• Title, Summary, Keyword: factor(TNF)-${\alpha}$

Search Result 1,514, Processing Time 0.059 seconds

Regulation of Preimplantation Development of Mouse Embryos by Insulin and Tumor Necrosis Factor alpha (생쥐 초기배아에서 Insulin과 Tumor Necrosis Factor $\alpha$에 의한 발생의 조절)

  • 계명찬;한현주;최진국
    • Development and Reproduction
    • /
    • v.5 no.2
    • /
    • pp.101-106
    • /
    • 2001
  • Present study was aimed to verify the role of insulin and TNF-$\alpha$ in development of preimplantation embryos. Mouse morula were cultured for 40 hr in the presence or absence of insulin(400 ng/ml) and TNF-$\alpha$ (50 ng/ml). The morphological development, cell number of blastomeres per blastocyst, and mitogen activated protein kinase(MAPK) activity were examined. The developmental rate and cell number per embryo were the highest in insulin treatment group and the lowest in TNF-$\alpha$ treatment group. There was no significant difference in developmental rate between control and insulin plus TNF-$\alpha$ group. Taken together, it suggested that TNF-$\alpha$ impaired embryonic development and that insulin rescued developmental impairment imposed by TNF-$\alpha$. In blastocysts, insulin treatment significantly increased MAPK activity. TNF-$\alpha$ decreased the MAPK activity in a concentration-dependent manner. In the TNF-$\alpha$(50 ng/ml) -primed embryos, activation of MAPK by insulin was attenuated. In conclusion, these results suggest that there was a cross talk between insulin and TNF-$\alpha$ by means of activation of MAPK in preimplantation embryos and that insulin might rescue damage of embryos exposed to TNF-$\alpha$.

  • PDF

Expression of the Epidermal Growth Factor and Tumor Necrosis Factor-$\alpha$ in Lung Cancer (폐암에서 Epidermal growth factor와 Tumor Necrosis Factor-$\alpha$의 발현)

  • 장덕기;이충석;박성달;김송명
    • The Korean Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
    • /
    • v.34 no.2
    • /
    • pp.138-147
    • /
    • 2001
  • 배경: 폐암발생에 EGF의 자가 분비는 암의 성장과정에 직, 간접적인 영향을 주고 있으며, TNF-$\alpha$는 면역 반응의 급성체로서 폐암의 발생을 억제하고 이미 발생한 폐암종의 치료에도 이용되고 있는 실정이다. 폐암 조직과 혈장에서 epidermal growth factor(EGF)와 tumor necrosis factor-$\alpha$(TNF-$\alpha$)를 면역 방사선 분석법을 이용하여 정량분석 하여 발현 정도를 분석해보고자 하였다. 대상 및 방법: 폐암환자 20례와 양성종양 및 육아종 환자 4례에 대해서 AJCCS에 의한 조직학적 분류와 TNM 분류에 따라 구분하여 절제수술을 받은 환자를 대상으로 수술전 혈액을 채취하고 수술직후 적출한 표본을 암이 없는 건강하다고 판단되는 대조조직과 폐암조직에서 일정량의 조직을 절취하여 액화질소 내에 실험시까지 급속 냉동보관 하였다. 수술후 혈액을 재 채취하여 혈장을 분리하여 냉동고에 검사시까지 보관하였다. EGF의 정량은 Human Epidermal Growth Factor kit(Amersham Phamacia Biotech, England)를 사용하였으며, TNF-$\alpha$ 정량은 TNF-$\alpha$ IRMA kit(Biosouce, Belgium)을 사용하여 IRMA 방법으로 각각 정량분석하여 표현유무를 연구한 결과 다음과 같은 결론을 얻었다. 결과: 1. 대조조직, 양성종양 및 육아종과 폐암 수술전후의 조직과 혈청 모두에서 EGF와 TNF-$\alpha$가 발현되었다. 2. EGF와 TNF-$\alpha$의 농도는 대조조직과 양성종양(0.11$\pm$0.06 ng/ml, 20,3$\pm$9.08 pg/ml)에 비하여 폐암조직(0.13$\pm$0.05 ng/ml, 34.34$\pm$47.74pg/ml)에서 유의하게 높은 농도가 발현되고 있었다. 3. 폐암중 선암조직에서 특히 TNF-$\alpha$(80.92$\pm$104.08 ng/ml)의 발현이 강하게 나타났다. 4. 혈청내의 EGF와 TNF-$\alpha$의 발현되는 양이 조직내의 양보다도 높았다. EGF는 5.7배정도 TNF는 1.3배정도 강하게 표현되었다. 5. 폐암의 조직학적 종류에 따라서 EGF는 거의 차이가 없었으나 TNF-$\alpha$ 정량치에는 차이가 있었다. 6. TNM stage가 진행함에 따라 EGF는 농도가 증가하였고 TNF-$\alpha$는 오히려 감소하는 반대되는 교차현상이 있었다. 7. 수술직후 EGF는 증가하였으나 TNF-$\alpha$는 오히려 감소하였다. 결론: 결론적으로 저자는 암조직과 대조조직간에 EGF와 TNF-$\alpha$의 표현량의 차이가 있음을 관찰하였으며 또한 조직과 혈청사이에도 표현량에 차이가 있으며 조직보다도 오히려 혈청내의 농도가 높다는 사실을 관찰하였다. EFG와 TNF-$\alpha$는 정상조직이나 양성조직과 폐암조직 모두에서 분비작용되는 cytokines으로 세포기능에 따라 다양하게 표현이 되며 계속적인 연구로서 밝혀야만 할 과제라고 판단된다.

