• Title, Summary, Keyword: farinograph

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Effect of Hydrocolloids on Rheological Properties of Bread Dough (Hydrocolloid가 빵 반죽의 레올로지 특성에 미치는 영향)

  • Cho, Hyun;Lee, Myung-Koo;Lee, Jeong-Hoon;Lee, Si-Kyung
    • Applied Biological Chemistry
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    • v.51 no.1
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    • pp.6-10
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    • 2008
  • This study was carried out to investigate rheological properties of bread dough by adding hydrocolloids such as arabic gum, pectin and carboxyl methyl cellulose (CMC). 0.2% and 0.5% of each hydrocolloid were added to the dough. Farinograph, pH of dough, extensograph, fermometer and amylograph were analyzed. In farinograph, water absorption rate of dough was increased by adding hydrocolloids and the highest water absorption resulting in 70.8% was shown by adding 0.5% of CMC. Dough development time increased but stability decreased. pH of dough was lowered by adding hydrocolloids and pH of dough with 0.5% of pectin was the lowest. In extensograph, resistance of dough decreased but extensibility increased and R/E value lowered. In fermometer, $CO_2$ gas production increased and dough with 0.2% of CMC showed the largest gas production. In amylograph, initial gelatinization temperature increased by $0.5-1.5^{\circ}C$, but temperature for maximum viscosity was lowered by $1-1.5^{\circ}C$ and maximum viscosity was increased.

The Effect of Eggs on the Quality Properties of Ramyon (계란의 첨가가 라면의 품질에 미치는 영향)

  • 정재홍
    • The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition
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    • v.11 no.4
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    • pp.420-425
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    • 1998
  • The effects of eggs on the quality properties, color measurment, cooking quality, textureal and sensory properties of Ramyon were esxamined. The contents of egg used were from 1% to 5% based on flour weight. The farinograph absorption decreased by egg but farinograph stability and breakdown were increased in vice versa. The yellowness of Ramyon prepared with eggs was higher than that of control. At cooking quality examination of Ramyon manufactred with eggs, weight of cooked Ramyon was increase but volume was appeared in vice versa. Extraction amounts of Ramyon manufactured with eggs during cooking were much smaller than those of control. The shear extrusion force and hardness of Ramyon manufactured with eggs were shown much higher value than those of control. The I2 reaction value of Ramyon manufactured with eggs and control were shown to almost same value,, from 2.13 to 2.20. Sensory properties of cooked Ramyon which was manufactured with eggs showed quite acceptable. Based on the cooking and sensory evaluation test, addition of 5% eggs to wheat flour may be suitable for processing Ramyon.

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Effect of Whey Brew Cultured by Lactobacillus helveticus ATCC 55163 and Propionibacterium acidipropionici 5020 on Rheological Properties of Flour Dough (Lactobacillus helveticus ATCC 55163과 Propionibacterium acidipropionici 5020로 배양한 유청발효물이 반죽의 레올로지에 미치는 영향)

  • Yun, Mi-Suk;Chae, Soo-Kyu;Lee, Jeong-Hoon
    • Culinary science and hospitality research
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    • v.15 no.1
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    • pp.149-156
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    • 2009
  • This study was carried out to evaluate the effect of whey brew cultured by the mixed Lactobacillus helveticus ATCC 55163 and Propionibacterium acidipropionici 5020 on the rheological properties of flour dough. 10 and 15% of whey brews were added to the dough based on flour. Farinograph, alveograph, Rapid Visco Analyzer, and fermenting power of dough were analyzed. In the farinograph analysis, as the amount of whey brews increased on dough samples, water absorption, dough development time, stability, and breakdown increased. In the alveograph analysis, as the amount of whey brews increased on dough samples, P and W value increased while L and G value decreased. In the Rapid Visco Analyzer analysis, as the amount of whey brews increased on dough samples, initial pasting temperature and peak viscosity increased while final viscosity and setback decreased. Decrease of setback showed the delay of starch retrogradation. As the amount of whey brews increased on dough samples, fermenting power of dough got reduced.

