• Title, Summary, Keyword: ethnographic study

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The Who and What of Children Who Use Negative Social Power : An Ethnographic Study (유아들의 사회적 힘의 부정적 사용 양상 및 특성)

  • Park, Sung Joo;Hong, Yong Hee
    • Korean Journal of Child Studies
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    • v.23 no.5
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    • pp.105-121
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    • 2002
  • This ethnographic study investigated aspects of negative social power in 4-year-old children and characteristics of the children who use it. The negative use of social power included taking the possessions of peers without permission, ignoring classroom rules, controlling, rejecting, and threatening others. Most children who abused social power behaved as controllers and were popular children or had a following within the group. They were physically superior to peers, of competitive disposition, and had a well-developed capacity for verbal expression; they were self-centered and had a high level of cognitive ability. Further areas for ethnographic research into the nature of the negative use of social power in young children include training in perspective taking, age differences, and factors that contribute to the development of negative social power in young children.

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Teachers' Perspectives on Environmental Education and Expectations for Learners' Changes : An Ethnographic Case Study in Two Korean Middle Schools (교사의 환경교육 해석과 학습자 변화에 대한 기대 -두 중학교에서의 문화기술적 사례 연구-)

  • 김찬국;이동수
    • Hwankyungkyoyuk
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    • v.15 no.1
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    • pp.101-114
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    • 2002
  • This study is an ethnographic case study aiming at understanding the environmental education (EE) classes of 'Discretionary Activity' which has recently been introduced into Korean middle school curricula. To show the characteristics of the classes, researcher described the phenomena unique to two schools. Two middle school teachers were included in this study as research participants. Qualitative approaches were used to understand the status quo of school environmental education, teachers's perspectives on EE and their expectations for learners' changes. Data were gathered using the methods of participant observation during two school terms and in-depth interview with two teachers and nine students. Ethnographic analysis/interpretation methods such as domain analysis were used to analyze the data. To verify the research methodology and conclusions, triangulation, members checking and peers debriefing were used. Research questions emerging through the circulative research process include 1) what are the teachers' perspectives on EE and how do the teachers' perspectives affect their EE teaching? 2) what are the teachers' expectations for learners' changes and how are teachers/researcher able to perceive learners' changes? Two research participants have different life experiences and perspectives on environment and EE. The perspectives had influence on the selection of the contents and the styles of their teaching. Teachers' expectations for learners' changes were also different according to the styles of the teaching.

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A Comparative Analysis on Elementary Students방 Scientific Attitudes by Questionnaire and Ethnographic Study (질문지법과 문화기술적 방법에 의한 초등학생의 과학적 태도에 대한 비교 분석)

  • 김운배;김효남
    • Journal of Korean Elementary Science Education
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    • v.19 no.1
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    • pp.1-13
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    • 2000
  • For a profound understanding about the elementary students' scientific attitude, I have performed this study based on the students' opinion by the ethnographic interview and participant observation of science classes. I have analyzed the data by qualitative data analyzing method, and compared the analyzed results with analyzed results by the Likert's scaled as il questionnaire method. To perform this study, I selected one elementary school located in an agricultural village in Choong-Buk Province in Korea and studied four 5th grade students. Here, I present results of this study as follows. First, in ethnographic interview, all informants represented positive reaction to scientific curiosity. But, It is appeared that there are external curiosity and internal curiosity. Internal curiosity is more closely and positively related to problem solving skills. Second, all informants represented positive open-mindness expressing their own opinions actively and accepting other students' opinions. Students who had positive critical-mindness and voluntariness recorded high scores in science achievement. Third, scientific attitude analyzed by ethnographic methods didn't correspond with scientific attitude measured by Likert's scale in all cases. I presumed this discrepant result could come from subjects' different tendency on replying to questionnaire and students' own criterion.

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An Ethnographic Case Study on the Meaning of an Employer Supported Educare Center : Focus on Lives of Working Mothers (직장보육시설의 의미에 관한 문화기술적 사례 연구 - 취업모의 삶을 중심으로 -)

  • Kweon, Mee-Ryang;Chun, Hui-Young
    • Korean Journal of Child Studies
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    • v.27 no.1
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    • pp.31-44
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    • 2006
  • This study focused on the lives of working mothers in its examination of the meaning of an employer supported educare center. Ethnographic methods including participant observation, in-depth interview, and the analysis of documents were used for the case study at D educare center where management has been entrusted to K University. Results showed that employer supported educare center had significant meanings in the lives of working mothers. Meanings consisted of stories about relieving time conflicts, adapting themselves to life space, putting confidence in the educare center, and organizing community. Meanings gained from this study suggest that D educare center could be a model for employer supported educare centers focused on the lives of working mothers.

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A Study on the Analysis and Design of IT Cost Model Using an Ethnographic Research (Ethnographic Research를 이용한 IT Cost 모델 분석 및 설계)

  • Lee Jae-Beom;Jeong Seung-Ryul;Lee Hak-Seon
    • The Journal of Information Systems
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    • v.15 no.3
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    • pp.107-129
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    • 2006
  • The purpose of this study is to provide and validate an IT cost model hi which we link among cost center, cost object and flexible cost driver. in order to accomplish this purpose, this study utilizes ethnographic research methodology. At first we develop the cost model where the flexible cost driver is the distribution basis of overhead cost. For each cost driver, unit cost management model is also proposed. Then we employ the structured design methodology to validate the model. Based on the IT Cost requirements of a case company, the IT cost system was designed and developed for its test. The result shows the model we developed in this study is appropriate for managing IT resources and further, can be used as a reference model for calculating chargeback rates of other departments and IT budget of IT department.

