• Title, Summary, Keyword: fermentation

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Quality Characteristics of Jeung-Pyun According to the Leavening Agents (팽창제 종류에 따른 증편의 품질 특성)

  • An, Su-Mi;Lee, Kyung-A;Kim, Kyung-Ja
    • Korean Journal of Human Ecology
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    • v.5 no.1
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    • pp.48-61
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    • 2002
  • This study was carried out to investigate the effects of four kinds of leavening agents on Jeung-Pyun fermantation. Milk-wine(M), fresh yeast(F), dry yeast(D), instant yeast(I) were used in Jeung-Pyun ingredients. The physicochemical properties, sensory evaluation were examined. The results of this study are summarized as follows: 1. Basic recipes for Jeung-Pyun by preliminary test were developed. 2. Specific volumes and expansion ratio of Jeung-Pyun was higher in the fresh yeast-added sample. 3. The pH of Jeung-Pyun was decreased significantly as the fermentation progressed 4. In the result comparing Jeung-Pyun extracting after 1st fermentation with Jeung-Pyun extracting 2nd fermentation by SEM, the former was widely distributed in stability of bubble and pore than the latter. 5. Standard recipe by Q.D.A. test added four kinds of leavening agents were as follows: (1)Jeung-Pyun added milk wine was 240min for 1st fermentation time, 60min for 2nd fermentation time, 35$^{\circ}C$ for fermentation temperature, 80% for fermentation humidity respectively. (2) Jeung-Pyun added fresh yeast was 90min for 1st fermentation time, 40min for 2nd fermentation time, 35$^{\circ}C$ for fermentation temperature, 80% for fermentation humidity respectively. (3)Jeung-Pyun added dry yeast was 90min for 1st fermentation time, 60min for 2nd fermentation time, 35$^{\circ}C$ for fermentation temperature, 60% for fermentation humidity respectively. (4)Jeung-Pyun added instant yeast was 90min for 1st fermentation time, 40min for 2nd fermentation time, 30$^{\circ}C$ for fermentation temperature, 60% for fermentation humidity respectively. 6.Based on sensory evaluation, Jeung-Pyun added fresh yeast was significantry higher than others in color, sweetness, moistness, softness, and overall quality. There was negative significance between milk wine flavor and astrigentness, and yeast flavor.

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Changes of Chemical Components in Kochujang Added Sea Tangle Powder During Fermentation (다시마를 첨가한 고추장의 숙성 중 화학적 성분 변화)

  • 배태진;김경은
    • Journal of Life Science
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    • v.11 no.2
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    • pp.144-152
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    • 2001
  • In order to improve functionality of kochujang which is one of the traditional foods of Korea, sea tangle powder(2, 4, 6 and 8% sea tangle powder on the glutinous rice weight basis) was added to the raw material of kochujang and then investigated the change of physiochemical properties with control kochujang during the fermentation at 3$0^{\circ}C$ for 120 days. During 120 days fermentation, moisture and crude protein contents were gradually decreased with fermentation time, whereas crude fat content NaCl were slightly increased with fermentation time. The contents of reducing sugar of sea tangle kochujang was rapidly increased until 60 days of fermentation after that it was increased slightly up to 90 days of fermentation to the highest value and then reduced slightly or not changed approximately until 120 days. pH was reduced up to 60 days of fermentation after that it remained 4.63~4.91 in 90~120 days. Acidity was increased with fermentation time, and it was the highest value of 11.5~12.4$m\ell$ in 120 days of fermentation. Viscosity was increased with increased with fermentation time. Especially a case of additional sample of 8% sea tangle powder was highly increased until 60 days. A case of color difference value, in initial time of preparation of kochujang was distinct difference of value for additional samples respectively but as the fermentation progressed, among the samples not found consistent change of color difference value. L value was gradually decreased during fermentation. A value was decreased up to 30 days of fermentation and it was increased again totally at 60 days of fermentation. B value was decreased totally at initial time of fermentation and a case of control was increased again at 90 days of fermentation, the other samples increased again 60 days earlier than 30 days.

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Monitoring for the Fermentation Conditions of Sweet Persimmon Vinegar using Response Surface Methodology (반응표면분석에 의한 단감식초 제조조건의 모니터링)

  • 정용진;서권일;이기동;윤광섭;강미정;김광수
    • Journal of the East Asian Society of Dietary Life
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    • v.8 no.1
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    • pp.57-65
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    • 1998
  • To utilize deteriorated sweet persimmon effectively, response surface methodology(RSM) was used to determine the optimal vinegar fermentation conditions and monitored by a divided two stage fermentation. The optimum conditions for maximum alcohol content were obtained when the first stage (alcohol fermentation) was carried out with an initial sugar concentration of 18.5$^{\circ}$Brix, agitation rate of 140.8 rpm, fermentation time of 127.6 hr. When sugar concentration was 14$^{\circ}$Brix maximum alcohol content(7.1%) was predicted at fermentation conditions of 160 rpm in agitation rate, 140hr in fermentation time. The optimum conditions for maximum acidity were obtaiend when second stage(vinegar fermentation)was carried out 249.5 rpm in agitation rate, 148.8 hr in fermentation time. Predicted values at the optimum conditions were similar to experimental values.

