• Title, Summary, Keyword: exterior center

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The Effect of the Exterior R&D Network on the Import Substitution of Small and Medium Venture Firms: The Moderating Impact of Corporate R&D Center (외부 연구개발 네트워크가 중소 벤처기업의 수입 대체에 미치는 영향: 기업부설 연구소의 조절 효과)

  • Hau, Yong Sauk
    • Journal of Digital Convergence
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    • v.15 no.11
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    • pp.199-207
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    • 2017
  • The business environment changing very fast with technology advance and convergence makes the role of R&D become more and more important to firms' success. By analyzing the 683 firm-level data of small and medium venture firms with the ordinary least squares regression, this study sheds new light on the following four points. First, small and medium venture firms' exterior R&D collaboration network heterogeneity positively impacts their import substitution from technology development. Second, the existence of the corporate R&D center moderates the positive impact of small and venture firms' exterior R&D collaboration network heterogeneity on their import substitution from technology development. Third, small and venture firms' exterior R&D information network heterogeneity positively impacts their import substitution from technology development. Fourth, The existence of the corporate R&D center moderates the positive influence of small and venture firms' exterior R&D information network heterogeneity on their import substitution from technology development.

Compatibility Analysis Through the System of Chief, Deputy, Assistant, and Envoy for Socheongnyong-tang (소청룡탕(小靑龍湯)의 군신좌사(君臣佐使) 배오(配伍) 분석)

  • Kim, Do Hoy;Yoon, Michung;Shin, Soon Shik
    • Herbal Formula Science
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    • v.26 no.4
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    • pp.363-380
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    • 2018
  • Objectives : We analyzed the principle of compatibility of socheongnyong-tang and expanded the range of application in clinical practice. Methods : Socheongnyong-tang was analyzed by the compatibility principle through the system of chief, deputy, assistant, and envoy, but the basic formulas of "Discussion of Cold Damage" and "Synopsis of the Golden Chamber" was used. Results : Socheongnyong-tang treats exterior wind-cold and interior water accumulation. Exterior wind-cold is treated mainly by exterior-releasing herbs constituting mahwang-tang and gyeji-tang in "Discussion of Cold Damage", and interior water accumulation is treated mainly by retained fluid-resolving herbs constituting yeonggamomigangsinha-tang, yeonggamomigagangsinbanhahaengin-tang and yeonggamomigagangsinbanhaengdaehwang-tang in "Synopsis of the Golden Chamber". Depending on the weight of exterior wind-cold and interior water accumulation, the disease condition is classified as a case where exterior wind-cold is heavier than interior water accumulation, a case where exterior wind-cold is lighter than interior water accumulation, and a case where it is equivalent. When exterior wind-cold is heavier than interior water accumulation, chief herbs are Ephedrae Herba and Cinnamomi Ramulus of exterior-releasing herbs series and deputy herbs are Zingiberis Rhizoma and Asari Radix et Rhizoma of retained fluid-resolving herbs series. When exterior wind-cold is equal to the disease condition of interior water accumulation, chief herbs are Ephedrae Herba of exterior-releasing herbs series and Zingiberis Rhizoma of retained fluid-resolving herbs series, and deputy herbs are Cinnamomi Ramulus of the exterior-releasing herbs series and Asari Radix et Rhizoma of retained fluid-resolving herbs series. When exterior wind-cold is lighter than interior water accumulation, chief herbs are Zingiberis Rhizoma and Asari Radix et Rhizoma of retained fluid-resolving herbs series and deputy herbs are Ephedrae Herba and Cinnamomi Ramulus of exterior-releasing herbs series. In any case, assistant herbs are Pinelliae Rhizoma, Paeoniae Radix alba, and Schisandrae Fructus, and envoy herb is Glycyrrhizae Radix preparata. Conclusions : In conclusion, socheongnyong-tang must differently formulate the system of chief, deputy, assistant, and envoy according to the grade of exterior wind-cold and interior water accumulation. These results suggest that socheongnyong-tang can be applied flexibly when applied in clinical practice to enhance the therapeutic effect.

