• Title, Summary, Keyword: endocrine cells

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Ultrastructure of Endocrine Cells in the Midgut Epithelium of the Japanese Cockroach, Periplaneta japonica (집바퀴의 중장 상피조직내에 있는 내분비세포의 미세구조)

  • Yu, Chai-Hyeock
    • Applied Microscopy
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    • v.26 no.4
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    • pp.421-430
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    • 1996
  • The endocrine cells in the midgut epithelium of the Japanese cockroach, Periplaneta japonica were observed by the light and electron microscopy. The midgut epithelium of the last instar larva and adult cockroach consisted of principal columnar cells, regenerative cells, and secretory granular cells. Midgut endocrine cells were positioned basally as a cone-shaped single cell in the epithelium or underneath the regenerative crypt cells. When midgut epithelium grows and the cell composing it transforms, between the endocrine cells and regenerative cells were made desmosome type junction and large vesicular shaped stretches of loose contact. The endocrine cells were characterized by a clear cytoplasm with abundant Golgi complex and numerous secretory granules. The secretory granules in the cell were spherical and electron dense with their diameter of $200{\sim}400nm$. The secretory granules have been observed as discharged by exocytosis on the basal and lateral side of the cell.

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Immunohistochemistry of the Pancreatic Endocrine Cells of the Red-eared Slider (Trachemys scripta elegans)

  • Ku, Sae-Kwang;Lee, Hyeung-Sik;Lee, Jae-Hyun;Park, Ki-Dae
    • Animal cells and systems
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    • v.4 no.2
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    • pp.187-193
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    • 2000
  • Regional distribution and relative frequency of endocrine cells in the pancreas of the red-eared slider, Trachemys scripta elegans, were investigated by immunohistochemical methods. Chromogranin (Cg) A-, serotonin-, insulin-, glucagon-, somatostatin-, bovine pancreatic polypeptide (BPP)- and human pancreatic polypeptede (HPP)-immunoreactive cells were identified in this study. Most of immunoreactive cells in the exocrine and endocrine pancreas (Langerhans islet) were generally spherical or spindle-shaped (open-typed cell), while occasionally cells round in shape (close-typed cell) were found in the basal portion or interepithelial regions of the pancreatic duct. These immunoreactive cells were located in the exocrine, endocrine pancreas and/or basal or interepithelial portion of the pancreatic duct. Serotonin-immunoreactive cells were found in the basal portion of epithelia of the pancreatic duct at a low frequency and interacinar region of the exocrine at a moderate frequency. Insulin-immunoreactive cells were found in the central portion of the endocrine pancreas, interacinar regions of the exocrine pancreas and basal portion of the epithelia of the pancreatic duct at high, moderate and low frequencies, respectively. Glucagon-immunoreactive cells were detected in the periphery of the endocrine pancreas, interacinar region of the exocrine pancreas and basal portion of the epithelia or interepithelia of the pancreatic duct at high, moderate and moderate frequencies, respectively. Somatostatin-immunoreactive cells were dispersed in the whole area of the endocrine pancreas, interacinar regions of exocrine pancreas and basal portion of the epithelia or interepithelia of the pancreatic duct at a moderate frequency. BPP- and HPP-immunoreactive cells were detected in the iinteracinar region of the exocrine pancreas at moderate and hige frequencies, respectively. However, no Cg A- and motilin-immunoreactive cells were detected in this study.

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Effects of zinc and resveratrol on cadmium-induced apoptosis and cell arrest in MCF-7 and MDA-MB-231 cells

  • Lee, Su-Jung;Ho, Shin-Jae;Kim, Tae-Sung;Moon, Hyun-Ju;Kang, Il-Hyun;Kim, In-Young;Oh, Ji-Young;Lee, Young-Ju;Kim, An-Keun;Han, Soon-Young
    • Proceedings of the PSK Conference
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    • pp.115.1-115
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    • 2003
  • Cadmium, a human carcinogen, can induce apoptosis in various cell lines. Despite extensive research, the mechanisms of cadmium-induced apoptosis are poorly understood, and its toxicity and estrogenic potential in human are not clear. This study was performed to investigate the apoptotic activities of cadmium on two human breast cancer cell lines: MCF-7 cells, an estrogen receptor (ER) positive cell line, and MDA-MB-231 cells, an ER negative cell line. Both cells were treated with $CdCl_2$ 100$\mu$M for 12hrs, and the spoptosis was determined by DNA fragmentation, DAPI staining, and expression of caspase-9. (omitted)