  • PDF

Tumor Necrosis factor-α Promotes Osteogenesis of Human Bone Marrow-derived Mesenchymal Stem Cells through JNK-dependent Pathway (Tumor necrosis factor-α에 의한 골수 유래 중간엽 줄기세포의 골세포로의 분화 촉진에서 JNK의 역할)

  • Kim, Mi-Ra;Song, Hae-Young;Kim, Jae-Ho
    • Journal of Life Science
    • /
    • v.16 no.7
    • /
    • pp.1207-1213
    • /
    • 2006
  • Tumor necrosis $factor-{\alpha}\;(TNF-{\alpha})$ has been implicated in skeletal diseases by promoting bone loss in inflammatory bone diseases. In the present study, we examined the effects of $TNF-{\alpha}$ on osteoblastic differentiation of human bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cells (hBMSCs). $TNF-{\alpha}$ dose-dependently promoted matrix mineralization of hBMSCs with a maximal stimulation at 2ng/ml. $TNF-{\alpha}$ increased expression of alkaline phosphatase, which plays a crucial role for the matrix deposition. The $TNF-{\alpha}-stimulated$ osteoblastic differentiation was not affected by $NF_kB$ inhibitors, BAY and SN50. However, a JNK-specific inhibitor, SP600125 completely abolished the $TNF-{\alpha}-stimulated$ matrix mineralization and expression of alkaline phosphatase. These results suggest that $TNF-{\alpha}$ enhances osteoblastic differentiation of hBMSCs through JNK-dependent pathway.

Expression of a Functional Human Tumor Necrosis Factor-${\alpha}$ (hTNF-$\alpha$) in Yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae

  • Park, Seung-Moon;Mo, Ae-Young;Jang, Yong-Suk;Lee, Jae-Hwa;Yang, Moon-Sik;Kim, Dae-Hyuk
    • Biotechnology and Bioprocess Engineering:BBE
    • /
    • v.9 no.4
    • /
    • pp.292-296
    • /
    • 2004
  • The recombinant soluble human tumor necrosis factor-alpha (hTNF-$\alpha$) was expressed in a yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae and its cytotoxicity was evaluated. A cDNA encoding hTNF-$\alpha$ was placed under the control of two different promoters: a glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase (GPD) promoter and a yeast hybrid ADH2-GPD promoter, consisting of alcohol dehydrogenase II (ADH2) and the GPD promoter. A Northern blot analysis revealed that, although variation in the expression level of hTNF-$\alpha$ existed among transformants, the higher expression was obtained with the GPD promoter. Expressed hTNF-$\alpha$ protein (rhTNF-$\alpha$) was successfully secreted into the culture medium, producing 2.5 mg per liter of culture filtrate, with no changes in cell growth. The bioassay for observing the cytotoxicity to the murine L929 fibroblast cell line, with serial dilution of rhTNF-$\alpha$, indicated that the secreted rhTNF-$\alpha$ was bioactive and its dose-response was improved eight to ten times over that of the E. coli-derived rhTNF-$\alpha$.

Biological Activity of Tumor Necrosis Factor-α Secreted from Smooth Muscle Cell Overexpressing FADD (FADD 과발현 평활근세포에서 분비하는 Turner Necrosis Factor-α의 작용)

