of the Korea institute of electronic communication sciences
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    • v.10 no.4
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    • pp.461-467
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    • 2015
  • 119 Integrated Emergency Management System, 119 IEMS hereinafter, is specialized command and control system for fire H.Q., that supports effective response activity at Fire, Rescue, and First Aids; it covers the emergency call taking, dispatch command delivery and situation control after dispatch command. While the efficiency of emergency response activity of call-taker and dispatcher is directly linked to the capability of qualified response in protecting the life and properties at real-time emergency condition, there is not any similar simulator system that can be used for training purposes for newly allocated personnel or beginner of emergency call taking and dispatch activity - 119 IEMS in fire H.Q. is the operation system that cannot be shared with other purposes, and they're highly expensive ICT system and infrastructure to be used as training and education. 119 Integrated Emergency Management Simulator System, 119 IEMS Simulator, was developed to be utilized in low cost for the training of 119 emergency call taker and dispatcher, and it can be used in training of various types of disaster and emergency handling, spans to emergency call taking, dispatch command, and field report and situation control after dispatch command.

Perception of Nursing Students on BLS Education and CPR related emergency situation (간호대학생의 BLS 교육과 CPR관련 응급상황에 대한 인식조사)

  • Kim, Sun Kyung;Kim, Jong-Im;Kim, Sun-Ae
    • Proceedings of the Korea Contents Association Conference
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    • pp.443-444
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    • 2018
  • This study was to investigate the current educational situation for Basic Life Support (BLS) and perception on CPR related emergency situation and its relationship with basic nursing skill among undergraduate nursing students in Korea. Participants consider help from others are the most important elements in CPR situation, followed by the skills and knowledge. The majority of the subjects (79.7%) selected high and very high for the association between basic nursing skill and CPR management. The well systematized skill training may ultimately improve students' the ability to react on real-life accidents using well developed emergency management skills.

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A Design of Emergency Medical Image Communication System EMICS based on DICOM suitable for Emergency medical system

  • Cho, Jeong-Ran
    • Journal of the Korea Society of Computer and Information
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    • v.20 no.7
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    • pp.91-97
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    • 2015
  • In this paper, we designed a emergency medical image communication system EMICS added concept of emergency medical image to the existing emergency medical information system based on DICOM. Also we suggested a emergency medical image object EMISPS of EMICS. Using EMICS, the emergency medical technician can work together with emergency doctor. Therefore the patient can take more stable care than existing emergency medical information system. Using EMISPS, the emergency medical technician can get exact situation information of the patient.