• 제목, 요약, 키워드: environmental science textbook

검색결과 46건 처리시간 0.037초

한.중.일 학교 환경교육의 전개와 특색 (Spreading Processes and Features of School Environmental Education in Korea, the People's Republic of China and Japan)

  • 스와 테츠오
    • 한국환경교육학회지:환경교육
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    • v.18 no.2
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    • pp.113-125
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    • 2005
  • Korea, China and Japan show distinct features in their school environmental education, which are derived from their own spreading processes. Japanese school environmental education has developed as a result of assimilating of anti-pollution education and nature education, and has a feature that makes much of nature experiences. The introduction of 'Period for Integrated Study' in 2002 seems to begin activating Japanese school environmental education. Chinese school environmental education started in higher education institutions around the middle of 1970's, and has a feature that makes a point of scientific approach, even in primary education schools. The two government ordinances,'National Action Program for Environmental General Knowledge ($1996{\sim}2010$)' and 'Educational Scheme of Environmental Theme Study for Elementary and Secondary School Students' issued in 2003, gradually promote school environmental education in China. It is remarkable that Science and Technology Centers for Youth and also increasing environmental NPOs often support environmental activities in elementary or secondary schools. The most notable feature of Korean school environmental education is that 'Environment' has already offered as a regular elective subject in junior high school, and official 'Environment' textbook has published since early 1990's. Though, the adoption rate of 'Environment' is not yet so high. Each country's peculiar issues are as follows. Japan: (1) Students often lack basic knowledge about environmental important problems. (2) 'Period for Integrated Study' is now threatened with cutting hours by the idea of increasing periods for basic subjects to keep high achievement. China: (1) There are large regional differences and school distinctions in operation of environmental education. (2) Adult environmental education needs to be expanded, because the most part of Chinese have no experience of school environmental education. Korea: (1) The relationship between the administrative division which plans school environmental education and teachers group is not quite well. The adoption rate of 'Environment' in junior high school needs to be improved. The training of many teachers for environmental education instructors may be the most important and effective cooperative action among Korea, China and Japan, and for that purpose we ought to work on making a better handbook for instructors, at first.

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교재원 식물을 활용한 환경놀이 프로그램 개발 및 적용 (Effectiveness of Environmental Play Teaching Program using the Plant in Neighborhood Learning Gardens)

  • 최돈형;임은영;조성화
    • 한국환경교육학회지:환경교육
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    • v.24 no.2
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    • pp.35-53
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    • 2011
  • The purpose of this research is placed on the development and application of environmental play programs for elementary school students their utilizing the neighborhood learning gardens in their districts to find its effectiveness. The research questions drawn to attain the purpose of the research are as follows. Initially, analyze the contents related to the plant appearing in the textbooks of wise life, science and practical arts of the 7th elementary school curriculum. Secondly, develop a plant utilizing environmental play program targeted towards the 4th grade elementary school students with the results of the textbook analysis as the foundation. Third, apply the plant utilizing environmental play program into the classroom to verify its effectiveness. Based on the conclusion of this research, the following is to be proposed. First, the revitalization of regional environmental education utilizing the various surroundings of the region is essential. Also, the current method of education, which is focused on theoretical knowledge, and being operated in most of the schools need to be changed over to diverse environmental education programs that are linked with the region. For this, an internet based database, information sharing and exchange program centralized around the regional environmental education center needs to be prepared. Moreover, since this research had developed an environmental play program utilizing plants that focused on the 4th grade elementary school students to verify its effectiveness, the development for environmental play programs dealing with various themes for each grades is required. Lastly, although this research has verified the effectiveness in the variables of ecological knowledge, environmental susceptibility, environmental attitude, environmental concern, environmental function and responsible environmental behavior amongst the variables of environmental literacy but there requires a succeeding research considering the variables that haven't been included in this research.

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농업 및 농촌 개발에서의 환경교육 (Environmental Education in Agricultural and Rural Development)

