• Title, Summary, Keyword: fast steering mirror

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Performance Evaluation of the Tip-tilt Actuator in Fast Steering Secondary Mirror for Large Telescope (대형 망원경용 FSM(Fast Steering Secondary Mirror)을 위한 팁틸트 액츄에이터의 성능평가)

  • Kim, Ho Sang;Lee, Dong-Chan;Lee, Kyoung-Don;Kim, Young-Soo
    • Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering
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    • v.31 no.5
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    • pp.403-409
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    • 2014
  • For ground-based telescope application, the performance assessment of tip-tilt actuator is important because the optical quality of telescope depends upon the windshake compensation ability of the fast steering secondary mirror. But it is difficult to measure the performance characteristics of the actuators due to the large size mirror and test facilities including the vacuum support and structural frame. In this paper, the full-scale tip-tilt test bed for the large size secondary mirror with diameter of 1m is built and the several tests are performed including the range, resolution and frequency response function. From the measurement results, it is shown that the tip-tilt actuator can successfully compensate the windshake with frequency of maximum 12 Hz and be a candidate for the Giant Magellan Telescope.

Design of a Rotary Electromagnetic Actuator with Linear Torque Output for Fast Steering Mirror

  • Long, Yongjun;Mo, Jinqiu;Chen, Xinshu;Liang, Qinghua;Shang, Yaguang;Wang, Shigang
    • Journal of Magnetics
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    • v.20 no.1
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    • pp.69-78
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    • 2015
  • This paper focuses on the design of a flux-biased rotary electromagnetic actuator with compact structure for fast steering mirror (FSM). The actuator has high force density and its torque output shows linear dependence on both excitation current and rotation angle. Benefiting from a new electromagnetic topology, no additional axial force is generated and an armature with small moment of inertia is achieved. To improve modeling accuracy, the actuator is modeled with flux leakage taken into account. In order to achieve an FSM with good performance, a design methodology is presented. The methodology aims to achieve a balance between torque output, torque density and required coil magnetomotive force. By using the design methodology, the actuator which will be used to drive our FSM is achieved. The finite element simulation results validate the design results, along with the concept design, magnetic analysis and torque output model.

Design of the Step-stare Image Gathering System for an Aerial Reconnaissance (항공 정찰용 Step-stare 영상획득 시스템 설계)

  • Baek, Woonhyuk;Park, Jaeyoung;Ahn, Junghun;Lee, Jungsuk
    • Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering
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    • v.31 no.9
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    • pp.813-820
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    • 2014
  • This paper presents design and performance validation of a method for motion compensation using fast steering mirror. First of all, the schematics of the Electro Optical/Infra-Red (EO/IR) and step-stare image gathering system for an aerial reconnaissance are introduced. Because of the steering mirror with low inertia so called Back scan mechanism (BSM), the fast step-stare image gathering technique that is required for taking a high-definition still image will be realized. After then, the BSM hardware includes motors and feedback sensors are introduced. Also, the motion profile for BSM will be designed to compensate roll scan motion of the gimbals. At the end of this paper, designed profile and tracking performance of the EO/IR system with BSM will be validated through experiments.

Design of a Moving-magnet Electromagnetic Actuator for Fast Steering Mirror through Finite Element Simulation Method

  • Long, Yongjun;Mo, Jinqiu;Wei, Xiaohui;Wang, Chunlei;Wang, Shigang
    • Journal of Magnetics
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    • v.19 no.3
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    • pp.300-308
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    • 2014
  • This paper develops a moving-magnet electromagnetic actuator for fast steering mirror (FSM). The actuator achieves a reasonable compromise between voice coil actuator and piezoelectric actuator. The stroke of the actuator is between the strokes of a piezoelectric actuator and a voice coil actuator, and its force output is a linear function of air gap and excitation current within our FSM travel range. Additionally, the actuator is more reliable than voice coil actuator as the electrical connection in the actuator is static. Analytically modeling the actuator is difficult and time-consuming. Alternatively, numerous finite element simulations are carried out for the actuator analysis and design. According to the design results, a real prototype of the actuator is fabricated. An experimental test system is then built. Using the test system, the force output of the fabricated actuator is evaluated. The test results validate the actuator analysis and design.