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A Study on the Records Management of the Ethnographic Data: Focusing on Classification and Description of the Research Data of "Cultural History of Kitchen" Project (문화기술지적 자료의 연구기록 관리 방안 연구 - "부엌의 문화사" 연구프로젝트 자료의 분류 및 기술을 중심으로 -)

  • Yoon, Taek-Lim;Choi, Jung-Eun
    • Journal of Korean Society of Archives and Records Management
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    • v.12 no.2
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    • pp.71-91
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    • 2012
  • This article attempts to examine the definition and categories of research records in order to include ethnographic data into research records by comparing the laboratory records with the ethnographic data produced in the field work. And it discusses the records management task of ethnogrpahic data using the field work data collected in the research project of 'Cultural History of Kitchen' which was carried out by one of the authors from 2002 to 2005. The authors draw out the classification of laboratory records from the previous studies on research records, apply it to the ethnographic data and illustrate the new classification and description of research records reflecting the features of ethnographic data. Doing so, the authors expand the concept of research records and provide a case study of research records management based on the collaboration between the researcher and the archivist. Ultimately this study will be a footstep toward construction of community archives and everyday life archives since the records for those archives may be as diverse as the research records based on the ethnographic data from the research project of 'Cultural History of Kitchen'.

An Exploratory Study of Household Inheritance Based on Ethnographic Approach (가계내 재산상속 행동에 관한 탐색적 연구 - Ethnographic 접근 방식을 중심으로-)

  • 박명희;정주원
    • Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association
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    • v.38 no.2
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    • pp.91-107
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    • 2000
  • The purpose of this study is to understand the familial and economic problems(household-financial management) came out as a result of inheritance in household with a qualitative Ethnographic interview analysis method. As a result of interview, we found out three results; first, inheritance consciousness, attitude of predecessor(parents generation) second, the changes in familial economic relationship by inheritance stages (pre-inheritance stage, inheritance progressing stage, post-inheritance stage) third, the emotional changes of predecessor(paraents generation). The results indicated that there were significant importance and influence of household inheritance, therefore, the necessities of definite and systemic old-aged plan with financial management of inheritance should be introduced.

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An Ethnographic Study on Cyber-Delinquency among Adolescents (게임방 청소년의 사이버일탈 과정에 관한 문화기술적 연구)

  • Sung, Yun Sook;Lee, So Hee
    • Korean Journal of Child Studies
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    • v.24 no.3
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    • pp.109-134
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    • 2003
  • Playing online games is popular among adolescents and may contribute to such social issues as game addiction and cyber-delinquency. The present study conducted an ethnographic analysis that addressed basic descriptive questions around the social significance of online games. The main findings were that peer pressure plays an important role; that is, adolescents play the games to fulfill their need to occupy higher levels of cyber-status among game players and build special relationships. They like to make money and buy what they want with money earned from game item deals. Game scenarios and mechanisms play an important role in game addiction. Adolescents sometimes exhibit social delinquency in cyberspace or the real world. Thus, adolescents' needs, game addiction and cyber-delinquency are intertwined.

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An Ethnographic Study on Interaction Between Toddlers and Teachers (2세 영아-교사간 상호작용에 관한 문화기술적 연구)

  • Chang, Young Hee;Kwak, Seung Ju
    • Korean Journal of Child Studies
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    • v.25 no.4
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    • pp.71-92
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    • 2004
  • The purpose of this ethnographic study was to observe and understand interactions of toddlers and teachers in context. Specific questions were "What are the motives and features of the interactions between toddlers and teacher?" Subjects were twenty 2-year-old daycare children and their teachers. Methods covered 11 weeks of interviews and participatory observation. The major findings were that the interactions between toddlers and teachers was mainly initiated by toddlers and consist of physiological and emotional needs, conflict mediation and participation in play. As toddler get to the age of self-recognition but still need adult's assistance, the co-existence of dependence and independence was evident. Children used a variety of verbal and non-verbal signals with both positive and non-positive overtons.

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College Students′ Views on Childless Families Based on an Ethnographic Decision Model (문화기술적 의사결정 모델에 따른 대학생들의 무자녀가족에 관한 인식 연구)

  • 양성은
    • Journal of Korean Home Management Association
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    • v.22 no.5
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    • pp.149-159
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    • 2004
  • An Ethnographic Decision Model (EDM) to explore socioeconomic, cultural, and psychological factors related to the attitudes toward childless family was developed in this study. From college students' protocol writings, this research found that the participants in general had conservative views about childless families. They tended to simplify childless families as either infertile couples or DINK (Double Income No Kids) couples. The participants explained why they decided to have or not to have children in the future. They seemed to believe in a traditional family structure and idealize parental roles, while recognizing the high economic and psychological cost of rearing children. They claimed that Korean society set high standards for parents, which were too difficult to reach. The participants, having been educated to believe in self-actualization through their successful careers, struggled to choose between a family with children and one without children. This study was conducted with a holistic view, and highlighted the importance of interactions between traditional ideology about the family and socioeconomic contexts when interpreting college students' perspectives on childless family.