  • 이용환
    • 농촌계획
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    • v.2 no.1
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    • pp.39-48
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    • 1996
  • The objectives of the study were to. 1) explain the seriousness of environmental problems and the importance of environmental education in rural development , and 2) explore more effective and efficient ways of environmental education for agriculture and rural development in Korea. The world has rapidly changed and concepts such as clientele -centered, efficiency, and globalization are flowing under this change. Agriculture or rural development is not an exception. In order for agriculture as an occupation and rural communities to have competitiveness in efficiency and attractiveness, it is important to develop and execute a well-planned program for agriculture and rural development. Otherwise, farmers and rural inhabitants will continue to leave the agriculture and rural areas. Frequent recent reports of newspapers on nit and water pollution, including nutrients and pesticides have brought attention to the seriousness of environmental problems in Korea. Environmental concerns should consider in planning and executing the rural development program. People want to get contamination-free foods, water and fresh air. They can and are willing to pay their money for high quality food, water and a better living environment, as their incomes have been increasing, Agriculture and rural communities may have competitiveness in these aspects. It is irony that environmental concerns makes the possibility of changes in agriculture and rural development in Korea. Environmental education will have an increasingly important role in agriculture and rural development. Environmental problems relate to the human behavior in various aspects. Many environmental problems are mainly rooted to people's ignorance and spending-habits, and lack of technology related to environment. These human behaviors are the focus that environmental education should teach and change. Environmental education has been carried out through various subjects in school education in Korea, but "Environment" in middle school and "Environmental Science" in high school were separated as a regular subject from 1996. Environmental education still has a lot of room for development from a theoretical frame work. Environmental education should be carried out as action-oriented, student-centered programs. Various teaching materials, programs and proper supporting budget should be developed so that environmental education fulfills its necessary role well in agriculture and rural development. A textbook about the environment alone will not guarantee a high quality environmental education.

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한국, 일본, 미국 중등학교 과학 교과서에 나타난 지구온난화 교육 내용에 관한 연구 (A Study on Global Warming Education Contents in Science Textbook of the Korea, Japan and U.S.A.)

  • 정윤정;최돈형;조성화
    • 한국환경교육학회지:환경교육
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    • v.23 no.3
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    • pp.50-61
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    • 2010
  • As the influence of mankind's actions grows on the earth's climate, the necessity of climate change education is increasing everyday. Therefore, this study will discuss desirable courses about climate changes education that can be used throughout the world. It is meaningful to try to compare the contents and scope of earth global warming education courses of different nations. where education and a research about earth global warming occur simlutaneously. This is key because global warming is not just a national issue, but an international issue. Therefore this study need to understand the status of environmental education is over the world to devise an improvement plan help to solve the problem of climate change on an international level. Therefore, this study compared, the global warming educational contents which appeared in Korean textbooks to Japanese and American textbooks, and analyzed commonalities and differences of each. Also, we will discuss desirable global warming educational instructional strategies. This study analyzed the present situation of nations by looking at common points and differences using an analysis form. Even though the researchers of an each nation analyzed the teaching material through common analysis forms, this study utilized a common analysis method with a colleague researcher regarding environmental education, environment, environmental science to increase the validity of the study in each nation. Also the difference and similarities were aggregated as This study collected the analysis results of each nation. The researchers utilized the results of the analyses to engage in repeated discussion and the sharing of results.

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2007 개정 교육과정에 의한 초등학교 과학 교과서의 STS 내용 분석 (An Analysis of the STS Content in the Elementary Science Textbooks Developed under the 2007 Revised National Curriculum)

  • 양찬호;이주석;노태희
    • 한국초등과학교육학회지:초등과학교육
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    • v.31 no.2
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    • pp.154-163
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    • 2012
  • In this study, we analyzed the proportions of STS content, components, topics, and types of the activities of STS content in the elementary science textbooks developed under the 2007 Revised National Curriculum. The analyses of the results revealed that the percentage of STS content included was 15.9% by the number of pages, and 13.5% by the lesson hour. By the components of the STS content, the proportion of 'application of science', 'science-technology and our life' and 'social problems and issues' were large. Most STS topics were related to the 'effects of technological developments' and 'environmental issue', and the topics of 'family and population' and 'human engineering' were few. By the types of the activities, reading was the most, and investigation and writing were also found. Compared with those of the science textbooks developed under the 7th National Curriculum, the variety of components of the STS content increased, but the proportion of STS content and the variety of activities of STS content decreased in the science textbooks developed under the 2007 Revised National Curriculum.

농업계고등학교 교과서의 농촌어메니티 내용분석 및 교육내용 개발 (Content Analysis and Development of Rural Amenity Education Contents for the Textbooks of Agricultural Highschool)

  • 김은자;류청산;김상범;이정원
    • 농촌계획
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    • v.16 no.4
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    • pp.95-108
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    • 2010
  • 21st century has begun as an age of green growth. Development paradigms disregarding environmental sustainability are being changed and henceforth, stronger efforts should be made to discover and utilize green values. With the importance of green values, rural amenity which is in the spotlight as a new channel to change the way people think about depressed agriculture and rural community could be the key to discover green values of rural area. This study is to emphasize rural amenity and to rectify prejudiced and distorted contents of agriculture and rural community in agricultural highschool textbooks. By doing this, students of agricultural highschool who will lead agriculture in the future will come to recognize the importance of agriculture and rural area and discovering it's values. This study was done through analysis and development of contents in 39 kinds of textbooks of Agricultural highschool. A content analysis was employed to examine to what extent the contents on agriculture and rural community were reflected in the textbooks of agriculture highschool. And 262 new education contents formulating positive and exact rural amenity concept were developed and 62 of them were included in textbooks.

