• Title, Summary, Keyword: feature selection

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New Feature Selection Method for Text Categorization

  • Wang, Xingfeng;Kim, Hee-Cheol
    • Journal of information and communication convergence engineering
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    • v.15 no.1
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    • pp.53-61
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    • 2017
  • The preferred feature selection methods for text classification are filter-based. In a common filter-based feature selection scheme, unique scores are assigned to features; then, these features are sorted according to their scores. The last step is to add the top-N features to the feature set. In this paper, we propose an improved global feature selection scheme wherein its last step is modified to obtain a more representative feature set. The proposed method aims to improve the classification performance of global feature selection methods by creating a feature set representing all classes almost equally. For this purpose, a local feature selection method is used in the proposed method to label features according to their discriminative power on classes; these labels are used while producing the feature sets. Experimental results obtained using the well-known 20 Newsgroups and Reuters-21578 datasets with the k-nearest neighbor algorithm and a support vector machine indicate that the proposed method improves the classification performance in terms of a widely known metric ($F_1$).

Development of Interactive Feature Selection Algorithm(IFS) for Emotion Recognition

  • Yang, Hyun-Chang;Kim, Ho-Duck;Park, Chang-Hyun;Sim, Kwee-Bo
    • International Journal of Fuzzy Logic and Intelligent Systems
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    • v.6 no.4
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    • pp.282-287
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    • 2006
  • This paper presents an original feature selection method for Emotion Recognition which includes many original elements. Feature selection has some merits regarding pattern recognition performance. Thus, we developed a method called thee 'Interactive Feature Selection' and the results (selected features) of the IFS were applied to an emotion recognition system (ERS), which was also implemented in this research. The innovative feature selection method was based on a Reinforcement Learning Algorithm and since it required responses from human users, it was denoted an 'Interactive Feature Selection'. By performing an IFS, we were able to obtain three top features and apply them to the ERS. Comparing those results from a random selection and Sequential Forward Selection (SFS) and Genetic Algorithm Feature Selection (GAFS), we verified that the top three features were better than the randomly selected feature set.

Noise-Robust Speaker Recognition Using Subband Likelihoods and Reliable-Feature Selection

  • Kim, Sung-Tak;Ji, Mi-Kyong;Kim, Hoi-Rin
    • ETRI Journal
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    • v.30 no.1
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    • pp.89-100
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    • 2008
  • We consider the feature recombination technique in a multiband approach to speaker identification and verification. To overcome the ineffectiveness of conventional feature recombination in broadband noisy environments, we propose a new subband feature recombination which uses subband likelihoods and a subband reliable-feature selection technique with an adaptive noise model. In the decision step of speaker recognition, a few very low unreliable feature likelihood scores can cause a speaker recognition system to make an incorrect decision. To overcome this problem, reliable-feature selection adjusts the likelihood scores of an unreliable feature by comparison with those of an adaptive noise model, which is estimated by the maximum a posteriori adaptation technique using noise features directly obtained from noisy test speech. To evaluate the effectiveness of the proposed methods in noisy environments, we use the TIMIT database and the NTIMIT database, which is the corresponding telephone version of TIMIT database. The proposed subband feature recombination with subband reliable-feature selection achieves better performance than the conventional feature recombination system with reliable-feature selection.

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Comparison of Feature Selection Processes for Image Retrieval Applications

  • Choi, Young-Mee;Choo, Moon-Won
    • Journal of Korea Multimedia Society
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    • v.14 no.12
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    • pp.1544-1548
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    • 2011
  • A process of choosing a subset of original features, so called feature selection, is considered as a crucial preprocessing step to image processing applications. There are already large pools of techniques developed for machine learning and data mining fields. In this paper, basically two methods, non-feature selection and feature selection, are investigated to compare their predictive effectiveness of classification. Color co-occurrence feature is used for defining image features. Standard Sequential Forward Selection algorithm are used for feature selection to identify relevant features and redundancy among relevant features. Four color spaces, RGB, YCbCr, HSV, and Gaussian space are considered for computing color co-occurrence features. Gray-level image feature is also considered for the performance comparison reasons. The experimental results are presented.

A Feature Selection-based Ensemble Method for Arrhythmia Classification

  • Namsrai, Erdenetuya;Munkhdalai, Tsendsuren;Li, Meijing;Shin, Jung-Hoon;Namsrai, Oyun-Erdene;Ryu, Keun Ho
    • Journal of Information Processing Systems
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    • v.9 no.1
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    • pp.31-40
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    • 2013
  • In this paper, a novel method is proposed to build an ensemble of classifiers by using a feature selection schema. The feature selection schema identifies the best feature sets that affect the arrhythmia classification. Firstly, a number of feature subsets are extracted by applying the feature selection schema to the original dataset. Then classification models are built by using the each feature subset. Finally, we combine the classification models by adopting a voting approach to form a classification ensemble. The voting approach in our method involves both classification error rate and feature selection rate to calculate the score of the each classifier in the ensemble. In our method, the feature selection rate depends on the extracting order of the feature subsets. In the experiment, we applied our method to arrhythmia dataset and generated three top disjointed feature sets. We then built three classifiers based on the top-three feature subsets and formed the classifier ensemble by using the voting approach. Our method can improve the classification accuracy in high dimensional dataset. The performance of each classifier and the performance of their ensemble were higher than the performance of the classifier that was based on whole feature space of the dataset. The classification performance was improved and a more stable classification model could be constructed with the proposed approach.

