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Flexural behavior of carbon nanotube-modified epoxy/basalt composites

  • Kim, Man-Tae;Rhee, Kyong-Yop
    • Carbon letters
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    • v.12 no.3
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    • pp.177-179
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    • 2011
  • The use of carbon nanotubes (CNTs) as a reinforcing material in a polymer matrix has increased in various industries. In this study, the flexural behavior of CNT-modified epoxy/basalt (CNT/epoxy/basalt) composites is investigated. The effects of CNT modification with silane on the flexural properties of CNT/epoxy/basalt composites were also examined. Flexural tests were performed using epoxy/basalt, oxidized CNT/epoxy/basalt, and silanized CNT/epoxy/basalt multi-scale composites. After the flexural tests, the fracture surfaces of the specimens were examined via scanning electron microscopy (SEM) to investigate the fracture mechanisms of the CNT/epoxy/basalt multi-scale composites with respect to the CNT modification process. The flexural properties of the epoxy/basalt composites were improved by the addition of CNTs. The flexural modulus and strength of the silane-treated CNT/epoxy/basalt multi-scale composites increased by approximately 54% and 34%, respectively, compared to those of epoxy/basalt composites. A SEM examination of the fracture surfaces revealed that the improvement in the flexural properties of the silane-treated CNT/epoxy/basalt multi-scale composites could be attributed to the improved dispersion of the CNTs in the epoxy.

Measurement of Flash Points of Epoxy Resin Solutions by Using Additives (첨가제 사용에 의한 Epoxy Resin 용액의 인화점 측정)

  • Ha, Dong-Myeong
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Safety
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    • v.22 no.3
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    • pp.22-27
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    • 2007
  • The knowledge of the flash point of the various liquid substances is required because of process safety and control in industrial fire protection. The epoxy resin is one of versatile resins that has wide selection of using curing agents and additives to achieve various applications such as coatings, adhesives, interior materials, reinforced plastics and electrical insulation. In this study, the lower flash points for p-xylene+epoxy resin, o-xylene+epoxy resin and n-butanol+epoxy resin systems were measured by using Pensky-Martens closed cup tester. The lower flash points for p-xylene+epoxy resin, o-xylene+epoxy resin and n-butanol+epoxy resin systems rapidly increased 80wt%, 90wt% and 95wt% of epoxy resin concentration, respectively. This results serve as a guide to estimate flash point of any epoxy resin solution.

Cure Characteristics of Naphthalene Type Epoxy Resins for SEMC (Sheet Epoxy Molding Compound) for WLP (Wafer Level Package) Application (WLP(Wafer Level Package)적용을 위한 SEMC(Sheet Epoxy Molding Compounds)용 Naphthalene Type Epoxy 수지의 경화특성연구)

  • Kim, Whan Gun
    • Journal of the Semiconductor & Display Technology
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    • v.19 no.1
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    • pp.29-35
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    • 2020
  • The cure characteristics of three kinds of naphthalene type epoxy resins(NET-OH, NET-MA, NET-Epoxy) with a 2-methyl imidazole(2MI) catalyst were investigated for preparing sheet epoxy molding compound(SEMC) for wafer level package(WLP) applications, comparing with diglycidyl ether of bisphenol-A(DGEBA) and 1,6-naphthalenediol diglycidyl ether(NE-16) epoxy resin. The cure kinetics of these systems were analyzed by differential scanning calorimetry with an isothermal approach, and the kinetic parameters of all systems were reported in generalized kinetic equations with diffusion effects. The NET-OH epoxy resin represented an n-th order cure mechanism as like NE-16 and DGEBA epoxy resins, however, the NET-MA and NET-Epoxy resins showed an autocatalytic cure mechanism. The NET-OH and NET-Epoxy resins showed higher cure conversion rates than DGEBA and NE-16 epoxy resins, however, the lowest cure conversion rates can be seen in the NET-MA epoxy resin. Although the NETEpoxy and NET-MA epoxy resins represented higher cure reaction conversions comparing with DGEBA and NE-16 resins, the NET-OH showed the lowest cure reaction conversions. It can be figured out by kinetic parameter analysis that the lowest cure conversion rates of the NET-MA epoxy resin are caused by lower collision frequency factor, and the lowest cure reaction conversions of the NET-OH are due to the earlier network structures formation according to lowest critical cure conversion.