2009 개정 교육과정 화학II 교과서의 탐구 활동 분석 (The Analysis of Inquiry Activities in High School Chemistry II Textbooks on the Revised 2009 Curriculum)

  • 김지영;한재은;박종석
    • 한국과학교육학회지
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    • v.32 no.5
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    • pp.928-937
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    • 2012
  • 이 연구는 2009 개정 교육과정에 따라 출판된 화학II 교과서의 탐구 활동을 분석하고자 하였다. 탐구 활동은 탐구 활동 개수 및 비율, 탐구 과정 요소, 탐구유형, 탐구 상황 등을 알아보고 7차 교육과정에 따라 출판된 화학II 교과서와 비교 분석하였다. 연구 결과, 2009 개정 교육과정에 따라 출판된 화학II 교과서의 탐구 활동의 개수 및 지면 수에 대한 탐구 활동 개수의 비율은 출판사 별로 많은 차이가 있었으며 7차 교육과정 교과서에 비해 감소함을 알 수 있었다. 둘째, 탐구 활동들은 특정 탐구 과정 요소에 편중되어 있었다. 셋째, 탐구 활동 유형은 교과서마다 조금씩 차이가 있었지만 대부분 실험하기와 생각해보기로 이루어져 있었고, 해보기가 아주 낮은 비율로 나타났다. 넷째, 탐구 활동 상황은 순수 과학적 상황이 가장 많았고, 그 다음으로 일상적 상황, 기술 사회적 상황, 자연 환경적 상황 순이었다. 7차 교육과정의 교과서와 비교했을 때 기술 사회적 상황이 증가하였지만, 기술 사회적 상황과 자연 환경적 상황은 10% 이하로 나타났다. 이로부터 탐구 활동에 있어서 2009개정 교육과정의 화학II 교과서도 이전 차시의 교과서가 가지고 있는 문제를 여전히 포함하고 있어 학교 교사들이 수업을 설계할 때 이점을 해결할 수 있도록 다양한 탐구 활동을 도입할 필요가 있다. 나아가 앞으로 교과서 개발자들은 교과서 분석 연구들의 결과를 수용할 필요가 있다.

고등학교 화학II 수업에 적용한 Small-Scale Chemistry 실험의 효과 (The Effects of Small-Scale Chemistry Laboratoty Programs in High School Chemistry II Class)

  • 홍지혜;박종윤
    • 한국과학교육학회지
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    • v.27 no.4
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    • pp.318-327
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    • 2007
  • 본 연구의 목적은 고등학교 화학II 교과에서 Small Scale Chemistry(SSC)를 적용한 수업이 학생들의 과학 탐구 능력과 과학관련 태도에 미치는 효과를 알아보는데 있다. 연구 대상은 인문계 고등학교 3학년 학생 112명이며, 실험 집단과 비교 집단으로 나누었다. 화학II 교과서의 기존 실험을 대치할 수 있는 SSC 실험을 7개 선정하여 이를 실험 집단에 적용하고, 비교 집단에는 교과서에 제시된 기존 실험을 적용하였다. 연구 결과 두 집단 간에 과학 탐구 능력의 향상에는 유의미한 차이가 있었으나, 과학관련 태도의 향상에는 유의미한 차이가 없었다. 세부 분석 결과 과학 탐구 능력의 차이는 기초 탐구 능력의 차이에 의한 것으로 나타났다. 실험 집단 학생들은 SSC 실험이 기존 실험에 비해 많은 장점(예를 들면, 개별 실험, 실험과 이론의 동시 학습, 짧은 실험 시간, 안전성, 친환경성 등)이 있음을 인식하고 있었다. 이러한 결과는 고등학교 화학 과목에 SSC 실험을 적용할 가치가 있음을 나타내며 현 교과서의 기존 실험을 대치할 수 있는 다양한 SSC 실험을 개발하여 보급할 필요가 있음을 시사한다.