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Two-stage Bioprocesses Combining Dark H2 Fermentation: Organic Waste Treatment and Bioenergy Production (혐기성 수소발효를 결합한 생물학적 2단공정의 유기성폐자원 처리 및 바이오에너지 생산)

  • LEE, CHAE-YOUNG;YOO, KYU-SEON;HAN, SUN-KEE
    • Transactions of the Korean hydrogen and new energy society
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    • v.26 no.3
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    • pp.247-259
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    • 2015
  • This study was performed to investigate the application of dark $H_2$ fermentation to two-stage bioprocesses for organic waste treatment and energy production. We reviewed information about the two-stage bioprocesses combining dark $H_2$ fermentation with $CH_4$ fermentation, photo $H_2$ fermentation, microbial fuel cells (MFCs), or microbial electrolysis cells (MECs) by using academic information databases and university libraries. Dark fermentative bacteria use organic waste as the sole source of electrons and energy, converting it into $H_2$. The reactions related to dark $H_2$ fermentation are rapid and do not require sunlight, making them useful for treating organic waste. However, the degradation is not complete and organic acids remain. Thus, dark $H_2$ fermentation should be combined with a post-treatment process, such as $CH_4$ fermentation, photo $H_2$ fermentation, MFCs, or MECs. So far, dark $H_2$ fermentation followed by $CH_4$ fermentation is a promising two-stage bioprocess among them. However, if the problems of manufacturing expenses, operational cost, scale-up, and practical applications will be solved, the two-stage bioprocesses combining dark $H_2$ fermentation with photo $H_2$ fermentation, MFCs, or MECs have also infinite potential in organic waste treatment and energy production. This paper demonstrated the feasibility of two-stage bioprocesses combining dark $H_2$ fermentation as a novel system for organic waste treatment and energy production.

Changes in Enzyme Acrivities of Salted Chinese cabbage and Kimchi during Salting and Fermentation (배추의 소금절임과 김치숙성 중 효소류의 활성변화)

  • 오영애;김순동
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition
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    • v.26 no.3
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    • pp.404-410
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    • 1997
  • Amylase, protease, polygalacturonase and $\beta$-galactosidase activities were monitored during salting of Chinese cabbage and kimchi fermentation at 1$0^{\circ}C$. A part of enzymes in the tissue of Chinese cabbage were eluted during salting, and other remained enzymes activities were decreased in proportion to the amount of elution. But total enzyme activities were increased during salting. Amylase, protease and polygalacturonase activities decreased at the early fermentation stage but increased at the late fermentation stage. $\beta$-Galactosidase activity was continuously increased during all periods of fermentation. Enzymic actions at the early fermentation stage come from Chinese cabbge and at the late fermentation stage come from major microorganisms in kimchi fermentation. Kimchi fermentation involves the activation of the enzymes by salting; hydrolysis of micromoleculars such as polysaccarides cell wall composed polysaccarides and proteins of cell wall during early fermentation of kimchi; overripening of the kimchi caused by propagation of homofermentative lactic acid bacteria which demand autotroph.

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On-line Monitoring of a Glucose Concentration on a Fermentation Process of Wine for an Automatic Control of a Fermentation Process (발효공정 자동제어를 위한 포도주 발효 중 포도당 농도 온라인 측정)

  • Song, Dae-Bin
    • Journal of Biosystems Engineering
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    • v.33 no.4
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    • pp.276-281
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    • 2008
  • A flow injection analysis method (FIA), which analyzes sample conditions after injecting a sample and reagents into a continuous stream, are recognized as the most adequate analyzing method according to the increase of sampling frequency, the decrease of measuring time and the diversity of measuring targets. Specially, the FIA is considered to be used effectively for the control of a fermentation process to produce fermentation food and useful microbial production by activation of a fermentation industry for development of biological materials. In this study, a flow injection analysis sensor unit was developed for on-line monitoring of the fermentation process. The performance was verified by on-line measuring the concentration of glucose of the fermentation process of wine. The glucose concentrations of the samples were measured every 12 hours during the whole fermentation process and compared with those by a HPLC. The concentration relative errors of glucose on the fermentation process of wine showed below 30% within 72 hours and over 50% after the 72 hours. The sensor unit had potential to on-line monitoring of the fermentation process but some problems to overcome for an commercial application.

Fermentation of Apple Vinegar in the Farmhouse (농가 자가발효에 의한 사과식초의 생산)

  • 김순동;장경숙;김미경
    • Journal of the East Asian Society of Dietary Life
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    • v.4 no.3
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    • pp.75-86
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    • 1994
  • The study was conducted to research the desirable method for fermentation of acidic apple beverage in the farmhouse. Step by step fermentation(SSF), complex fermentation after crushing of the fruit(CCF), complex fermentation after slicing of the fruit(SCF) and natural fermentation added yeast only after slicing of the fruit(SYNF) were compared. The brief fermentor for using stationary complex fermentation in the farmhouse was made in this experiment. The ability of acid production, flavor, taste and color were measured by sensory evaluation and mechanical methods. The quality of vinegar by SYNF and SCF were estimated by color, flavor, content, composition of sugar, and organic acids, and which was a suitable fermentation method for the farmhouse. The strains of acetobacter, SYNF-1 and 2 were isolated from the SYNF vinegar, and if has been shown that the SYNF-1 was a main strain in this study.