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Immunohistochemistry of Endocrine Cells in the Alimentary Tract of the Tree Frog, Hyla arborea japonica

  • Ku, Sae-Kwang;Lee, Hyeung-Sik;Lee, Jae-Hyun
    • Animal cells and systems
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    • v.4 no.1
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    • pp.95-100
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    • 2000
  • The regional distribution and relative frequencies of endocrine cells were studied immunogistochemically (PAP methods) in the alimentary tract of the tree frog, Hyla areorea japonica, using specific antisera against serotonin, somatostatin, bovine Sp-1/chromogranin (BCG), cholecystokinin (CCK)-8, vasoactive intestinal polypeptide (VIP), gastrin, bombesin, secretin and pancreatic polypeptide (PP). Six kinds of endocrine cells were identified in this study, These immunoreactive cells were located in the gastric glands of stomach regions and in the basal portion of the epithelium of the intestinal tract or esophagus with variable frequencies. They were spherical or spindle-shaped. Serotonin-immunoreactive cells were observed in the whole alimentary tract including the esophagus. Somatostatin-immunoreactive cells were also detected throughout the alimentary tract except the rectum. CCK-8-immunoreactive cells were observed from the pylorus to ileum. Vip-immunoreactive cells were restricted to the rectum. Bombesin-immunoreactive cells were restricted to the fundic gastric regions and gastrin-immunoreactive cells were restricted to the pylorus. However, no BCG-, secretin and PP-immunoreactive cells were demonstrated in this study. In conclusion, the regional distribution and relative frequency of the endocrine cells in the alimentary tract of the tree frog were similar to other anuran species, but some differences which may be caused by feeding habits and species specification were also observed.

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Establishment of Purification and Incubation Conditions of Leydig Cells for Screen Endocrine Disruptors Altering Steroidogenesis (스테로이드 합성을 교란하는 내분비계장애물질 검색을 위한 라이디히 세포 분리 및 배양조건 확립)

  • Kang Il-Hyun;Kang Tae-Seok;Kang Ho-Il;Moon Hyun-Ju;Kim Tae-Sung;Ki Ho-Hyun;Ryu Hye-Won;Sin Jae-Ho;Dong Mi-Sook;Han Soon-Young;Kim Seung-Hee;Hong Jin-Hwan
    • Environmental Mutagens and Carcinogens
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    • v.26 no.2
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    • pp.53-58
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    • 2006
  • Normally, environmental toxicants are classified as endocrine disruptors if they interfere with regulation of cellular function by endogeneous steroids through inhibition of receptor binding and/or transcriptional activation. So, many studies have been performed about agonist/antagonist of hormone receptor to study mechanisms of endocrine disruptors. If toxicants affect steroid biosynthesis and/or degradation and alter hormone homeostasis, these also are classified as endocrine disruptors. But there are not many studies of the mechanisms of endocrine disruptors on the basis of alteration of steroid biosynthesis and/or degradation. Isolation and culture of Leydig cells from testis is one of methods for the steroidogenesis screening assays to evaluate a substance for altering steroidogenesis. Leydig cells were harvested using the method described by Klinefelter with modifications. Leydig cells were purified by perfusion of testis and incubation ($34^{\circ}C$, 80cycles/minute, 20 minutes) with collagenase (0.25 mg/kg), centrifugal elutriation, percoll gradient centrifugation and BSA multidensity gradient centrifugation. To confirm if this method is one of appropriate tools to evaluate a substance for altering steroidogenesis, ketoconazole, positive control was administered to purified Leydig cells. Ketoconazole ($10^{-8}M$ and above) significantly reduced testosterone production in purified Leydig cells. From above results, we suggest that this method for steroidogenesis screening assay appears to be a appropriate tool to detect suspected compounds for altering steroidogenesis.