화학II 교과서의 STS 내용 분석 (An Analysis of STS Contents in the High School Chemistry(II) Textbook)

  • 김정태;김윤희;문성배
    • 대한화학회지
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    • v.46 no.1
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    • pp.90-96
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    • 2002
  • 본 연구는 제6차 교육과정에 의해 편찬된 7종의 검인정 화학Ⅱ 교과서 중 STS 내용의 포함정도를 알아보고 STS 내용을 단원별, Piel의 주제영역별, 활동영역별로 비교 분석하였다. 그리고 교과서에 STS와 관련된 내용이 어느 정도 반영되고 있고 교과서가 교육과정 목표에 어느 정도 부합되는지를 알아보았다. 7종의 화학Ⅱ 교과서에서는 STS 교육내용이 교과서 지면의 평균 2.7%를 차지하고 있었다. STS 내용의 단원별 분포를 보면 화학결합과 화합물에 3.8%, 원자구조와 주기율 3.2%, 물질의 상태와 용액 2.2%, 물질의 과학에 1.9%, 화학반응 1.9%로 화학결합과 화합물에 STS 내용이 가장 많이 포함되어 있었다. Piel의 STS 주제영역에 따른 STS 교육내용을 살펴보면 기술발달의 영향이 33.7%, 환경문제와 천연 자원의 이용이 27.5%, 인간공학이 19.6%, 에너지가 13.8%, 과학의 사회학이 5.4%이었고, 인구 및 우주개발과 국방에 관련된 내용은 모든 교과서에서 다루고 있지 않았다. STS 주제를 단원별로 분석한 결과를 보면 에너지는 화학결합과 화합물 및 화학반응 단원에, 인간공학, 환경문제와 천연자원의 이용 및 기술발달과 영향은 화학결합과 화합물에 주로 포함되어 있었다. 그리고 과학의 사회학은 원자구조와 주기율 및 화학반응 단원에 주로 포함되어 있었다. STS 교육내용을 SATIS의 활동영역에 따라 분석한 결과는 조사연구와 사례연구가 대부분이었다. 현장활동, 문제해결과 의사결정 및 모의 실험은 매우 적게 나타났으며 역할놀이는 어느 교과서에서도 다루고 있지 않았다.

중등학교 과학 및 지구과학 교과서 조경 수역 및 어장에 관한 오개념 분석 (Analysis of Misconceptions on Oceanic Front and Fishing Ground in Secondary-School Science and Earth Science Textbooks)

  • 박경애;이재연;강창근;김창신
    • 한국지구과학회지
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    • v.41 no.5
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    • pp.504-519
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    • 2020
  • 해수의 서로 다른 물성이 만나는 해양 전선은 해수의 열교환 및 운동량 교환, 물성의 혼합과정과 같은 해양 역학적 과정과 해양-대기 상호작용으로 기상변화와 기후 변화를 조절하는 중요한 역할을 한다. 이러한 해양 전선이 중등학교 교과서에는 해류가 만난다는 의미를 가지는 '조경 수역'이라는 용어로 사용되고 있으며 동해 어장과의 관련성을 제시하고 있다. 그러나 고등교육과 해양과학자들은 지난 수십 년 동안 이 이 용어를 사용하지 않고 있어서 용어의 적절성이 조사되어야 하며 오개념을 제거할 필요성이 있다. 본 연구에서는 2015 개정교육과정에 기반한 중등학교 교과서 11종(중학교 5종, 고등학교 6종)을 활용하여 이와 관련된 교과 내용을 분석하였다. 또한 중등학교 과학교사 30인을 대상으로 설문 조사를 실시하여 이 문제에 대한 교사들의 인지 정도를 분석하였다. 조경 수역과 어장에 관한 교과서의 내용을 분석한 결과, 과학적 사실과 부합하지 않는 상당히 많은 오류와 오개념이 발견되었다. 교과서에서 조경 수역이라는 개념이 한류와 난류가 만나는 의미로 주로 활용되고 있으나, 수온, 염분, 밀도, 유속 등 해양의 서로 다른 물성이 접하는 '해양 전선'이라는 포괄적인 용어로 대체하는 것이 바람직하다. 교과서에서는 어장의 계절변동을 겨울에 남하하고 여름에 북상하고 북한한류의 계절변동과 연결하고 설명하고 있지만 이는 북한한류의 여름철 강화에 관한 그동안의 과학적 사실에 위배되는 내용이다. 동해의 어장은 동해안 좁은 영역에 국한된 것이 아니라 훨씬 더 넓은 해역에 광범위하게 분포하고 있다. 교사들의 설문 결과는 이러한 오개념이 지난 수십 년 동안 지속되어 왔음을 입증하였다. 본 연구는 조경 수역, 어장, 북한한류와 관련된 오개념을 수정하기 위한 과학적 지식의 중요성과 교육과정으로의 전달 과정의 중요성을 강조하였다. 향후 이 연구가 교과서 수정과 교사교육에 중요한 역할을 할 수 있기를 기대한다.