A Study on the Simulation analysis and design concept of Exterior Lighting at the OOAgricultural& fishery Circulation Center (OO농수산물유통센타 경관조명 설계안 및 Simulation 분석 평가)

  • 차광석;신일섭
    • Proceedings of the Korean Institute of IIIuminating and Electrical Installation Engineers Conference
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    • pp.31-34
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    • 2001
  • Changing to a 24-hour urbanistic life style, a night time activities constituted for a major portion. Important of a beautiful exterior lighting as well as safety, and security concerns become increasingly. However, the removal or control of the excessive lighting is considered more important then increasing the brightness of the lamps to achieve bother safety and security. Representing a cheerful and leisure environment from the exterior lighting can also harmonize two aspects of energy saving and sustaining green environment. Designing of exterior lighting at the OO Agricultural & Fishery Circulation center symbolizes the suitability, convenience and production. It's design and analysis represent the optimum urban night time environment.

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Exterior Environments for the Elderly with Dementia in the U.S.A. (치매노인을 위한 시설의 옥외공간에 관한 연구 -미국의 사례를 중심으로-)

  • 곽인숙
    • Journal of Korean Home Management Association
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    • v.21 no.3
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    • pp.1-13
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    • 2003
  • The purpose of this study is to understand the importance of exterior environments and to identify the design guidelines for the therapeutic garden for cognitively impaired seniors with Alzheimer's disease and related dementias. The data was collected from 4 Adult Day Care Centers, 2 Nursing Homes, & 1 Assisted living in the U.S.A. from 2001 to 2002 by interview and the floor plan about the outdoor space. Although some may believe that patients with Alzheimer's disease and related disorders are unresponsive to environment, evidence shows that environments especially designed for cognitively impaired seniors can maintain or increase their level of functioning. The use of specially designed exterior environments nay have in reducing incidents of aggressive behavior, and contributing significantly to a wanderer management program. The checklist includes 6 dimensions: safety environment, various sensual stimulations, social interactions, wandering, privacy, and support orientation and reality. The results indicated that the exterior environment have to support wandering behavior, orientation and reality.

COMMUTING ELEMENTS WITH RESPECT TO THE OPERATOR Λ IN INFINITE GROUPS

  • Rezaei, Rashid;Russo, Francesco G.
    • Bulletin of the Korean Mathematical Society
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    • v.53 no.5
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    • pp.1353-1362
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    • 2016
  • Using the notion of complete nonabelian exterior square $G\hat{\wedge}G$ of a pro-p-group G (p prime), we develop the theory of the exterior degree $\hat{d}(G)$ in the infinite case, focusing on its relations with the probability of commuting pairs d(G). Among the main results of this paper, we describe upper and lower bounds for $\hat{d}(G)$ with respect to d(G). Here the size of the second homology group $H_2(G,\mathbb{Z}_p)$ (over the p-adic integers $\mathbb{Z}_p$) plays a fundamental role. A further result of homological nature is placed at the end, in order to emphasize the influence of $H_2(G,\mathbb{Z}_p)$ both on G and $\hat{d}(G)$.

A Genotypical Analysis of Korean REMCs and Generation of Base Line Data for the Analysis and Evaluation for Future (REMCs) Designs Using Space Syntax

  • Ullah, Ubaid;Park, Jae Seung
    • Journal of The Korea Institute of Healthcare Architecture
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    • v.22 no.1
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    • pp.17-28
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    • 2016
  • Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to analyze the spatial configurations of a sample of Korean regional emergency medical centers (REMCs) to explore its underlying genotypes and thus produce a base line data for the analysis and evaluations of future REMCs designs using space syntax theory. Methods: Space syntax analysis was used as a major tool for the analysis and exploration of Genotype. The measures of Integration(overall integration with exterior and without exterior as well as the integration of individual clinical spaces for each center), base difference factor (DF) and Space link ratio were calculated for a sample of seven Korean REMCs. Results: The result shows a strikingly similar pattern of Syntactic measures across the sample, the mean integration of sample ranges from 0.82-0.99 with exterior (while considering the exterior space as a root) and 0.81-1.01 without exterior (considering the connections of interior spaces only with no outside connection). The base difference factor (DF) of the sample varies from 0.60-0.81 with exterior and from 0.59-0.82 without exterior. Case number-1 was identified as non-genotype with differing order of Syntactic values. Although the genotype had different forms, layouts and even sizes, these results cannot be explained by Phenotypical comparisons. Implications: This study will contribute to the configurational analysis and evaluation of existing and future Korean REMCs design and practice of emergency healthcare delivery system in Korea.