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An immunohistochemical study of endocrine cells in the alimentary tract and pancreas of the toad, Bufo bufo gargarizans Cantor (두꺼비(Bufo bufo gargarizans cantor)에서 위장췌내분비세포의 면역조직화학적 연구)

  • Lee, Hyeung-sik;Ku, Sae-kwang;Park, Ki-dae;Lee, Jae-hyun
    • Korean Journal of Veterinary Research
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    • v.40 no.1
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    • pp.17-26
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    • 2000
  • The regional distribution and relative frequencies of endocrine cells were studied immunohistochemically (PAP methods) in the alimentary tract and pancreas of the toad, Bufo bufo gargarizans Cantor using specific antisera against bovine Sp-1/chromogranin (BCG), serotonin, bombesin, gastrin, substance P (SP), somatostatin, insulin, glucagon, pancreatic polypeptide (PP), vasoactive intestinal polypeptide (VIP) and secretin. Nine kinds of endocrine cells were identified in this study. Spherical or spindleshaped immunoreactive (IR) cells were located in the gastric glands of stomach regions, in the basal portion of the epithelium of intestinal tract or esophagus, and in the exocrine or pancreatic islets with variable frequencies. In the alimentary tract, BCG-IR cells were found in the fundus and pylorus with rare and a few frequencies, respectively. Serotonin-IR cells were demonstrated in the whole alimentary tract including the esophagus. Bombesin- and SP-IR cells were restricted to the stomach regions and gastrin-IR cells were restricted to the pylorus. Somatostatin-IR cells were detected throughout the whole alimentary tract except for the large intestine, However, insulin-, glucagon-, PP-, VIP- and secretin-IR cells were not detected in the alimentary tract. In the pancreas of toad, the distribution and relative frequency of endocrine cells were similar to those of other mammals. Insulin-IR cells were located in the central portion of the pancreatic islets and interspaces of exocrine portions, and glucagon-, somatostatin- and PP-IR cells were detected in the marginal regions of the pancreatic islets and interspaces of exocrine. However, other IR cells were not found in the pancreas. In conclusion, the regional distribution and relative frequency of the endocrine cells in the alimentary tract and pancreas of the toad were similar to other anuran species but some differences which might be caused by feeding habits and species specification were also observed.

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Immunohistochemistry of Gastrointestinal Endocrine Cells in the Meckel′s Diverticulum of the Bean Goose, Anser fabalis Latham

  • Ku, Sae-Kwang;Lee, Hyeung-Sik;Park, Ki-Dae;Lee, Jae-Hyun
    • Animal cells and systems
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    • v.4 no.4
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    • pp.375-379
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    • 2000
  • The appearance of some gastrointestinal endocrine cells in the Meckel's diverticulum (MD) of the bean goose, Anser fabalis Latham was observed using specific antisera against serotonin, gastrin, cholecystokinin (CCK)-8, glucagon, secretin, somatostatin and human pancreatic polypeptide (HPP) with the peroxidase antiperoxidase (PAP) method. Among these specific antisera, serotonin-, gastrin-, CCK-8-, somatostatin- and HPP-immunoreactive cells were demonstrated in this study. Serotonin-, gastrin- and somatostatin-immunoreactive cells were detected at moderate frequency and CCK-8- and HPP-immunoreactive cells was rare and low frequencies, respectively. These immunoreactive cells were located in the superficial epithelium, intestinal crvpt and intestinal glands with spherical or spindle shaped cells having long cytoplasmic processes (open typed-cell). Mucosal layer of MD was composed of simple columnar epithelium and numerous intestinal glands. In addition, numerous lymphatic tissues were also demonstrated. In conclusion, histological profiles of MD were similar to any parts of the large intestine, especially the cecum, but the appearance, distribution and relative frequency of gastrointestinal endocrine cells were similar to those of upper parts of the small intestine. Although the exact digestive functions were unknown, the finding that the appearance, distribution and relative frequency of gastrointestinal endocrine cells in MD is similar to small intestine may be considered as distinct evidence that this organ may have some digestive functions.