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Effects of Reactive Diluents on the Electrical Insulation Breakdown Strength and Mechanical Properties in an Epoxy System

  • Park, Jae-Jun
    • Transactions on Electrical and Electronic Materials
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    • v.14 no.4
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    • pp.199-202
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    • 2013
  • In order to study the effect of reactive diluents on the electrical insulation breakdown strength and mechanical properties of, a polyglycol and an aliphatic epoxy were individually introduced to an epoxy system. Reactive diluents were used in order to decrease the viscosity of the epoxy system; polyglycol acted as a flexibilizer and 1,4-butanediol diglycidyl ether (BDGE) acted as an aliphatic epoxy, which then acted as a chain extender after curing reaction. The ac electrical breakdown strength was estimated in sphere-to-sphere electrodes and the electrical breakdown strength was estimated by Weibull statistical analysis. The scale parameters of the electrical breakdown strengths for the epoxy resin, epoxy-polyglycol, and epoxy-BDGE were 45.0, 46.2, and 45.1 kV/mm, respectively. The flexural and tensile strengths for epoxy-BDGE were lower than those of the epoxy resin and those for epoxy-polyglycol were lower than those of the epoxy resin.

Effect of Polyurethane on Fracture Toughness in CTBN/PU/Epoxy (CTBN/PU/Epoxy의 파괴인성에서 폴리우레탄의 영향)

  • Kim, Jong Seok;Hong, Suk Pyo
    • Applied Chemistry for Engineering
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    • v.9 no.2
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    • pp.172-176
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    • 1998
  • Epoxy adduct carboxyl terminated butadiene acrylonitrile(CTBN) was prepared by blending of CTBN and epoxy resin. CTBN/PU/epoxy was prepared from polyurethane(PU), epoxy resin, and CTBN. The CTBN/PU/epoxy using 5 wt% of CTBN content showed shifting damping peak as PU content increased. It suggested that CTBN/PU/epoxy had good compatibility for all composition at 5 wt% of CTBN content. But miscibility of CTBN/PU/epoxy decreased with the increase of the CTBN content. PU content for maximum flexural properties of CTBN/PU/epoxy was 10 wt%, but decreased with the increase of the PU content. The fracture toughness of CTBN/epoxy was improved by addition of the PU. Fracture surfaces of CTBN/PU/epoxy showed the shear deformation and generation of stress whitening which is associated with the cavitation. Cavitation in the CTBN and shear defomation in the PU modified epoxy matrix are the toughening mechanisms for CTBN/PU/epoxy.

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Cure Characteristics of Ethoxysilyl Bisphenol A Type Epoxy Resin Systems for Next Generation Semiconductor Packaging Materials (새로운 반도체 Packaging용 Ethoxysilyl Bisphenol A Type Epoxy Resin System의 경화특성 연구)

  • Kim, Whan Gun
    • Journal of the Semiconductor & Display Technology
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    • v.16 no.2
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    • pp.19-26
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    • 2017
  • The cure properties of ethoxysilyl bisphenol A type epoxy resin (Ethoxysilyl-DGEBA) systems with different hardeners were investigated, comparing with DGEBA and Diallyl-DGEBA epoxy resin systems. The cure kinetics of these systems were analyzed by differential scanning calorimetry with an isothermal approach, and the kinetic parameters of all systems were reported in generalized kinetic equations with diffusion effects. The Ethoxysilyl-DGEBA epoxy resin system showed lower cure conversion rates than DGEBA and Diallyl-DGEBA epoxy resin systems. The conversion rates of these epoxy resin systems with DDM hardener are lower than those with HF-1M hardener. It can be considered that the optimum hardener for Ethoxysilyl-DGEBA epoxy resin system is Phenol Novolac type. These lower cure conversion rates in the Ethoxysilyl-DGEBA epoxy resin systems could be explained by the retardation of reaction molecule movements according to the formation of organic-inorganic hybrid network structure by epoxy and ethoxysilyl group in Ethoxysilyl- DGEBA epoxy resin system.

