• Title, Summary, Keyword: energy dissipation capacity of steel structures

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Energy dissipation of steel-polymer composite beam-column connector

  • Wang, Yun-Che;Ko, Chih-Chin
    • Steel and Composite Structures
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    • v.18 no.5
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    • pp.1161-1176
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    • 2015
  • The connection between a column and a beam is of particular importance to ensure the safety of civil engineering structures, such as high-rise buildings and bridges. While the connector must bear sufficient force for load transmission, increase of its ductility, toughness and damping may greatly enhance the overall safety of the structures. In this work, a composite beam-column connector is proposed and analyzed with the finite element method, including effects of elasticity, linear viscoelasticity, plasticity, as well as geometric nonlinearity. The composite connector consists of three parts: (1) soft steel; (2) polymer; and (3) conventional steel to be connected to beam and column. It is found that even in the linear range, the energy dissipation capacity of the composite connector is largely enhanced by the polymer material. Since the soft steel exhibits low yield stress and high ductility, hence under large deformation the soft steel has the plastic deformation to give rise to unique energy dissipation. With suitable geometric design, the connector may be tuned to exhibit different strengths and energy dissipation capabilities for real-world applications.

Seismic behavior of steel reinforced concrete cross-shaped column under combined torsion

  • Chen, Zongping;Liu, Xiang
    • Steel and Composite Structures
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    • v.26 no.4
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    • pp.407-420
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    • 2018
  • Experiments were performed to explore the hysteretic performance of steel reinforced concrete (SRC) cross-shaped columns. Nine specimens were designed and tested under the combined action of compression, flexure, shear and torsion. Torsion-bending ratio (i.e., 0, 0.14, 0.21) and steel forms (i.e., Solid - web steel, T - shaped steel, Channel steel) were considered in the test. Both failure processes and modes were obtained during the whole loading procedure. Based on experimental data, seismic indexes, such as bearing capacity, ductility and energy dissipation were investigated in detail. Experimental results suggest that depending on the torsion-bending ratio, failure modes of SRC cross-shaped columns are bending failure, flexure-torsion failure and torsion-shear failure. Shear - displacement hysteretic loops are fuller than torque - twist angle hysteretic curves. SRC cross-shaped columns exhibit good ductility and deformation capacity. In the range of test parameters, the existence of torque does not reduce the shear force but it reduces the displacement and bending energy dissipation capacity. What is more, the bending energy dissipation capacity increases with the rising of displacement level, while the torsion energy dissipation capacity decreases.

Analysis on Extension Length of Shape Steel in Transfer Columns of SRC-RC Hybrid Structures

  • Wu, Kai;Xue, Jianyang;Nan, Yang;Zhao, Hongtie
    • International journal of steel structures
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    • v.18 no.3
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    • pp.910-923
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    • 2018
  • Seismic performance of SRC-RC transfer column was analyzed based on the experiment of 16 transfer columns specimens under low cyclic reversed loading, which mainly focus on the extension length of shape steel. Analysis of ductility, bearing capacity, energy dissipation capacity and degeneration ratio of strength were completed. Displacement ductility promotes at first and then reduces with increasing of extension length of shape steel, reaching the peak value when extension length gets close to three fifths of column height. Extension length of shape steel has little effect on bearing capacity, while energy dissipation capacity of transfer columns is influenced by many factors. Three fifths of column height is the rational extension length of shape steel, of which specimens have advanced in energy dissipation, good stability of stiffness and strength. The bond performance between concrete and shape steel decreases with the increasing of extension length of shape steel, and hence the stability of strength decreases. Minimum extension length of shape steel was confirmed and the calculation method was proposed, which is mainly used to ensure the bend yielding of shape steel at bottom section. Moment at the truncation section leads to pull-out effect of steel bars, which enhances with increasing of the moment and section ratio of shape steel. Contraflexure point is at three fifths of column height. If the shape steel extends to contraflexure point, moment of steel truncation section will reach minimum. So the reduce the concrete damage with better deformation ability and mechanical behavior of transfer column.