  • Kim, Sun-Mi;Lee, Kyeong-Ah;Kim, Koan-Hoi
    • Journal of Life Science
    • /
    • v.17 no.1
    • /
    • pp.45-50
    • /
    • 2007
  • This study investigated biological activity of tumor necrosis factor $(TNF)-\alpha$ secreted from smooth muscle cell (SMC) destined for death by expressing Fas associated death domain containing protein (FADD) (FADD-SMC) when the cells are grown without tetracycline in culture medium. In the absence of tetracycline the FADD-SMC secreted approximately 1000 pg/ml $TNF-\alpha$, whereas hardly detectable amount of the cytokine existed in the presence of tetracycline. The culture medium collected from the FADD-SMC grown in the absence of tetracycline increased phosphorylated form of p38 MAPK and up-regulated nuclear factor kappa B (NF-kB). The medium collected without tetracycline also caused death of L929 cells. Depletion of $TNF-\alpha$ with the soluble TNF receptor (sTNFR) inhibited the phosphorylation of p38 MAPK, the up-regulation of NF-kB activity and the death activity of the medium collected from FADD-SMC in the absence of tetracycline. These results indicate that $TNF-\alpha$ secreted from SMC undergoing death is biologically active and can affect cellular function.

Cell Surface Expression of Tumor Necrosis Factor-Alpha by Activated Rat Astrocytes

  • Chung, Il-Yup;Benveniste, Etty N.
    • BMB Reports
    • /
    • v.29 no.6
    • /
    • pp.530-534
    • /
    • 1996
  • Astrocyte are the major glial cell type in the central nervous system (CNS), and analogous to macrophage, mediates the number of immune responses such as production of cytokines including tumor necrosis factor alpha ($TNF-{\alpha}$) upon activation. $TNF-{\alpha}$ has been implicated in neuroimmunological disorders through killing oligodendrocytes and thus causing demyelination. It has been previously demonstrated that mitogen-activated T cells synthesized a 26 kDa precursor form of $TNF-{\alpha}$ which is bound to the surface of a membrane, and is later secreted as a 17 kDa mature version. In order to examine whether astrocytes would produce the transmembrane form of $TNF-{\alpha}$, astrocytes were stimulated with biological stimuli and the membrane form of $TNF-{\alpha}$ was analyzed by Western blot and FACS analysis. When astrocytes are stimulated with lipopolysaccharide (LPS), $IFN-{\gamma}/LPS$, or $IFN-{\gamma}/IL-1{\beta}$, they were able to express a membrane-anchored $TNF-{\alpha}$ of approximately 26 kDa protein which was immunoreactive to an $anti-TNF-{\alpha}$ antibody, whereas unstimulated astrocytes or astrocytes treated with $IFN-{\gamma}$ or $IL-1{\beta}$ alone was not. Our FACS data were also consistent with the immunoblot analysis. Our result suggests that the membrane form of $TNF-{\alpha}$ expressed by activated astrocytes may cause local damage to oligodendrocytes by direct cell-cell contact and contribute to demyelination observed in multiple sclerosis (MS) and experimental allergic encephalomyelitis (EAE).

  • PDF

Molecular Mechanisms Involved in Peptidoglycan-induced Expression of Tumor Necrosis Factor-α in Monocytic Cells (펩티도글리칸에 의한 단핵세포의 Tumor necrosis factor-α 발현 기전 연구)

  • Jeong, Ji-Young;Son, Yonghae;Kim, Bo-Young;Kim, Koanhoi
    • Journal of Life Science
    • /
    • v.29 no.11
    • /
    • pp.1251-1257
    • /
    • 2019
  • Peptidoglycan (PG) is found in atheromatous lesions of arteries, where monocytes/macrophages express inflammatory cytokines, including tumor necrosis factor-alpha ($TNF-{\alpha}$). This study investigated the effects of PG on $TNF-{\alpha}$ expression and examined possible cellular factors involved in $TNF-{\alpha}$ upregulation. The overall aim was to identify the molecular mechanisms underlying inflammatory responses to bacterial pathogen-associated molecular patterns in the artery. Exposure of human THP-1 monocytic cells to PG enhanced the secretion of $TNF-{\alpha}$ and induced its gene transcription. Inhibition of TLR-2/4 with OxPAPC significantly inhibited $TNF-{\alpha}$ gene expression, whereas inhibition of LPS by polymyxin B did not. The PG-induced expression of $TNF-{\alpha}$ was also significantly suppressed by pharmacological inhibitors that modulate activities of cellular signaling molecules; for example, U0126 (an ERK inhibitor), SB202190 (a p38 MAPK inhibitor), and SP6001250 (a JNK inhibitor) significantly attenuated PG-induced transcription of $TNF-{\alpha}$ and secretion of its gene product. $TNF-{\alpha}$ expression was also inhibited by rapamycin (an mTOR inhibitor), LY294002 (a PI3K inhibitor), and Akt inhibitor IV (an Akt inhibitor). ROS-regulating compounds, like NAC and DPI, also significantly attenuated $TNF{\alpha}$ expression induced by PG. These results suggest that PG induces $TNF-{\alpha}$ expression in monocytes/macrophages by multiple molecules, including TLR-2, PI3K, Akt, mTOR, MAPKs, and ROS.