The Effects of Stabilizing Reversal and Rhythmic Stabilization in Proprioceptive NeuromuscularFacilitation Techniques on the Static Balance in Normal Female Adult (고유수용성신경근촉진법의 안정적 반전과 율동적 안정화 기법이 정상 성인 여성의 정적 균형에 미치는 영향)

  • Shin, Jae-Wook;Lee, Seung-Min;Kim, Jwa-Jun
    • PNF and Movement
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    • v.13 no.3
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    • pp.119-125
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    • 2015
  • Purpose: The current study seeks to examine the effects of stabilizing reversal(SR) and rhythmic stabilization(RS) in proprioceptive neuromuscular facilitation (PNF) techniques on static balance in normal female adults. Methods: Subjects included 20 healthy women in their 20s. They were randomly divided into SR and RS groups. To assess static balance before and after PNF intervention, the good balance system was used to measure the interior and exterior center of pressure (COP) movement distance, front and rear COP movement distance before and after the intervention, and velocity moment. Results: Interior and exterior COP movement distance, front and rear COP movement distance, and velocity moment decreased in the SR group, but no statistically significant differences were observed. In the RS group, the interior and exterior COP movement distance declined without any significant difference, while the front and rear COP movement distance and velocity moment significantly decreased. The interior and exterior COP movement distance, front and rear COP movement distance, and velocity moment declined more in the RS group than in the SR group. Conclusion: The findings of the current study indicate that the RS technique is more effective than the SR technique for improving the balance ability of healthy female adults. The results of this study can thus be utilized in the selection of effective interventions for improving the balance ability of healthy female adults.

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A Study on Characterization of Apartment Complex Exterior Space by Purpose and Type - On Matters of Apartment Complexes Built·Redeveloped Since Year 2005 in Seoul - (공동주택 외부 공간의 유형(類型)에 따른 특성화에 관한 연구 - 2005년 이후, 서울시 재건축·재개발된 공동주택 외부 공간 사례 중심으로 -)

  • Yi, Young-Ran;Chu, Beom
    • Korean Institute of Interior Design Journal
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    • v.22 no.4
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    • pp.130-140
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    • 2013
  • As the modern-day Apartment Complex has varied community facilities such as health care center and self-improvement institutions affecting the residents' quality of life, this paper is for the in-depth understanding on how such Exterior Space vary and development plan should go. To be specific, this paper is to, based upon the theoretical contemplation on the concept and role of the Exterior Space to Apartment Complex, as well as drawing a conclusion on the development plan for subject areas as assessed. Subject areas of this paper are a total of twelve Apartment Complexes built since Year 2005 in nine different regions in Seoul. As such specialties and features as leisure of the senior citizen and female residents, the subject Apartment Complexes have provided opportunities, active and inactive, to the residents for leisure by qualitative improvement of facilities, as well as establishing the discrete brand value for the Exterior Space with featured design and spatial properties. Also notable is the eco-friendliness of the Exterior Space with cutting-edge technology, eventually appreciating the value of Apartment Complex.

Problem Analysis of Sandwich Insulation Wall System (중단열 시스템의 문제점 분석)

  • Park, Jun-Ho;Yu, Jung-Ho
    • Proceedings of the Korean Institute of Building Construction Conference
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    • pp.166-167
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    • 2015
  • Because of energy crisis at all around the world, there is many method and system which for improving energy efficiency has appeared in construction industry. And then, 20% of entire building energy loss is emissed to exterior of buildings, that is important to building's entire energy efficiency. So, many research has been conducted for imporve exterior energy efficiency and generally it called insulation of wall. Method for wall insulation can be classified interior system and exterior system which defined installation place of insulation board whether interior or exterior of structural wall. However, interior system has thermal problem such as thermal-bridge which can be necessarily occur condensation. and exterior system has constructional problem such as difficult to construction because exterior and finish work so expensive construction cost than other insulation method. Thus, sandwich insulation wall system has been appeared for solving these problems. Sandwich insulation system must using wall connecting things because both side walls is divided by center insulation. At this, Through the heat at wall connecter, it can be occured thermal-bridge and broken insulation board when under construction will be bring negative effect by reducing wall thickness and insulation deficit. At this study, we were compared previous sandwich insulation system and analysis these system's problem for develop the improving constructability and performance of sandwich insulation system.

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