• Title, Summary, Keyword: fatty acid composition

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The Change in Content of Constitutive Lipid and Fatty Acid of Pacific Saury during Natural Freezing Dry(Kwa Mae Kee) (꽁치 자연동결건조(과메기)중 지방함량과 지방산 조성 변화)

  • 오승희;김덕진
    • The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition
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    • v.8 no.3
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    • pp.239-252
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    • 1995
  • The results which were examined changes In contents of constitutive lipid and fatty acid during the natural drying of Pacific Saury were as follows. During the natural drying of Pacific Saury, offal lipid and moisture contents gradually decreased. In the survey of rancidity degree extracted lipid of Pacific Saury, peroxide value was gradually Increased, TBA and acid value were radically increased thereafter 9 days of drying. Neutral lipid, phospholipid and glycolipid contents of total lipid were 95%, 4% and 2%, respectively, and in the neutral lipid, content of TG was more than 90%, and in the phospholipid, contents of PC and PE were 45∼85%, 27∼34%, respectively. Fatty acid composition of total lipid was substantially higher in C18:0 and C20:1, C22:1, C22:6 contents and fatty acid composition of neutral lipid was higher In C22:1, C22:1, contents and fatty acid composition of phospholipid was the highest in C22:6 content. In the fatty acid composition of glycolipid, monounsaturated fatty acid content has substantially higher, C16:0 content was gradually Increased In saturated fatty acid and C22:1 content was gradually decreased in monounsaturated fatty acid. It showed that fatty acid composition of triglyceride has higher in monounsaturated fatty acid content and contents of C20:1, C22:1 was gradually decreased.

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Investigation of SNPs in FABP3 and FABP4 Genes and Their Possible Relationships with Fatty Acid Composition in Broiler

  • Maharani, Dyah;Park, Hee-Bok;Jung, Yeon-Kook;Jung, Samooel;Jo, Cheo-Run;Lee, Jun-Heon
    • Korean Journal of Poultry Science
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    • v.38 no.3
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    • pp.231-237
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    • 2011
  • There is limited information of the genetic effect for fatty acid composition in chicken meat. This study assessed the association of FABP3 and FABP4 genes affecting fatty acid composition in broilers. Two single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) were detected in FABP3 gene and five SNPs were identified in FABP4 gene. The SNPs located in intron 1 and exon 1 of FABP3 and FABP4, respectively, were used for genotyping using PCR-RFLP method. The SNPg.285C >T in FABP4 showed suggestive association with high arachidonic acid (C20 : 4) in CT genotypes (P = 0.068). However, the SNP g.508C > T in FABP3 showed no significant associations with fatty acid composition. These results are the first report to investigate the SNPs in FABP3 and FABP4 genes and their associations with fatty acid composition, although we only found the possible association of FABP4 SNP with fatty acid composition. These results should provide valuable information for further investigation of the genes affecting fatty acid composition in chicken.

Effect of Dioscorea batatas and Gastrodia rhizoma on Fatty Acid Compositions of Serum, Liver and Brain in Rats (마와 천마 분말이 흰쥐의 혈청, 간장 및 뇌 조직의 지방산 조성에 미치는 영향)

  • 박필숙;박미연
    • Journal of Life Science
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    • v.11 no.1
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    • pp.83-92
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    • 2001
  • This study evaluated the effects of Dioscorea batatas and Gastrodia rhizoma on fatty acid composition of serum, liver and brain in rats which were fed control diet adding 5%, 10%, 15% Dioscorea batatas powder and 5%, 10%, 15% Gastrodia rhizoma powder for 3 weeks, respectively. In the other total fatty acid composition of serum lipids, the percentage of SFA was higher in the control group than in the other groups. The percentages 18:2 and 20:4 in serum lipids were significantly higher in the group 5, 6 and 7 than control group. In phospholipid fatty acid composition of serum lipids, the percentage of 18:2 was significantly higher in the group 5, 6 and 7 than in the other groups. 16:0, 18:0, 18:1, 18:2 and 20:4 were the main fatty acid in the total fatty acid and phospholipid fatty acid composition of liver lipids. 16:0, 18:0, 18:1, 18:2, 20:4 and 22:6 were the main fatty acid in the total fatty acid and phospholipid fatty acid composition of brain lipids.