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Mechanical Properties of Epoxy Paint using Oxidized Graphene Nanoplatelet as a Reinforcement (산화 그래핀 나노플레이트릿을 강화제로 사용한 에폭시 도료의 역학적 특성)

  • Seo, Won-Woo;Kim, Gyu-Yong;Yoon, Min-Ho;Lee, Bo-Kyeong;Nam, Jeong-Soo
    • Journal of the Korea Institute of Building Construction
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    • v.17 no.5
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    • pp.465-471
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    • 2017
  • In this study, oxidized graphene nanoplatelet(GO) was prepared by oxidizing graphene nanoplatelet(GNP) with nitric acid in order to solve the problem of dispersion of GNP, one of nano materials. The surface chemical composition of the prepared GO was analyzed by fourier transform infrared spectroscopy(FT-IR) before incorporation into the epoxy paint, and the dispersibility in the solvent was confirmed. Meanwhile, GNP/Epoxy and GO/Epoxy paint were prepared by mixing GNP, GO with 0.1, 0.3, 0.5 and 1.0wt.% in epoxy paint and the mechanical properties were evaluated. As a result, GNP/Epoxy and GO/Epoxy paints showed better mechanical properties than Neat Epoxy which did not incorporate GNP, GO. Especially, when 0.3wt.% of GO was incorporated into epoxy resin, it showed higher tensile strength than Neat Epoxy. It was confirmed that acid treatment of GNP was effective in improving the mechanical properties of epoxy paint.

Effects of oil absorption on the wear behaviors of carbon/epoxy woven composites

  • Lee, Jae-H.;Lee, Jae-S.;Rhee, Kyong-Y.
    • Carbon letters
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    • v.12 no.4
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    • pp.249-251
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    • 2011
  • Carbon/epoxy woven composites are prominent wear-resistant materials due to the strength, stiffness, and thermal conductivity of carbon fabric. In this study, the effect of oilabsorption on the wear behaviors of carbon/epoxy woven composites was investigated. Wear tests were performed on dry and fully oil-absorbed carbon/epoxy woven composites. The worn surfaces of the test specimens were examined via scanning electron microscopy to investigate the wear mechanisms of oil-absorbed carbon/epoxy woven composites. It was found that the oil absorption rate was 0.14% when the carbon/epoxy woven composites were fully saturated. In addition, the wear properties of the carbon/epoxy woven composites were found to be affected by oilabsorption. Specifically, the friction coefficients of dry and oil-absorbed carbon/epoxy woven composites were 0.25-0.30 and 0.55-0.6, respectively. The wear loss of the oilabsorbed carbon/epoxy woven composites was $3.52{\times}10^{-2}\;cm^3$, while that of the dry carbon/epoxy woven composites was $3.52{\times}10^{-2}\;cm^3$. SEM results revealed that the higher friction coefficient and wear loss of the oil-absorbed carbon/epoxy woven composites can be attributed to the existence of broken and randomly dispersed fibers due to the weak adhesion forces between the carbon fibers and the epoxy matrix.

The Study of Water Stability of MDF Cement Composite by Addition of Epoxy Resin and Manufacturing Process (Epoxy Resin 첨가 및 제조공정에 따른 MDF 시멘트 복합재료의 수분안정성 연구)

  • 노준석;김태진;박춘근;최상홀
    • Journal of the Korean Ceramic Society
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    • v.35 no.4
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    • pp.371-377
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    • 1998
  • The effect of epoxy resin on the water stability of HAC/PVA based MDF cement composite were stu-died through the three different forming methods calendering extruding and warm pressing. In prexing step the epoxy resin was added in 5-15wt% of cement weight. The 3-point flexural strength of each dry and wet specimen which were immersed in water during 3. 7, 14 days was estmated and the mi-crostructural change of epoxy resin-added MDF cement composite due to water immersion was charac-terized by scanning electron microscopy. As the addition amount of epoxy resin the im-provement of water stability of MDF cement composite was achieved in most case. Especially through the warm press forming method the effectiveness of epoxy resin addition to the water stability was enhanced. When the epoxy resin was added by 5wt% to 7wt% the optimum flexural strength and water stability

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