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Effect of Whey Ferment Cultured by L. acidophilus KCCM 32820 and P. freudenreichii KCCM 31227 on Rheological Properties of Bread Dough (L. acidophilus KCCM 32820과 P. freudenreichii KCCM 31227로 발효한 유청 발효물이 빵 반죽의 레올로지 특성에 미치는 영향)

  • Lee, Jeong-Hoon;Lee, Si-Kyung
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition
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    • v.38 no.6
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    • pp.795-800
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    • 2009
  • This study was carried out to investigate the rheological properties of bread dough containing whey ferment cultured by L. acidophilus KCCM 32820 and P. freudenreichii KCCM 31227. Instrumental analysis such as farinograph, amylograph, extensograph, fermentation power, total titratable acidity (TTA) of dough and pH of dough were tested. On farinograph, difference of water absorption between doughs with and without whey ferment was 0.4% and dough containing whey ferment showed long development time of 3.2 min compared to dough without whey ferment, but showed shorter stability of 16.2 min. On amylograph, there was no significant difference on gelatinization and maximum viscosity temperature; however, maximum viscosity of flour with whey ferment revealed low amylograph unit. On extensograph, value of resistance and R/E ratio of dough containing whey ferment were higher than those of dough without whey ferment. On analysis of dough fermentation power by yeast, dough without whey ferment showed higher volume than dough with whey ferment during fermentation of 240 min. However, TTA of dough was higher in dough with whey ferment than that of the control without whey ferment, even though pH value was low.

Effects of Green Tea Powder on Dough Rheology and Gelatinization Characteristics (녹차가루 첨가에 따른 밀가루 반죽의 물성 및 호화특성 변화)

  • 오유경;김창순
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition
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    • v.31 no.5
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    • pp.749-753
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    • 2002
  • The effects of green tea powder (GTP) on the rheological properties of dough and gelatinization characteristics were evaluated by farinograph, extensograph, amylograph and DSC. The flours used were high strength flour (HF: 12.5% protein) and blend of 50% high strength flour and 50% low strength flour (HLF: 10.5% protein). As the amount of GTP increased, water absorption, development time and weakness of the dough decreased for both flours, but dough stability increased only for HLF; the extension of the dough decreased but the resistance to extension increased. The pasting temperature increased and maximum viscosity decreased. On the other hand, with the addition of green tea extract to the wheat starch, transition onset temperature, transition peak temper-ature and enthalpy decreased, demonstrating that catechins in green tea facilitate the starch crystal melting.

The Effect of Potato Lipoxygenase on the Farinograph Characteristics of Wheat Flour Dough (감자 Lipoxygenase 가 밀가루 반죽의 페리노그라프 특성에 미치는 영향)

  • 문정원;서명자
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition
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    • v.23 no.1
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    • pp.110-115
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    • 1994
  • To investigate the effect of potato lipoxygenase on the farinograph characteristics of wheat flour dough, composite flours containing enzyme-active potato flor (EPF) and hot-ar dried potato flour(HPF) were used. EPF was made by freeze-drying potato tuber. DPF (denaturated potato flour) was prepared by holding EPF at 8$0^{\circ}C$ for 18 hr in a dry oven. The potato flours were added to wheat flour at a level of 10% , respectivley. EPFB (enzyme-active potato flour blends, 90% wheat flour +105 enzyme -active potato flour) containing lipoxygenase activity gave higher farinogram peak time and higher stability values, lower MTI (mixing tolerance index ) and lower weakness values than those of HPFB(hot-air potato flour blends, 90% wheat flour + 10 % hot-air potato flour). Moreover, then lipoxygenase was added to DPFB(denatured potato flour blends , 90% wheat flour + 10% denatured potato flour) at a level of EPFB, it resulted in increasing stability, peak time and decreasing MTI , weakness at a level of EPFB. When the lipoxugenase was added to wheat flour with fumaric acid at alevel of 6.5 $\times$ 10units/g flour, lipoxygenase overcame the deleterious effects that fumaric acid including activated double-bond compounds have at mixing stability. Also the addition of liposxygenase with linoleic acid to defatted wheat flour resulted in the increase in stability and decrease in MTI value compared with those of linoleic acid and defatted wheat flour.

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Effects of Calcium on Textural and Sensory Properties of Ramyon (칼슘의 첨가에 따른 라면의 조직감과 관능적 특성)

  • 정재홍
    • The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition
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    • v.12 no.3
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    • pp.252-257
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    • 1999
  • In an attempt to evaluate the effects of calcium on paste or gelatinization properties by amylograph and mixing properties by farinograph of wheat flour and on viscosity property cooking quality textural and sensory properties of Ramyon were examined. The contents of calcium used were from 1.0% to 3.0% based on flour weight. The viscosity property of wheat flour with calcium was increased the initial past-ing temperature but the amylograph peak viscosity were decreased in vice versa. The farinograph absorp-tion stability and breakdown were increased by calcium. The shear extrusion force and hardness of Ram-yon manufactured with calcium were shown much higher value than those of control. At cooking quality examination of Ramyon manufactured with calcium weight of cooked Ramyon was increased by volume was decreased. Extraction amounts of Ramyon manufactured with calcium during cooking were much smaller than those of control. These changes will provided many advantages in the preparation of Ram-yon. The I2 reaction value of Ramyon manufactured with calcium and control were shown to almost same values. Sensory properties of cooked Ramyon which was manufactured with calcium showed quite acceptable. Based on the cooking and sensory evaluation test addition of 0.3% calcim to wheat flour may be suitable for processing Ramyon.

