• Title, Summary, Keyword: family reconstruction

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Reconstruction of Thumb Web Space Contracture of the Hand (내전 구축이 생긴 수부 무지 지간 공간의 재건술)

  • Kim, Hyoung-Min;Song, Suk-Whan;Kim, Youn-Soo;Choi, Moon-Gu;Lee, Kee-Haeng;Jeong, Chang-Hoon;Jung, Jin-Ho
    • Archives of Reconstructive Microsurgery
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    • v.10 no.2
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    • pp.137-142
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    • 2001
  • This study evaluated the results of reconstructions of thumb web space in the patients with adduction contracture of thumb. Between February 1990 and April 2000, 28 patients with thumb web space adduction contracture were treated with various reconstruction methods. We divided the patients according to the severity; mild$(41^{\circ}{\sim}80^{\circ})$, moderate$(21^{\circ}{\sim}40^{\circ})$, severe$(20^{\circ}less)$ contracture. The number of patients with mild contracture was 5, moderate; 12, severe; 11. We performed Z-plasty in 15, free flap in 8, local flap in 3, abdominal flap in 1 and scar release only in 1 case. The mean follow-up period was 5.7 years, ranged from 1.5 to 11.2 years. The results of web reconstruction were evaulated by thumb web space angle. There were excellent in 9, good in 16, fair in 3 cases. Z-plasty was performed in the 5 cases with mild contracture, and all the results were excellent. Especially, free flap was performed in the 6 cases with severe contracture, and all the results were good or excellent. in the reconstruction of thumb web space contracture, we recommend Z-plasty for a mild contracture, and free flap for large soft tissue defect created by release of a severe contracture.

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Deterministic Bipolar Compressed Sensing Matrices from Binary Sequence Family

  • Lu, Cunbo;Chen, Wengu;Xu, Haibo
    • KSII Transactions on Internet and Information Systems (TIIS)
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    • v.14 no.6
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    • pp.2497-2517
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    • 2020
  • For compressed sensing (CS) applications, it is significant to construct deterministic measurement matrices with good practical features, including good sensing performance, low memory cost, low computational complexity and easy hardware implementation. In this paper, a deterministic construction method of bipolar measurement matrices is presented based on binary sequence family (BSF). This method is of interest to be applied for sparse signal restore and image block CS. Coherence is an important tool to describe and compare the performance of various sensing matrices. Lower coherence implies higher reconstruction accuracy. The coherence of proposed measurement matrices is analyzed and derived to be smaller than the corresponding Gaussian and Bernoulli random matrices. Simulation experiments show that the proposed matrices outperform the corresponding Gaussian, Bernoulli, binary and chaotic bipolar matrices in reconstruction accuracy. Meanwhile, the proposed matrices can reduce the reconstruction time compared with their Gaussian counterpart. Moreover, the proposed matrices are very efficient for sensing performance, memory, complexity and hardware realization, which is beneficial to practical CS.

Disintegration and reconstruction of the family/kinship structure among the families in the Seoul area (가족/친족 구조의 해체와 재구성 I : 서울시 실태조사를 중심으로)

  • 옥선화
    • Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association
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    • v.36 no.11
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    • pp.157-182
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    • 1998
  • The primary goal of this study is to identify disintegration and reconstruction of the family/kinship structure in the rapidly industrializing urban area, Seoul. For this purpose, detailed data about (1) the value related to the family and kinship (2) the family relationship, especially marital relationship (3) the attitude of divorce and remarriage (4) the characteristics of the social network (5) the family/kin rites and attitude about the rites are gathered. A total of 716 subjects completed structured questionnaires. Major conclusions of the study are as follows: Firstly, most of the respondents are found not to support familism and boy preference, and they show an ambivalence about the child value analyzed by concepts of the cost and reward. Secondly, most of the respondents perceive that marital relationship has been changed toward the direction of increased relative importance of wives' opinion in the decision making process within the family. However, they believe that husbands still have more power than their wives. Respondents also believe that parents have more power than their children. Thirdly, most of the respondents view divorce as an altemative to unhappy marriage. It was also shown that relatively few have negative attitude toward remarriage. Fourthly, the social network of the respondents is characterized by two distinct trends, namely, strong parent-child ties and narrowed kin relationship. Fifthly, the urbanization and the introduction of western life style have disrupted the traditional rites of passage. But ancestral rites serve to confirm family ties, especially the gathering of siblings to perform ancestral rites for parents. Therefore foreign element exist in parallel with pre-existing traditional elements.