Modeling and Analysis of a Novel Two-Axis Rotary Electromagnetic Actuator for Fast Steering Mirror

  • Long, Yongjun;Wang, Chunlei;Dai, Xin;Wei, Xiaohui;Wang, Shigang
    • Journal of Magnetics
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    • v.19 no.2
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    • pp.130-139
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    • 2014
  • This paper focuses on the modeling and analysis a novel two-axis rotary normal-stress electromagnetic actuator with compact structure for fast steering mirror (FSM). The actuator has high force density similar to a solenoid, but its torque output is nearly a linear function of both its driving current and rotation angle, showing that the actuator is ideal for FSM. In addition, the actuator is designed with a new cross topology armature and no additional axial force is generated when the actuator works. With flux leakage being involved in the actuator modeling properly, an accurate analytical model of the actuator, which shows the actuator's linear characteristics, is obtained via the commonly used equivalent magnetic circuit method. Finally, numerical simulation is presented to validate the analytical actuator model. It is shown that the analytical results are in a good agreement with the simulation results.

Giant Magellan Telescope Fast Steering Mirror Prototype의 반사경 Cell 초기설계 및 해석

  • Park, Gwi-Jong;Kim, Yeong-Su;Jo, Myeong-Gyu;Kim, Ho-Sang;Go, Ju-Heon;Jang, Jeong-Gyun;Park, Byeong-Gon;Gyeong, Jae-Man;Cheon, Mu-Yeong
    • Bulletin of the Korean Space Science Society
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    • pp.30.3-30.3
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    • 2011
  • 한국천문연구원은 Giant Magellan Telescope Fast Steering Mirror prototype을 개발 중이고, 반사경 제작과 tip-tilt 시스템 제작을 목표로 하고 있다. 반사경은 직경이 1.06m, 두께가 약 140mm, 질량이 약 100kg인 meniscus 타입인 비축 비구면 반사경이다. Tip-tilt 시스템은 바람에 의한 반사경의 진동과 망원경의 tracking jitter를 보정하기 위한 장치로써 tip-tilt 각도가 ${\pm}20"$ 범위 내에서 약 30Hz로 작동하는 시스템이다. 반사경 cell은 반사경 뒷면에 조립되어 반사경 cell 내부에 주입되는 진공과 함께 반사경의 무게를 지지하고, tip-tilt 시스템을 작동시키는 액츄에이터가 장착되는 base structure 역할을 한다. 이 논문에서는 반사경 cell의 초기설계와 반사경 cell에 발생할 수 있는 하중 조건에 따른 응력과 변위, 반사경 cell의 두께에 따른 고유진동수를 해석한 결과들에 대해 논한다.

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Wavefront Distortion caused by High Energy Laser Beam in the Relay Mirrors of the Laser Beam Director (고에너지 레이저빔에 의해 유발된 광집속장치 반사경 광파면 왜곡)

  • Choi, Jong-Ho;Kim, Yeon-Soo
    • Korean Journal of Optics and Photonics
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    • v.19 no.2
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    • pp.144-149
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    • 2008
  • Thermal distortion of the laser mirrors which are the Coude mirrors of the laser beam director and the wavefront error caused by the thermal distortion are studied. Coude mirrors consist of three relay mirrors and one fast steering mirror. The mirrors have reflectivity of 99.5% with respect to the laser wavelength of $3.8\;{\mu}m$, and absorption of 500 W per second. Thermal distortion and its related wavefront errors are studied with laser beam irradiation for 5 seconds. For the relay mirror, the wavefront error is 334 nm_PV, 98 nm rms and for fast steering mirror, $11.5\;{\mu}m$_PV, $3{\mu}m$ rms.