Mangiferin inhibits tumor necrosis factor-α-induced matrix metalloproteinase-9 expression and cellular invasion by suppressing nuclear factor-κB activity

  • Dilshara, Matharage Gayani;Kang, Chang-Hee;Choi, Yung Hyun;Kim, Gi-Young
    • BMB Reports
    • /
    • v.48 no.10
    • /
    • pp.559-564
    • /
    • 2015
  • We investigated the effects of mangiferin on the expression and activity of metalloproteinase (MMP)-9 and the invasion of tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-$\alpha$-stimulated human LNCaP prostate carcinoma cells. Reverse-transcription polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) and western blot analysis showed that mangiferin significantly reversed TNF-$\alpha$-induced mRNA and protein expression of MMP-9 expression. Zymography data confirmed that stimulation of cells with TNF-$\alpha$ significantly increased MMP-9 activity. However, mangiferin substantially reduced the TNF-$\alpha$-induced activity of MMP-9. Additionally, a matrigel invasion assay showed that mangiferin significantly reduced TNF-$\alpha$-induced invasion of LNCaP cells. Compared to untreated controls, TNF-$\alpha$-stimulated LNCaP cells showed a significant increase in nuclear factor-${\kappa}B$ (NF-${\kappa}B$) luciferase activity. However, mangiferin treatment markedly decreased TNF-$\alpha$-induced NF-${\kappa}B$ luciferase activity. Furthermore, mangiferin suppressed nuclear translocation of the NF-${\kappa}B$ subunits p65 and p50. Collectively, our results indicate that mangiferin is a potential anti-invasive agent that acts by suppressing NF-${\kappa}B$-mediated MMP-9 expression.

Development of human tumor necrosis factor-α muteins with improved therapeutic potential

  • Jang, Seung-Hwan;Kim, Hyo-Jin;Cho, Kwang-Hwi;Shin, Hang-Cheol
    • BMB Reports
    • /
    • v.42 no.5
    • /
    • pp.260-264
    • /
    • 2009
  • Tumor necrosis factor-$\alpha$ (TNF-$\alpha$) exhibits cytotoxicity towards various tumor cells in vitro and induces apoptotic necrosis in transplanted tumors in vivo. It also shows severe toxicity when used systemically for the treatment of cancer patients, hampering the development of TNF-$\alpha$ as a potential anticancer drug. In order to understand the structure-function relation of TNF-$\alpha$ with respect to receptor binding, we selected four regions on the bottom of the TNF-$\alpha$ trimer that are in close contact with the receptor and carried out mutagenesis studies and computational modeling. From the study, various TNF-$\alpha$ muteins with a high therapeutic index were identified. These results will provide a structural basis for the design of highly potent TNF-$\alpha$ for therapeutic purposes. By conjugating TNF-$\alpha$ muteins with a high therapeutic index to a fusion partner, which targets a marker of angiogenesis, it could be possible to develop TNF-$\alpha$ based anticancer drugs.

Tumor Necrosis Factor-Alpha $(TNF-{\alpha})$ Induces PTEN Expression in HL-60 Cells (백혈병세포에서 종양괴사인자에 의한 PTEN 발현증가)

  • Lee Seung-Ho;Park Chul-Hong;Kim Byeong-Su
    • Journal of Food Hygiene and Safety
    • /
    • v.21 no.3
    • /
    • pp.181-188
    • /
    • 2006
  • Tumor necrosis factor-alpha $(TNF-{\alpha})$ plays a variety of biological functions such as apoptosis, inflammation and immunity. PTEN also has various cellular function including cell growth, proliferation, migration and differentiation. Thus, possible relationships between two molecules are suggested. $(TNF-{\alpha})$has been known to downregulate PTEN via nuclear factor-kappa $B(NF-{\kappa}B)$ pathway in the human colon cell line, HT-29. However, here we show the opposite finding that $(TNF-{\alpha})$ upregulates PTEN via activation of $NF-{\kappa}B$ in HL-60 cells. $TNF-{\alpha}$ increased PTEN expression at HL-60 cells in a time- and dose-dependent manner, but the response was abolished by disruption of $NF-{\kappa}B$ with p65 anisense oligonucleotide or pyrrolidine dithiocarbamate (PDTC). We found that $TNF-{\alpha}$ activated the $NF-{\kappa}B$ pathways, evidenced by the translocation of p65 to the nucleus in $TNF-{\alpha}-treated$ cells. We conclude that $TNF-{\alpha}$ induces upregulation of PTEN expression through $NF-{\kappa}B$ activation in HL-60 cells.