Application of self-centering wall panel with replaceable energy dissipation devices in steel frames

  • Chao, Sisi;Wu, Hanheng;Zhou, Tianhua;Guo, Tao;Wang, Chenglong
    • Steel and Composite Structures
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    • v.32 no.2
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    • pp.265-279
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    • 2019
  • The self-centering capacity and energy dissipation performance have been recognized critically for increasing the seismic performance of structures. This paper presents an innovative steel moment frame with self-centering steel reinforced concrete (SRC) wall panel incorporating replaceable energy dissipation devices (SF-SCWD). The self-centering mechanism and energy dissipation mechanism of the structure were validated by cyclic tests. The earthquake resilience of wall panel has the ability to limit structural damage and residual drift, while the energy dissipation devices located at wall toes are used to dissipate energy and reduce the seismic response. The oriented post-tensioned strands provide additional overturning force resistance and help to reduce residual drift. The main parameters were studied by numerical analysis to understand the complex structural behavior of this new system, such as initial stress of post-tensioning strands, yield strength of damper plates and height-width ratio of the wall panel. The static push-over analysis was conducted to investigate the failure process of the SF-SCWD. Moreover, nonlinear time history analysis of the 6-story frame was carried out, which confirmed the availability of the proposed structures in permanent drift mitigation.

Experimental study on hysteretic behavior of steel moment frame equipped with elliptical brace

  • Jouneghani, Habib Ghasemi;Haghollahi, Abbas
    • Steel and Composite Structures
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    • v.34 no.6
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    • pp.891-907
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    • 2020
  • Many studies reveal that during destructive earthquakes, most of the structures enter the inelastic phase. The amount of hysteretic energy in a structure is considered as an important criterion in structure design and an important indicator for the degree of its damage or vulnerability. The hysteretic energy value wasted after the structure yields is the most important component of the energy equation that affects the structures system damage thereof. Controlling this value of energy leads to controlling the structure behavior. Here, for the first time, the hysteretic behavior and energy dissipation capacity are assessed at presence of elliptical braced resisting frames (ELBRFs), through an experimental study and numerical analysis of FEM. The ELBRFs are of lateral load systems, when located in the middle bay of the frame and connected properly to the beams and columns, in addition to improving the structural behavior, do not have the problem of architectural space in the bracing systems. The energy dissipation capacity is assessed in four frames of small single-story single-bay ELBRFs at ½ scale with different accessories, and compared with SMRF and X-bracing systems. The frames are analyzed through a nonlinear FEM and a quasi-static cyclic loading. The performance features here consist of hysteresis behavior, plasticity factor, energy dissipation, resistance and stiffness variation, shear strength and Von-Mises stress distribution. The test results indicate that the good behavior of the elliptical bracing resisting frame improves strength, stiffness, ductility and dissipated energy capacity in a significant manner.

Experimental investigation of existing R/C frames strengthened by high dissipation steel link elements

  • Karalis, Apostolos A.;Stylianidis, Kosmas C.
    • Earthquakes and Structures
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    • v.5 no.2
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    • pp.143-160
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    • 2013
  • This paper presents the results of an experimental program concerning the efficiency of a specific strengthening technique which utilizes a small steel link element connected to the R/C frame through bracing elements. Brittle types of failure, especially at the connections between steel and concrete elements, can be avoided by appropriate design of the local details. Five single storey one bay R/C frames scaled 1:3 were constructed according to older codes with substandard details. The first one was a typical bare reference frame. The other four were identical to the first one, strengthened by steel bracing elements. The behavior of the strengthened frames is described with respect to the reference bare frame. The concrete frames were constructed according to older code provisions by the use of smooth steel bars, low strength concrete, sparsely spaced stirrups and substandard details. The strengthening scheme aimed to the increase of both strength and deformation capacity of the original R/C frame. The inelastic deformations are purposely concentrated to a short steel link element connecting the steel bracing to the R/C frame. The results show that the steel link element can increase considerably the strength and the energy dissipation capacity of the frame.

