• Title, Summary, Keyword: fatty alcohol ethoxylate

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Mechanism of Action of Fatty Alcohol Ethoxylate on Foliar Penetration of Dimethomorph into Cucumber (Fatty Alcohol Ethoxylate에 의해 유도되는 Dimethomorph의 오이 엽면 침투 기작)

  • Yu, Ju-Hyun
    • The Korean Journal of Pesticide Science
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    • v.12 no.2
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    • pp.127-133
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    • 2008
  • The foliar uptake of dimethomorph into cucumber was assessed by spray application of aqueous dimethomorph solution containing fatty alcohol ethoxylate (FAE) or fatty acid alkyl ester as activator adjuvants. Afterward, the possible mechanism of action of FAE on foliar penetration of active ingredient was suggested by speculating on the effect of lipophile and hydrophile of FAEs. The amount of absorbed dimethomorph induced by polyoxyethylene mono-9-octadecenyl ether (6 moles ethylene oxide, $C_{18=9}E_6$) was linearly related to the concentrations of surfactant as well as dimethomorph in spray solution, suggesting that it is simply a diffusion phenomenon of the solute molecule through a cuticular membrane from leaf surface. Octadecanol attached to FAE was most effective lipophile on the leaf penetration of dimethomorph. And, the more ethylene oxide had the polyoxyethylene chain of FAE up to 20 moles, the higher the uptake rate was. Therefore, the role of lipophile of FAE on dimethomorph penetration to cucumber leaf, probably, is to modify the physico-chemical properties of cuticular membrane to be permeable to dimethomorph, and the polyoxyethylene chain having less than 20 moles ethylene oxide, which is moderately permeable to cuticular membrane by its molar volume, is to let the physically-modified cuticular membrane to be maintained for a longtime.

The Detergent Effect of Mixed System with Fatty Alcohol Ethoxylate and Alkyl Amine Oxide (지방알코올에톡실레이트/알킬아민옥사이드 혼합물 계에서 세정효과)

  • Lee, Hyang-Woo;Choi, Seung-Ok;Kang, Yun-Seog;Nam, Ki-Dea
    • Journal of the Korean Applied Science and Technology
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    • v.16 no.3
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    • pp.231-235
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    • 1999
  • Several instances of synergistic interaction have been identified between alkyl amine oxide and long chain fatty acohol polyethoxylates in various surfactant formulation. The purpose of this study was examined whether these benefits could be observed within the framework of generic hand-surface cleaning formulations. Comparative evaluation were also carried out to determine the performance characteristics of low-and zero-phosphate systems in which amine oxide and alcohol ethoxylates are used. Best cleaning was observed with 1:1 mixtures of the subject surfactants, but substantial improvements over fatty alcohol ethoxylate alone also were noted with formulations that contained lower ratios of amine oxide.

Factors Influencing the Foliar Uptake of Dimethomorph into Cucumber Induced by Fatty Alcohol Ethoxylate (Fatty Alcohol Ethoxylate에 의해 유도되는 Dimethomorph의 오이 엽면 침투성 영향 인자)

  • Yu, Ju-Hyun
    • The Korean Journal of Pesticide Science
    • /
    • v.12 no.2
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    • pp.118-126
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    • 2008
  • In order to find the best compositions of the dimethomorph formulation containing fatty alcohol ethoxylate surfactants as an activator adjuvant and recommend the good management way of the formulations to allow an intended uptake rate, factors affecting foliar uptake of active ingredients into cucumber were investigated and compared each other. Among tested, the most important factors were air temperature in which plants were located after spraying of aqueous formulations containing activator adjuvant, and deposit of wax on the leaf surface of cucumber. Dimethomorph uptake was found to be increased by sunlight. When aqueous formulations had long-polyethoxylated fatty alcohol surfactants, the relative humidity of the room in which the plants were located after spraying with the formulations did not severely influence the foliar uptake. Maintaining a mild temperature and avoiding too strong sunlight after spraying with dimethomorph formulations were found to be resonable management strategies.