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Taxonomical Study by the Major Fatty Acid of Genus Rhus(anacardiaceae) in Korean (주요 지방산에 의한 한국산 옻나무屬의 분류학적 연구)

  • 정재민
    • Korean Journal of Plant Resources
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    • v.11 no.2
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    • pp.202-209
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    • 1998
  • Through total fatty acid analysis by the Gas chromatography, 17 different fatty acids were identified from the sap extracted from bark of Korean Rhus(Anacardiaceae), six species. Linoleic acid(C18 :2) and oleic acid(C18 : 1) were identified as major fatty acids for the species investigated, but except in R. chinensis.In the fatty acid composition for the species, one or two specific-fatty acid was detected, and its could be utilized as a useful taxonomic character.The result of cluster analysis by the 22 reliable characters in the fatty acid composition suggested first group was R.trichocarpa and R. succedanea, the second group, R.verniciflua, R.ambgua and R. sylvestris, but R.chinensis was a greatly independent species. The possible chemotaxonomic application of the fatty acid composition of bark in the genus Rhus was discussed.

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Determination of Fatty Acid Composition and Total Trans Fatty Acids in Meat Products

  • Yilmaz, Ismail;Gecgel, Umit
    • Food Science and Biotechnology
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    • v.18 no.2
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    • pp.350-355
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    • 2009
  • In this research, fatty acid composition and trans fatty acids of 22 selected meat products produced by Turkish companies were analyzed by capillary gas liquid chromatography (GLC). Total fat contents of the meat products ranged from 11.60-42.50%. Salami had the lowest fat content 11.60% and sucuk (soudjuk) the highest 42.50%. Major fatty acids were C$_{16:0}$, C$_{18:0}$, trans C$_{18:1}$, cis C$_{18:1}$, and C$_{18:2}$ in the samples. Total unsaturated fatty acid contents have changed from 38.73 to 70.71% of total fatty acids, and sausage had the highest percentage among the samples. The majority of samples contain trans fatty acids and the level ranged from 2.28 to 7.95% of the total fatty acids. The highest amount of total trans fatty acids was determined in kavurma (Cavurmas) (7.95%), and total trans fatty acids of meat products such as pastrami contained more than 5% of the total fatty acids.

Effect of DHA and Environmental Enrichment on Brain Fatty Acid Composition and Acetylcholinesterase Activity (식이 DHA와 환경보충이 흰쥐의 뇌지방조성 및 Acetylcholinesterase활성에 미치는 영향)

  • 김문정
    • Journal of Nutrition and Health
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    • v.29 no.1
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    • pp.32-40
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    • 1996
  • To investigate the effect of dietary docosahexaenoic acid(DHA) and environmental enrichment on brain fatty acid composition and acetylcholinesterase(AChE) activity, two groups of was fed isocaloric diets containing 10 or 12% dietary lipids for 7 weeks. A third group was fed 10% (w/w) dietary lipids with supplemented 2% DHA-rich fish oil. Each diet group was housed either in a stainless steel cage individually or in a large enriched cage with toys where 7 rats were kept together. The fatty acid composition of plasma and brain was significantly affected by dietary lipid composition but not by environmental enrichment. Fish oil supplementation significanlty decreased plasma levels of monounsaturated fatty acids(MUFA) and increased polyunsaturated fatty acids(PUFA). Fish oil supplemented groups also maintained lower plasma n-6 fatty acids and higher n-3 fatty acids levels than unsupplemented groups. The fish oil supplementation significantly decreased arachidonic acid and increased eicosapentaenic, docosapentaenoic acids, and DHA in brain fatty acid composition. In addition, brain DHA level in supplemented groups tended higher than the unsupplemented. Brain, AChE activity significantly increased by the environmental enrichment but not by the fish oil supplementation. These finding suggest that the 2% fish oil (0.57% DHA & 0.31% EPA, per diet weigth) supplementation is enough to accumulate n-3 fatty acids and to change the n-6 n-3 ratio in brain and environmental enrichment might promote the learning ability.