Seismic experiment and analysis of rectangular bottom strengthened steel-concrete composite columns

  • Hui, Cun;Zhu, Yanzhi;Cao, Wanlin;Wang, Yuanqing
    • Steel and Composite Structures
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    • v.20 no.3
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    • pp.599-621
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    • 2016
  • In order to study the working mechanism of rectangular steel-concrete composite columns subjected to compression-bending load and further determine the seismic performance index, a bottom strengthened rectangular steel reinforced concrete (SRC) column with concealed steel plates and a bottom strengthened rectangular concrete filled steel tube (CFST) columns were proposed. Six column models with different configurations were tested under horizontal low cyclic loading. Based on the experiments, the load-bearing capacity, stiffness and degradation process, ductility, hysteretic energy dissipation capacity, and failure characteristics of the models were analyzed. The load-bearing capacity calculation formulas for a normal section and an oblique section of bottom strengthened rectangular steel-concrete composite columns were pesented and a finite element (FE) numerical simulation of the classical specimens was performed. The study shows that the load-bearing capacity, ductility, and seismic energy dissipation capacity of the bottom strengthened rectangular steel-concrete composite columns are significantly improved compared to the conventional rectangular steel-concrete composite columns and the results obtained from the calculation and the FE numerical simulation are in good agreement with those from the experiments. The rectangular steel-concrete composite column with bottom strengthened shows better seismic behavior and higher energy dissipation capacity under suitable constructional requirements and it can be applied to the structure design of high-rise buildings.

Structural Shear Wall Systems with Metal Energy Dissipation Mechanism

  • Li, Guoqiang;Sun, Feifei;Pang, Mengde;Liu, Wenyang;Wang, Haijiang
    • International Journal of High-Rise Buildings
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    • v.5 no.3
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    • pp.195-203
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    • 2016
  • Shear wall structures have been widely used in high-rise buildings during the past decades, mainly due to their good overall performance, large lateral stiffness, and high load-carrying capacity. However, traditional reinforced concrete wall structures are prone to brittle failure under seismic actions. In order to improve the seismic behavior of traditional shear walls, this paper presents three different metal energy-dissipation shear wall systems, including coupled shear wall with energy-dissipating steel link beams, frame with buckling-restrained steel plate shear wall structure, and coupled shear wall with buckling-restrained steel plate shear wall. Constructional details, experimental studies, and calculation analyses are also introduced in this paper.

Estimation of Plastic Energy Dissipation Amount of Multi-bent Spatial structure by Equivalent Linear Analysis

  • Lee, Seung-Jae
    • Journal of the Korean Association for Spatial Structures
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    • v.6 no.2
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    • pp.131-136
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    • 2006
  • It is important to evaluate energy absorption capacity of frames required during a design earthquake. An inelastic computer analysis based on mathematical modelling of energy absorbing frames and elements makes it possible to evaluate required energy absorption capacity. But such an analysis sometimes consumes much computation time particularly in case of complicated structural system. This paper presents a proposal to predict energy absorption of multi-bent steel frames by simple equivalent linear method.

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Experimental study on seismic performances of steel framebent structures

  • Liang, Jiongfeng;Gu, Lian S.;Hu, Ming H.
    • Earthquakes and Structures
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    • v.10 no.5
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    • pp.1111-1123
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    • 2016
  • To study seismic performance of steel frame-bent structure, one specimen with one-tenth scale, three-bay, and five-story was tested under reversed cyclic lateral load. The entire loading process and failure mode were observed, and the seismic performance indexes including hysteretic loops, skeleton curve, ductility, load bearing capacity, drift ratio, energy dissipation capacity and stiffness degradation were analyzed. The results show that the steel frame-bent structure has good seismic performance. And the ductility and the energy dissipation capacity were good, the hysteresis loops were in spindle shape, which shape were full and had larger area. The ultimate elastic-plastic drift ratio is larger than the limit value specified by seismic code, showing the high capacity of collapse resistance. It can be helpful to design this kind of structure in high-risk seismic zone.