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Characteristics of Dough with Red Ginseng Marc Powder (홍삼박 분말을 첨가한 반죽의 특성)

  • Han, In-Jun;Kim, Mun-Yong;Chun, Soon-Sil
    • Journal of the East Asian Society of Dietary Life
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    • v.17 no.3
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    • pp.371-378
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    • 2007
  • Red ginseng has been considered a functional food, and many studies on red ginseng and the prevention of cancer, hypertension, arteriosclerosis and constipation have been conducted. In this study, white bread dough with 1, 2, 3, 4 or 5% red ginseng marc powder was measured by a farinograph, extensograph, amylograph, as well as for pH to evaluate the development time, stability, extensibility, resistance to extension, gelatinization temperature, and maximum viscosity temperature. The ash content of the wheat flour increased with an increasing content of red ginseng marc powder. The gelatinization maximum and the temperature for the gelatinization maximum of the flour-water suspension in the amylograph were not affected by the addition of red ginseng marc powder. The moisture absorption of the wheat flour in the farinograph increased as the content of red ginseng marc powder increased. Also, as the content of red ginseng marc powder increased, dough development time decreased. The extensibility of the dough in the extensograph showed a negative relationship with the amount of red ginseng marc powder added.

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Suitability of Various Domestic Wheats for Korean-Style Steamed Bread (한국형 찐빵 제조시 국내산 밀 품종의 적합성)

  • 김창순;황철명;김혁일;정동진;한재홍
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition
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    • v.30 no.6
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    • pp.1129-1136
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    • 2001
  • This study was to investigate the suitability of six domestic wheat cultivars for the Korean-style steamed bread made under optimal conditions. Six wheat flours milled from cultivars of Greu, Kumgang, Eunpa, Taptong Kobun, and Allgreu contained 13.8, 13.7, 13.7, 13.0, 11.7, 11.0% of protein. Control bread was made from blend (protein 10.5%) of 50% high strength and 50% low strength wheat flours milled from imported wheats. The volume of steamed bread made from Kumgang was highest followed by Eunpa, Tapdong, Kobun, Greu, control bread, Allgreu. Especially, the bread qualities of Kumgand and Kobun were superior to the control bread, showing better surface characteristics such as smoothness, glossiness, and whiteness, better shapes and desirable texture. Domestic wheat flours, having medium strength with high protein content above 13.0% were suitable for steamed bread except for Greu. Volumes of steamed bread made from domestic wheat flours were correlated with protein and ash content, flour color (L value), farinograph dough development time and stability, whereas spread ratio, total bread score and overall acceptability were correlated with farinograph dough stability It is concluded that flour quality is more important factor than protein content when domestic wheat flours are chosen for Korean-style steamed bread

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Effects of Aged Black Garlic Extracts on the Rheology of Flour Dough (숙성 흑마늘 추출액 첨가가 빵용 밀가루 반죽의 레올로지 특성에 미치는 영향)

  • Wang, Sug-Ja;Lee, Jeong-Hoon;Choi, Mi-Jung;Lee, Si-Kyung
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition
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    • v.41 no.3
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    • pp.430-435
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    • 2012
  • This study was carried out to investigate the rheological effects of black garlic extracts on the bread dough. 0, 5, 10 and 15% of black garlic extracts were added in the bread flour. Falling number, RVA (Rapid visco analyser), farinograph and alveograph were analyzed. Falling number was lowered by increasing the amount of the extract added in the wheat flour. The pasting characteristics of the dough by RVA, value of pasting temperature, peak viscosity, holding strength, final viscosity, break down and set back were increased compared to the control. In the Farinograph analysis, the consistency and the water absorption ratio were elevated with the increase of the extract added. However, the rapid decrease of stability and the time to breakdown values were observed by increasing the extract addition amount compared to the control. However the mixing tolerance index (MTI) was rapidly increased as the amount of the extract addition was increased, and the highest farinogram quality number was observed in the control. Through the alveograph analysis, $P_{max}$ value was found to show the highest value in the control, while the L and G values were higher but W values was lowered in the dough with added 15% black garlic extract. As a result of the analysis, there was no significant bad effect until 5% of black garlic extracts was added to the bread dough.