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Distribution of Fatty Acids in Newly Developed Tissues of Soybean Seedlings

  • Dhakal, Krishna Hari;Jeong, Yeon-Shin;Ha, Tae-Joung;Baek, In-Youl;Yeo, Young-Keun;Hwang, Young-Hyun
    • Korean Journal of Breeding Science
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    • v.43 no.1
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    • pp.32-41
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    • 2011
  • The objective of this study was to determine the fatty acid composition of newly developed tissues of germinated soybean seeds. Five soybean accessions with varied fatty acid composition were allowed to germinate in sand under greenhouse conditions. Seedlings were picked up after 4, 6, 8, 10 and 12 days of germination and freeze dried. The fatty acid composition of the newly developed tissues was analyzed by gas chromatography. Significant variation in fatty acid composition was observed between accessions, days of germination, and variety ${\times}$ day of germination in whole and the cotyledons. In the case of newly developed five tissues, significant variation in fatty acid composition were observed between days of germination except oleic acid for root, hypocotyl and epicotyl stem and except stearic acid for hypocotyl and unifoliate leaves while all the parameters were significantly different for accession. Significant interactions of accession and days of germination were observed for palmitic, linoleic and linolenic acid in all tissues; only for oleic acid in hypocotyl, epicotyl and unifoliate leaves; and only for stearic acid in root, hypocotyl, epicotyl and unifoliate leaves. During germination, the fatty acid composition of newly developed tissues changed dramatically but whole seedlings and cotyledons changed slightly. These tissues contained five major fatty acids as found in original seeds, but compositions were totally different from that of the seed: higher in palmitic, stearic and linolenic acid and lower in oleic and linoleic acid. New tissues conserved their fatty acid compositions regardless of genotypic variation in the original seeds.

Fatty acid composition and triacylglycerol species of the domestic and foreign chocolates collected from the market (국내 시장에서 유통되는 국내·외 초콜릿의 지방산 조성 및 triacylglycerol 조성 분석)

  • Hyeon, Jin-Woo;Shin, Jung-Ah;Lee, Ki-Teak
    • Korean Journal of Agricultural Science
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    • v.40 no.1
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    • pp.35-45
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    • 2013
  • The fat content, fatty acid composition, trans fatty acid content and triacylglycerol (TAG) composition of 22 chocolates (domestics 8, foreigns 14) collected from the Korea distribution markets were investigated. The crude fat was extracted by acid hydrolysis method and analyzed by gas chromatography (GC) and reversed-phase HPLC for fatty acid and TAG compositions, respectively. The crude fat content of all chocolates varied between 30.11% and 49.59%. The major fatty acids in most of the chocolates were palmitic acid (19.36~31.15 wt%), stearic acid (5.11~36.32 wt%) and oleic acid (18.77~36.68 wt%). Whereas lauric acid (approximately 35.43 wt%) was detected in chocolate fat of sample No. 18. High oleic acid content was observed for the sn-2 position fatty acid with a range from 64.91% to 86.93%. Trans fatty acid contents in domestic chocolates (sample No. 1~8) and foreign chocolates (sample No. 9~22) were 0.03~0.59 wt% (0.01~0.19 g/100g chocolate) and 0.05~6.32 wt% (0.02~1.99 g/100g chocolate), respectively. In TAG composition, TAGs such as POP/PPO(1,3(2)-palmitoyl-2(3)-oleoyl glycerol, PN=48), POS/PSO(palmitoyl-oleoyl-stearoyl glycerol or palmitoyl-stearoyl-oleoyl glycerol, PN=50), SOS/SSO(1,3(2)-stearoyl-2(3)-oleoyl glycerol, PN=50) were mainly detected in most of the chocolates. The peaks of TAG with low PN (ex, 32-34, 36-38, and 40-42) were detected in No. 18 chocolate fat because of containing short chain fatty acid such as lauric acid.