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Decision Making Experience on Breast Reconstruction for Women with Breast Cancer (한국 유방암 여성들의 유방재건술에 관한 의사결정 경험)

  • Yi, Myungsun;Joung, Woo Joung;Park, Eun Young;Kwon, Eun Jin;Kim, Haejin;Seo, Ji Young
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing
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    • v.46 no.6
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    • pp.894-904
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    • 2016
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study was to explore decision making experiences of Korean women with breast cancer who underwent breast reconstruction with/after a mastectomy. Methods: Data were collected during 2015-2016 through individual in-depth interviews with 10 women who had both mastectomy and breast reconstruction, and analyzed using phenomenological method to identify essential themes on experiences of making a decision to have breast reconstruction. Results: Five theme clusters emerged. First, "expected loss of sexuality and discovery of autonomy" illustrates various aims of breast reconstruction. Second, "holding tight to the reputation of doctors amid uncertainty" specifies the importance of a trust relationship with their physician despite a lack of information. Third, "family members to step back in position" describes support or opposition from family members in the decision making process. Fourth, "bewilderment due to the paradox of appearance-oriented views" illustrates paradoxical environment, resulting in confusion and anger. Lastly, "decision to be made quickly with limited time to oneself" describes the crazy whirling process of decision making. Conclusion: Findings highlight aims, worries, barriers, and facilitators that women with breast cancer experience when making a decision about breast reconstruction. Deciding on breast reconstruction was not only a burden for women in a state of shock with a diagnosis of breast cancer, but also an opportunity to decide to integrate their body, femininity, and self which might be wounded from a mastectomy. These findings will help oncology professionals provide effective educational counselling before the operation to promote higher satisfaction after the operation.

A Phenomenological Study on Multicultural Adolescents' Family Reconstruction and Maladaptation (중도입국 다문화청소년의 가족재구성과 부적응에 대한 현상학적 연구)

  • Kim, Min-Kyeong
    • Journal of the Korea Convergence Society
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    • v.11 no.10
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    • pp.279-286
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    • 2020
  • The purpose of this study is multicultural adolescents' family reconstruction and maladaptation. Six multicultural adolescents living in Seoul, Gyeonggido, Chungchungdo, Jeolado were selected for the in-depth interview. Data were collected from August to December, 2019. This research is Giorgi's phenomenological method. The results provided 10 themes on the essential structure of experience and 4 theme clusters. The final 10 themes were unintentional choice: immigration, unfamiliar family relationship forming, unacceptable dissatisfaction and anger, absence of belonging and promising, missing homeland, keeping close relationship with old friends, difficulty of learning, following Korea culture, identity crisis and wandering, difficulty in adaptation : addiction to games and misdemeanour. Therefore, it is suggested to announce importance of family meaning and adaptation in Korea society.

Identification and Functional Characterization of an afsR Homolog Regulatory Gene from Streptomyces venezuelae ATCC 15439

  • Maharjan, Sushila;Oh, Tae-Jin;Lee, Hei-Chan;Sohng, Jae-Kyung
    • Journal of Microbiology and Biotechnology
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    • v.19 no.2
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    • pp.121-127
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    • 2009
  • Sequencing analysis of a 5-kb DNA fragment from Streptomyces venezuelae ATCC 15439 revealed the presence of one 3.1-kb open reading frame(ORF), designated as afsR-sv. The deduced product of afsR-sv(1,056 aa) was found to have high homology with the global regulatory protein AfsR. Homology-based analysis showed that aftR-sv represents a transcriptional activator belonging to the Streptomyces antibiotic regulatory protein(SARP) family that includes an N-terminal SARP domain containing a bacterial transcriptional activation domain(BTAD), an NB-ARC domain, and a C-terminal tetratricopeptide repeat domain. Gene expression analysis by reverse transcriptase PCR(RT-PCR) demonstrated the activation of transcription of genes belonging to pikromycin production, when aftR-sv was overexpressed in S. venezuelae. Heterologous expression of the aftR-sv in different Streptomyces strains resulted in increased production of the respective antibiotics, suggesting that afsR-sv is a positive regulator of antibiotics biosynthesis.

Switching Antibiotics Production On and Off in Actinomycetes by an IclR Family Transcriptional Regulator from Streptomyces peucetius ATCC 27952