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Immunoelectron Microscopic Study on the Endocrine Pancreas of the Native Korean Goat: Colocalization of Bovine Pancreatic Polypeptide and Chromogranin (한국재래산양 췌장 내분비세포의 면역전자현미경적 연구 : bovine pancreatic polypeptide와 chromogranin의 공존)

  • Lee, Jae-Hyun
    • Applied Microscopy
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    • v.25 no.1
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    • pp.122-129
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    • 1995
  • Pancreatic endocrine cells of the native Korean goat were investigated immunocytochemically at electron microscopic level. All glucagon-, insulin-, somatostatin- and pancreatic polypeptide(PP)-immunoreactive cells were showed chromogranin(CG) immunoreactivity in the secretory granules of each cells. In addition, bovine pancreatic polypeptide immunoreactivity was found to be colocalized in the secretory granules of the glucagon and insulin cells. These observations support that chromogranin is available as the marker of pancreatic endocrine cells on the native Korean goat and BPP colocalized in the secretory granules of glucagon and insulin cells.

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An histological and immunohistochemical study of endocrine cells in the gastrointestinal tract of the Amur lizard (Takydromus amurensis) (아무르장지뱀의 위장관 내분비세포에 관한 조직화학적 및 면역조직화학적 연구)

  • Lee, Hyeung-sik;Lee, Mal-soon;Lee, Jae-hyun
    • Korean Journal of Veterinary Research
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    • v.35 no.1
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    • pp.67-73
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    • 1995
  • The distribution and the frequency of endocrine cells in the GIT of the Amur lizard(Takydromus amurensis) were investigated using silver techniques and immunohistochemical method. Only argyrophil cells stained by the Grimelius technique were found numerous in the pyloric glands and moderate in the duodenum. Two types of immunoreactive endocrine cells were identified by immunohistochemical method. Bovine CG-immunoreactive cells were demonstrated the entire GIT. BPP-immunoreactive cells were restricted in the duodenum and the ileum. The results showed that: the number of argyrophil cells was lower than the number of cells stained with bovine CG antiserum. Therefore, bovine CG-immunostaining and the Grimelius silver technique did not correspond with various endocrine cells in the Amur lizard.

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Changes of colonic endocrine cells in trinitrobenzene sulfonic acid (TNBS)-induced rat colitis

  • Back, Young-Doo;Lee, Hyeung Sik;Chung, In-Kwon;Cheon, Woo-Hyun;Ku, Sae Kwang
    • Korean Journal of Veterinary Research
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    • v.51 no.2
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    • pp.83-91
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    • 2011
  • In this study, immunohistochemistry was used to examine the changes in the density of colonic endocrine cells - argyrophil and argentaffin cells, chromogranin A (CGA), serotonin, somatostatin and glucagon-containing cells in trinitrobenzene sulfonic acid (TNBS)-induced rat colitis. Ulcerative colitis was induced by the instillation of 10 mg of TNBS into the colonic lumen through the anus. To confirm the inducement of ulcerative colitis, the macroscopic and microscopic scores as well as the colonic myeloperoxidase (MPO) activities were monitored for 8 days after TNBS instillation in the colonic lumens. In addition, the number of argyrophil and argentaffin cells, CGA, serotonin, somatostatin and glucagon-immunoreactive cells were counted in the colonic mucosa, respectively. After TNBS instillation into the lumen of the colon from the anus in rats, increases in macroscopic and microscopic scores in the colon tissues were observed along with increases in the colonic MPO activities. Therefore, ulcerative colitis was relatively well induced by the TNBS instillations. Marked decreases in the number of colonic endocrine cells were detected in the TNBS-treated animal compared to the sham control. These results suggest that colonic endocrine cells were also disrupted by TNBS-induced ulcerative colitis.