A Novel Statistical Feature Selection Approach for Text Categorization

  • Fattah, Mohamed Abdel
    • Journal of Information Processing Systems
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    • v.13 no.5
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    • pp.1397-1409
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    • 2017
  • For text categorization task, distinctive text features selection is important due to feature space high dimensionality. It is important to decrease the feature space dimension to decrease processing time and increase accuracy. In the current study, for text categorization task, we introduce a novel statistical feature selection approach. This approach measures the term distribution in all collection documents, the term distribution in a certain category and the term distribution in a certain class relative to other classes. The proposed method results show its superiority over the traditional feature selection methods.

Improving the Performance of a Fast Text Classifier with Document-side Feature Selection (문서측 자질선정을 이용한 고속 문서분류기의 성능향상에 관한 연구)

  • Lee, Jae-Yun
    • Journal of Information Management
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    • v.36 no.4
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    • pp.51-69
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    • 2005
  • High-speed classification method becomes an important research issue in text categorization systems. A fast text categorization technique, named feature value voting, is introduced recently on the text categorization problems. But the classification accuracy of this technique is not good as its classification speed. We present a novel approach for feature selection, named document-side feature selection, and apply it to feature value voting method. In this approach, there is no feature selection process in learning phase; but realtime feature selection is executed in classification phase. Our results show that feature value voting with document-side feature selection can allow fast and accurate text classification system, which seems to be competitive in classification performance with Support Vector Machines, the state-of-the-art text categorization algorithms.

Interactive Feature selection Algorithm for Emotion recognition (감정 인식을 위한 Interactive Feature Selection(IFS) 알고리즘)

  • Yang, Hyun-Chang;Kim, Ho-Duck;Park, Chang-Hyun;Sim, Kwee-Bo
    • Journal of Korean Institute of Intelligent Systems
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    • v.16 no.6
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    • pp.647-652
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    • 2006
  • This paper presents the novel feature selection method for Emotion Recognition, which may include a lot of original features. Specially, the emotion recognition in this paper treated speech signal with emotion. The feature selection has some benefits on the pattern recognition performance and 'the curse of dimension'. Thus, We implemented a simulator called 'IFS' and those result was applied to a emotion recognition system(ERS), which was also implemented for this research. Our novel feature selection method was basically affected by Reinforcement Learning and since it needs responses from human user, it is called 'Interactive Feature Selection'. From performing the IFS, we could get 3 best features and applied to ERS. Comparing those results with randomly selected feature set, The 3 best features were better than the randomly selected feature set.

Feature Selection Algorithm for Intrusions Detection System using Sequential Forward Search and Random Forest Classifier

  • Lee, Jinlee;Park, Dooho;Lee, Changhoon
    • KSII Transactions on Internet and Information Systems (TIIS)
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    • v.11 no.10
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    • pp.5132-5148
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    • 2017
  • Cyber attacks are evolving commensurate with recent developments in information security technology. Intrusion detection systems collect various types of data from computers and networks to detect security threats and analyze the attack information. The large amount of data examined make the large number of computations and low detection rates problematic. Feature selection is expected to improve the classification performance and provide faster and more cost-effective results. Despite the various feature selection studies conducted for intrusion detection systems, it is difficult to automate feature selection because it is based on the knowledge of security experts. This paper proposes a feature selection technique to overcome the performance problems of intrusion detection systems. Focusing on feature selection, the first phase of the proposed system aims at constructing a feature subset using a sequential forward floating search (SFFS) to downsize the dimension of the variables. The second phase constructs a classification model with the selected feature subset using a random forest classifier (RFC) and evaluates the classification accuracy. Experiments were conducted with the NSL-KDD dataset using SFFS-RF, and the results indicated that feature selection techniques are a necessary preprocessing step to improve the overall system performance in systems that handle large datasets. They also verified that SFFS-RF could be used for data classification. In conclusion, SFFS-RF could be the key to improving the classification model performance in machine learning.

Nonlinear Feature Transformation and Genetic Feature Selection: Improving System Security and Decreasing Computational Cost

  • Taghanaki, Saeid Asgari;Ansari, Mohammad Reza;Dehkordi, Behzad Zamani;Mousavi, Sayed Ali
    • ETRI Journal
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    • v.34 no.6
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    • pp.847-857
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    • 2012
  • Intrusion detection systems (IDSs) have an important effect on system defense and security. Recently, most IDS methods have used transformed features, selected features, or original features. Both feature transformation and feature selection have their advantages. Neighborhood component analysis feature transformation and genetic feature selection (NCAGAFS) is proposed in this research. NCAGAFS is based on soft computing and data mining and uses the advantages of both transformation and selection. This method transforms features via neighborhood component analysis and chooses the best features with a classifier based on a genetic feature selection method. This novel approach is verified using the KDD Cup99 dataset, demonstrating higher performances than other well-known methods under various classifiers have demonstrated.