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Quality Characteristics of Commercial Baechukimchi During Long-term Fermentation at Refrigerated Temperatures

  • Jung, Lan-Hee;Jeon, Eun-Raye
    • Food Science and Biotechnology
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    • v.16 no.6
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    • pp.924-927
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    • 2007
  • This study addresses the quality characteristics of commercial baechukimchi by analyzing its physicochemical characteristics and sensory properties in relation to fermentation time and temperature. The salinity of baechukimchi increased to 3.01% after 45 days of fermentation at 2 and $5^{\circ}C$, but decreased to 2.81% by 105 days. The pH decreased gradually at the beginning of fermentation, but decreased after 45 days. The acidity differed most between kimchi fermented at $2^{\circ}C$ (0.36%) and $5^{\circ}C$ (0.48%) at 45 days of fermentation. The vitamin C content was 8.47 mg% in kimchi fermented at both 2 and $5^{\circ}C$ on the day of initial production, then peaked after 45 to 60 days at 14.10 mg%, and decreased thereafter. The total microbial count gradually increased during the first 75 days of fermentation. The appearance and overall acceptability of baechukimchi were highest after 90 days of fermentation at $2^{\circ}C$ and after 60 days of fermentation at $5^{\circ}C$.

Microbiota and Physicochemical Analysis on Traditional Kocho Fermentation Enhancer to Reduce Losses (Gammaa) in the Highlands of Ethiopia

  • Dibaba, Adane Hailu;Tuffa, Ashenafi Chaka;Gebremedhin, Endrias Zewdu;Nugus, Gerbaba Guta;Gebresenbet, Girma
    • Microbiology and Biotechnology Letters
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    • v.46 no.3
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    • pp.210-224
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    • 2018
  • Warqe (Ensete ventricosum) has been traditionally fermented in an earthen pit to yield a carbohydrate-rich food product named kocho, for generations. A fermentation enhancer (gammaa) was added to this fermenting mass to enhance the fermentation process. The objectives of this study were to assess the physicochemical properties and microbiota of the kocho fermentation enhancer culture to reduce losses. Cross-sectional study design was implemented to collect 131 gammaa samples on the first day of fermentation. The samples were further classified into four groups according to the duration of fermentation (14, 21, 30, and 60 days) practised in various households traditionally. The results showed that the fermentation time significantly affected the physicochemical properties and microbial load of gammaa (p < 0.01). As the fermentation progressed from day 1 to 60, the pH decreased and the titratable acidity increased. The total coliform, Enterobacteriaceae, aerobicmesophilic bacteria (AMB), yeast, and mould counts were significantly reduced at the end of fermentation. In contrast, the number of lactic acid bacteria (LAB) increased significantly until day 30 of fermentation, because of the ability of the LAB to grow at low pH. Lactobacillus species from LAB isolates and Enter obacteriaceae from AMB isolates were the most abundant microorganisms in gammaa fermentation. However, the Enterobacteriaceae and Lactobacilli species count showed decreasing and increasing trends, respectively, as the fermentation progressed. These isolates must be investigated further to identify the species and strain, so as to develop gammaa at the commercial scale.

Angiotensin I-Converting Enzyme Inhibitor Activity on Egg Albumen Fermentation

  • Nahariah, N.;Legowo, A.M.;Abustam, E.;Hintono, A.
    • Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
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    • v.28 no.6
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    • pp.855-861
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    • 2015
  • Lactobacillus plantarum is used for fermentation of fish products, meat and milk. However, the utilization of these bacteria in egg processing has not been done. This study was designed to evaluate the potential of fermented egg albumen as a functional food that is rich in angiotensin I-converting enzyme inhibitors activity (ACE-inhibitor activity) and is antihypertensive. A completely randomized design was used in this study with six durations of fermentation (6, 12, 18, 24, 30, and 36 h) as treatments. Six hundred eggs obtained from the same chicken farm were used in the experiment as sources of egg albumen. Bacteria L. plantarum FNCC 0027 used in the fermentation was isolated from cow's milk. The parameters measured were the total bacteria, dissolved protein, pH, total acid and the activity of ACE-inhibitors. The results showed that there were significant effects of fermentation time on the parameters tested. Total bacteria increased significantly during fermentation for 6, 12, 18, and 24 h and then decreased with the increasing time of fermentation to 30 and 36 h. Soluble protein increased significantly during fermentation to 18 h and then subsequently decreased during of fermentation to 24, 30, and 36 h. The pH value decreased markedly during fermentation. The activities of ACE-inhibitor in fermented egg albumen increased during fermentation to 18 h and then decreased with the increasing of the duration of fermentation to 24, 30, and 36 h. The egg albumen which was fermented for 18 h resulted in a functional food that was rich in ACE-inhibitor activity.