  • Chaudhary, Amit Kumar;Singh, Bijay;Maharjan, Sushila;Jha, Amit Kumar;Kim, Byung-Gee;Sohng, Jae Kyung
    • Journal of Microbiology and Biotechnology
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    • v.24 no.8
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    • pp.1065-1072
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    • 2014
  • Doxorubicin, produced by Streptomyces peucetius ATCC 27952, is tightly regulated by dnrO, dnrN, and dnrI regulators. Genome mining of S. peucetius revealed the presence of the IclR (doxR) type family of transcription regulator mediating the signal-dependent expression of operons at the nonribosomal peptide synthetase gene cluster. Overexpression of doxR in native strain strongly repressed the drug production. Furthermore, it also had a negative effect on the regulatory system of doxorubicin, wherein the transcript of dnrI was reduced to the maximum level in comparision with the other two. Interestingly, the overexpression of the same gene also had strong inhibitory effects on the production of actinorhodin (blue pigment) and undecylprodigiosin (red pigment) in Streptomyces coelicolor M145, herboxidiene production in Streptomyces chromofuscus ATCC 49982, and spinosyn production in Saccharopolyspora spinosa NRRL 18395, respectively. Moreover, DoxR exhibited pleiotropic effects on the production of blue and red pigments in S. coelicolor when grown in different agar media, wherein the production of blue pigment was inhibited in R2YE medium and the red pigment was inhibited in YEME medium. However, the production of both blue and red pigments from S. coelicolor harboring doxR was halted in ISP2 medium, whereas S. coelicolor produced both pigmented antibiotics in the same plate. These consequences demonstrate that the on and off production of these antibiotics was not due to salt stress or media compositions, but was selectively controlled in actinomycetes.

Disintegration and Reconstruction of the Family/Kinship Structure Among the Rural Families of Korea (가족/친족 구조의 해체와 재구성 II : 농촌지역 실태조사를 중심으로)

  • 옥선화;김주희;박혜인;신화용;한경혜;고선주
    • Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association
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    • v.38 no.10
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    • pp.157-180
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    • 2000
  • This study focused on the disintegration and reconstruction of the family/kinship structure among the rural families of Korea. For this study, detailed data about the value related to the family/kinship, the family relationship, The attitude of divorce and remarriage, the social network, and the family/kin rites are gathered A total 593 subjects completed structured questionnaires. Major conclusion of the study are as follows : First, most of the rural respondents are found to support familism and boy preference slightly, and not to agree the reward of child value. So, their attitudes toward traditional values are changing slowly than urban residents. Second, the rural respondents shared the common perceptions that spousal and parent-child relationships has been changed toward the direction that the positions of wives and children are respected and the their influences are increased in the past 10 years. In addition, generational differences in the perceptions of relationship change and appropriate roles of wives and husbands are discovered. However, sex differences previously revealed in Seoul study were not found in the case of rural respondents. Third, generally, there are both remaining and changing aspects of conservative attitude toward divorce and remarriage, the level of change is different according to age and sex. And the difference by age is stronger than by sex. Fourth, the social networks of the respondents is characterized by two distinct trends, namely, strong parent-adult child ties and the close relationships between neighbors. fifthly, in the family/kin rites, traditional aspects coexist with changing aspects under the influence of industrialization and westernization. But the aspects of attitudes toward rites, it is showed the non-traditional tendency. Respondents who support westernization and socialization of family rites are young, highly eamed, and Christian.

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A Study on the Theoretical Schema for the Subsystem of Institutional Household Management - Focused on the Marketing Management (공공가정경영 하위체계의 이론적 틀 고찰과 재구성 - 마케팅관리 영역을 중심으로)

  • Song Hyerim;Kim Sunwoo
    • Korean Family Resource Management Association
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    • v.9 no.2
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    • pp.93-110
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    • 2005
  • Improving the quality and level of the research of institutional household management is one of major issues in the field of study on family resource management and human ecology In this context the purposes of this study were to develop the scheme for the theoretical reconstruction of the subsystem in the institutional household management and to present the applicational contents focused on the marketing management. This study reached a conclusion that the marketing management has to include more practical contents such as PR(public relations), the development and management of supporters and volunteers in order to enhance the useful community resources.

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A Study on the Change of the dwelling Space according to the Growth of Children -Focused on the Correspondence of the Family Life Cycle to dwelling Space- (자녀의 성장과정에 따른 주공간 사용 변화에 관한 연구-가족형태 변화와 주공간의 대응관계를 중심으로-)

  • 박현아;박용환
    • Journal of the Korean housing association
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    • v.12 no.4
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    • pp.43-52
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    • 2001
  • The purpose of this study is to fined out the characteristics of using & change of the residential space according to the children age and family life cycle. The results of this study are as follows: The first, as children grow up, children's activity space changed from living room to the private room, and housing condition was related to the frequency of each activity. The second, as children grow up, family's sleeping pattern changed, and this change effected the number of private rooms for sleeping and the use of the extra room. The third, changes of the using of dwelling space come out several pattern, increasing bedroom number through reconstruction, exchange of An-band and children room, parents' sleeping space move to living room, and change the function of rooms. The change pattern of the correspondence to the housing needs differed from each family life cycle stage.

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