Effects of α-Linolenic, Eicosapentaenoic and Docosahexaenoic Acids on the Content and Fatty Acid Composition of Brain Phospholipid in Rats

  • Cha, Jae-Young;Cho, Young-Su
    • Journal of Applied Biological Chemistry
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    • v.42 no.2
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    • pp.75-80
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    • 1999
  • The effects of dietary n-3 fatty acids, ${\alpha}$-linolenic acid (18:3), eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA, 20:5), and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA, 22:6), on brain phospholipid content and fatty acid composition were compared in rats fed with a diet containing constant ratios of saturated fatty acid/monounsaturated fatty acid/polyunsaturated fatty acid (PUFA) and n-3/n-6. The dietary fat in each diet was added at the level of 10%. In each diet, n-3 PUFA comprised two-thirds of the PUFA and the remaining one-third was linoleic acid (18:2). Dietary fat containing linoleic acid as the sole source of PUFA was also given to the control group. The content of brain phospholipid in the three n-3 PUFA groups was significantly lower than that of the linoleic acid group. This reduction was greater in the EPA and DHA groups than in the ${\alpha}$-linolenic acid group. The decrease in phospholipid content in rats fed n-3 fatty acid-rich diets was largely due to the decrease in the phosphatidylethanolamine fraction. Each dietary n-3 PUFA was found to affect the fatty acid composition of brain phospholipids; the most pronounced alteration was observed in phosphatidylethanolamine fraction. Furthermore, the proportion of DHA in the phosphatidylethanolamine fraction tended to be higher in the DHA group than in other PUFA groups. In conclusion, dietary ${\alpha}$-linolenic acid, EPA and DHA can influence the phospholipid content, phospholipid subclass, and fatty acid composition in rat brain.

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Effects of Procedures for Preparing Fatty Acid Methyl Esters on Fatty Acid Composition of Korean Vegetable Oils (Sesame Seed Oils) (지방산 메틸에스테르 조제방법이 한국산 식물성 기름(참깨 기름)의 지방산 조성에 미치는 영향)

  • Yoon, Tai-Heon
    • Journal of the Korean Applied Science and Technology
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    • v.4 no.1
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    • pp.9-18
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    • 1987
  • The effects of procedures for preparation of fatty acid methyl esters for gas chromatography were investigated. A quantitative comparison of four procedures for the preparation of the fatty acid methyl esters from Korean sesame seed lipids which can be representative of fatty acid ranges of Korean vegetable oils has been made. The procedures employed were $BF_3$-methanol, HCI-methanol, sodium methoxide-methanol, and tetramethylammonium hydroxide-methanol. Twelve fatty acids ranged from 14:0 to 24:0 were identified in the lipids from Korean white and black sesame seeds. All four procedures gave similar results for the fatty acids, 16:0, 18:0, 18:1, 18:2, and 18:3 present in the range of $1{\sim}44%$ but only in the HCI-methanol procedure, the fatty acids, 16:1, 20:0, 22:0, 24:0 present in the range of $0.02{\sim}1%$ showed the lowest values. When using tetramethylammonium hydroxide-methanol procedure for determination of total fatty acid composition from white and black sesame seed lipids, unsaponifiable matters including sesamol, sesamolin and sesamin present in the seed lipids are not removed from the resulting reaction mixture. Thus the transesterification mixture is used without further treatment for injection into the gas chromatography. However, the gas chromatographic analysis of the transesterification mixture showed that the unsaponifiable matters had no effect on the fatty acid composition of the seed lipids. From the results, it appears that the $BF_3$-methanol, sodium methoxide-methanol and tetramethylammonium hydroxide-methanol procedures can be used to prepare fatty acid methyl esters from Korean vegetable oils. Among the methods, the tetramethylammonium hydroxide-methanol procedure, which give total fatty acid composition, glyceride fatty acid composition and composition of free fatty acids present, appears to be a simple, convenient and quantitative procedure and applicable to samples containing broad ranges of fatty acids.